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Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan

In office
13 May 1962 – 13 May 1967
Prime Minister Gulzarilal Nanda (1st term)
Lal Bahadur Shastri
Gulzarilal Nanda (2nd term)
Vice President Zakir Hussain
Preceded by Rajendra Prasad
Succeeded by Zakir Hussain

In office
May 13, 1952 – May 12, 1962
President Rajendra Prasad
Preceded by Office created
Succeeded by Zakir Hussain

Born September 5, 1888(1888-09-05)
Thiruttani, Tamil Nadu, India
Died April 17, 1975 (aged 86)
Chennai,Tamil Nadu, India
Political party Independent
Spouse(s) Sivakamu
Children Five daughters and a son
Occupation Politician, Philosopher, Professor
Religion Hinduism
.Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, OM, FBA (Telugu: సర్వేపల్లి రాధాకృష్ణ); (5 September 1888 – 17 April 1975) was an Indian philosopher and statesman.^ Hide copyright information ) Copyright Radhakrishnan, Sir Sarvepalli (1888–1975) Indian philosopher and statesman, President (1962–67).
  • Radhakrishnan, Sir Sarvepalli - History of Radhakrishnan, Sir Sarvepalli | Encyclopedia.com: Dictionary of World History 19 September 2009 2:02 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan passed away on April 17, 1975.
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^ Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan ( September 5 , 1888 - April 17 , 1975 ) is best known as the man who introduced the thinking of western idealist philosophers into Indian thought.
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.He was the first Vice-President of India (1952-1962), and its second President (1962-1967).^ In May 1962, Dr. Radhakrishnan became the President of India, a post he served till May 1967.
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^ Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was one of the most distinguished diplomats, scholars and teachers of India, apart from being the first Vice President and the second President of the country.
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^ Born: September 5, 1888 Died: April 17, 1975 Achievements: First Vice President and second President of India.
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.One of India's most influential scholars of comparative religion and philosophy, Radhakrishnan is considered through his efforts to have built a bridge between East and West by having shown the philosophical systems of each tradition to be comprehensible within the terms of the other.^ One of the foremost scholars of comparative...

^ East and West: Some Reflections (1955), and Religion in a Changing World (1967).
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^ Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was one of the most distinguished diplomats, scholars and teachers of India, apart from being the first Vice President and the second President of the country.
  • Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan - Doctor Radha Krishnan - President of India Late Dr. S. Radhakrishnan 19 September 2009 2:02 UTC festivals.iloveindia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He wrote authoritative exegeses of India's religious and philosophical literature for the English speaking world.^ He not only helped popularize India’s highest philosophical thought to a world audience, but did so in a manner intended to indicate ways to a better life for mankind.
  • Radhakrishnan, Sarvepalli - MSN Encarta 19 September 2009 2:02 UTC uk.encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.His academic appointments included the King George V Chair of Mental and Moral Science at the University of Calcutta (1921-?^ Three years later, he was appointed to the most important philosophy chair in India, King George V Chair of Mental and Moral Science in the University of Calcutta.
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^ Three years later, he was appointed as a Professor to King George V Chair of Mental and Moral Science in the University of Calcutta.
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^ Worked as Professor of Philosophy in University of Mysore (1918) and University of Calcutta (1921).
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) and .Spalding Professor of Eastern Religions and Ethics at Oxford University (1936-1952).^ From 1936-39, he served as the Spalding Professor of Eastern Religions and Ethic,s at Oxford University.
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^ Invited to deliver the Upton Lectures at Harris Manchester College , Oxford, in 1926, he attracted the attention of British philosophers and academics, leading to his appointment as the Spalding Professor of Eastern Religion and Ethics at the University of Oxford .
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^ The main part of his life was spent as an academic; he was a philosophy professor at Mysore (1918–21) and Calcutta (1921–31, 1937–41) universities and also held a professorship in eastern religion and ethics at Oxford (1936–52).
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.Among the many honours he received were a knighthood (1931) and the Bharat Ratna (1954).^ He was awarded the Bharat Ratna in 1954.
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^ He was honored with the Bharat Ratna in 1954.
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^ Bharat Ratna, the highest award of the nation, was conferred on him in 1954 in recognition of his meritorious service to mankind.
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.His birthday is celebrated in India as Teacher's Day on 5 September.^ In India, September 5 (his birthday) is celebrated as Teacher's Day in his honor.
  • Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan: Life and Writings 19 September 2009 2:02 UTC www.uramamurthy.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He was a famous teacher and his birthday is celebrated as Teacher's Day in India.
  • Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan Biography - Dr. Radhakrishnan Indian Vice President - Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan History 19 September 2009 2:02 UTC www.iloveindia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ September, the birthday of Dr. Radhskrishnan, is observed as Teacher's Day.
  • Feature 19 September 2009 2:02 UTC pib.nic.in [Source type: Original source]

