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1867 edition of Punch, a ground-breaking British magazine of popular humour, including a good deal of satire of the contemporary social and political scene.
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.Satire is often strictly defined as a literary genre or form, although in pracice it can be found in the graphic and performing arts.^ We often confuse satire ( a literary composition, in verse or prose, in which human folly and vice are held up to scorn, derision, or ridicule.

^ Satire -- for Seidel, a mode rather than a genre -- works to convert literary "inheritance" into "the conspiracy of degeneration" (p.
  • Lynch, Augustan Satire Bibliography 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ By their practice, the great Roman poets Horace and Juvenal set indelibly the lineaments of the genre known as the formal verse satire and, in so doing, exerted pervasive, if often indirect, influence on all subsequent literary satire.

.In satire, human or individual vices, follies, abuses, or shortcomings are censured by ridicule, derision, burlesque, irony, or other methods, ideally with the intent of improvement.^ SATIRE , artistic form, chiefly literary and dramatic, in which human or individual vices, follies, abuses, or shortcomings are held up to censure by means of ridicule, derision, burlesque, irony, or other methods, sometimes with an intent to bring about improvement.

^ We often confuse satire ( a literary composition, in verse or prose, in which human folly and vice are held up to scorn, derision, or ridicule.

^ Lampoon "A personal satire; abuse; censure written not to reform but to vex" (Johnson).
  • Dryden, A Discourse concerning Satire 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: Original source]

[1] .Although satire is usually meant to be funny, its purpose is often not so much humour for its own sake as an attack on something strongly disapproved by the satirist, using the weapon of wit.^ Satire - Satire is a literary work in which the follies of its subject are attacked through irony, derision, or wit, usually to fulfill a corrective purpose.
  • Free Satire Essays 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.123helpme.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is from here that Posner divides parody into two categories: "weapon" parodies, where the target isn't the original work but rather uses the copyrighted work to comment on something else; and "target" parodies, which comment on the original work itself.

^ He argues that satire is unequivocally the underprivileged of the two for fair use cases, although it is allowed in certain circumstances.

.A common feature of satire is strong irony or sarcasm -- "in satire, irony is militant"[2] -- but parody, burlesque, exaggeration, juxtaposition, comparison, analogy, and double entendre are all frequently used in satirical speech and writing.^ That was a satire using parody as it's form.

^ Satires rely on precision timing, from both actors and directors, while utilizing irony, cynicism and sarcasm as a primary tool.
  • Explore Type: Satire - AllMovie 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.allmovie.com [Source type: General]

^ Satire, Parody, and Fair Use project tagged copyright fair_use parody satire by avidan ...

.This "militant" irony or sarcasm often professes to approve (or at least accept as natural) the very things the satirist actually wishes to attack.^ And I think that John is really to be commended for doing what is actually not a satire; it’s a very powerful commentary on the way things actually are in Iraq right now and with the US war machine.

^ Franken very often refers to himself as a “satirist,” which is a piece of hubris that comes to him too glibly and naturally.
  • Cheap Laughs - The Atlantic(October 2009) 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.theatlantic.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Ignoring for a moment that Bush has to read "I'm George Bush and I approve this message" from a piece of paper at the very end (did the batteries run out on the thing in his ear?

Contents

Term

The word satire comes from the Latin phrase satura lanx meaning "medley, dish of colorful fruits." Quintilian believed the genre to be a "wholly Roman phenomenon" (satura tota nostra est). This derivation properly has nothing to do with the Greek mythological figure satyr[3]. .To Quintilian, the satire was a strict literary form, but the term soon escaped from the original narrow definition.^ After Quintilian's day satura began to be used metaphorically to designate works that were "satirical" in tone but not in form.

^ I would argue that the same is true of satires, even if they do not specifically comment on the original work, so they also need some form of protection or compromise for when the rights are denied.

^ Her account explores the ideology inherent in form, and seeks to shake "the conventional identification of Swift and Pope -- in literary, historical, and political terms -- as 'Tory satirists.'"
  • Lynch, Augustan Satire Bibliography 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Robert Elliott wrote:
"As soon as a noun enters the domain of metaphor, as one modern scholar has pointed out, it clamours for extension; and satura (which had had no verbal, adverbial, or adjectival forms) was immediately broadened by appropriation from the Greek word for “satyr” (satyros) and its derivatives. The odd result is that the English “satire” comes from the Latin satura; but “satirize,” “satiric,” etc., are of Greek origin. By about the 4th century AD the writer of satires came to be known as satyricus; St. Jerome, for example, was called by one of his enemies 'a satirist in prose' ('satyricus scriptor in prosa'). Subsequent orthographic modifications obscured the Latin origin of the word satire: satura becomes satyra, and in England, by the 16th century, it was written 'satyre.'"[4]
.Satire in the modern sense of the word is found in many artistic forms of expression, including literature, plays, commentary, and media such as song lyrics.^ For in English, to say Satire, is to mean Reflection, as we use that word in the worst Sense; or as the French call it, more properly, Medisance .
  • Dryden, A Discourse concerning Satire 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Though not centered directly on satire, Knox's extended meditation on early modern irony is useful in many studies of satirical irony.
  • Lynch, Augustan Satire Bibliography 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ That variety which is not to be found in any one Satire, is, at least, in many, written on several occasions.
  • Dryden, A Discourse concerning Satire 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: Original source]

.The term is also today applied to many works other than those which would have been considered satire by Quintilian, including ancient Greek authors predating the first Roman satires.^ This article actually argues against parody being included under the fair use clause, saying that the treatment should be very narrow and should not include my definition of satire (or works that parody others to attack a third).

^ Therefore all weapons against them are appropriate, including satires that work through the Internet via a process akin to in “viral advertising.” .
  • Israel asks U.S. foreign aid be paid in EUROS | Wake Up From Your Slumber 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC wakeupfromyourslumber.com [Source type: Original source]

^ After Quintilian's day satura began to be used metaphorically to designate works that were "satirical" in tone but not in form.

.Public opinion in the Athenian democracy, for example, was remarkably influenced by the political satire written by such comic poets as Aristophanes for the theatre.^ But the theatre has rarely enjoyed the political freedom Aristophanes had--one reason, perhaps, that satire more often appears in drama episodically or in small doses than in the full-blown Aristophanic manner.

^ Scathing satire works against overwhelming public opinion, not with it.

^ The drama has provided a favourable environment for satire ever since it was cultivated by Aristophanes, working under the extraordinarily open political conditions of 5th-century Athens.

[5][6]

Satire and humour

.Satirical works often contain "straight" or non-satirical humour, usually to give relief from what might otherwise be relentless preaching.^ If Lucilius cou'd add to Ennius , and Horace to Lucilius , why, without any diminution to the Fame of Horace , might not Juvenal give the last perfection to that Work?
  • Dryden, A Discourse concerning Satire 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Satire involving racist, sexist and religious stereotypes just do not work and I wonder when folks might wake up to that fact.
  • Satire? - TalkLeft: The Politics Of Crime 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.talkleft.com [Source type: General]

^ Thus, although the formal verse satire of Rome is quantitatively a small body of work, it contains most of the elements later literary satirists employ.

Although this has always been so, it is probably more marked in modern satire. .Yet some satire is not "funny," nor is meant to be.^ On that note, I don’t think the article was THAT funny (probably because I’m a bit lacking on some of the contextual grounds), but it was a good satire.
  • Joseph Dent Explains the Joke « Indolent Indio 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.indolentindio.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Observational comedy in the style of stand up along with some satirical jokes and a funny look at what's going on in the world.
  • satire Podcasts 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.podfeed.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.And not all humour is satiric, even when the humour involves such topics as politics, religion or art, frequent matters for satire.^ He argues "not that satire has no political power at all, but that most claims about its revolutionary or subversive power are overstated and misplaced."
  • Lynch, Augustan Satire Bibliography 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ May 28, 2005 in Culture & Society , Design , Humour , Politics & Society , Satire , Urban .

^ The most relevant part of his speech to my topic is when he discusses the importance of form to satire, even if the satire does not necessarily comment on the original work.

.And a passage of irony, parody, or burlesque can serve simple humour, though the techniques are also tools of satire.^ Satires rely on precision timing, from both actors and directors, while utilizing irony, cynicism and sarcasm as a primary tool.
  • Explore Type: Satire - AllMovie 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.allmovie.com [Source type: General]

^ Though not centered directly on satire, Knox's extended meditation on early modern irony is useful in many studies of satirical irony.
  • Lynch, Augustan Satire Bibliography 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Types of Satire

Satirical literature can commonly be categorized as either Horatian or Juvenalian.

Horatian

.Named for the Roman satirist, Horace, this playfully criticizes some social vice through gentle, mild, and light-hearted humour.^ An account of censorship from the Renaissance through 1695, with some attention to the satirist's fear of prosecution for libel.
  • Lynch, Augustan Satire Bibliography 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Persius One of the three great Roman satirists, along with Horace and Juvenal.
  • Dryden, A Discourse concerning Satire 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Horace was a Mild Admonisher, a Court Satirist, fit for the gentle Times of Augustus , and more fit, for the Reasons which I have already given.
  • Dryden, A Discourse concerning Satire 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: Original source]

.It directs wit, exaggeration, and self-deprecating humour toward what it identifies as folly, rather than evil.^ To consider Persius yet more closely: He rather insulted over Vice and Folly, than expos'd them, like Juvenal and Horace .
  • Dryden, A Discourse concerning Satire 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ In short, the character of the satirist as projected by Horace is that of an urbane man of the world, concerned about folly, which he sees everywhere, but moved to laughter rather than rage.

.Horatian satire's sympathetic tone is common in modern society.^ It is the Menippean satire of Lucian and Petronius, however, that comes closest to the method and tone of modern satire" (p.
  • Lynch, Augustan Satire Bibliography 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Some examples include Jonathan Swift's Gulliver’s Travels, Daniel Defoe's The True-Born Englishman, Alexander Pope's The Rape of the Lock, C.S. Lewis' The Screwtape Letters, and Matt Groening's The Simpsons.^ Gulliver's travels / Jonathan Swift ; edited with an introduction and notes by Robert DeMaria, Jr. .

^ The study proceeds systematically through three "simple structures of satire" ("demonstrative," "deliberative," and "judicial"), then turns to the "complex structures of satire" in close readings of the three most important satirists of the early eighteenth century: Dryden ( Mac Flecknoe and Absalom & Achitophel ), Pope ( Rape of the Lock and The Dunciad ), and Swift ( A Tale of a Tub and Gulliver's Travels ).
  • Lynch, Augustan Satire Bibliography 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Specific readings include Rabelais, Cervantes, Butler, Marvell, Dryden, Swift, Pope, and Sterne.
  • Lynch, Augustan Satire Bibliography 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Juvenalian

.Named after the Roman satirist Juvenal, this type of satire is more contemptuous and abrasive than the Horatian.^ Isn't this more of a RANT than satire?
  • Satire or Stupid to Slam Greenpoint - Gothamist 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC gothamist.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the final analysis, it seems to me that sarcasm and satire are certainly more likely to help people remain believers, rather than turning them into such.
  • http://www.tektonics.org/lp/madmad.html 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.tektonics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I cannot give a more just Idea of the Two Books of Satires, made by Horace , than by compairing them to the Statues of the Sileni , to which Alcbiades compares Socrates , in the Symposium.
  • Dryden, A Discourse concerning Satire 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: Original source]

Juvenalian satire addresses social evil through scorn, outrage, and savage ridicule. This form is often pessimistic, characterized by irony, sarcasm, moral indignation and personal invective, with less emphasis on humour. .Some Juvenalian satire: Joseph Hall (bishop)'s Virgidemiarum, Jonathan Swift's A Modest Proposal, Samuel Johnson's London, George Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four and Animal Farm, Ray Bradbury’s Fahrenheit 451, William Golding's Lord of the Flies, Aldous Huxley's Brave New World, Anthony Burgess' A Clockwork Orange, and Stephen Colbert's 2006 White House Correspondents Dinner.^ In England in 1599 the Archbishop of Canterbury and the Bishop of London issued an order prohibiting the printing of any satires whatever and requiring that the published satires of Hall, John Marston, Thomas Nashe, and others be burned.

^ And as Chaste, and Modest as he is esteem'd, it cannot be deny'd, but that in some places, he is broad and fulsom, as the latter Verses of the Fourth Satire, and of the Sixth, sufficiently witness.
  • Dryden, A Discourse concerning Satire 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ An unidentified White House spokesperson has instead suggested some of the bailout money be spent on identifying women who have not slept with Tiger Woods.

Development

Ancient Egypt

.One of the earliest examples of what we might call satire, The Satire of the Trades[7], is in Egyptian writing from the beginning of the 2nd millennium BC. The text's apparent readers are students, tired of studying.^ By about the 4th century AD the writer of satires came to be known as satyricus; St. Jerome, for example, was called by one of his enemies "a satirist in prose" ("satyricus scriptor in prosa").

^ There’s a defined line between writing a clever, well-crafted satire or simply posting an ignorant text; obviously you have only mastered the latter one.
  • Satire or Stupid to Slam Greenpoint - Gothamist 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC gothamist.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Something can be satire, and yet one might still object to it as an unfair form of criticism.
  • Satire or Stupid to Slam Greenpoint - Gothamist 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC gothamist.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

It argues that their lot as scribes is useful, and their lot far superior to that of the ordinary man. .Scholars such as Helck [8] think that the context was meant to be serious.^ It's so clear to me that it's a New Yorker cover, I think I would recognize it as such even without being told, but absent that context, I dunno, maybe, yes.
  • Satire? - TalkLeft: The Politics Of Crime 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.talkleft.com [Source type: General]

The Papyrus Anastasi I[9] (late 2nd millennium BC) contains a satirical letter which first praises the virtues of its recipient, but then mocks the reader's meagre knowledge and achievements.

