Satara: Wikis

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For the moth genus, see Satara (moth).
Satara
Satara
Location of Satara
in Maharashtra and India
Coordinates 17°41′29″N 74°00′03″E / 17.69139°N 74.00092°E / 17.69139; 74.00092
Country  India
State Maharashtra
District(s) Satara
Mayor Mrs. Vaishali Mahamuni
Population
Density
108043 (2001)
266.77 /km2 (691 /sq mi)
Time zone IST (UTC+05:30)
Area
Elevation
10484 km2 (4048 sq mi)
742 m (2,434 ft)
Website www.satara.nic.in

Satara About this sound pronunciation (Marathi: सातारा) is a town located in the Satara District of Maharashtra state of India. The name is derived from the seven (sat) hills (tara) surrounding the town. The town is 2320 ft. above sea-level, near the confluence of the Krishna River (Marathi:क्रूष्णा) and its tributary the Venna (Marathi:वेण्णा), 67 mi (about 110 km) south of Pune.

Contents

History

Historical inscriptions as old as 200 BCE indicate the oldest known place in Satara district is Karad (mentioned as Karhakada). It is also believed that the Pandavas stayed in Wai, then known as 'Viratnagari', in the 13th year of exile.

The empire of Chandragupta II, known as Mahendraditya Kumargupta I, extended as far as Satara district in Deccan when he ruled between 451 AD to 455 AD. The Gupta empire in the Deccan was followed by the rules of "Satavahanas" for about two centuries between 550 A.D. to 750 AD.

The first Mughals invasion of the Deccan took place in 1296. In 1636 the Nizam Shahi dynasty came to an end. In 1663 Shivaji conquered Parali and Satara fort. After the death of Shivaji, Aurangjeb conquered Satara fort later won by Parshuram Pratinidhi in 1706. In 1708 Chattrapati Shahu was crowned within the Satara fort. The direct descendents of The Great Maratha King Chh. Shivaji continue to live in Satara. The current king of Satara, Chh. Udayanraje Bhonsale is the 13th descendent of Shivaji Maharaj.

After their victory in the Third Anglo-Maratha War in 1818, the British Empire annexed most of the Maratha territory to Bombay Presidency, but restored the titular Raja Pratap Singh, and assigned to him the principality of Satara, an area much larger than the present district. As a result of political intrigues, he was deposed in 1839, and his brother Shahji Raja was placed on the throne. When this prince died without a male heir in 1848, Satara was annexed by the British government and added to Bombay Presidency.

During the independence struggle Satara was known for Prati Sarkar (Parallel Government). During Quit India Movement this parallel government replaced the British in rural areas for 4.5 years, from August 1943 to May 1946. This type of parallel government was also seen in Midnapur, West Bengal and Balia in UP. Krantisinh Nana Patil was the leader to run this government.

Geography

Ajinkyatara-wide.jpg

Satara is located at 17°41′N 73°59′E / 17.68°N 73.98°E / 17.68; 73.98.[1] It has an average elevation of 742 metres (2434 feet).

Satara is located in the western part of Maharashtra. The whole of Satara district falls within the Deccan area. It is bounded by Pune district to the north, Solapur district to the east, Sangli district to the south and Ratnagiri district to the west. Raigad district lies to its north-west. Satara District has an area of 10,480 km², and a population of 2,796,906 (2001).

The Sahyadri range, separates the district from Ratnagiri on the western side. The black rock Mahadeo range starts about 10 m north of Mahabaleshwar and stretches east and south-east across the whole of the district.

The main rivers of Satara district are Koyna and Krishna. The Krishna is one of the three largest sacred rivers of southern India. Approximately 172 km of the river course falls inside the district. The Krishna river begins on the eastern brow of the Mahabaleshwar plateau and the source is about 4500 ft. above sea level. Kudali, Urmodi, Venna and Tarali are small feeder rivers (tributaries) of Krishna. Koyna is the largest tributary of the Krishna in the district. Neera and Manganga rivers are the two representatives of the Bhima drainage, in the north and north-eastern parts of the district respectively.

