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Sarajevo tram
Sarajevo tram.jpg
Info
Locale Bosnia and Herzegovina Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Transit type Tram
Number of lines 1 (7 routes)
Operation
Began operation 1885 (horse tram)
n/a (electric tram)
Operator(s) JKP GRAS Sarajevo
Number of vehicles around 90
Technical
System length 10.7 km (6.6 mi)
Track gauge 1,435 mm

The Sarajevo tram system, one of Europe's oldest, consists of one line. It is 10.7 kilometers long, being an east-west link from the city centre district (Baščaršija) to the suburb Ilidža. It has a 0.4 km long detour to the city's railway station (Željeznička Stanica).

The system is run by JKP GRAS Sarajevo, who also operate trolley bus and bus routes in the city.

Contents

History

Sarajevo had the first full-time (dawn to dusk) tram line in Europe. Opened on New Years Day in 1885, it was the testing line for the tram in Vienna and the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and operated by horses. Originally built to 760mm narrow gauge (Bosnian gauge), the present system in 1960 was upgraded to standard gauge (1435 mm). The trams played a pivotal role in the growth of the city in the 20th century.

During the Siege of Sarajevo in the mid 1990s, trackwork and numerous venicles were badly damaged - these are once again operational though marks remain on some vehicles.

System

Sarajevo Tramway Map
Tatra K2 tram in Sarajevo

The route lies on the main boulevard of Sarajevo, the (from the west) Bulevar Meše Selimovića First (formerly 6 Proleterske Brigade), from Vila Čengić then Zmaj od Bosne (formerly Vojvode Radomira Putnika). From the district Marijin Dvor runs the tram a loop in a clockwise direction through the terminus Baščaršija Maršala Tita, back through the south, parallel Obala Kulina bana (formerly: Obala Vojvode Stepe Stepanovića).

Seven lines are presently in operation on the system, often only a specific section of the track (only route 4 operates the entire length).

  • Line 1: Željeznička stanica – Baščaršija
  • Line 2: Čengić Vila – Baščaršija
  • Line 3: Ilidža – Baščaršija
  • Line 4: Ilidža – Željeznička stanica
  • Line 5: Nedžarići – Baščaršija
  • Line 6: Ilidža – Skenderija
  • Line 7: Nedžarići – Skenderija

The fleet in use on the network are Tatra K2 articulated trams from the Czech Republic, delivered in the 1970s and early 1980s, and have been joined by more modern vehicles in recent times.

See also

External links

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