Greco-Roman world

.The Greeks had no word for what later would be called "satire", although the terms cynicism and parody were used.^ For in English, to say Satire, is to mean Reflection, as we use that word in the worst Sense; or as the French call it, more properly, Medisance .
  • Dryden, A Discourse concerning Satire 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Satire, Parody, and Fair Use project tagged copyright fair_use parody satire by avidan ...

^ Without it, no idiot would be capable of recognizing, nor understanding, satire.
  • Satire Goes Over Chris Matthews' Head | NewsBusters.org 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC newsbusters.org [Source type: General]

.Modern critics call the Greek playwright Aristophanes one of the best known early satirists: his plays are known for their critical political and societal commentary,[10] particularly for the political satire by which he criticized the powerful Cleon (as in The Knights).^ Satire: Modern Essays in Criticism , ed.
  • Lynch, Augustan Satire Bibliography 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Elliott suggests literary satire grew out of ancient ritual and magic, noting that satirists were held to have power over life and death in some societies, and considers the role of ridicule in what have been called shame cultures.
  • Lynch, Augustan Satire Bibliography 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Reverend is also criticized as being judgmental, calling Ned Flanders the "fallen one" when he receives a mere traffic offense.
  • The Simpsons Archive: "The Simpsons as a Religious Satire" 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.snpp.com [Source type: Original source]

He is also notable for the persecution he underwent.[10][11][12][13] .Aristophanes's bawdy style was adopted by Greek dramatist-comedian Menander.^ Quintilian seems to be claiming satire as a Roman phenomenon, although he had read the Greek dramatist Aristophanes and was familiar with a number of Greek forms that one would call satiric.

His early play Drunkenness contains an attack on the politician Callimedon.
.The oldest form of satire still in use is the Menippean satire by Menippus of Gadara.^ After Quintilian's day satura began to be used metaphorically to designate works that were "satirical" in tone but not in form.

His own writings are lost. Examples from his admirers and imitators mix seriousness and mockery in dialogues and present parodies before a background of diatribe. The reader is meant to question approved truths in order to form a didactic set of knowledge.
.The first Roman to discuss satire critically was Quintilian, who invented the term to describe the writings of Lucilius.^ And let Persius , the last of the first Three Worthies, be contented with this Grecian Shield, and with Victory not only over all the Grecians , who were Ignorant of the Roman Satire, but over all the Moderns in Succeeding Ages; excepting Boileau and your Lordship.
  • Dryden, A Discourse concerning Satire 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Both Horace and Juvenal took extraordinary pains to avoid entanglements with authority--Juvenal ends his first satire with the self-protective announcement that he will write only of the dead.

^ In the prologue to his book, Hall makes a claim that has caused confusion like that following from Quintilian's remark on Roman satire.

.The two most prominent and influential ancient Roman satirists are Horace and Juvenal, who wrote during the early days of the Roman Empire.^ And the Ancient Romans , as Horace tells us, paid their thanks to Mother Earth, or Vesta , to Silvanus , and their Genius , in the same manner.
  • Dryden, A Discourse concerning Satire 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ And let the Manes of Juvenal forgive me, if I say, that this way of Horace was the best, for amending Manners, as it is the most difficult.
  • Dryden, A Discourse concerning Satire 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Which as it was not the Design of Juvenal , who was wholly employ'd in lashing Vices, some of them the most enormous that can be imagin'd; so perhaps, it was not so much his Talent.
  • Dryden, A Discourse concerning Satire 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: Original source]

Other important satirists in ancient Latin are Lucilius and Persius. .Satire in their work is much wider than in the modern sense of the word, including fantastic and highly coloured humorous writing with little or no real mocking intent.^ For more PoliSat.Com palindromes and links to the works of much better palindromists than yours truly, go here .
  • Palindromes (Political Satire at PoliSat.Com TM �) 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC polisat.com [Source type: General]

^ For in English, to say Satire, is to mean Reflection, as we use that word in the worst Sense; or as the French call it, more properly, Medisance .
  • Dryden, A Discourse concerning Satire 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The assumption,” writes Collado, “a satirist can ‘shop around’ for copyrighted works to employ in his satire ignores the nature of the creative process” (IV.C).

When Horace criticized Augustus, he used veiled ironic terms. .In contrast, Pliny reports that the 6th century BC poet Hipponax wrote satirae that were so cruel that the offended hanged themselves.^ In the 7th century BC, the poet Archilochus, said to be the "first" Greek literary satirist, composed verses of such potency against his prospective father-in-law, Lycambes, that Lycambes and his daughter hanged themselves.

^ In the next century the sculptors Bupalus and Athenis "knit their necks in halters," it is said, as a result of the "bitter rimes and biting libels" issued by the satirical poet Hipponax.

[14]

Medieval Islamic world

Main articles: Arabic satire and Persian satire
.Medieval Arabic poetry included the satiric genre hija.^ The chief function of the ancient Arabic poet was to compose satire (hija') against the tribal enemy.

.Satire was introduced into Arabic prose literature by the Afro-Arab author Al-Jahiz in the 9th century.^ The 17th-century comedy of Molire sometimes deepens into satire, as with the exposure of religious hypocrisy in Tartuffe or the railing against social hypocrisy by Alceste in The Misanthrope.

.While dealing with serious topics in what are now known as anthropology, sociology and psychology, he introduced a satirical approach, "based on the premise that, however serious the subject under review, it could be made more interesting and thus achieve greater effect, if only one leavened the lump of solemnity by the insertion of a few amusing anecdotes or by the throwing out of some witty or paradoxical observations.^ But, under the more relaxed authoritarianism of an easier going day, remarkable things could be done.

^ I was about to complain about how I wish I had a girlfriend, and one that was younger than me, so that I could be cool too, but then I remembered that I'm 24, and that you get much younger than me, and it's even more creepy than the above couples.
  • Life, The Universe, and Nothing In Particular 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC rawsatire.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We expect more interest once the DBoH has been around long enough to see some positive, long-term results.
  • satire | CORRUPT.org: Remaking Modern Society 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.corrupt.org [Source type: General]

.He was well aware that, in treating of new themes in his prose works, he would have to employ a vocabulary of a nature more familiar in hija, satirical poetry."^ Yet because of the rich nature of these works, they are ripe for parody and satire; by disallowing fair use of satire, the law in effect stifles the free speech and creativity of new authors.

^ Long also argues that the distinction between satire and parody ignores that satire must also transform the original work, which adds new, transformative meaning.

^ Alfred Wells's blog Add new comment Tags: satire Elton John in Foul-Mouthed Tirade Against Ukrainian Adoption Agency .
  • satire | CORRUPT.org: Remaking Modern Society 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.corrupt.org [Source type: General]

[15] For example, in one of his zoological works, he satirized the preference for longer human penis size, writing: "If the length of the penis were a sign of honor, then the mule would belong to the (honorable tribe of) Quraysh". Another satirical story based on this preference was an Arabian Nights tale called "Ali with the Large Member".[16]
.In the 10th century, the writer Tha'alibi recorded satirical poetry written by the Arabic poets As-Salami and Abu Dulaf, with As-Salami praising Abu Dulaf's wide breadth of knowledge and then mocking his ability in all these subjects, and with Abu Dulaf responding back and satirizing As-Salami in return.^ Subsequent orthographic modifications obscured the Latin origin of the world satire: satura becomes satyra, and in England, by the 16th century, it was written "satyre."

^ It is here that we see ever greater signs of sarcasm and satire used to the effect of a public honor challenge (as all of these works were intended to be read aloud to an audience).
  • http://www.tektonics.org/lp/madmad.html 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.tektonics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The chief function of the ancient Arabic poet was to compose satire (hija') against the tribal enemy.

[17] .An example of Arabic political satire included another 10th century poet Jarir satirizing Farazdaq as "a transgressor of the Sharia" and later Arabic poets in turn using the term "Farazdaq-like" as a form of political satire.^ He then turns to the use of politically charged allusion.
  • Lynch, Augustan Satire Bibliography 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ What is satire if the two poets universally acknowledged to be supreme masters of the form differ so completely in their work as to be almost incommensurable?

^ This essay is a study of the manipulation of these classical models of political grandeur and stability for satiric ends in the major writers of the early eighteenth century.
  • Lynch, Augustan Satire Bibliography 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[18]
.The terms "comedy" and "satire" became synonymous after Aristotle's Poetics was translated into Arabic in the medieval Islamic world, where it was elaborated upon by Islamic philosophers and writers, such as Abu Bischr, his pupil Al-Farabi, Avicenna, and Averroes.^ According to Aristotle (Poetics, IV, 1448b-1449a), Greek Old Comedy developed out of ritualistic ridicule and invective--out of satiric utterances, that is, improvised and hurled at individuals by the leaders of the phallic songs.

^ Dare to gaze upon the wonders that make our world such a funny place.
  • satire Podcasts 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.podfeed.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The 17th-century comedy of Molire sometimes deepens into satire, as with the exposure of religious hypocrisy in Tartuffe or the railing against social hypocrisy by Alceste in The Misanthrope.

.Due to cultural differences, they disassociated comedy from Greek dramatic representation and instead identified it with Arabic poetic themes and forms, such as hija (satirical poetry).^ What is satire if the two poets universally acknowledged to be supreme masters of the form differ so completely in their work as to be almost incommensurable?

^ But, good God, how remote they are in common Justice, from the choice of such Persons as are the proper Subject of Satire!
  • Dryden, A Discourse concerning Satire 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ I would argue that the same is true of satires, even if they do not specifically comment on the original work, so they also need some form of protection or compromise for when the rights are denied.

.They viewed comedy as simply the "art of reprehension", and made no reference to light and cheerful events, or troubled beginnings and happy endings, associated with classical Greek comedy.^ View Podcast > > Weekly podcast of news, views, fun, art and comedy .
  • satire Podcasts 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.podfeed.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

After the Latin translations of the 12th century, the term "comedy" thus gained a new semantic meaning in Medieval literature.[19]
Ubayd Zakani introduced satire in Persian literature during the 14th century. .His work is noted for its satire and obscene verses, often political or bawdy, and often cited in debates involving homosexual practices.^ By their practice, the great Roman poets Horace and Juvenal set indelibly the lineaments of the genre known as the formal verse satire and, in so doing, exerted pervasive, if often indirect, influence on all subsequent literary satire.

^ Satire involving racist, sexist and religious stereotypes just do not work and I wonder when folks might wake up to that fact.
  • Satire? - TalkLeft: The Politics Of Crime 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.talkleft.com [Source type: General]

^ The drama has provided a favourable environment for satire ever since it was cultivated by Aristophanes, working under the extraordinarily open political conditions of 5th-century Athens.

.He wrote the Resaleh-ye Delgosha, as well as Akhlaq al-Ashraf ("Ethics of the Aristocracy") and the famous humorous fable Masnavi Mush-O-Gorbeh (Mouse and Cat), which was a political satire.^ Alfred Wells's blog 3 comments Tags: multiculturalism political correctness racism satire Save Darfur - A Modest Proposal .
  • satire | CORRUPT.org: Remaking Modern Society 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.corrupt.org [Source type: General]

.His non-satirical serious classical verses have also been regarded as very well written, in league with the other great works of Persian literature.^ This article actually argues against parody being included under the fair use clause, saying that the treatment should be very narrow and should not include my definition of satire (or works that parody others to attack a third).

^ A great-sounding show with two hosts who enjoy each other's company and love to satirize popular culture.
  • satire Podcasts 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.podfeed.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In her opinion, satire or parody "does not depend on a single text" and if the author cannot acquire the necessary license he should be able to find some other source for his work.

Between 1905 and 1911, Bibi Khatoon Astarabadi and other Iranian writers wrote notable satires.

Medieval Europe

.In the Early Middle Ages, examples of satire were the songs by goliards or vagants now best known as an anthology called Carmina Burana and made famous as texts of a composition by the 20th century composer Carl Orff.^ Donn John Donne, though now known for his "Metaphysical" lyric poems, was known in the late seventeenth century primarily as a writer of satires and sermons.
  • Dryden, A Discourse concerning Satire 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Though now long-defunct, its ten volumes were devoted strictly to satire during the great age of satire theorists.
  • Lynch, Augustan Satire Bibliography 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the age of the ubiquitous opinion, screaming at the top of one's lungs that one's speech is being stolen is absurd and in itself, the best form of satire practiced today.

Satirical poetry is believed to have been popular, although little has survived. .With the advent of the High Middle Ages and the birth of modern vernacular literature in the 12th century, it began to be used again, most notably by Chaucer.^ Reprinted in Eighteenth-Century English Literature: Modern Essays in Criticism , ed.
  • Lynch, Augustan Satire Bibliography 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The disrespectful manner was considered "Unchristian" and ignored but for the moral satire, which mocked misbehaviour in Christian terms. Examples are Livre des Manières (~1170), and some of Chaucer's Canterbury Tales. .The epos was mocked, and even the feudal society, but there was hardly a general interest in the genre.^ They've hardly even used the potential of the last console to be jumping so quickly into another generation.
  • Life, The Universe, and Nothing In Particular 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC rawsatire.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Nokes addresses his study to undergraduates and the legendary "general reader"; there will be little that strikes experts or even advanced students as new.
  • Lynch, Augustan Satire Bibliography 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Two major satirists of Europe in the Renaissance were Giovanni Boccaccio and François Rabelais. .Other examples of Renaissance satire include Till Eulenspiegel, Reynard the Fox, Sebastian Brant's Narrenschiff (1494), Erasmus' Moriae Encomium (1509) and Thomas More's Utopia (1516).^ Both address the novel and satire; this volume is more concerned with the novel, the other with the satire.
  • Lynch, Augustan Satire Bibliography 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ To consider satire critcism gives satire a stronger claim to fair use, as the definition of the fair use clause includes "critcism" as an example of a permissible fair use.