West side of Satara
Mid West side of Satara

Satara City is divided into four parts, as like other cities: Urban (Shahar), Sub-Urban (Upanagar), MIDC (Audyogik Vasahat) & Rural (Grameen).

Areas in Satara Urban: Mangalwar peth, Rajwada, Kamani Haud, Pratapganj peth, Shivaji circle, Powai Naka, Devi Chawk, Moti Chawk, Khan Ali, Visawa Park, Yadogopal Peth, Vyankatpura Peth, Chimanpura Peth etc.

Areas in Satara Sub-Urban: Krishanagar, Visawa Kamp, Sangamnagar, Gendamaal, I.T.I. etc.

Areas in Satara MIDC: Old MIDC, New MIDC & Degaon MIDC

Areas in Satara Rural: Khindwadi, Limbkhind, Shahupuri, Godoli, Some part of Pirwadi, Khed & Kanher Villages.

Demographics

As of 2009 India census,[2] Satara had a population of 108,043. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Satara has an average literacy rate of 80%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 84%, and female literacy is 76%. In Satara, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Tourist spots in and around Satara City

The Shri Bhavani Museum and Library, Aundh, located on the Yamai Hill in Satara district. Aundh was a princely state in British India, as per the Deccan State Agency division of the Bombay Presidency. It was one of the Satara Jagirs, and was founded in the year 1699 by Trimbak Pant Pratinidhi who was a warrior during the period of Sambhaji Raje and Rajaram Maharaj. The Raja of Aundh, the late Bhawanrao Pantpratinidhi, in 1938, built a museum. The museum and library contain more than 5,000 items. It is located on the Yamai Hill near Aundh village of the Khatav tehsil of the Satara district. A building adjacent to the main building contains more than 25,000 fine arts reference books.

The region also contains The Yamai Devi temple. built in the Hemadpanthi pattern, it contains life-sized marble idols of avatars of Lord Vishnu, as well as an art gallery, and a 200 feet high deepmala which is believed to be the highest intact deepmala in the state.

'Panchgani'

Panchgani, is a small hill-station in the state of Maharashtra, India. It is located amidst five small hills, from which it derives its name (panch in marathi means five). All these 5 hills are topped by a volcanic plateau which is the second highest in Asia after the Tibetan plateau. These plateaus are known in the local term as "Table Land". These plateaus are part of the Deccan plateau and were raised by the pressure between the earth plates. Because of this it is also an area of high seismic activity with epicenter near Koynanagar which is famous of the Koynanagar dam and hydroelectric power plant. It is located about 265 km from Mumbai and has breathtaking valleys, winding rivers, scenic mountains and scattered hamlets. It attracts many tourists throughout the year, and many Mumbaites visit it as a weekend escape. Some go further, opening resorts which they themselves own, but rent out during certain seasons. There is a Ganesh Temple at Wai, which is located close by. The average day temperature in Panchgani is around 16 deg celsius during the winter and can soar up to 35 deg celsius during the summer. There are many elite boarding schools in Panchgani and it has been used as a location to film a number of Bollywood movies. The British set up numerous tuberculosis sanitoriums in Panchgani due to the presence of silver oak trees, which were considered therapeutic. The main attractions are: Table land, Parsi point, Sydney point. Panchgani now faces immense environmental pressures due to commercial activities, opening of illegal hotels, vehicles and temperature inversion (due to humidity) from various new dams built to store water in the vicinity. Freddie Mercury attended St Peter's school in Panchgani where he formed his first band, The Hectics (1958-1962.)

