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Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Sargon may refer to:

People

  • Sargon of Akkad (2334 BC - 2279 BC), also known as Sargon the Great or Sargon I, Mesopotamian king
  • Sargon I (r. 1920 BC - 1881 BC), Assyrian king
  • Sargon II (r. 722 BC - 705 BC), Assyrian king
  • Simon Sargon (b. 1938), American composer and professor
  • Sargon Dadesho (b. 1948), Assyrian nationalist

Fictional characters

  • Sargon the Sorcerer, comic superhero character from DC Comics, first appeared in 1941
  • Sargon, disembodied leader of a race of powerful aliens in the 1968 Star Trek episode "Return to Tomorrow"
  • Sargon, ruler of the Nine Worlds interplanetary empire in Robert Heinlein's 1957 science fiction novel Citizen of the Galaxy
  • Sargon, left-handed guitarist of the fictional band The Mesopotamians from the They Might Be Giants song on their 2007 album The Else
  • Sargon, leader of the fat men in Daniel Pinkwater's 1982 novel Slaves of Spiegel

Other uses

  • Sargon (chess), series of chess-playing software programs for personal computers

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

SARGON, more correctly SARRU-KINI ("the legitimate king," Sargon being a hybrid formation from the Semitic sar and the Sumerian gina, " established"), an Assyrian general who, on the death of Shalmaneser IV., during the siege of Samaria, seized the crown on the 12th of Tebet 722 B.C. He claimed to be the descendant of the early kings, and accordingly assumed the name of a famous king of Babylonia who had reigned about 3000 years before him. His first achievement was the capture of Samaria, 27,200 of its inhabitants being carried into captivity. Meanwhile Babylon had revolted under a Chaldaean prince, Merodach-baladan, who maintained his power there for twelve years. In 720 B.C. Yahu-bihdi of Hamath led Arpad, Damascus and Palestine into revolt: this was suppressed, and the Philistines and Egyptians were defeated at Raphia (mod. er-Rafa). In 719 B.C. Sargon defeated the Minni to the east of Armenia, and in 717 overthrew the combined forces of the Hittites and Moschi (Old Testament Meshech). The Hittite city of Carchemish was placed under an Assyrian governor, and its trade passed into Assyrian hands. The following year Sargon was attacked by a great confederacy of the northern nations - Ararat, the Moschi, Tibareni, &c. - and in the course of the campaign marched into the land of the Medes in the direction of the Caspian. In 715 B.C. the Minni were defeated, and one of their chiefs, Dayuku or Daiukku (Deioces), transported to Hamath. In 714 B.C. the army of Rusas of Ararat was annihilated, and a year later five Median chiefs, including Arbaku (Arbaces) became tributary. Cilicia and the Tibareni also submitted as well as the city of Malatia, eastern Cappadocia being annexed to the Assyrian Empire. A league was now formed between Merodach-baladan and the princes of the west, but before the confederates could move, an Assyrian army was sent against Ashdod, and Edom, Moab and Judah submitted to Sargon, who was thus free to turn his attention to Babylonia, and Merodach-baladan was accordingly driven from Babylon, where Sargon was crowned king. Shortly after this Sargon sent a statue of himself to Cyprus and annexed the kingdom of Commagene. He was murdered in 705 B.C., probably in the palace he had built at Dur-Sargina, now Khorsabad, which was excavated by P. E. Botta. (A. H. S.)


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Bible wiki

Up to date as of January 23, 2010
(Redirected to Sargon II. article)

From BibleWiki

Kings of Assyria
Ashur-rabi II.
Ashur-resh-ishi
Tiglath-pileser II.
Ashur-dan II.
Adad-nirari II.
Tukulti-Ninurta II.
Ashurnasirpal II.
Shalmaneser III.
Shamshi-Adad V.
Adad-nirari III.
Shalmaneser IV.
Ashur-dan III.
Ashur-nirari V.
Tiglath-pileser III.
Shalmaneser V.
Sargon II.
Sennacherib
Esarhaddon
Ashurbanipal
Ashur-etil-ilani
Sin-shum-lishir
Sin-shar-ishkun
Ashur-urballit II.

(In the inscriptions, "Sarra-yukin" [the god] has appointed the king; also "Sarru-kinu," the legitimate king.)

On the death of Shalmaneser (B.C. 723), one of the Assyrian generals established himself on the vacant throne, taking the name of "Sargon," after that of the famous monarch, the Sargon of Accad, founder of the first Semitic empire, as well as of one of the most famous libraries of Chaldea. He forthwith began a conquering career, and became one of the most powerful of the Assyrian monarchs. He is mentioned by name in the Bible only in connection with the siege of Ashdod (Isa 20:1).

At the very beginning of his reign he besieged and took the city of Samaria (2Kg 17:6; 2Kg 18:9ff). On an inscription found in the palace he built at Khorsabad, near Nieveh, he says, "The city of Samaria I besieged, I took; 27,280 of its inhabitants I carried away; fifty chariots that were among them I collected," etc. The northern kingdom he changed into an Assyrian satrapy. He afterwards drove Merodach-baladan, who kept him at bay for twelve years, out of Babylon, which he entered in triumph.

By a succession of victories he gradually enlarged and consolidated the empire, which now extended from the frontiers of Egypt in the west to the mountains of Elam in the east, and thus carried almost to completion the ambitious designs of Tiglath-pileser. He was murdered by one of his own soldiers (B.C. 705) in his palace at Khorsabad, after a reign of sixteen years, and was succeeded by his son Sennacherib.

This entry includes text from Easton's Bible Dictionary, 1897.

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Simple English

Sargon may refer to different rulers. The name Sargon is what texts in the Bible use, the people were not known as Sargon in their native language:








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