Contents

Personal life and background

Early life and education

.Radhakrishna was born into a middle class Niyogi Telugu Brahmin family at Tiruttani in Tamil Nadu state, a town in Madras Presidency, British India, 64 km to the northwest of Madras (now Chennai).^ Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was born on September 5, 1888, at Tiruttani, near Madras, in South India.
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^ Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan • Born : 5th September, 1888 • Died : 17th April, 1975 • Birth Place : Tiruttani, Tamil Nadu, India .
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^ DR. SARVEPALLI RADHAKRISHNAN - THE PHILOSOPHER PRESIDENT       D r.Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was born on September 5, 1888, in a middle class family in the pilgrim town of Tirutani.
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His early years were spent in Tirutani and Tirupati. His father was a subordinate revenue official in the service of a local Zamindar (landlord). .His primary education was at Primary Board High School at Tirutani.^ Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan had his early education at Gowdie School, Tiruvallur and then went to the Lutheran Mission School in Tirupati for his high school.
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^ He initially went to school in Tirutani and then to the Lutheran Mission School in Tirupati for his high school.
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.In 1896 he was shifted to the Hermansburg Evangelical Lutheral Mission School at Tirupati.^ He initially went to school in Tirutani and then to the Lutheran Mission School in Tirupati for his high school.
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[1]
.Radhakrishnan was awarded scholarships throughout his education.^ It was difficult for Radhakrishnan's father to educate him with a meagre income and a large family to take care of.  Radhakrishnan went through most of his education on scholarships.
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.He joined the Voorhee's College in Vellore but switched to the Madras Christian College at the age of 17. He graduated with a Master's degree in Philosophy from the Madras Christian College in 1906, being one of its most distinguished alumni.^ Later, he joined the Christian College, Madras, and studied philosophy.
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^ He joined the Voorhee's College in Vellore but switched to the Madras Christian College at the age of 17.
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^ Philosophy and Life     His first book, "The Ethics of the Vedanta and Its Material Presupposition"', being his thesis for the M.A. degree examination of the Madras University, published in 1908, at once established his fame as a great philosopher of undoubted ability.
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[2] Radhakrishnan wrote his thesis for the M.A. degree on "The Ethics of the Vedanta and its Metaphysical Presuppositions".[3] He was afraid that his M.A. thesis, "The Ethics of the Vedanta" would offend his philosophy professor, Dr. A.G. Hogg. Instead, Dr. Hogg commended Radhakrishnan on doing an excellent job. .Radhakrishnan's M.A. thesis was published when he was only 20. Philosophy was not his personal choice, but seemingly an accident.^ Radhakrishnan's M.A. thesis was published when he was only 20 .
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^ Radhakrishnan's second book, "The Reign of Religion in Contemporary Philosophy" was published in 1920.  Radhakrishnan's books and articles, drew the attention of Ashutosh Mookerjee, Vice Chancellor of Calcutta University.
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^ In 1923, Dr. Radhakrishnan's "Indian Philosophy" was published.
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A cousin of his who had graduated from the same college handed over to him the textbooks in philosophy. As Radhakrishnan was poor at this juncture of his life, this incident decided his future career.[4][5] .Later on he felt deep interest in his subject and wrote many acclaimed works on philosophy, both eastern and western.^ Among his works are Indian Philosophy (2 vol., 1923–27), The Philosophy of the Upanishads (1924), Eastern Religions and Western Thought (1939, 2d ed.
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Marriage

