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Santali
Spoken in India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan
Total speakers 6,050,000
Ranking 98
Language family Austro-Asiatic
Writing system Latin alphabet, Ol Chiki
Language codes
ISO 639-1 None
ISO 639-2 sat
ISO 639-3 sat

Santali is a language in the Santali subfamily of Austro-Asiatic, related to Ho and Mundari. It is spoken by about six million people in India, Bangladesh, Nepal, and Bhutan. Most of its speakers live in India, in the states of Jharkhand, Assam, Bihar, Orissa, Tripura, and West Bengal. It has its own alphabet, known as Ol Chiki, but literacy is very low, between 10 and 30%. Santali is spoken by the Santals.

Further reading

  • Hembram, P. C. (2002). Santhali, a natural language. New Delhi: U. Hembram.
  • Minegishi, M., & Murmu, G. (2001). Santali basic lexicon with grammatical notes. Tōkyō: Institute for the Languages and Cultures of Asia and Afurica, Tokyo University of Foreign Studies. ISBN 4872977912
  • Newberry, J. (2000). North Munda dialects: Mundari, Santali, Bhumia. Victoria, B.C.: J. Newberry. ISBN 0921599684
  • Murmu, G., & Das, A. K. (1998). Bibliography, Santali literature. Calcutta: Biswajnan. ISBN 8175250801
  • Ghosh, A. (1994). Santali: a look into Santal morphology. New Delhi: Gyan Pub. House. ISBN 8121204518
  • Chakrabarti, B. (1992). A comparative study of Santali and Bengali. Calcutta: K.P. Bagchi & Co. ISBN 8170741289
  • Mitra, P. C. (1988). Santhali, the base of world languages. Calcutta: Firma KLM.
  • Bodding, P. O. (1929). A Santal dictionary. Oslo: J. Dybwad.

See also

External links

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