^ But the French are more nice , and never spell it any other ways than Satire.
  • Dryden, A Discourse concerning Satire 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: Original source]

Early modern western satire

The Elizabethan (i.e. 16th century English) writers thought of satire as related to the notoriously rude, coarse and sharp satyr play. .Elizabethan "satire" (typically in pamphlet form) therefore contains more straight forward abuse than subtle irony.^ Carnochan is of course aware that any attempt to pin down irony ("the indirection that converts criticism to satire") is a doomed enterprise, but his attempt to define satire and its more-than-casual association with irony is enlightening.
  • Lynch, Augustan Satire Bibliography 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Satire is therefore not nihilistic, subversive, or misanthropist, but a thoroughly conservative and moralistic form.
  • Lynch, Augustan Satire Bibliography 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Frye and Elliott are guiding spirits, but none more so than Paulson, whose accounts of the relationship between satire and the novel informs Zimmerman's account of the use of both old and new narrative forms early in the age of Locke.
  • Lynch, Augustan Satire Bibliography 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.By the 1590s however a new wave of verse satire broke with the publication of Hall's Virgidemiarum, six books of verse satires targeting everything from literary fads to corrupt noblemen.^ Blue Canyon Satire Temporary home for As-If News (www.AsIfNews.com) NEWS FLASH : Even Obama can't sell Jim Terr books!

.Although Donne had already circulated satires in manuscript, Hall's was the first real attempt at verse satire on the Juvenalian model.^ An attempt to pin down the essential formal elements of the verse satire as understood in the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries.
  • Lynch, Augustan Satire Bibliography 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This was a really funny piece of satire the first time I read it in the Onion a few months ago: http://www.theonion.com/content/node/51852 .
  • Satire or Stupid to Slam Greenpoint - Gothamist 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC gothamist.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[20] .The success of his work combined with a national mood of disillusion in the last year's of Elizabeth's reign triggered an avalanche of satire - much of it less conscious of classical models than Hall's - until the fashion was brought to an abrupt stop by censorship.^ This film, though only moderately successful critically, allows for much study in the fields of satire, literary adaptability to film as well as study of Hollywood itself.

^ Although the film matches the events of the novel, its failure completely match its tone leave it a less successful satire.

^ But how come Lowness of Style, and the Familiarity of Words to be so much the Propriety of Satire, that without them, a Poet can be no more a Satirist, than without Risibility he can be a Man?
  • Dryden, A Discourse concerning Satire 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: Original source]

[21] .The French Huguenot Isaac Casaubon pointed out in 1605 that satire in the Roman fashion was something altogether more civilised.^ This morning, Slashdot also posted the story as if it were real ( Update : or not -- commenters have pointed out that Slashdot posted it as satire too), at which point we realized why this particular satire works so well: it's totally, 100% believable.
  • MPAA Home Theater Regulation Satire Hits Too Close To Home | Techdirt 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.techdirt.com [Source type: General]

^ Would it not be more in order for John to simply have reasoned with them, pointing out the beauty of the Truth as he had done so successfully in his Gospel?
  • http://www.tektonics.org/lp/madmad.html 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.tektonics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ A discussion of imitation and emulation in Pope's use of previous satires, especially Roman, but also French and English.
  • Lynch, Augustan Satire Bibliography 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.17th century English satire once again aimed at the "amendment of vices" (Dryden).^ Howard D. Weinbrot, Eighteenth-Century Satire: Essays on Text and Context from Dryden to Peter Pindar .
  • Lynch, Augustan Satire Bibliography 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ From The Satires of Decimus Junius Juvenalis: Translated into English Verse by Mr. Dryden and Several Other Eminent Hands (London, 1693).
  • Dryden, A Discourse concerning Satire 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Direct social commentary via satire returned with a vengeance in the 16th century, when farcical texts such as the works of François Rabelais tackled more serious issues (and incurred the wrath of the crown as a result).^ "Parody or satire, as we understand it, is when one artist, for comic effect or social commentary, closely imitates the style of another artist and in so doing creates a new art work that makes ridiculous the style and expression of the original.

^ As in all works of Monty Python, characters such as a lisping Roman official are just meant to be funny, but there are scenes that are quite obviously the result of some serious brainwork.
  • satire | CORRUPT.org: Remaking Modern Society 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.corrupt.org [Source type: General]

^ Satire has been defined as a commentary or critical work, one of the uses specifically enumerated in the Fair Use Doctrine, so it should technically be protected.

.In the Age of Enlightenment, an intellectual movement in the 17th and 18th century advocating rationality, began the breakthrough of English satire, largely due to the creation of Tory and Whig groups and the necessity to convey the true meaning of criticism, especially true for Daniel Defoe (The Shortest-Way with the Dissenters), Jonathan Swift, John Dryden and Alexander Pope.^ He finds an origin in the invective and lampoon of Skelton, then explores verse satire in Dryden, Pope, Johnson, Peter Pindar, Cowper, and Byron; prose satire in Defoe and Swift; novelistic satire in Smollett, Fielding, Austen, Peacock, Dickens, and Meredith; and dramatic satire in Jonson, Fielding, Wycherley, and Shaw.
  • Lynch, Augustan Satire Bibliography 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Seven chapters develop this notion of satire, which he treats not as a genre but as a mode, with frequent examples from his satirical canon: Horace, Juvenal, Persius, Lucian, More, Rabelais, Donne, Dryden, Pope, Swift, Blake, and Byron.
  • Lynch, Augustan Satire Bibliography 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As West’s novel is considered among the best satires of Hollywood, it is successful largely due to conventions unavailable to the medium of film.

.Here, astute and biting satire of institutions and individuals became a popular weapon.^ This Original, I confess, is not much to the Honour of Satire; but here it was Nature, and that deprav'd: When it became an Art, it bore better Fruit.
  • Dryden, A Discourse concerning Satire 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Although Early Modern satire was already an established genre, Isaac Casaubon discovered and published Quintilian's writing and presented the original meaning of the term (satira, not satyr), and the sense of wittiness (reflecting the "dishfull of fruits") became more important again.^ Long also argues that the distinction between satire and parody ignores that satire must also transform the original work, which adds new, transformative meaning.

^ For in English, to say Satire, is to mean Reflection, as we use that word in the worst Sense; or as the French call it, more properly, Medisance .
  • Dryden, A Discourse concerning Satire 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Though not centered directly on satire, Knox's extended meditation on early modern irony is useful in many studies of satirical irony.
  • Lynch, Augustan Satire Bibliography 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Jonathan Swift was one of the greatest of Anglo-Irish satirists, and one of the first to practise modern journalistic satire.^ There has been a long Dispute amongst the Modern Critiques, whether the Romans deriv'd their Satire from the Grecians , or first Invented it themselves.
  • Dryden, A Discourse concerning Satire 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ I have never once seen Richard Swinburne - the greatest modern defender of the philosophical rationality of the Christian Faith - engage in deliberate satire.
  • http://www.tektonics.org/lp/madmad.html 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.tektonics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This 1994 case is extremely important to my topic because it was one of the first to differentiate between satire and parody and how they deal with fair use.

.For instance, his A Modest Proposal suggests that poor Irish parents be encouraged to sell their own children as food.^ I'm sure many objected to Swift's A Modest Proposal on the grounds that it encouraged cannibalism.
  • Satire? - TalkLeft: The Politics Of Crime 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.talkleft.com [Source type: General]

.In his book Gulliver's Travels he writes about the flaws in human society in general and English society in particular.^ Though not a study of Augustan satire in particular, Elliott's influence over subsequent theorists of satire is tremendous, and he devotes a large part of one chapter to a reading of Gulliver's Travels .
  • Lynch, Augustan Satire Bibliography 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ New books on ethical eating herald a rise in food consciousness, writes Caroline Hamilton, but easy answers to philosophical questions about food are in short supply .
  • Satire | newmatilda.com 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC newmatilda.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • satire | newmatilda.com 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC newmatilda.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Swift creates a moral fiction, a world in which parents do not have their most obvious responsibility, which is to protect their children from harm. Similarly, Defoe presents a world in which freedom of religion is reduced to the freedom to conform. Swift's purpose is of course to attack indifference to the plight of the desperately poor, and Defoe's to advocate freedom of conscience.
.John Dryden also wrote an influential essay on satire that helped fix its definition in the literary world.^ Essays of John Dryden / selected and ed.

^ Prospects of power : tragedy, satire, the essay, and the theory of genre / John Snyder.

^ Essays of John Dryden / selected and edited by W. P. Ker.

Anglo-American satire

Ebenezer Cooke, author of "The Sot-Weed Factor," was among the first American colonialists to write literary satire. .Benjamin Franklin and others followed, using satire to shape an emerging nation's culture through its sense of the ridiculous.^ A great-sounding show with two hosts who enjoy each other's company and love to satirize popular culture.
  • satire Podcasts 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.podfeed.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For in English, to say Satire, is to mean Reflection, as we use that word in the worst Sense; or as the French call it, more properly, Medisance .
  • Dryden, A Discourse concerning Satire 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ I have followed several others, such as the Carol Burnett- National Enquirer case that was positively pathbreaking.
  • Satire? - TalkLeft: The Politics Of Crime 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.talkleft.com [Source type: General]

Mark Twain was a great American satirist: his novel Huckleberry Finn is set in the antebellum South, where the moral values Twain wishes to promote are completely turned on their heads. .His hero, Huck, is a rather simple but good-hearted lad who is ashamed of the "sinful temptation" that leads him to help a runaway slave.^ Mosque member on terrorist who killed Jewish woman and wounded 5 -whose father helped found Islamic Center "good parents -good people"   .

In fact his conscience – warped by the distorted moral world he has grown up in, often bothers him most when he is at his best. Ironically, he is prepared to do good, believing it to be wrong.
.Twain's younger contemporary Ambrose Bierce gained notoriety as a cynic, pessimist and black humorist with his dark, bitterly ironic stories, many set during the American Civil War, which satirized the limitations of human perception and reason.^ "I was the first American to really 'get' the whole Civil War thing.
  • Past Deadline: Satire/Spoof/Parody 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.pastdeadline.com [Source type: General]

^ In summary, while the Supreme Court does place more limitations on satire and less on parody, there are many means by which satire can claim fair use successfully.

^ Dating is impossible: Your friends have only so many friends to set you up with, co-workers are off-limits, and online services are icky and cold.

.Bierce's most famous work of satire is probably The Devil's Dictionary, in which the definitions mock cant, hypocrisy and received wisdom.^ Under her definition, most satire would have no legal standing to claim fair use.

^ The most relevant part of his speech to my topic is when he discusses the importance of form to satire, even if the satire does not necessarily comment on the original work.

^ Assuming that the definition of satire is a work that uses a copyrighted work to comment on something else , Bisceglia takes a view that satire should not have protection under fair use.

Satire in Victorian England

.Novelists such as Charles Dickens often used passages of satiric writing in their treatment of social issues.^ And yet in the end, even though the RP is fictional and imaginary, and often sloppily defined, for many sorts of issues there is no better standard to use.
  • Satire? - TalkLeft: The Politics Of Crime 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.talkleft.com [Source type: General]

^ However, Collado also argues that by Supreme Court's own definition of fair use works ("for purposes such as criticism [and] comment"), satire should already been included.

^ This passage is often used to admonish against being too "rough" on opponents, but it is used thereby out of context.
  • http://www.tektonics.org/lp/madmad.html 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.tektonics.org [Source type: Original source]

Several satiric papers competed for the public's attention in the Victorian era and Edwardian period, such as Punch and Fun.
Perhaps the most enduring examples of Victorian satire, however, are to be found in the Savoy Operas of W. S. Gilbert and Sir Arthur Sullivan. In fact, in The Yeomen of the Guard, a jester is given lines that paint a very neat picture of the method and purpose of the satirist, and might almost be taken as a statement of Gilbert's own intent:
"I can set a braggart quailing with a quip,
The upstart I can wither with a whim;
He may wear a merry laugh upon his lip,
But his laughter has an echo that is grim!"

20th century satire

.In the 20th century, satire was used by authors such as Aldous Huxley and George Orwell to make serious and even frightening commentaries on the dangers of the sweeping social changes taking place throughout Europe and United States.^ "Parody or satire, as we understand it, is when one artist, for comic effect or social commentary, closely imitates the style of another artist and in so doing creates a new art work that makes ridiculous the style and expression of the original.

^ 'Tis, indeed, below so great a Master to make use of such a little Instrument.
  • Dryden, A Discourse concerning Satire 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Satire has been defined as a commentary or critical work, one of the uses specifically enumerated in the Fair Use Doctrine, so it should technically be protected.

.The film The Great Dictator (1940) by Charlie Chaplin is a satire on Adolf Hitler.^ Jacobs argues that Chaplin’s “The Great Dictator” was one of the most important films released before Pearl Harbor in rousing American public opinion against fascism.

^ Charlie Chaplin's The Great Dictator project tagged (space anti-nazi chaplin cine101 comedy dictator gagprewar germany great hitler isolationism isolationist postwar prewar satire separated separated) sight slapstick space tags wwii by rosenbar ...on 02-DEC-08 copy Comic Mind: Comedy and the Movies.

^ Charlie Chaplin's The Great Dictator project tagged chaplin cine101 comedy dictator germany great hitler isolationism isolationist postwar prewar satire slapstick wwii by rosenbar ...on 30-NOV-08 copy The (Un)Timeliness of Satire: The Reception of the The Great Dictator in West Germany, 1952-1973 Krämer, Peter.

.Many social critics of the time, such as Karl Kraus, Dorothy Parker and H. L. Mencken, used satire as their main weapon, and Mencken in particular is noted for having said that "one horse-laugh is worth ten thousand syllogisms" in the persuasion of the public to accept a criticism.^ He goes on to outline many of the arguments for satire as fair use discussed in “Unfair Use.” .