Mahabaleshwar (Marathi:महाबळेश्वर)

File:Pratapgad2.jpg
Sunday, 24 August 2008

Mahabaleshwar is a hill station located in the Satara District in the Western Ghats range of Maharashtra, India. Located about 120 km from Pune and 285 km from Mumbai, Mahabaleshwar is a vast plateau measuring 150 km², bound by valleys on all sides. Many tourists also visit nearby Panchgani. After the construction of a new highway, it is only a five hour drive from Mumbai. It reaches a height of 1438 m (4710 ft) at its highest peak above sea level, known as Wilson/Sunrise Point. Mahabaleshwar, "The Queen of Hill Stations", served as the summer capital of Bombay province during the British Raj, and today is a popular holiday resort and honeymoon spot. The area is also an important pilgrimage site for Hindus, and is the site of the Mahabaleshwar Temple. Mahabaleshwar comprises three villages, Malcolm Peth, Old "Kshetra"Mahabaleshwar and part of the Shindola village. The first historical mention of Mahabaleshwar dates back to year 1215 when the King Singhan of Deogiri visited Old Mahabaleshwar. Present Mahabaleshwar came into existence in the year 1829-30 and from old records is mentioned as Malcolm Peth, but in practise today it is known as Mahabaleshwar.

Other notable regions of the city include Pateshwar (Marathi:पाटेश्वर), Ajinkyatara (Marathi:अजिंक्यतारा),

Satara From Yewteshwar.jpg

Yawateshwar (Marathi:यवतेश्वर), Kaas Lake (Marathi:कास तलाव), Bamnoli (Marathi:बामणोळी),

Bamnoli backwaters3.jpg

Sajjangad (Marathi:सज्जनगड),

Sajjangad.jpg

Thoseghar Waterfall (Marathi:ठोसेघर धबधबा),

Thoseghar Main Waterfall

Chalkewadi (Marathi:चाळकेवाडी),

Chalkewadi - Windmills and Sunset

Bhairoba, Natraj Mandir etc.

Gove: This small hamlet on the banks of the river Krishna is famous for the Koteshware mandir, a 16th century temple dedicated to Lord Shiva. It is 16 km north to the Satara city. While driving to it you can catch glimpses of typical villages are farmous of the Maharashtra countryside.

Kalyangad or Nandgiri

(Koreganv T; 18° N, 74° E; RS, Satara Road, 2 m. w;) 3,537 feet above sea level, stands at the end of a spur of the Mahadev range running south-west from the villages of Vikhale and Bhadle, eight miles north of Koreganv and about fourteen miles north-east of Satara. It is separated from the rest of the spur by a small gorge or Khind and stands on a lower hill than the Candan Vandan range close to its north-west. It forms, therefore, a less conspicuous object from Satara than the Candan Vandan twins, though from the south it comes prominently in view as it forms the southern extremity of the spur dividing the Vangna and Vasna valleys. The temple of Maruti was renovated by Dahanebuva of Ninapadali. The tomb of Abdul Karim, a Musalman Saint, is located there. The fort was built by the Silahara king Bhoj II, of Panhala [3]. In 1673 with other Satara forts it was surrendered to Shivaji [4]. The Pratinidhi, administered it till his struggle with Bajirav, the second Peshva (1720-1740). In 1791 Major Price describes it as looking like the hull of a ship of war with opposite it another hill with on its summit some places of devotion [Memoirs of a Field Officer, 261.]. In the last Maratha war it fell to the army of General Pritzler in April, 1818. In 1862, it is described as a dismantled and uninhabited fort with a steep approach and a strong gateway but no water and no supplies [Government List of Civil Forts, 1862.].

Nearest Cities

How to reach Satara

  • By Road - NH4 highway

MSRTC runs intercity bus service from Mumbai, Pune, Sangli-Miraj and Kolhapur to Satara.

  • By Rail - Satara Railway Station

Satara is connected to Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Mysore, Baroda, Surat, Delhi, Mumbai, Pune, Nagpur, Sangli-Miraj and Goa by express trains.

Nearest Railway Junctions

Both Pune and Miraj junctions are equidistant from Satara city. Many trains coming from North India terminate at Pune. So, you might have to change train at Pune and take another train for Satara. When coming from South, many trains terminate at Miraj. So, you might need to change trains at Miraj.

