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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Santiago De Cuba
—  Municipality  —
Santiago de Cuba is located in Cuba1
Location of Santiago de Cuba in Cuba
Coordinates: 20°01′11.4″N 75°48′50.1″W / 20.019833°N 75.813917°W / 20.019833; -75.813917
Country Cuba
Province Santiago de Cuba
Established 1514
Area
 - Total 1,023.8 km2 (395.3 sq mi)
Elevation 82 m (269 ft)
Population (2004)[1]
 - Total 1 045 800
 Density 461.3/km2 (1,194.8/sq mi)
Area code(s) +53-22
Website Santiago.cu

Santiago de Cuba is the capital city of Santiago de Cuba Province in the south-eastern area of the island nation of Cuba, some 540 miles (870 km) east south-east of the Cuban capital of Havana.

The municipality extends over 1,023.8 square kilometers (395.3 sq mi)[2], and contains the communities of El Caney, Guilera, Antonio Maceo, Bravo, Castillo Duany, Leyte Vidal and Moncada.[3]

Historically Santiago de Cuba has long been the second most important city on the island after Havana, and still remains the second largest. It is on a bay connected to the Caribbean Sea and is an important sea port. In 2004 the city of Santiago de Cuba had a population of about 494,337 people[4].

Contents

History

The Castillo del Morro

Santiago de Cuba was founded by Spanish conquistador Diego Velázquez de Cuéllar on June 28, 1514. In 1516 the settlement was destroyed by fire, and was immediately rebuilt. This was the starting point of the expeditions led by Juan de Grijalba and Hernán Cortés to the coasts of Mexico in 1518, and in 1538 by Hernando de Soto's expedition to Florida. The first cathedral was built in the city in 1528. From 1522 until 1589 Santiago was the capital of the Spanish colony of Cuba.

The city was plundered by French forces in 1553, and by British forces under Christopher Myngs in 1662.

The city experienced an influx of French immigrants in the late 18th century and early 19th century, many coming from Haiti after the Haitian slave revolt of 1791. This added to the city's eclectic cultural mix, already rich with Spanish and African culture.

It was also the location where Spanish troops faced their main defeat at San Juan Hill on July 1, 1898, during the Spanish-American War. Spain later surrendered to the United States after the destruction of its Atlantic fleet just outside Santiago's harbor.

Cuban poet, writer, and national hero, José Martí, is buried in Cementerio Santa Efigenia.

Role in the Cuban Revolution

The Antonio Maceo monument

Santiago was also the home of the revolutionary hero, Frank País. On July 26, 1953, the Cuban Revolution began with an ill-prepared armed attack on the Moncada Barracks by a small contingent of rebels led by Fidel Castro. Shortly after this disastrous incident, País began talking with students and young working people informally, drawing around him what became an extremely effective urban revolutionary alliance. This developed into highly organized cells coordinating a large scale urban resistance that became instrumental in the success of the Cuban Revolution.[5]

País' group prepared carefully, accruing weapons, collecting money, collecting medical supplies. They published a cheap newsletter that reported news that criticized the government, attempting to counter Batista's censorship.[6]

In the summer of 1955, País’ organization merged with Castro's July 26 Movement. País became the leader of the new organization in Oriente province.

On January 1, 1959, Fidel Castro proclaimed the victory of the Cuban Revolution from a balcony on Santiago de Cuba's city hall.

hiiiiii :)

World Heritage Site

The local citadel of San Pedro de la Roca is inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List as "the most complete, best-preserved example of Spanish-American military architecture, based on Italian and Renaissance design principles".[7]

World Heritage Biosphere Reserve

The Baconao Park was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage Biosphere Reserve List in 1987. [8]

Climate

Climate data for Santiago de Cuba
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Average high °F (°C) 82
(27.8)
82
(27.8)
82
(27.8)
83
(28.3)
84
(28.9)
86
(30)
87
(30.6)
87
(30.6)
87
(30.6)
86
(30)
86
(30)
83
(28.3)
Average low °F (°C) 70
(21.1)
70
(21.1)
71
(21.7)
73
(22.8)
74
(23.3)
76
(24.4)
77
(25)
77
(25)
76
(24.4)
75
(23.9)
73
(22.8)
71
(21.7)
Precipitation inches (mm) 2.90
(73.7)
1.70
(43.2)
2.10
(53.3)
2.30
(58.4)
5.50
(139.7)
4.00
(101.6)
2.70
(68.6)
3.70
(94)
4.20
(106.7)
7.60
(193)
3.70
(94)
3.20
(81.3)
Source: weather.com [9] 2008-06-22

Demographics

In 2004, the municipality of Santiago de Cuba had a population of 494,337.[1] With a total area of 1,024 km2 (395 sq mi), it has a population density of 482.8 /km2 (1,250 /sq mi).

Notable natives and residents

Transportation

Santiago is served by Antonio Maceo Airport.

Schools

The main secondary education institution is the University of Santiago de Cuba (Universidad de Oriente - Santiago de Cuba, UO).

See also

References

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

North America : Caribbean : Cuba : Eastern Cuba : Santiago de Cuba

Santiago de Cuba is the capital of the Santiago de Cuba province in south-eastern Cuba.

Understand

Santiago is the second city of Cuba, and the birthplace of the current government. Fidel Castro and Che Guevara launched their revolutionary movement from here in the 1950's.

Sierra Maestra [1] is the local periodical.

Get in

By plane

Airlines Aero Caribbean is operating to Santiago de Cuba from Havana

By train

There is a daily overnight train to/from Havana with stops in Camagüey and Santa Clara. This service is the Tren Francés on alternate days, which is more reliable and comfortable than other Cuban trains. There is a daytime train to Camagüey and Santa Clara on Thursdays and Sundays, returning on Mondays and Fridays. Local train service to Holguin has been suspended due to poor track conditions.

By bus

Four daily Viazul [2] buses run to/from Havana, with some stopping in Sancti Spiritus, Camagüey, and Santa Clara. There are also daily buses to/from Baracoa, Trinidad and Varadero.

  • Paladar (private restaurant) "Salon Tropical."[3] The best place to eat in Santiago.

Drink

Hotel Casagranda Drinks on the 6th floor roof top give you a spectacular view of the city at night.

Sleep

Budget

Casa Particulares

  • Sra. Vilma de los Milagros Román Jaén, Trinidad (General Portuondo) No. 159 (Entre Gallo (Diez de Octubre) y San Pio (Brig.H.Vázquez)), (53 - 22) 623315 (). Clean Casa, only one room, very friendly hosts, english spoken, air condition CUC 25.  edit
  • Ing. Ruben Camara Pascual y Lic. Caridad Arafet Arafet, Jose A. Saco No. 515 (entre Reloj y San Agustin), (53 - 22) 620 305 (). Air Conditioned, Cold & Hot Water, Private Bathroom, Excellent Food, Security, and Comfort CUC 20.   edit
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