^ Though not centered directly on satire, Knox's extended meditation on early modern irony is useful in many studies of satirical irony.
  • Lynch, Augustan Satire Bibliography 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Peter Friedman This blog on fair use, written by law professor Peter Friedman, covers many elements of fair use, including satire and parody.

.Joseph Heller's most famous work, Catch-22, satirizes bureaucracy and the military, and is frequently cited as one of the greatest literary works of the twentieth century[22].^ Satire has been defined as a commentary or critical work, one of the uses specifically enumerated in the Fair Use Doctrine, so it should technically be protected.

^ Satire -- for Seidel, a mode rather than a genre -- works to convert literary "inheritance" into "the conspiracy of degeneration" (p.
  • Lynch, Augustan Satire Bibliography 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The most relevant part of his speech to my topic is when he discusses the importance of form to satire, even if the satire does not necessarily comment on the original work.

Novelist Sinclair Lewis was known for his satirical stories such as Babbitt, Main Street, and It Can't Happen Here. His books often explored and satirized contemporary American values.
The film Dr. Strangelove from 1964 was a popular satire on the Cold War. .A more humorous brand of satire enjoyed a renaissance in the UK in the early 1960s with the Satire Boom, led by such luminaries as Peter Cook, Alan Bennett, Jonathan Miller, John Cleese, and Dudley Moore, whose stage show Beyond the Fringe was a hit not only in Britain, but also in the United States.^ A great-sounding show with two hosts who enjoy each other's company and love to satirize popular culture.
  • satire Podcasts 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.podfeed.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This is what I have to say in General of Satire: Only as Dacier has observ'd before me, we may take notice, That the word Satire is of a more general signification in Latin, than in French, or English.
  • Dryden, A Discourse concerning Satire 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ This is NOT Will and Grace, but an laid back, insane look at topical news, humor, satire, music and more.
  • satire Podcasts 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.podfeed.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Other significant influences in 1960s British satire include David Frost, Eleanor Bron and the television program That Was The Week That Was.^ This article is too crude, to be considered a satire, especially since I have read other posts/publications by Mr. David Langlieb.
  • Satire or Stupid to Slam Greenpoint - Gothamist 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC gothamist.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Contemporary satire

.Contemporary popular usage often uses the term "satire" in a very imprecise manner.^ Since satire is currently not included under fair use, Collado discusses potential solutions and compromises, although none are very promising.

.While satire often uses caricature and parody, by no means are all uses of these or other humorous devices, satiric.^ Satire is the use of humor to make a point.
  • Satire or Stupid to Slam Greenpoint - Gothamist 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC gothamist.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Long also argues that the distinction between satire and parody ignores that satire must also transform the original work, which adds new, transformative meaning.

^ This article actually argues against parody being included under the fair use clause, saying that the treatment should be very narrow and should not include my definition of satire (or works that parody others to attack a third).

.Refer to the careful definition of satire that heads this article.^ In this article, Tushnet and Keller define parody and satire, and how such strict definitions can lead to problems.

Stephen Colbert satirizes an opinionated and self-righteous television commentator on his Comedy Central program in the United States.
Stephen Colbert’s television program, The Colbert Report, is instructive in the methods of contemporary American satire. .Colbert's character is an opinionated and self-righteous commentator who, in his TV interviews, interrupts people, points and wags his finger at them, and "unwittingly" uses a number of logical fallacies.^ Just as people who find it offensive have the right to say so.
  • Satire? - TalkLeft: The Politics Of Crime 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.talkleft.com [Source type: General]

.In doing so, he demonstrates the principle of modern American political satire: the ridicule of the actions of politicians and other public figures by taking all their statements and purported beliefs to their furthest (supposedly) logical conclusion, thus revealing their perceived hypocrisy.^ He argues "not that satire has no political power at all, but that most claims about its revolutionary or subversive power are overstated and misplaced."
  • Lynch, Augustan Satire Bibliography 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If we take Satire in the general signification of the Word, as it is us'd in all Modern Languages, for an Invective, 'tis certain that it is almost as old as Verse; and tho' Hymns, which are praises of God, may be allow'd to have been before it, yet the defamation of others was not long after it.
  • Dryden, A Discourse concerning Satire 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Only we have learnt thus much already, that Scoffs and Revilings are of the growth of all Nations; and consequently that neither the Greek Poets borrow'd from other People their Art of Railing, neither needed the Romans to take it from them.
  • Dryden, A Discourse concerning Satire 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Other political satire includes various political causes in the past, including the relatively successful Polish Beer-Lovers' Party and the joke political candidates Molly the Dog[23] and Brian Miner [24].^ This article actually argues against parody being included under the fair use clause, saying that the treatment should be very narrow and should not include my definition of satire (or works that parody others to attack a third).

^ Kathryn on Monday, May 24, 2004 at 06:36 AM in Political Satire , Politics .

^ Kathryn on Saturday, October 23, 2004 at 10:10 AM in Political Satire .

.In the United Kingdom, one of the most popular modern satirists the recently knighted Sir Terry Pratchett, whose internationally best-selling Discworld series has sold more than 55,000,000 copies.^ Truth : a novel of Discworld / by Terry Pratchett.

^ He was a student of the game and always gave his best performance night in and night out, but more importantly than that, he was a good man.
  • Life, The Universe, and Nothing In Particular 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC rawsatire.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ That’s at least one more wall than I would have expected.
  • Life, The Universe, and Nothing In Particular 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC rawsatire.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Satire is used on many UK television programmes, particularly popular panel shows and quiz shows such as Mock the Week, Have I got News for You, and The Now Show.^ He goes on to outline many of the arguments for satire as fair use discussed in “Unfair Use.” .

^ A great-sounding show with two hosts who enjoy each other's company and love to satirize popular culture.
  • satire Podcasts 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.podfeed.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Though not centered directly on satire, Knox's extended meditation on early modern irony is useful in many studies of satirical irony.
  • Lynch, Augustan Satire Bibliography 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Similarly it is found on radio quiz shows such as The News Quiz.
In Canada, satire has become an important part of the comedy scene. .Stephen Leacock was one of the best known early Canadian satirists, and in the early 20th century, he achieved fame by targeting the attitudes of small town life.^ Shakespear Shakespeare was known in the seventeenth century as a "natural" genius, one who wrote great works without the benefit of knowing the "rules" of the drama.
  • Dryden, A Discourse concerning Satire 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: Original source]

In more recent years, Canada has had several prominent satirical television series. .Some, including CODCO, The Royal Canadian Air Farce, and This Hour Has 22 Minutes deal directly with current news stories and political figures, while others, like History Bites present contemporary social satire in the context of events and figures in history.^ A fun podcast where we have some fun at the expense of politicians and other political goings on each week.
  • satire Podcasts 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.podfeed.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ With social and political disconnect and cognitive dissonance at epidemic proportions, satire's outlook has never been better."

^ The latter part of the article examines contemporary philosophical schools of thought that may not have directly influenced West, but observed the same elements of mass culture West satirizes.

.The Canadian website The Daily Week combines social and political satire with absurdity.^ With social and political disconnect and cognitive dissonance at epidemic proportions, satire's outlook has never been better."

^ I've been kinda busy this week, and I actually like spinach, but I can't pass up the chance to comment on this political satire waiting to happen.

^ We're MORE than just the world's leading vitriolic political satire website!

.Canadian songwriter Nancy White uses music as the vehicle for her satire, and her comic folk songs are regularly played on CBC Radio.^ Acuff-Rose Music], the Supreme Court defined satire as ‘commentary.’ In turn, the Fair Use Doctrine states ‘fair use of a copyrighted work ...

.Cartoonists often use satire as well as straight humor.^ Satire is the use of humor to make a point.
  • Satire or Stupid to Slam Greenpoint - Gothamist 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC gothamist.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Al Capp's satirical comic strip Li'l Abner was censored in September 1947. The controversy, as reported in Time, centred around Capp's portrayal of the US Senate. Said Edward Leech of Scripps-Howard, "We don't think it is good editing or sound citizenship to picture the Senate as an assemblage of freaks and crooks... boobs and undesirables." .Walt Kelly's Pogo was likewise censored in 1952 over his overt satire of Senator Joe McCarthy, caricatured in his comic strip as "Simple J. Malarky". Garry Trudeau, whose comic strip Doonesbury has charted and recorded many American follies for the last generation, deals with story lines such as the Vietnam War (and now, the Iraq War), dumbed-down education, and over-eating at "McFriendly's". Trudeau exemplifies humour mixed with criticism.^ The New Yorker may think, as one of their staff explained to us, that their cover is a satirical lampoon of the caricature Senator Obama's right-wing critics have tried to create.
  • Satire? - TalkLeft: The Politics Of Crime 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.talkleft.com [Source type: General]

^ Answer: “George W. Bush had a PLAN for getting out of the Vietnam War!” Kathryn on Wednesday, November 10, 2004 at 08:40 PM in Political Satire .

^ Many were surprised when the U.S. Navy announced it was using dolphins for mine-sweeping in the war with Iraq.

.Recently, one of his gay characters lamented that because he was not legally married to his partner, he was deprived of the "exquisite agony" of experiencing a nasty and painful divorce like heterosexuals.^ But the reasonably person standard perhaps should not be applied because while workable as a legal concept it's not quite apposite as a social/political critique one.
  • Satire? - TalkLeft: The Politics Of Crime 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.talkleft.com [Source type: General]

.This, of course, satirized the claim that gay unions would denigrate the sanctity of heterosexual marriage.^ Under her definition, most satire would have no legal standing to claim fair use.

Doonesbury also presents an example of how satire can cause social change. The comic strip satirized a Florida county that had a law requiring minorities to have a passcard in the area; the law was soon repealed with an act nicknamed the Doonesbury Act.[25] .Like some literary predecessors, many recent television satires contain strong elements of parody and caricature; for instance, the popular animated series The Simpsons and South Park both parody modern family and social life by taking their assumptions to the extreme; both have led to the creation of similar series.^ Satire is still a valuable social criticism, just like parody.

^ Elliott suggests literary satire grew out of ancient ritual and magic, noting that satirists were held to have power over life and death in some societies, and considers the role of ridicule in what have been called shame cultures.
  • Lynch, Augustan Satire Bibliography 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "Parody or satire, as we understand it, is when one artist, for comic effect or social commentary, closely imitates the style of another artist and in so doing creates a new art work that makes ridiculous the style and expression of the original.

.As well as the purely humorous effect of this sort of thing, they often strongly criticise various phenomena in politics, economic life, religion and many other aspects of society, and thus qualify as satirical.^ There's also the aspect of "it is ridiculous that people think these kind of things about the Obamas but they would indeed be bad if they were true."
  • Satire? - TalkLeft: The Politics Of Crime 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.talkleft.com [Source type: General]

^ I mean, they really didn't show ANYTHING here, so the only thing to criticise, of course, is the fact that they gave us nothing to criticise.
  • Life, The Universe, and Nothing In Particular 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC rawsatire.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "The danger to America's cultural life, political vitality as well as financial viability is simply too great to ignore and not act promptly," Hank stated.

.Due to their animated nature, these shows can easily use images of public figures and generally have greater freedom to do so than conventional shows using live actors.^ Nussbaum looks for shared conventions and myths these misogynist satirists used to "create a poetic fiction of power and authority" (p.
  • Lynch, Augustan Satire Bibliography 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Similarly to Dr. Juice's satire on The Cat and the Hat and the O.J. Simpson murder trial, this book will probably not be defensable under fair use due to its satiric rather than parodic nature.

^ I'm not a big Obama fan, but if he loses I'd rather it be based on his qualifications, or lack thereof, than on lies that are believed by the general public.
  • Satire? - TalkLeft: The Politics Of Crime 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.talkleft.com [Source type: General]

.Fake News is also a very popular form of contemporary satire, appearing in as wide an array of formats as the news media itself: print (e.g.^ Media tycoons have plenty to be worried about but, writes Barry Saunders, new platforms are also allowing minority forms of journalism to come to the fore .
  • Satire | newmatilda.com 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC newmatilda.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • satire | newmatilda.com 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC newmatilda.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ You are going to get the very best and worst: Star News, Star Gossip, Celebrity Speculations, Celebrity Death Pool, Star Misfortunes, Satire, Comedy, and Out and Out LIES! .
  • satire Podcasts 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.podfeed.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ His interest is in the wide variety of form and variety of motive in English satire.
  • Lynch, Augustan Satire Bibliography 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The Onion, The Humour Times), radio (e.g. On the Hour), television (e.g. .The Day Today, Saturday Night Live) and the web (e.g.^ I am informed that a certain member of our immediate family played a naked hippie on Saturday Night Live recently.

^ In the tradition of The National Lampoon Radio Hour, Kids in the Hall and Saturday Night Live comes the award winning Damage Control Comedy Crew.
  • satire Podcasts 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.podfeed.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Mindry.in, Scunt News, Faking News, The Giant Napkin, Unconfirmed Sources and The Onion's website). Other satires are on the list of satirists and satires. Another internet-driven form of satire is to lampoon bad internet performers. An example of this is the Internet meme character Miranda Sings.[26][27]

Misconception of satire

Because satire often combines anger and humour it can be profoundly disturbing - because it is essentially ironic or sarcastic, it is often misunderstood. .In an interview with Wikinews, Sean Mills, President of The Onion, said angry letters about their news parody always carried the same message.^ Always work-safe, the show covers funny headlines, strange new websites and interviews with sex experts...
  • satire Podcasts 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.podfeed.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

"It’s whatever affects that person," said Mills. ."So it’s like, 'I love it when you make a joke about murder or rape, but if you talk about cancer, well my brother has cancer and that’s not funny to me.'^ I have read that you like jokes...Unfortunately my jokes are about Poland, but may be also funny.
  • Satire or Stupid to Slam Greenpoint - Gothamist 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC gothamist.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I, too, would like to be able to trust the president at all times and go about my business; that's the appeal of authoritarianism.

