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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Saône (Sona)
River
The Saône in Lyon by night.
Countries France, Switzerland
Source Vioménil
 - location Vosges
Mouth Rhône
 - location Lyon, France
 - coordinates 45°43′39″N 4°49′4″E / 45.7275°N 4.81778°E / 45.7275; 4.81778
Length 473 km (294 mi)
Area 29,950 km2 (11,564 sq mi)
Discharge
 - average 410 m3/s (14,479 cu ft/s)
Scenic view of the banks of the Saône in Lyon, showing Lyon Cathedral, the Basilica of Notre-Dame de Fourvière, and the Tour métallique de Fourvière

The Saône (French pronunciation: [son]; Arpitan Sona) is a river of eastern France. It is a right tributary of the River Rhône. Rising at Vioménil in the Vosges department, it joins the Rhône in Lyon.

The name Saône derives from that of the Gallic river goddess Souconna. The recorded ancient name of the river was Arar.

Departments and major cities traversed:

Main tributaries, Right Bank (R) and Left Bank (L), downstream:

References

External links

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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

SAONE, a river of eastern France, rising in the Faucilles mountains (department of Vosges), 15 m. W.S.W. of Epinal at a height of 1300 ft. and uniting with the Rhone at Lyons. Length, 301 m.; drainage area, 11,409 sq. m. The oldest Celtic name of the river was Arar. In the 4th century another name appears, Sauconna, from which the modern name is derived. The Saone, moving slowly in a sinuous channel, has its course in the wide depression between the Plateau of Langres, the Cote d'Or and the mountains of Charolais and Beaujolais on the west and the western slopes of the Vosges and Jura and the plain of Bresse and the plateau of Dombes on the east. In the department of Saone-et-Loire, the Saone unites with the Doubs, an affluent rivalling the Saone in volume and exceeding it in length at this point. At the important town of Chalon-sur-Saone the river turns south, and passes Macon. Below Treveux its valley, now narrower, winds past the Mont d'Or group and joins the Rhone just below the Perrache quarter of Lyons. The Saone is canalized from Corre to Lyons, a distance of 233 m., the normal depth of water being 6 ft. 6 in. At Corre (confluence with the Coney) it connects with the southern branch of the Eastern Canal, at Heuilley (below Gray) with the Saone-Marne Canal, at St Symphorien (above St Jean-de-Losne) with the Rhone-Rhine Canal, and at St Jean-de-Losne with the Canal de Bourgogne and at Chalon with the Canal du Centre.


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