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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Coordinates: 32°05′N 73°42′E / 32.08°N 73.7°E / 32.08; 73.7
Country  Pakistan
Province Punjab
District Sargodha
 - Administrator
Population 586,922
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
Calling code 048
Number of towns 1
Number of Union councils 22

Sargodha (Urdu: سرگودھا) is a city in the Sargodha District of Punjab province, Pakistan.

Sargodha is located in the northeast of Pakistan. It is the eleventh largest city of Pakistan and also known as Pakistan's best citrus-producing area. It is an agricultural trade centre with various industries.[1] Sargodha is one of three planned cities in Pakistan, the other two are Faisalabad and Islamabad.

Pakistan's largest Airbase, PAF Base Mushaf (formerly PAF Base Sargodha), is situated in Sarghoda and hosts the headquarters of the Pakistan Air Force's Central Air Command. The airbase is also home to the Combat Commanders School (CCS), formerly the Fighter Leader's School, an elite training facility for training Pakistan Air Force pilots in fighter tactics and weapons.



Sargodha was a small town at the beginning of the British Empire but, due to its geographical location, the British Royal Air Force built an airport there. It took on greater importance after the Independence of Pakistan for the Pakistan Air Force. Shahpur, which is now a tehsil of Sargodha District, was the district at that time. Most parts of the tehsil Sillanwali and Kirana Hills region were part of Jhang district and were included later during the British Raj in the Sargodha district.

The 1965 war with India on September 6, 1965 meant the city was a prime target for India, due to the city close proximity with the neighbouring rival. The citizens of Sargodha supported the Pakistan Army against the advancing of the Indian Army into Pakistan. In 1966, recognising this bravery, the Government of Pakistan awarded the city of Sargodha as well as Sialkot and Lahore with the award of Hilal-E-Istaqlal.

The city also has a Pakistan Air Force base within its city. The PAF Base Sargodha now known as PAF Base Mushaf, named after the late Air Chief Marshal Mushaf Ali Mir, a former Chief of Air Staff of the Pakistan Air Force. The strategic location of the base has allowed the Air Force to carry out experimental work within the city.

Geography and climate

It is located 172 kilometres northwest of Lahore, in Sargodha District. It lies about 30 miles from the M2 Motorway which connects Lahore and Islamabad. it is connected to motorway M2 by several interchanges at different locations. Sargodha is roughly 60km from Faisalabad due South east. Directly east connected by the M2 motorway is Lahore and the route to Rawalpindi and Islamabad. Due east is the city of Jhang and towards the west the city of Mianwali and the Chashma Barrage. Dera Ismail Khan is located 50 km from the city and towards the south west region from the city.

Sargodha mainly comprises flat fertile plains, which are the ideal conditions for cultivation of the land. There are a few small hills on Sargodha - Faisalabad Road. River Jhelum flows on the Western and Northern sides and river Chenab on the eastern side of the city. The city has extreme hot and cold climate. The maximum temperature touches 50C in the summer while the minimum temperature recorded is as low as freezing point in the winter.


Until divisions were abolished in the year 2000, Sargodha was also divisional headquarters of Sargodha Division. Sargodha is the district and tehsil capital - the city of Sargodha is administratively subdivided into 22 Union councils.[2] In October 2008, the division system in Punjab Province has been restored which meant Sargodha became the divsional headquarters of Sargodha District, Khushab District, Mianwali District and Bhakkar District.


Kinnows (Mandarin orange) are a speciality fruit produced in high amounts in the city

Sargodha is largey an agricultural and industrial city. The vast fields on the city have allowed the farmers to develop a range of crops and animal breeding programs. Some of the main crops include citrus, wheat, rice, and sugar cane which are exported to the other cities as well as internationally. Citrus fruits such as oranges (locally known as kinnows), Guavas and Mangoes are main fruits grown in the district. As well as Jaman, Pears, Dates, Pomegranate, Phalsa and Almond are also grown in minor quantities. Turnip, Onion, Cauliflower, Potatoes and Tomatoes are main vegetables grown in the district. The main livestock for the city include goats, sheep, buffaloes and cattle.

Even with agricultural goods being the major income generator for the city as well as the district, the economy and industry has been diversifying itself to generate more demand for other goods which can be manufactured and produced in the city. Other industrial markets include: Beverage, manufacture of diesel engines, foundry products, glass products, leather footwear, oil mills, pesticides, insecticides, poultry feed, plastics, readymade garments, tannery as well as textiles.


Sargodha has several institutions of higher education and several research centres and Local Sargodha University:

  • Fazaia Model Inter College, PAF Base Mushaf
  • University of Sargodha
  • Sargodha Medical College, Sargodha
  • PAF Public School Sargodha
  • Fazaia Inter College
  • Army Public School and College Sargodha Cantt.
  • Allama Iqbal Open University
  • Al Suffah Girls College
  • Northwestern Theological Seminary


Punjabi is the main language of the people. Urdu is also spoken.


See also


External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Asia : South Asia : Pakistan : Punjab : Sargodha

Sargodha is a city in Punjab, Pakistan.

Get in

By road from Lahore which is a two and half hour journey most of it along the M-5 motorway.

  • Bhera. A historical city and the home town of Sufi Saint Hazrat Mehar Ali Shah. Alexandar the Great fought with Porus around this city. The bank of River Jehlum is also near by and good picnic point.  edit
  • Midh Ranjha. A very large and very old banyan tree is worth seeing in Abhal-Mohri villages. The bank of Chanab river is also near by, a good place for picnic.  edit
  • Takht Hazara. The birth place of famous love symbol Ranjaha. There is a mosque from old times on his name, which indicates that the famous love story may be true.  edit
  • Company Bagh.  edit
  • Shaheen Chowk.  edit
  • Lots of typical Punjabi food and good restaurants are available all over. Orange of Sargodha is famous through out Pakistan, The Most Famous Sweets in Sergodha is Ameen Dhoda House, Ludhiana Sweets, Baba Jee Sweet House.   edit
  • Karana hotel/marvi hotel/Tabash hotel/Night inn/.   edit
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Simple English

Sargodha is the capital city of Sargodha District in the Punjab province of Pakistan.


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