^ And with an education like that, I'm sure you'll make this world better, smarter, and a whole lot less "disgusting".
  • Satire or Stupid to Slam Greenpoint - Gothamist 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC gothamist.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Or someone else can say, 'Cancer’s hilarious, but don’t talk about rape because my cousin got raped.'^ Hunter breaks down talking about how nobody ever had a bad word to say about Eddie because there was nothing bad to say.
  • Life, The Universe, and Nothing In Particular 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC rawsatire.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I'm not saying this as a defense of South Park humor - I don't watch it because I don't like it for its type of humor.
  • Satire? - TalkLeft: The Politics Of Crime 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.talkleft.com [Source type: General]

.Those are rather extreme examples, but if it affects somebody personally, they tend to be more sensitive about it."^ Also, that Nintendo continually claims that they are going after older, more hardcore gamers, and then hits us up with a press conference about Nintendogs.
  • Life, The Universe, and Nothing In Particular 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC rawsatire.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I have read that editors sometimes feel that they get more letters on those than just about anything -- except comics and sports columns.
  • Satire? - TalkLeft: The Politics Of Crime 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.talkleft.com [Source type: General]

^ DueConsideration.com - Asking senators and Congressmen to think now about what they'll do differently - and with more deliberation -- if and when the next terrorist attack occurs.

[28]
.Common uncomprehending responses to satire include revulsion (accusations of poor taste, or that "it's just not funny" for instance), to the idea that the satirist actually does support the ideas, policies, or people he is attacking.^ This article actually argues against parody being included under the fair use clause, saying that the treatment should be very narrow and should not include my definition of satire (or works that parody others to attack a third).

^ I cannot give a more just Idea of the Two Books of Satires, made by Horace , than by compairing them to the Statues of the Sileni , to which Alcbiades compares Socrates , in the Symposium.
  • Dryden, A Discourse concerning Satire 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: Original source]

.For instance, at the time of its publication, many people misunderstood Swift’s purpose in "A Modest Proposal" – assuming it to be a serious recommendation of economically-motivated cannibalism.^ I'm sure many objected to Swift's A Modest Proposal on the grounds that it encouraged cannibalism.
  • Satire? - TalkLeft: The Politics Of Crime 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.talkleft.com [Source type: General]

^ Wow - and I thought people took Jonathan Swift too seriously .
  • Satire or Stupid to Slam Greenpoint - Gothamist 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC gothamist.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ With the help of people saying Hitler wasn't serious or it is only "satire," he took his power of persuasion to as many Europeans that would listen.
  • Satire or Stupid to Slam Greenpoint - Gothamist 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC gothamist.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Again, some critics of Mark Twain see Huckleberry Finn as racist and offensive, missing the point that its author clearly intended it to be satire (racism being in fact only one of a number of Mark Twain's known concerns attacked in Huckleberry Finn).^ Once again, we see that only racism matters?
  • Satire? - TalkLeft: The Politics Of Crime 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.talkleft.com [Source type: General]

^ I mean, they really didn't show ANYTHING here, so the only thing to criticise, of course, is the fact that they gave us nothing to criticise.
  • Life, The Universe, and Nothing In Particular 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC rawsatire.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A second significant shortcoming to the parody/satire dichotomy is the fact that satiric works causing inherently offensive associations to be drawn to the underlying work are as unlikely to be licensed as those that directly criticize the underlying work.

[29][30]. .This same misconception was suffered by the main character of the 1960s British television comedy satire Till Death Us Do Part.^ You are going to get the very best and worst: Star News, Star Gossip, Celebrity Speculations, Celebrity Death Pool, Star Misfortunes, Satire, Comedy, and Out and Out LIES! .
  • satire Podcasts 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.podfeed.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The character of Alf Garnett (played by Warren Mitchell), was created to poke fun at the kind of narrow-minded, racist, little-Englander that Garnett represented. Instead, his character became a sort of anti-hero to people who actually agreed with his views.
.The Australian satirical television comedy show The Chaser's War on Everything has suffered repeated attacks based on misconceived interpretations of the "target" of its attacks.^ A political satire show where we use comedy and satire to expose some of the odd quirks and whacky things/ideas alive in this country today.
  • satire Podcasts 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.podfeed.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ HOTMT is a half-hour comedy show, featuring satirical skits and original music.
  • satire Podcasts 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.podfeed.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Comedy, War, Satire .
  • Writing.Com: By Genre:   Satire   16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.writing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The "Make a Realistic Wish Foundation" sketch (June 2009), which attacked in classical satiric fashion the heartlessness of people who are reluctant to donate to charities, was widely interpreted as an attack on the Make a Wish Foundation.^ Al Muhajiroun leader at "Peace Forum" lauding suicide bombers condemns people who "make fun" of fundamentalist Abu Hamza al Masri's 'unhandiness'   .

^ The cover of the New Yorker is making fun of the people who believe these ridiculous things about the Obamas, not the Obamas themselves.
  • Satire? - TalkLeft: The Politics Of Crime 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.talkleft.com [Source type: General]

^ Islamic charity in Cambridge linked to terror plot -Imam of mosque calls airport attack "accident" by men who 'sell petrol"   .

Prime Minister Kevin Rudd stated that The Chaser team "should hang their heads in shame". He went on to say that "I didn't see that but it's been described to me....But having a go at kids with a terminal illness is really beyond the pale, absolutely beyond the pale."[31] Television station management suspended the show for two weeks and reduced the third season to eight episodes.

Satire under fire

.Because satire criticises in an ironic, essentially indirect way, it frequently escapes censorship in a way more direct criticism might not.^ Carnochan is of course aware that any attempt to pin down irony ("the indirection that converts criticism to satire") is a doomed enterprise, but his attempt to define satire and its more-than-casual association with irony is enlightening.
  • Lynch, Augustan Satire Bibliography 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Instead, it is the critical insights that should be examined, without judging the merits of those insights the way parody or satire might.

^ Under our cases parody and satire are valued forms of criticism , encouraged because this sort of criticism itself fosters the creativity protected by the copyright law."

.Periodically, however, it runs into serious opposition - and people in power who perceive themselves as attacked attempt to censor it, or prosecute its practitioners.^ The cover of the New Yorker is making fun of the people who believe these ridiculous things about the Obamas, not the Obamas themselves.
  • Satire? - TalkLeft: The Politics Of Crime 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.talkleft.com [Source type: General]

^ Knee-jerk regulatory responses that inhibit the power of people to look after themselves and each other aren't making Debra Mayrhofer feel any safer .
  • Satire | newmatilda.com 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC newmatilda.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • satire | newmatilda.com 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC newmatilda.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ With the help of people saying Hitler wasn't serious or it is only "satire," he took his power of persuasion to as many Europeans that would listen.
  • Satire or Stupid to Slam Greenpoint - Gothamist 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC gothamist.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In a very early instance of this, Aristophanes was persecuted by the demagogue Cleon.
In 1599, the Archbishop of Canterbury John Whitgift and the Bishop of London George Abbot, whose offices had the function of licensing books for publication in England, issued a decree banning verse satire. .The decree ordered the burning of certain volumes of satire by John Marston, Thomas Middleton, Joseph Hall, and others; it also required histories and plays to be specially approved by a member of the Queen's Privy Council, and it prohibited the future printing of satire in verse.^ From The Satires of Decimus Junius Juvenalis: Translated into English Verse by Mr. Dryden and Several Other Eminent Hands (London, 1693).
  • Dryden, A Discourse concerning Satire 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: Original source]

[32] The motives for the ban are obscure, particularly since some of the books banned had been licensed by the same authorities less than a year earlier. Various scholars have argued that the target was obscenity, libel, or sedition. .It seems likely that lingering anxiety about the Martin Marprelate controversy, in which the bishops themselves had employed satirists, played a role; both Thomas Nashe and Gabriel Harvey, two of the key figures in that controversy, suffered a complete ban on all their works.^ I, too, would like to be able to trust the president at all times and go about my business; that's the appeal of authoritarianism.

^ The assumption,” writes Collado, “a satirist can ‘shop around’ for copyrighted works to employ in his satire ignores the nature of the creative process” (IV.C).

^ The New Yorker seems to be working hard to make up for all those pro-Obama, Clinton-bashing Herztberg screeds.
  • Satire? - TalkLeft: The Politics Of Crime 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.talkleft.com [Source type: General]

In the event, though, the ban was little enforced, even by the licensing authority itself.
.In Italy the media tycoon and Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi attacked RAI Television's satirical series, Raiot, Daniele Luttazzi's Satyricon, Enzo Biagi, Michele Santoro's Sciuscià, even a special Blob series on Berlusconi himself, by arguing that they were vulgar and full of disrespect to the government.^ I would argue that the same is true of satires, even if they do not specifically comment on the original work, so they also need some form of protection or compromise for when the rights are denied.

^ What, after all, will innocent children think if they were to see the Australian Prime Minister satirized in public!

^ Melbourne IT Censors Political Satire at the Request of the Office of Australian Prime Minister John Howard .

He claimed that he would sue the RAI for 21,000,000 Euros if the show went on. RAI stopped the show. Sabina Guzzanti, creator of the show, went to court to proceed with the show and won the case. However, the show never went on air again.
.In 2001 the British television network Channel 4 aired a special edition of the spoof current affairs series Brass Eye, which was intended to mock and satirize the fascination of modern journalism with child molesters and paedophiles.^ "Refreshingly biting and intelligent comments on the current state of our politcal affairs" - Jon Elliott, Air America .

.The TV network received an enormous number of complaints from members of the public, who were outraged that the show would mock a subject considered by many to be too "serious" to be the subject of humour.^ With the help of people saying Hitler wasn't serious or it is only "satire," he took his power of persuasion to as many Europeans that would listen.
  • Satire or Stupid to Slam Greenpoint - Gothamist 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC gothamist.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 2005, the Jyllands-Posten Muhammad cartoons controversy caused global protests by offended Muslims and violent attacks with many fatalities in the Near East.^ UK Muslim who dressed as suicide bomber to protest Mohammed cartoons 'apologises' to avoid prison probation fallout   .

.It was not the first case of Muslim protests against criticism in the form of satire, but the Western world was surprised by the hostility of the reaction: Any country's flag in which a newspaper chose to publish the parodies was being burnt in a Near East country, then embassies were attacked, killing 139 people in mainly four countries (see article); politicians throughout Europe agreed that satire was an aspect of the freedom of speech, and therefore to be a protected means of dialogue.^ From my understanding, satire is a form of criticism.
  • Satire or Stupid to Slam Greenpoint - Gothamist 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC gothamist.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This article actually argues against parody being included under the fair use clause, saying that the treatment should be very narrow and should not include my definition of satire (or works that parody others to attack a third).

^ Danish youth group videotapes Mohammed drawing contest - government warns against travel to Islamic countries and apologises to Muslims   .

.Iran threatened to start an International Holocaust Cartoon Competition, which was immediately responded to by Jews with a Israeli Anti-Semitic Cartoons Contest.^ American Enterprise Institute fellow and intellectually challenged anti semite Hirsi Ali -'ultra orthodox Jews pose demographic threat to Israel'   .

.In 2006 British comedian Sacha Baron Cohen released Borat: Cultural Learnings of America for Make Benefit Glorious Nation of Kazakhstan a "mockumentary" that satirized everyone, from high society to frat boys.^ In time for a hundred hip-hop-hoorays, LAUREN FREY’s frat-boy adapation of T.S. Eliot’s “Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock.” (Spoofs & Satire .

Criticism of the film was heavy, from claims of antisemitism (despite the fact Cohen is Jewish), to the massive boycott of the film by the Kazakh government; the film itself had been a reaction to a longer quarrel between the government and the comedian.
.In 2008, the cover of the New Yorker magazine was denounced as "tasteless" by Democratic party candidate Barack Obama's campaign workers.^ The cover of the New Yorker is making fun of the people who believe these ridiculous things about the Obamas, not the Obamas themselves.
  • Satire? - TalkLeft: The Politics Of Crime 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.talkleft.com [Source type: General]

^ I haven't really looked into it, but I'd be astonished if the New Yorker meant to perpetrate or promote the Obama/Muslim misconceptions in any way.
  • Satire? - TalkLeft: The Politics Of Crime 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.talkleft.com [Source type: General]

^ Radix on Sun Jul 13, 2008 at 10:59:46 PM EST Sadly, for all to many Americans, this is exactly what they believe about the Obama's Now there is outrage about the New Yorker?
  • Satire? - TalkLeft: The Politics Of Crime 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.talkleft.com [Source type: General]

.The editor David Remnick explained that the controversial illustration by Barry Blitt on the July cover was meant to be satire, and mocked the right wing's perception of the formidable couple.^ But comments on right wing blogs are already showing that they not only think it is a good cover - but one that tells the truth about the Obamas.
  • Satire? - TalkLeft: The Politics Of Crime 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.talkleft.com [Source type: General]

^ Yes, by gosh, it's almost as if it was meant to be a satire of someone self-righteous, over-privileged, and insulting.
  • Satire or Stupid to Slam Greenpoint - Gothamist 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC gothamist.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The New Yorker may think, as one of their staff explained to us, that their cover is a satirical lampoon of the caricature Senator Obama's right-wing critics have tried to create.
  • Satire? - TalkLeft: The Politics Of Crime 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.talkleft.com [Source type: General]

.They were portrayed burning the flag in the fireplace of the Oval Office, with a portrait of Osama Bin Laden over their mantle, performing a fist bump.^ Theres a flag burning in the fireplace and a picture of Osama bin ladin on the wall of the oval office, fercryingoutload.
  • Satire? - TalkLeft: The Politics Of Crime 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.talkleft.com [Source type: General]

^ Trendy terror : Bin Laden niece uses uncle Osama and wealth to promote herself as pop star wannabe   .

^ "Your father must be Osama Bin Laden because your're de bombI"   .