.Radhakrishnan was married to Sivakamu, a distant cousin, in 1904 at the age of 16. His bride was then only 10 years old.^ Radhakrishnan was married to Sivakamuamma at the age of 16 while still in Vellore.
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The marriage was a traditional Indian arranged marriage. .They had five daughters and a son, Sarvepalli Gopal, who later went on to a notable career as a historian.^ The couple had five daughters and a son.  After serving two terms as Vice-President, Radhakrishnan was elected President of India in 1962.
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Career

.In 1914, in a strange twist of fate, Radhakrishnan met Srinivasa Ramanujan, the mathematical genius.^ Later on in his life, he studied Marxism and Existentialism.  In 1914, in a strange twist of fate, Radhakrishnan met Srinivasa Ramanujan, the mathematical genius.
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.Srinivasa was leaving for Cambridge for studies and had come to seek Radhakrishnan's blessings because a goddess came in his dream and told him to do so before undertaking the trip.^ Srinivasa was leaving for Cambridge for studies and had come to seek Radhakrishnan's blessings because a goddess came in his dream and told him to do so before undertaking the trip.
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^ Later on in his life, he studied Marxism and Existentialism.  In 1914, in a strange twist of fate, Radhakrishnan met Srinivasa Ramanujan, the mathematical genius.
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.The two never met again.^ The two never met again.  In 1918, Radhakrishnan was selected as Professor of Philosophy by the University of Mysore.
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.In 1918, Radhakrishnan was selected as Professor of Philosophy by the University of Mysore.^ He nominated Radhakrishnan to the prestigious George V Professor of Philosophy at the Calcutta University, 1921.
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^ Radhakrishnan's second book, "The Reign of Religion in Contemporary Philosophy" was published in 1920.  Radhakrishnan's books and articles, drew the attention of Ashutosh Mookerjee, Vice Chancellor of Calcutta University.
  • Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan 19 September 2009 2:02 UTC www.liveindia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The two never met again.  In 1918, Radhakrishnan was selected as Professor of Philosophy by the University of Mysore.
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.By that time, he had written many articles for journals of repute like The Quest, Journal of Philosophy and the International Journal of Ethics.^ By the time, Radhakrishnan had written many articles for journals of repute like The Quest, Journal of Philosophy and the International Journal of Ethics.
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He completed his first book "The Philosophy of Rabindranath Tagore." .He believed Tagore's philosophy to be the "genuine manifestation of the Indian spirit."^ He believed Tagore's philosophy to be the "genuine manifestation of the Indian spirit."
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Radhakrishnan's second book, "The Reign of Religion in Contemporary Philosophy" was published in 1920.
.In 1921, he was appointed as a professor in philosophy to occupy the King George V Chair of Mental and Moral Science at the University of Calcutta.^ Three years later, he was appointed to the most important philosophy chair in India, King George V Chair of Mental and Moral Science in the University of Calcutta.

^ In 1918, he was appointed Professor of Philosophy in the University of Mysore.

^ Radhakrishnan represented University of Calcutta at the Congress of the Universities of the British Empire in June 1926 and the International Congress of Philosophy at the Harvard Univesity in September 1926.

.Radhakrishnan represented the University of Calcutta at the Congress of the Universities of the British Empire in June 1926 and the International Congress of Philosophy at Harvard University in September 1926. In 1929, Radhakrishnan was invited to take the post vacated by Principal J. Estlin Carpenter in Manchester College, Oxford.^ Radhakrishnan represented University of Calcutta at the Congress of the Universities of the British Empire in June 1926 and the International Congress of Philosophy at the Harvard Univesity in September 1926.

^ In 1929, Radhakrishnan was invited to take the post vacated by Principal J. Estin Carpenter in Manchester College, Oxford.

^ Worked as Professor of Philosophy in University of Mysore (1918) and University of Calcutta (1921).
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.This gave him the opportunity to lecture to the students of the University of Oxford on Comparative Religion.^ This gave him the opportunity to lecture to the students of University of Oxford on Comparative Religion.

