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শরৎচন্দ্র চট্টোপাধ্যায়

শরৎচন্দ্র চট্টোপাধ্যায়
Born September 15, 1876(1876-09-15)
Died January 16, 1938 (aged 61)

Sharat Chandra Chatterji (Bangla: শরৎচন্দ্র চট্টোপাধ্যায় Shôrotchôndro Chôţţopaddhae), also known as Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay or Sharat Chandra Chatterjee (15 September 1876 - 16 January 1938) was a legendary Bengali novelist from India. He was one of the most popular Bengali novelists of the early 20th century.

Contents

Background and writing

Sarat Chandra was born into poverty in Debanandapur, Hooghly, India. Though his family was occasionally supported by other family members, Saratchandra's lack of financial stability would influence his writing in years to come. Although he began as a fine arts student, Chatterji left his studies due to his persistent state of poverty. He got his early education residing at his paternal uncle's house.

His work represented rural Bengali society and he often wrote against social superstitions and oppression. For a short period, he was a sannyasi, a Hindu ascetic who abandons the material and social worlds. His first published story was, 'Mandir'. He was particularly sensitive to the cause of women in general.

He died in Kolkata of liver cancer in 1938.

After the death of this parents, Sarat Chandra left his college education midway and went to Burma in 1903. There he found employment with a Government Office as Clerk. He did not continue his job in Burma for long time and decided to come back, but before his departure he submitted a short story for a prize competition, but in his uncle's name, Surendranath Ganguli. It won the first prize in 1904.

Sarat Chandra was also a fond disciple of Swami Vivekananda. There is a biography of Sharat babu written by Vishnu Prabhakar a Hindi writer named Awara Masiha. Prabhakar traveled for fourteen years continuously to collect material for this book

Bartaman Hindu-Mussalman Samasya

Bartaman Hindu-Mussalman Samasya (literally, Contemporary Hindu-Muslim Problem) is an essay by Sarat Chandra first presented at the Bengal Provincial Conference of 1926. In the essay the author decries the Muslims as lacking culture from birth whereas the Hindus are claimed to be born with culture. According to noted historian K. N. Panikkar this manner of thinking contributed to the "construction of a new communal consciousness". The author re-invented a traditional category of "mlech" (impure) in order to achieve the contemporary purpose of undermining the Gandhian political ideal of Hindu-Muslim unity.[1]

Works

  • Baradidi, (The Elder Sister) 1907
  • Bindur Chhele, (Bindu's Son) 1913
  • Parinita/Parineeta, 1914
  • Biraj Bou, (Mrs. Biraj) 1914
  • Ramer Shumoti,(Ram Returning to Sanity) 1914
  • Palli Shomaj, 1916
  • Arakhsanya, 1916
  • Debdas/Devdas, 1917 (written in 1901)
  • Choritrohin, (Characterless) 1917
  • Srikanto, (4 parts, 1917, 1918, 1927, 1933)
  • Datta, 1917-19
  • Grihodaho, 1919
  • Dena Paona,(Debts and Demands) 1923
  • Pather Dabi,(Demand for a pathway) 1926
  • Ses Prasna, (The Final Question) 1931.
  • Bipradas, 1935
  • Nishkriti
  • Mejho didi
  • Chandranath
  • Bilashi
  • Mandir
  • Pandit Mashay
  • Adhare alo
  • Naba Bidhan
  • Shesher parichoy
  • Boikanter will
  • Shubhoda

Films

His works have been made into numerous films, particularly Devdas, Parineeta, and Swami.

There was another movie partially based on Sarat Chandra's Novel called Nishkriti, Apne Paraye.

Select Awards and Degrees

Textbooks

  • Golpo Songroho (Collected Stories), the national text book of B.A. (pass and subsidiary) course of Bangladesh, published by University of Dhaka in 1979 (reprint in 1986).
  • Bangla Sahitya (Bengali Literature), the national text book of intermediate (college) level of Bangladesh published in 1996 by all educational boards.

References

  1. ^ [1]

General

  • Ganguly, Swagato. "Introduction." In Parineeta by Saratchandra Chattopadhyay. New Delhi: Penguin Books, 2005. (English translation)
  • Guha, Sreejata. "Introduction." In Devdas by Saratchandra Chattopadhyay. New Delhi: Penguin Books, 2002. (English translation)
  • Roy, Gopalchandra. Saratchandra, Ananda Publishers Pvt. Ltd., Kolkata
  • Sarat Rachanabali, Ananda Publishers Pvt. Ltd., Kolkata
  • Prithwindra Mukherjee. "Introduction" in Mahesh et autres nouvelles by Saratchandra Chatterji. Paris: Unesco/Gallimard, 1978. (French translation of Mahesh, Bindur chhele and Mejdidi by Prithwindra Mukherjee. Foreword by Jean Filliozat)

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