Obama wears a turban; his wife Michelle, sporting a full Afro, wears combat boots and camouflage, with a Kalashnikov assault rifle slung over her shoulder. .Many people did not get the joke, and the image was quickly circulated around the world.^ Though people around the world may measure success in slightly different ways, there is a single scale that is universally accepted.

^ Many people have their own holidays—grandparents, secretaries, certain dead Presidents—but what about the ordinary man, lost in this modern world?

.On March 27, 2009 HK Magazine Columnist Chip Tsao wrote an article to tease Chinese patriots and government on the territorial dispute of the Spratly islands between China and the Philippines.^ March 27, 2009) .

He disguised himself as a patriotic employer in Hong Kong who claimed the Chinese sovereignty on the Spratly islands by means of insulting his Filipino maid. .He wrote, "As a nation of servants, you don't flex your muscles at your master, from whom you earn most of your bread and butter". Tsao continued in his article that he gave his Filipina household help a harsh lecture and even threatening to deport her from her employment.^ You find some ridiculous item in the news and just pummel it for a couple of hours even though it doesn't amount to a hill of beans to most people.

^ "If you believe," he shouted to the American people, " clap your hands; don't let the troops die ."

^ If you like your sirloin medium rare - (DWV) It ain't fair (DWV) You don't care - (DWV) About the slaughterhouse and what goes on down there (DWV)(DWV) .

.In this article, Tsao tried to satirize the irrationality of Chinese patriots.^ David Langlieb, you are trying to defend your article entitled "The Black Squirrel's Burden" as a “satire”.
  • Satire or Stupid to Slam Greenpoint - Gothamist 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC gothamist.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

It was widely mistaken as a racist attack to Filipinos, mainly in Filipino circles. His article received much unwanted publicity and clamor form Diplomatic and Filipino communities and the article was quickly removed from the website. HK Magazine later issued a statement saying that Mr. Tsao's column was merely meant as a satire and they apologized if it caused any insult.
In 2008, popular South African cartoonist and satirist Jonathan Shapiro (who is published under the pen name Zapiro) came under fire for depicting, then president of the ANC, Jacob Zuma in the act of undressing in preparation for the implied rape of 'Lady Justice' which is held down by Zuma loyalists.[33] .The cartoon was drawn in response to Zuma's efforts to duck corruption charges, and the controversy was heightened by the fact that Zuma was himself acquitted of rape in May 2006. In February 2009, the South African Broadcasting Corporation, viewed by some opposition parties as the mouthpiece of the governing ANC[34], shelved a satirical TV show created by Shapiro[35], and in May 2009 the broadcaster pulled a documentary about political satire (featuring Shapiro among others) for the second time, hours before scheduled broadcast.^ A great-sounding show with two hosts who enjoy each other's company and love to satirize popular culture.
  • satire Podcasts 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.podfeed.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Kathryn on Tuesday, July 04, 2006 at 09:11 AM in Blog as Such , Political Satire .

^ Any time anyone remotely politically incorrectly refers to Obama he reacts with, "RACISM! RACISM! RACISM!" It is his attempt to inoculate himself from all criticism he forces the extremely squeamish media afraid to say anything negative about him.
  • Satire? - TalkLeft: The Politics Of Crime 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.talkleft.com [Source type: General]

[36] Apartheid South Africa also had a long history of censorship.

Satirical prophecy

Satire is occasionally prophetic: the jokes precede actual events.[37][38] Among the eminent examples are:
  • the 1784 presageing of modern Daylight saving time, later actually proposed in 1907. While an American envoy to France, Benjamin Franklin anonymously published a letter in 1784 suggesting that Parisians economize on candles by arising earlier to use morning sunlight.[39]
  • In the 1920s an English cartoonist imagined a very laughable thing for that time: a hotel for cars. He drew a multi-story car park.[38]
  • The second episode of Monty Python's Flying Circus, which debuted in 1969, featured a skit entitled "The Mouse Problem" (meant to satirize drugs) which depicted a cultural phenomenon eerily similar to modern furry fandom (which did not become widespread until the 1980s, over a decade after the skit was first aired)
  • In January, 2001, A satirical news article on The Onion, entitled " [2] Our Long National Nightmare of Peace and Prosperity Is Finally Over" had newly-elected President George Bush vowing to "develop new and expensive weapons technologies" and to "engage in at least one Gulf War-level armed conflict in the next four years." Furthermore he would "bring back economic stagnation by implementing substantial tax cuts, which would lead to a recession" Furthermore, the article predicts the "deregulation of ... industries, and the defunding of .... social-service programs" as well as a return to deficit spending.
  • .
  • In 2004, The Onion satirized Gillette's use of multi-blade razors with a mock article proclaiming Gillette will now introduce a five-blade razor.^ The article is incredibly favorable to satire's ability to claim fair use from both a legal perspective and the general cultural perspective of protected speech.

    [40] In 2006, Gillette released the Gillette Fusion, a five-blade razor.

See also

References

  1. ^ Robert C. Elliott, Satire, in: Encyclopaedia Britannica 2004
  2. ^ Northrop Frye, literary critic, quoted in: Elliott, satire
  3. ^ The Renaissance confusion of the two origins encouraged a satire more aggressive than that of its Roman forebearers, B.L. Ullman "Satura and Satire" Classical Philology 8:2
  4. ^ Robert C. Elliott, The nature of satire, in: Encyclopaedia Britannica, "Satire", 2004
  5. ^ Henderson, J. (1993) Comic Hero versus Political Elite pp.307-19 in Sommerstein, A.H.; S. Halliwell, J. Henderson, B. Zimmerman, ed (1993). Tragedy, Comedy and the Polis. Bari: Levante Editori. 
  6. ^ Mastromarco, Giuseppe (1994) Introduzione a Aristofane (Sesta edizione: Roma-Bari 2004). ISBN 8842044482 pp.21-22
  7. ^ M. Lichtheim, Ancient Egyptian Literature, volume I, 1973, pp.184-193
  8. ^ W. Helck, Die Lehre des DwA-xtjj, Wiesbaden, 1970
  9. ^ Alan H. Gardiner, Egyptian Hieratic Texts - Series I: Literary Texts of the New Kingdom, Part I, Leipzig 1911
  10. ^ a b Sutton, D. F., Ancient Comedy: The War of the Generations (New York, 1993), p.56.
  11. ^ Political and social satires of Aristophanes in: Alfred Bates (ed.), The Drama, Its History, Literature and Influence on Civilization, vol. 2.,London: Historical Publishing Company, 1906. pp. 55-59.
  12. ^ J. E. Atkinson Curbing the Comedians: Cleon versus Aristophanes and Syracosius' Decree The Classical Quarterly, New Series, Vol. 42, No. 1 (1992), pp. 56-64
  13. ^ Aristophanes: the Michael Moore of his Day by John Louis Anderson
  14. ^ Cuddon, Dictionary of Literary Terms, Oxford 1998, "satire"
  15. ^ Bosworth, Clifford Edmund (1976), The Mediaeval Islamic Underworld: The Banu Sasan in Arabic Society and Literature, Brill Publishers, p. 32, ISBN 9004043926 
  16. ^ Ulrich Marzolph, Richard van Leeuwen, Hassan Wassouf (2004), The Arabian Nights Encyclopedia, ABC-CLIO, pp. 97–8, ISBN 1576072045 
  17. ^ Bosworth, Clifford Edmund (1976), The Mediaeval Islamic Underworld: The Banu Sasan in Arabic Society and Literature, Brill Publishers, pp. 77–8, ISBN 9004043926 
  18. ^ Bosworth, Clifford Edmund (1976), The Mediaeval Islamic Underworld: The Banu Sasan in Arabic Society and Literature, Brill Publishers, p. 70, ISBN 9004043926 
  19. ^ Webber, Edwin J. (January 1958), "Comedy as Satire in Hispano-Arabic Spain", Hispanic Review (University of Pennsylvania Press) 26 (1): 1–11, doi:10.2307/470561 
  20. ^ DAVENPORT, A., ed: The Poems of Joseph Hall, Liverpool University Press, 1969:"...Hall's Virgidemiae was a new departure in that the true Juvenalian mode of satire was being attempted for the first time, and successfully, in English."
  21. ^ The Archbishop of Canterbury and the Bishop of London, the censors of the press, issued Orders to the Stationers' Company on June 1st and 4th, 1599, prohibiting the further printing of satires - the so-called 'Bishop's Ban'. DAVENPORT, A: The Poems of Joseph Hall, Liverpool University Press, 1969.
  22. ^ [1]"What is Catch-22? And why does the book matter?" BBC
  23. ^ Molly the Dog 2008
  24. ^ http://www.brianminer2008.com
  25. ^ Melnik, Rachel. A picture is worth a thousand politicians, Cartoons catalyze social justice, McGill Tribune (2007-01-23), Retrieved on 2007-01-25.
  26. ^ Ng, David. "YouTube sensation Miranda seduces Broadway", Los Angeles Times, May 11, 2009
  27. ^ This Week, San Francisco Chronicle, October 4, 2009
  28. ^ An interview with The Onion, David Shankbone, Wikinews, November 25, 2007.
  29. ^ Leonard, James S.; Thomas A. Tenney and Thadious M. Davis (December 1992). Satire or Evasion?: Black Perspectives on Huckleberry Finn. Duke University Press. pp. 224. http://books.google.com/books?id=fdrBtpSSCisC&pg=RA1-PA116&lpg=RA1-PA116&dq=hemingway+%22huckleberry+finn%22+%22green+hills%22&source=web&ots=BIzUvlS8O2&sig=tFc7B8esmZs6DT0gLwx-0uxRgxY#PRA1-PA119-IA5,M1. 
  30. ^ Shelley Fisher Fishin, Lighting out for the Territory: Reflections on Mark Twain and American Culture (New York: Oxford University Press, 1997).
  31. ^ "'Hang your heads' Rudd tells Chaser boys". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 2009-06-04. http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2009/06/04/2589532.htm. Retrieved 2009-06-05. 
  32. ^ A Transcript of the Registers of the Company of Stationers of London, 1554-1640, Vol. III, ed. Edward Arber (London, 1875-94), p.677.
  33. ^ "Zuma claims R7m over Zapiro cartoon". http://www.mg.co.za/article/2008-12-18-zuma-claims-r7m-over-zapiro-cartoon. 
  34. ^ "Mail and Guardian interview with Democratic Alliance spokesperson Helen Zille". http://www.mg.co.za/articlePage.aspx?articleid=248529&area=/breaking_news/breaking_news__national/. Retrieved August 2005. 
  35. ^ "ZNews: Zapiro's puppet show". http://www.dispatch.co.za/article.aspx?id=308632. 
  36. ^ "SABC pulls Zapiro doccie, again". http://www.mg.co.za/article/2009-05-26-sabc-pulls-zapiro-doccie-again. 
  37. ^ Paul Krassner (2003) Reality or satire, what’s the difference? New York Press, Volume 16, Issue 35, August 26, 2003
  38. ^ a b Daniele Luttazzi Lepidezze postribolari (2007, Feltrinelli, p.275) (Italian)
  39. ^ Benjamin Franklin, writing anonymously (1784-04-26). "Aux auteurs du Journal" (in French). Journal de Paris (117).  Its first publication was in the journal's "Économie" section. The revised English version (retrieved on 2007-05-26) is commonly called "An Economical Project", a title that is not Franklin's; see A.O. Aldridge (1956). "Franklin's essay on daylight saving". American Literature 28 (1): 23–29. doi:10.2307/2922719. http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0002-9831%28195603%2928%3A1%3C23%3AFEODS%3E2.0.CO%3B2-W. Retrieved 2007-05-16. 
  40. ^ http://www.theonion.com/content/node/33930

Bibliography

  • Lee, Jae Num. "Scatology in Continental Satirical Writings from Aristophanes to Rabelais" and "English Scatological Writings from Skelton to Pope." Swift and Scatological Satire. Albuquerque: U of New Mexico P, 1971. 7-22; 23-53.
  • Jacob Bronowski & Bruce Mazlish, The Western Intellectual Tradition From Leonardo to Hegel, p. 252 (1960; as repub. in 1993 Barnes & Noble ed.).
  • Theorizing Satire: A Bibliography [3], by Brian A. Connery, Oakland University
  • Bloom, Edward A. . "Sacramentum Militiae: The Dynamics of Religious Satire." .Studies in the Literary Imagination 5 (1972): 119-42.
  • The Modern Satiric Grotesque.^ This film, though only moderately successful critically, allows for much study in the fields of satire, literary adaptability to film as well as study of Hollywood itself.

    Lexington: U of Kentucky P, 1991.
Theories/Critical approaches to satire as a genre:
  • Frye, Northrop. Anatomy of Criticism. (See in particular the discussion of the 4 "myths").
  • Udo Kindermann, Satyra. .Die Theorie der Satire im Mittellateinischen.^ Ueber die rednerische Verwendung des Witzes und der Satire bei Cicero.

    Vorstudie zu einer Gattungsgeschichte. Nürnberg 1978.
  • Emil Draitser. Techniques of Satire: The Case of Saltykov-Shchedrin. (Berlin-New York: Mouton de Gruyter, 1994) ISBN 3110126249.
  • Hammer, Stephanie. Satirizing the Satirist.
  • Highet, Gilbert. Satire.
  • Kernan, Alvin. The Cankered Muse
The Plot of Satire.
  • Seidel, Michael. Satiric Inheritance.
  • Entopia: Revolution of the Ants (2008), by Rad Zdero.

Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

.Satire is a literary technique of writing or art which exposes the follies of its subject (for example, individuals, organizations, or states) to ridicule, often as an intended means of provoking or preventing change.^ SATIRE , artistic form, chiefly literary and dramatic, in which human or individual vices, follies, abuses, or shortcomings are held up to censure by means of ridicule, derision, burlesque, irony, or other methods, sometimes with an intent to bring about improvement.