^ Invited to the Oxford University in England to be part of the special 'Upton Lectures'.
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^ During that visit, he also gave the Hibbert Lectures on "An Idealist View of Life" to audiences at the Universities of London and Manchester.

.For his services to education, he was knighted by the British Government in 1931, but did not use the title in personal life preferring instead his academic title 'Doctor'. He was the Vice-Chancellor of Andhra University from 1931 to 1936. In 1936, Radhakrishnan was named Spalding Professor of Eastern Religions and Ethics at the University of Oxford, and was elected a Fellow of All Souls College.^ In 1939, he was elected Fellow of the British Academy.

^ This gave him the opportunity to lecture to the students of University of Oxford on Comparative Religion.

^ From 1936-39, Radhakrishnan was the Spalding Professor of Eastern Religions and Ethics at Oxford University.

In 1939, Pt. .Madan Mohan Malaviya invited him to succeed him as the Vice-Chancellor of Banaras Hindu University (BHU) [6]..^ From 1939-48, he was the Vice-Chancellor of the Banaras Hindu University.

^ Was Vice Chancellor of Andhra University and Benares Hindu University.
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.He continued as its Vice-Chancellor till January, 1948. When India became independent in 1947, Radhakrishnan represented India at UNESCO, and was later Ambassador of India to the Soviet Union, from 1949 to 1952. He was also elected to the Constituent Assembly of India.^ Was the first envoy of India to Soviet Union.
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^ Almost immediately after Independence Nehru assigned him as India’s first Ambassador to the Soviet Union.
  • Teachers Day in India - Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan free essay, term paper and book report 19 September 2009 2:02 UTC www.freeessays123.com [Source type: General]

^ He was the Vice-President of India from 1952-1962 and the President, General Conference of UNESCO from 1952-54.

.Radhakrishnan was elected as the first Vice President of India in 1952.[7] In 1956, his wife Sivakamamma died.^ Was the Vice President of India from 1952 to 1962.
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^ He was the Vice-President of India from 1952-1962 and the President, General Conference of UNESCO from 1952-54.

^ S.Radhakrishnan, Philosopher & former President of India .

They were married for over 51 years.[7] .He was elected as the second President of India (1962-1967).^ Was the Vice President of India from 1952 to 1962.
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^ From May 1962 to May 1967, he was the President of India.

^ Was the President of India from 1962 to 1967.
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.When he became President, some of his students and friends requested him to allow them to celebrate his birthday, 5 September.^ In India, September 5 (his birthday) is celebrated as Teacher's Day in his honor.

He replied,
"Instead of celebrating my birthday, it would be my proud privilege if 5 September is observed as Teachers' Day."
.His birthday has since been celebrated as Teachers' Day in India.^ In India, September 5 (his birthday) is celebrated as Teacher's Day in his honor.

^ Teachers Day in India - Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan free essay, term paper and book report .
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^ We have been observing it ever since his passing away as our country’s Teachers’ Day.
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[8] Radhakrishnan along with Ghanshyam Das Birla and a few other Social Workers in pre independence era formed Krishnarpan Charity Trust.

Philosophy

Radhakrishnan argued that Western philosophers, despite all claims to objectivity, were biased by theological influences of their own culture.[9] .He wrote books on Indian philosophy according to Western academic standards, and made Indian philosophy worthy of serious consideration in the West.^ From then on, he was engaged in the serious study of Indian philosophy and religion, and was a teacher of Philosophy.

^ In: A Source Book in Indian Philosophy.
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.In his book "Idealist View of Life" he has made a powerful case for the importance of intuitive thinking as opposed to purely intellectual forms of thought.^ During that visit, he also gave the Hibbert Lectures on "An Idealist View of Life" to audiences at the Universities of London and Manchester.