Famous Personalities

Education

  • Aaba Saheb Chirmule Vidya Mandir, Satara(Primary school)
  • Dr. J. W. Airan Academy, Satara
  • Hutatma Parshuram Vidyalaya, Vaduj
  • Shivaji Highschool, Vaduj
  • Mumbai College [1] of Hotel Management
  • Anant English School, Satara
  • New English School, Satara(since 1899)
  • Kanyashala, Satara ( Girls High School )
  • KSD Shanbhag Vidyalaya, Daulat Nagar, Satara
  • St. Paul's High School
  • Nirmala Convent High School, Satara
  • Karmaveer Bhaurao Patil College of Engineering and Polytechnic, Satara
  • Shri Mudhaidevi Shikshan Sanstha, Deur[2]
  • Shivaji College Satara,
  • L.B.S.College Satara,
  • Y.C. Institute of Science College Satara
  • K.B.P.Engineering College Satara
  • S.P.S. Satara Polytechnic college Satara
  • Gauri Shankar Institute of BCA.MBA,DEd, Degone, Satara

Entertainment

Shahu Kalamandir is a local auditarium where Marathi dramas played. 7 Star Multiplex is a future multiplex project by the Maharaja builders & other theaters in satara following.

  • Samartha Talkies
  • Radhika Theatre
  • Rajlakshami Theatre

Further reading

  • Selections from the Historical Records of the Hereditary Minister of Baroda. Consisting of letters from Bombay, Baroda, Poona and Satara Governments. Collected by B.A. Gupte. Calcutta 1922.
  • Malik, S.C. Stone Age Industries of the Bombay & Satara Districts, M. Sayajirao University Baroda 1959.
  • Irawati Karve, Jayant Sadashiv Randadive, The Social Dynamics of a Growing Town and Its Surrounding Area. Deccan College ,1965, Poona. ISBN B0000CQW3J
  • Valunjkar, T. N. Social Organization, Migration & Change in a Village Community, Deccan College Poona 1966.

References

  1. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Satara
  2. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. http://web.archive.org/web/20040616075334/http://www.censusindia.net/results/town.php?stad=A&state5=999. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  3. ^ James Grant Duff's Marathas, Vol. I, 27. History of the Mahrattas, 3 vols. London, Longmans, Rees, Orme, Brown, and Green (1826); also more recent editions, ISBN 8170209560 ISBN 1421221373; vol. II only on line. Also, revised ed., S. M. Edwardes, London, etc., Oxford University Press (1921) Vol. II only on line.
  4. ^ Grant Duff's Marathas, as cited, Vol. I, 202.

External links

External links

  • Paul H. von Tucher: Nationalism: Case and crisis in Missions - German Missions in British India 1939 - 1946. Diss. Erlangen 1980. Author's edition Erlangen/Germany 1980. [3], [4], [5] and [6] in Satara 1940-1946.
  • Wilhelm Filchner: Life of a Researcher (chapter XXIII). Wilhelm Filchner was interned from September 1941 until November 1946 in the Parole Camp in Satara. Later on he lived in Poona in the Maharashtra state of India.

This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.

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Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Contents

Satara is a city in Western Maharashtra.

See

Yavteshwar the place where big hill areas located and also aajinkya Tara famous wing energy making hill in india.

Eat

Satari Kandi Pedhe.

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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
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From LoveToKnow 1911

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Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Taxonavigation

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Cladus: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Cladus: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Panorpida
Cladus: Amphiesmenoptera
Ordo: Lepidoptera
Subordo: Glossata
Infraordo: Heteroneura
Divisio: Ditrysia
Sectio: Cossina
Subsection: Bombycina
Superfamilia: Noctuoidea
Familia: Noctuidae
Subfamilia: Arctiinae
Tribus: Incertae Sedis (Arctiinae)
Genus: Satara
Species: S. cornutiata

Name

Satara Walker, 1865

Type species: Satara aequata Walker, 1865

References

  • Walker, 1865, List Specimens lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 31: 160.

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