^ Satire : A work that uses ridicule, humor, and wit to criticize and provoke change in human nature and institutions.
  • Gale - Free Resources - Glossary - S 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.gale.cengage.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We often confuse satire ( a literary composition, in verse or prose, in which human folly and vice are held up to scorn, derision, or ridicule.

Sourced

.
  • Satire is a kind of glass, wherein beholders do generally discover everybody's face but their own.^ Juvenalian And Horatian Satire - Juvenalian and Horatian Satire "Satire is a sort of glass, wherein beholders do generally discover everybody's face but their own; which is the chief reason for that kind of reception it meets in the world, and that so very few are offended with it."
    • Free Satire Essays 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.123helpme.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ It’s hardly a satiric smackdown to cite Brookings itself asking and expecting to be taken—as it is by Franken—at its own “objective” face value.
    • Cheap Laughs - The Atlantic(October 2009) 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.theatlantic.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Roman satire has two kinds, he says: comical satire and tragical satire , each with its own kind of legitimacy.
    • satire :: The nature of satire -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .
  • Satire, by being levelled at all, is never resented for an offence by any.^ Books books celebrity college friends Literature music Neal Pollack nealpollack Never Mind people Rock satire smoking .
    • satire coverage by Austinist 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC austinist.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Satire in Swift's A Modest Proposal - Satire in Swift's A Modest Proposal Swift's aim of his proposal is to expose the cruelty of the rich landlords of Ireland, who were not being aware of the poverty and suffering of the Irish people.
    • Free Satire Essays 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.123helpme.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Satire In Huckleberry Finn - According to Ernest Hemingway, "All modern American literature comes from one book by Mark Twain called Huckleberry Finn."
    • Free Satire Essays 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.123helpme.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Unsourced

.
  • In its essence the purpose of satire - whether verse or prose - is aggression ...^ We often confuse satire ( a literary composition, in verse or prose, in which human folly and vice are held up to scorn, derision, or ridicule.

    ^ This sort of Satire was not only compos'd of several sorts of Verse, like those of Ennius , but was also mix'd with Prose; and Greek was sprinkl'd amongst the Latin.
    • Dryden, A Discourse concerning Satire 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ These denominations have come to mark the boundaries of the satiric spectrum, whether reference is to poetry or prose or to some form of satiric expression in another medium.

    .Satire has a great big blaring target.^ Given this point of view, Hitler seems an unlikely target for satire; yet in The Great Dictator (1940) Charlie Chaplin managed a successful, if risky, burlesque.

    ^ David Remnick On That New Yorker Cover: It's Satire, Meant To Target "Distortions And Misconceptions And Prejudices" About Obama BIG NEWS : Fox News .
    • David Remnick On That New Yorker Cover: It's Satire, Meant To Target "Distortions And Misconceptions And Prejudices" About Obama 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.huffingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

    If successful, it blasts a great big hole in the center. .
  • Satire should, like a polished razor keen,
    Wound with a touch that's scarcely felt or seen.^ The New Yorker should never think like this when publishing material, and especially not when publishing satire.
    • When satire fails - Feministing 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.feministing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The guy writing the satire doesn't like the way the polish people think.
    • Satire or Stupid to Slam Greenpoint - Gothamist 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC gothamist.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Satire is more like Mayor Bloomberg sending in tanks to Greenpoint to take over Polish enclaves.
    • Satire or Stupid to Slam Greenpoint - Gothamist 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC gothamist.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Wiktionary-logo-en.png
Look up satire in Wiktionary, the free dictionary

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

SATIRE (Lat. satira, satura; see below). .Satire, in its literary aspect, may be defined as the expression in adequate terms of the sense of amusement or disgust excited by the ridiculous or unseemly, provided that humour is a distinctly recognizable element, and that the utterance is invested with literary form.^ Satire, lampoon refer to literary forms in which vices or follies are ridiculed.
  • Satire Definition | Definition of Satire at Dictionary.com 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC dictionary.reference.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Given the huge difference between 'humour' and satire, I think there is a place for it and I hope that over time others may see the benefit.
  • Groups: Satire | FiledBy 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.filedby.com [Source type: General]

^ As a distinct literary form, satire was the creation of the Romans and was subsequently present in many forms of medieval literature.
  • Guide to Literary Terms Satire 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.enotes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Without humour, satire is invective; without literary form, it is mere clownish jeering.^ Humour and satire as different forms of comedy .

^ As a distinct literary form, satire was the creation of the Romans and was subsequently present in many forms of medieval literature.
  • Guide to Literary Terms Satire 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.enotes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Satire is often strictly defined as a literary genre or form; although in practice it is also found in the graphic and performing arts.
  • Satire: Satirical Commentary, Social & Political Satire 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.sarcasmsociety.com [Source type: Original source]

.It is indeed exceedingly difficult to define the limits between satire and the regions of literary sentiment into which it shades.^ Horace, Juvenal, and 18th Century Satire A discussion of the distinction between Horatian and Juvenalian modes of satire as exemplified in 18th century literary writings.
  • SATIRE Term Papers - SATIRE Research Papers from JunglePage 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.junglepage.com [Source type: General]

^ Satire is often strictly defined as a literary genre or form; although, in practice, it is also found in the graphic and performing arts.
  • http://getglue.com/topics/p/satire 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC getglue.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Satire is often strictly defined as a literary genre or form; although in practice it is also found in the graphic and performing arts.
  • Satire: Satirical Commentary, Social & Political Satire 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.sarcasmsociety.com [Source type: Original source]

.The first exercise of satire was no doubt coarse and boisterous.^ Posted: 2010-01-03 in Satire No doubt a great number of us are unaware of what a proofreading software is...
  • Satire Articles and Information | People Still Read 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.peoplestillread.com [Source type: General]

^ The sleeping paper in it, no doubt, will wake up at the first blast and will be "obliged to be a hero."

^ Third, there was no doubt about who was being targeted for satire in that cover.
  • When satire fails - Feministing 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.feministing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It must have consisted in gibing at personal defects; and Homer's description of Thersites, the earliest example of literary satire that has come down to us, probably conveys an accurate delineation of the first satirists.^ But with diversity must come mutual understanding; it takes just a little bit of effort to realise that ultimately, despite us all being different, we are all the same.
  • satire | CORRUPT.org: Remaking Modern Society 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.corrupt.org [Source type: General]

^ So, in the Shape that Horace Presents himself to us, in his Satires, we see nothing at the first View, which deserves our Attention.
  • Dryden, A Discourse concerning Satire 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Also, if the case comes down to a distinction between parody and satire, anyone will be able to make legal arguments for both possibilities.

.The character reappears in the heroic romances of Ireland and elsewhere; and it is everywhere implied that the licensed backbiter is a warped and distorted being, readier with his tongue than his hands.^ Edge: Furthermore, at least I’ll be remembered for something more than being thrown off things and wearing socks on my hands!
  • Life, The Universe, and Nothing In Particular 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC rawsatire.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.To dignify satire by rendering it the instrument of morality or the associate of poetry was a development implying considerable advance in the literary art.^ Satire is often strictly defined as a literary genre or form; although, in practice, it is also found in the graphic and performing arts.
  • http://getglue.com/topics/p/satire 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC getglue.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Satire (Bloomington, Indiana: University of Indiana Press 1963)] Book I of the Sermones marks a crucial stage in the development of Roman satire and of Horatian poetry.
  • ROMAN SATIRE: THE GENRE 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.csun.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Satire The literary art of ridiculing a folly or vice in order to expose or correct it.
  • satire 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.tnellen.com [Source type: Original source]

.The latter is the course adopted in the Old Testament, where the few passages approximating to satire, such as Jotham's parable of the bramble and Job's ironical address to his friends, are embellished either by fancy or by feeling.^ Political Satire is of course, political, and may refer to political campaigns, political candidates, political parties or just plain old politics in general.
  • Satirical Humor, Political Satire, Celebrity Jokes 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC shallowtimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Innocence, naivety, openness, and honesty are all risky postures in satire; the satirist assumes such attitudes only ironically and invites the reader to adopt them only to be humiliated.

^ As bar Bar Camden Fringe Camden High Street Comedy comedy fun High Street interview Liberties Bar Old Testament Phil Collins religion satire Tickets Tonight TV .
  • satire coverage by Londonist 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC londonist.com [Source type: General]

.An intermediate stage between personal ridicule and the correction of faults and follies seems to have been represented in Greece by the Margites, attributed to Homer, which, while professedly lampooning an individual, practically rebuked the meddling sciolism impersonated in him.^ Satire The literary art of ridiculing a folly or vice in order to expose or correct it.
  • satire 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.tnellen.com [Source type: Original source]

^ To enlarge, increase, or represent something beyond normal bounds so that it becomes ridiculous and its faults can be seen.

^ Satire, lampoon refer to literary forms in which vices or follies are ridiculed.
  • Satire Definition | Definition of Satire at Dictionary.com 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC dictionary.reference.com [Source type: Reference]

.In the accounts that have come down to us of the writings of Archilochus, the first great master of satire, we seem to trace the elevation of the instrument of private animosity to an element in public life.^ But conversely, satire can also bring about negative changes and cause a great deal of damage and even the loss of life.
  • Writing Successful Satire 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC custompapers.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It was funny and accurate (and exactly the kind of thing that would be great on Seattlest) and it gave us a glimmer of hope for the alt-weekly that's been living under a cloud of Big Changes Coming for, it seems like, ever.
  • satire coverage by Seattlest 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC seattlest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But despite the wide public appetite for political and social satire, and the opportunity for wit and invention which it offers, poetic supply seems relatively weak.
  • Poetic Satire — Magma Poetry 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC magmapoetry.com [Source type: Original source]

.Though a merciless assailant of individuals, Archilochus was also a distinguished statesman, naturally for the most part in opposition, and his writings seem to have fulfilled many of the functions of a newspaper press.^ Writing a Book Report Many students confuse between a book report and a book review, even though the difference is quite evident from the names itself....

^ English seems to fall naturally into iambic patterns, for it is the most common meter in English.

^ Why is the White House press corps so timid and compliant, for the most part?

Their merit is attested by Quintilian; and Gorgias's comparison of them with Plato's persiflage of the Sophists proves that their virulence must have been tempered by grace and refinement. .Archilochus also gave satiric poetry its accepted form by the invention of the iambic trimeter, slightly modified into the scazonic metre by his successors.^ In western European literature, satire has been an accepted form of social commentary since the 5th century B.C., principally in the form of plays and poetry .
  • Satire at AllExperts 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hexameters with Iambique Trimeters; or with Trochaique Tetrameters Dactylic hexameter was the meter of Homer's epic poems; iambic trimeter was used for tragic and satirical poetry.
  • Dryden, A Discourse concerning Satire 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ These denominations have come to mark the boundaries of the satiric spectrum, whether reference is to poetry or prose or to some form of satiric expression in another medium.
  • satire :: Influence of Horace and Juvenal -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • satire :: The nature of satire -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Satire Readings 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.ophs.opusd.k12.ca.us [Source type: Original source]

Simonides of Amorgus and Hipponax were distinguished like Archilochus for the bitterness of their attacks on individuals, with which the former combined a strong ethical feeling and the latter a bright active fancy. .All three were restless and turbulent, aspiring and discontented, impatient of abuses and theoretically enamoured of liberty; and the loss of their writings, which would have thrown great light on the politics as well as the manners of Greece, is to be lamented.^ Any funny anecdotes would be great as well."
  • Sultans of Satire: Middle East Comic Relief 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC sultansofsatire.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Boyle describes all the characters in broad generalities that place them well within the confines of the stereotypes that often define American politics and social norms.
  • Juvenalian Satire in The Tortilla Curtain: T.C. Boyle Reveals the Flawed Structure of American Culture 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC americanfiction.suite101.com [Source type: General]

^ In all modes of addressing the public - writing, speaking, art, drama etc...three main tactical considerations must be firmly in mind.

.With Hipponax the direct line of Greek satire is interrupted; but two new forms of literary composition, capable of being the vehicles of satire, almost simultaneously appear.^ To The Chest - The New Face of Muscle Building An awesome site where two ripped and huge dudes tell you all there is to know about being ripped and huge.
  • Satire and Parody comic, fun, comedia, humor, 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.webring.com [Source type: General]

^ Satire is often strictly defined as a literary genre or form; although, in practice, it is also found in the graphic and performing arts.
  • http://getglue.com/topics/p/satire 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC getglue.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ To Quintilian, the satire was a strict literary form, but the term soon escaped from its original narrow definition.
  • http://getglue.com/topics/p/satire 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC getglue.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Fable is first heard of in Asiatic Greece about this date; and, although its original intention does not seem to have been satirical its adaptability to satiric purposes was soon discovered.^ Although satire is usually witty, and often very funny, the purpose of satire is not primarily humour but criticism of an event, an individual or a group in a clever manner.

^ Although satire is usually witty, and often very funny, the purpose of satire is not primarily humour but criticism of an event, an individual or a group in a clever manner."

^ The essay compares and contrasts China with the US, and although the speaker seems to favor China, the odd evidence points at the satire.
  • Curriki - SatireUnit 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.curriki.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A far more important step was the elevation of the rude fun of rustic merrymakings to a literary status by the evolution of the drama from the Bacchic festival.^ James Wolcott at Vanity Fair went so far as to suggest that Sahl was more important to American comedy than Lenny Bruce.
  • satire coverage by Bostonist 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC bostonist.com [Source type: General]

^ And what is even more sad is that such a personal attack would be given any validity at all, let alone being elevated to the status of 'news'."

.The means had now been found of allying the satiric spirit with exalted poetry, and their union was consummated in the comedies of Aristophanes.^ Dewey number: n/a Dewey version: n/a LC Classification: n/a LC Subject headings: Comedy films--Soviet Union--History and criticism--Congresses Satire, Soviet--History and criticism--Congresses Communism and satire--Congresses Library of Congress Record .
  • Inside Soviet Film Satire - Cambridge University Press 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.cambridge.org [Source type: General]

^ In retrospect, a few earlier cynical comedies , especially Aristophanes , are classic examples of the current definition of satire.