.He is well known for his commentaries on the Prasthana Trayi namely, the Bhagavadgita, the Upanishads and the Brahma Sutra.^ In college, he mastered the classics of Hindu philosophy, namely the Upanishads, Bhagvad Gita, Brahmasutra, and commentaries of Sankara, Ramunuja and Madhava.
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.He was elected as a Fellow of the British Academy in 1938. He was awarded the Bharat Ratna in 1954, and the Order of Merit in 1963. He received the Peace Prize of the German Book Trade in 1961, and the Templeton Prize in 1975, a few months before his death.^ In 1939, he was elected Fellow of the British Academy.

He donated the entire Templeton Prize amount to Oxford University. .The Oxford University instituted the Radhakrishnan Scholarships in 1989 which was later renamed the Radhakrishna Chevening Scholarships in his memory.^ From 1936-39, Radhakrishnan was the Spalding Professor of Eastern Religions and Ethics at Oxford University.

For recent biographies, see Robert Minor's: "Radhakrishnan, a religious biography" or Sarvepalli Gopal's:"Radhakrishnan;a biography".
It is not God that is worshipped but the authority that claims to speak in His name. Sin becomes disobedience to authority not violation of integrity.

Works

"Those who have read the author's previous volumes or have heard him speak are accustomed to associate with him warmth and vigor of style, penetrating flashes of keen analysis, and detailed familiarity with past and present philosophies in both east and west. In these respects none will find the book disappointing."
.
  • Eastern Religions and Western Thought (1939), Oxford University Press, 396 pages
  • Religion and Society (1947), 242 pages
  • The Philosophy of Sarvepalli Radhakrishna ed.^ This gave him the opportunity to lecture to the students of University of Oxford on Comparative Religion.

    ^ Although process thought is usually highly regarded in theological seminaries, the topic is ignored in many contemporary Philosophy of Religion texts.
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    ^ Oxford University Press.
    • An Indian logic-based argument representation formalism for knowledge-sharing -- Mahalakshmi and Geetha 17 (1): 55 -- Logic Journal of IGPL 19 September 2009 2:02 UTC jigpal.oxfordjournals.org [Source type: Academic]

    by P.A.Schilpp (1952), Tudor Publishing Company, New York
  • Recovery of Faith (1956), 205 pages
  • A Source Book in Indian Philosophy (1957), 683 pages, Princeton University Press
"I believe this is the first time I have written a review when no negative criticism of any kind seemed to me warranted. ... No one interested in Indian thought who does not expect to master the original materials can dispense with this book."

References

  1. ^ Sarvepalli Gopal: "Radhakrishnan; a Biography" (1989) p. 11
  2. ^ Sarvepalli Gopal:Radhakrishnan; a Biography (1989) p.15
  3. ^ Sarvepalli Gopal: "Radhakrishnan; a Biography" (1989) p.17
  4. ^ The Philosophy of Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan (1952) p.6
  5. ^ Sarvepalli Gopal: Radhakrishnan;a Biography (1989) p.14
  6. ^ Murty, K. Satchidananda; Ashok Vohra (1990). Radhakrishnan: his life and ideas. SUNY Press. p. 90. ISBN 0791403432. http://books.google.co.in/books?id=x6FsaptULgAC&pg=PA90&dq=Madan+Mohan+Malaviya&lr=&cd=20#v=onepage&q=Madan%20Mohan%20Malaviya&f=false. 
  7. ^ a b TeluguOne
  8. ^ Teacher's Day, Teacher's Day Celebrations, Celebration of Teacher's Day, September Festivals, Legends Behind Teacher's Day, Stories of Teacher's Day, Teacher's Day Celebrations
  9. ^ Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, Charles Moore (eds.), A source Book in Indian Philosophy, Princeton: Princeton University Press 1989, 610-639
  • Robert N. Minor: Radhakrishna - a religious Biography, State University of New York Press, Albany, NY, 1987, 189 pp.
  • New Essays in the Philosophy of Sarvepalli Radhakrishna/ Ed. by S.S. Rama Rao Pappu, Sri Satguru Publications, Delhi.

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
Position created
Vice President of India
May 13, 1952 - May 13, 1962
Succeeded by
Zakir Hussain
Preceded by
Rajendra Prasad
President of India
May 13, 1962 - May 13, 1967
Succeeded by
Zakir Hussain

Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 18, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, which are similar to those in the above article.








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