^ Yet satire does much more than vex, and even in Swift's work there is a kind of gaiety that is found in many nonliterary manifestations of the satirical spirit.

.A rude form of satire had existed in Italy from an early date in the shape of the Fescennine verses, the rough and licentious pleasantry of the vintage and harvest, which, lasting down to the 16th century, inspired Tansillo's Vendemmiatore. As in Greece, these eventually, about 364 B.C., were developed into a rude drama, originally introduced as a religious expiation.^ It must be hard doing anything in comedy these days because by now, every nook and cranny of the culture at large has been in one way shape or form satirized, parodied, or snarked at.
  • satire coverage by SFist 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC sfist.com [Source type: General]

^ He doesn’t mention TeenScreen in this satire, but you can find out more about this subject at these websites: .

^ In the 19th century, Mark Twain became the best-known American satirist, publishing satires in a variety of forms, including news satire and full-length books.
  • Satire at AllExperts 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

This was at first, Livy tells us (vii. 2), merely pantomimic, as the dialect of the Tuscan actors imported for the occasion was not understood at Rome. Verse, "like to the Fescennine verses in point of style and manner," was soon added to accompany the mimetic action, and, with reference to the variety of metres employed, these probably improvised composition were entitled Saturae, a term denoting miscellany, and derived from the satura lanx, " a charger filled with the first-fruits of the year's produce, anciently offered to Bacchus and Ceres." The Romans thus had originated the name of satire, and, in so far as the Fescennine drama consisted of raillery and ridicule, possessed the thing also; but it had not yet assumed a literary form among them. .Livius Andronicus (240 B.C.), the first regular Latin dramatic poet, appears to have been little more than a translator from the Greek.^ Livius Andronicus Livius Andronicus is held to be the first Latin dramatist.
  • Dryden, A Discourse concerning Satire 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ He says this was the first time he had participated in this kind of sacrificial rite, but that it is “much more common than people think.
  • satire | CORRUPT.org: Remaking Modern Society 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.corrupt.org [Source type: General]

^ Livius [Andronicus] was the first, some years later, to abandon saturae and compose a play with a plot .
  • ROMAN SATIRE: THE GENRE 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.csun.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Satires are mentioned among the literary productions of Ennius (200 B.C.) and Pacuvius (170 B.C.), but the title rather refers to the variety of metres employed than to the genius of the composition.^ Satire can also be a literary composition, in verse or prose, in which human folly and vice are held up to scorn, derision, or ridicule.  .
  • What is Satire? | Definition of Satire | Satire | Political Satire | Purpose of a Satire | Writing Satire | Satire elements > Humor > whadiz.com 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.whadiz.com [Source type: General]

^ First applied in literary sense to a collection of poems on a variety of subjects by Ennius (204 BC).
  • http://www.westga.edu/~mcrafton/Neoclassical_Satire.htm 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.westga.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The program also makes heavy use of news footage, often in a documentary way that employs archival video to show contrast and contradiction, even if the purpose is satirical rather than reportorial.
  • Journalism, Satire or Just Laughs? "The Daily Show with Jon Stewart," Examined | Project for Excellence in Journalism (PEJ) 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.journalism.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The real inventor of Roman satire is Gaius Lucilius (148-103 B.C.), whose Satirae seem to have been mostly satirical in the modern acceptation of the term, while the subjects of some of them prove that the title continued to be applied to miscellaneous collections of poems, as was the case even to the time of Varro, whose "Saturae" included prose as well as verse, and appear to have been only partially satirical.^ In the fourth satire Horace aligns himself with those poets whose work has been critical in intent, mentioning several authors of Greek comedy including ...
  • Amazon.com: "fourth satire": Key Phrase page 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: General]

^ Sure, nobody wants to see a satirical nude photo of themselves hung up in public but the pictures were only on display for a short time.
  • Satire 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC ocaoimh.ie [Source type: General]

^ Satire can also be a literary composition, in verse or prose, in which human folly and vice are held up to scorn, derision, or ridicule.  .
  • What is Satire? | Definition of Satire | Satire | Political Satire | Purpose of a Satire | Writing Satire | Satire elements > Humor > whadiz.com 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.whadiz.com [Source type: General]

The fragments of Lucilius preserved are scanty, but the verdict of Horace, Cicero and Quintilian demonstrates that he was a considerable poet. .It is needless to dwell on compositions so universally known as the Satires of Lucilius's successor Horace, in whose hands this class of composition received a new development, becoming genial, playful and persuasive.^ In the fourth satire Horace aligns himself with those poets whose work has been critical in intent, mentioning several authors of Greek comedy including ...
  • Amazon.com: "fourth satire": Key Phrase page 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: General]

^ In the 19th century, Mark Twain became the best-known American satirist, publishing satires in a variety of forms, including news satire and full-length books.
  • Satire at AllExperts 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Satire (Bloomington, Indiana: University of Indiana Press 1963)] Book I of the Sermones marks a crucial stage in the development of Roman satire and of Horatian poetry.
  • ROMAN SATIRE: THE GENRE 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.csun.edu [Source type: Original source]

"Arch Horace strove to mend." .The didactic element preponderates still more in the philosophical satires of Persius.^ The latter part of the article examines contemporary philosophical schools of thought that may not have directly influenced West, but observed the same elements of mass culture West satirizes.

.Yet another form of satire, the rhetorical, was carried to the utmost limits of excellence by Juvenal, the first example of a great tragic satirist.^ Satire is a rhetorical form.
  • The Volokh Conspiracy - Did Senator Kennedy Fall For a Satire? 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC volokh.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Example: The film, The Great Dictator (1940) by Charlie Chaplin is a satire on Adolf Hitler and his Nazi army.
  • Satire at AllExperts 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In Roman times, a satire was a poem in hexameters, a form established by the work of Lucilius, Horace , and Juvenal .
  • satire – FREE satire information | Encyclopedia.com: Find satire research 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: Academic]

.Nearly at the same time Martial, improving on earlier Roman models now lost, gave that satirical turn to the epigram which it only exceptionally possessed in Greece, but has ever since retained.^ Also, they should make sure “that sets of eyes are not all the same.” At the same time though, McNamara said that firing students is not the answer, as the educational moment is then lost.
  • The Brandeis Hoot » Still no law of Gravity 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC thehoot.net [Source type: General]

^ It is a nice complication that the devices that render satire acceptable to society at the same time sharpen its point.

^ Had the same cartoon appeared in The Washington Times, no one would have taken it for satire.
  • David Remnick On That New Yorker Cover: It's Satire, Meant To Target "Distortions And Misconceptions And Prejudices" About Obama 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.huffingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

.About the same time another variety of satire came into vogue, destined to become the most important of any.^ I guess it's about time for Kesey to take another job in the loony bin so he could write another novel to keep us up to date on all this.
  • Some of the satire in the above explained 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC wild-bohemian.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It is a nice complication that the devices that render satire acceptable to society at the same time sharpen its point.

^ Another target of satire becomes tabloid journalism.
  • The Simpsons Archive: "The Simpsons, American Satire" 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.snpp.com [Source type: Original source]

The Milesian tale. a form of entertainment probably of .Eastern origin, grew in the hands of Petronius and Apuleius into the satirical romance, immensely widening the satirist's field and exempting him from the restraints of metre.^ Many of Lucian's Dialogues may also properly be call'd Varronian Satires; particularly his True History : And consequently the Golden Ass of Apuleius , which is taken from him.
  • Dryden, A Discourse concerning Satire 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Satires of Decimus Junius Juvenalis, and of Aulus Persius Flaccus / translated into English verse by Mr. Dryden, and other eminent hands ; to which is prefix'd a discourse concerning the original and progress of satir.

^ If the commentary "has no critical bearing on the substance or style of the original composition," on the other hand, it is satire, which does not have the same protection.

.Petronius's "Supper of Trimalchio" is the revelation of a new vein, never fully worked till our days.^ Except for the War till the day he retired He worked in a factory and never got fired, But satisfied his employers, Fudge Motors Inc.
  • Headpiece Filled With Straw: Satire 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.serendipit-e.com [Source type: General]

^ I have learned a lot of new things about how our government works.
  • Satire - Daily Awesome 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.dailyawesome.com [Source type: Original source]

^ We’re also working to get our message into comedy clubs and popular music by promoting acts that have the right idea, like the “New Spics on the Block”.
  • satire | CORRUPT.org: Remaking Modern Society 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.corrupt.org [Source type: General]

.As the novel arose upon the ruins of the epic, so dialogue sprang up upon the wreck of comedy, In Lucian comedy appears adapted to suit the exigencies of an age in which a living drama had become impossible.^ But he argues that even the most Augustan satire "flourished in an atmosphere inhospitable to heroic celebration," and "in all its embattled loyalism to epic originals, is fraught with subtextual anxieties" about the impossibility to live up to the (epic and heroic) ideal that satire necessarily implies.
  • Lynch, Augustan Satire Bibliography 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It isn't just that the flick looks funny here; my mouth was agape at the effortless way this comedy appears to send up the genre.
  • Past Deadline: Satire/Spoof/Parody 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.pastdeadline.com [Source type: General]

^ A mish-mash of genres---Hitchcockian how-done-it, art-world satire, high-brow drama---the novel never lives up to its potential.
  • satire coverage by Austinist 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC austinist.com [Source type: General]

.With him antique satire expires as a distinct branch of literature, - though mention should be made of the sarcasms and libels with which the population of Egypt were for centuries accustomed to insult the Roman conqueror and his parasites.^ In the next century the sculptors Bupalus and Athenis “knit their necks in halters,” it is said, as a result of the “bitter rimes and biting libels” issued by the satirical poet Hipponax .
  • satire :: The nature of satire -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They include irony, sarcasm, and wit, as well as a branch of literature or literary works.
  • Questions about Satire - Ask.com 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.ask.com [Source type: General]

^ In the next century the sculptors Bupalus and Athenis "knit their necks in halters," it is said, as a result of the "bitter rimes and biting libels" issued by the satirical poet Hipponax.

A denunciation of the apostate poet Hor-Uta - a kind of Egyptian "Lost Leader" - composed under Augustus, has been published by M. Revillout from a demotic papyrus.
.After the great deluge of barbarism has begun to retire, one form of satire after another peeps forth from the receding flood, the order of development being determined by the circumstances of time and place.^ In Roman times, a satire was a poem in hexameters, a form established by the work of Lucilius, Horace , and Juvenal .
  • satire – FREE satire information | Encyclopedia.com: Find satire research 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Another factor, and perhaps a more important one, may be the movement of poetic fashion away from stricter forms such as the rhymed couplet, with its aptitude for satirical bite.
  • Poetic Satire — Magma Poetry 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC magmapoetry.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Help one another assess which satirical messages would make the best project.

.In the Byzantine empire, indeed, the link of continuity is unbroken, and such raillery of abuses as is possible under a despotism finds vent in the pale copies of Lucian published in Adolf Ellissen's Analekten. The first really important satire, however, is a product of western Europe, recurring to the primitive form of fable, upon which, nevertheless, it constitutes a decided advance.^ So imagine my happiness back in 2005 when I realized a sequel (set a bit after the first novel's events) had been published and was available from my place of employ.
  • Satire | The New York Public Library 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC drupal02.nypl.org [Source type: General]

^ An eminent 20th-century authority on these matters adduced linguistic, thematic, and other evidence to show a functional relation between primitive “satire,” such as that of Carpre and Aithirne, and the “real” satire of more sophisticated times.
  • satire :: The nature of satire -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Another factor, and perhaps a more important one, may be the movement of poetic fashion away from stricter forms such as the rhymed couplet, with its aptitude for satirical bite.
  • Poetic Satire — Magma Poetry 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC magmapoetry.com [Source type: Original source]

Reynard the Fox, a genuine expression of the shrewd and homely Teutonic mind, is a landmark in literature. It gave the beast-epic a development of which the ancients had not dreamed, and showed how ridicule could be conveyed in a form difficult to resent. .About the same time, probably, the popular instinct, perhaps deriving a hint from Rabbinical literature, fashioned Morolf, the prototype of Sancho Panza, the incarnation of sublunar mother-wit contrasted with the starry wisdom of Solomon; and the Till Eulenspiegel is a kindred Teutonic creation, but later and less significant.^ Scott plays bass in Cousin Tweedy, a popular Philly-based alt-country band that gigs about three to four times a week.
  • Satire : UsedWigs 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC usedwigs.com [Source type: General]

^ Alice soon had about enough of their rudeness and asked, " How can you be the government and the ungovernment at the same time?
  • Political Satire - Kick! Making Politics Funny - A liberal dose of political comedy 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC rackjite.com [Source type: General]
  • Political Satire - Kick! Making Politics Funny - A liberal dose of political comedy 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC rackjite.com [Source type: General]

^ The same lack of talent that impedes his popular success, however, pervades his propaganda, so that his playlet about a "sleek salesman" (p.
  • Var of Satire 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.compedit.com [Source type: Original source]

.Piers Ploughman, the next great work of the class, adapts the apocalyptic machinery of monastic and anchoritic vision to the purposes of satire, as it had often before been adapted to those of ecclesiastical aggrandizement.^ Although satire is usually witty, and often very funny, the purpose of satire is not primarily humour but criticism of an event, an individual or a group in a clever manner.

^ Satire - Satire is a literary work in which the follies of its subject are attacked through irony, derision, or wit, usually to fulfill a corrective purpose.
  • Free Satire Essays 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.123helpme.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Next, work as a class to complete and discuss a Venn Diagram that visually compares and contrasts how journalism and satire address political candidates and issues.
  • NOW with Bill Moyers. For Educators. Political Analysis Through Satire | PBS 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The clergy were scourged with their own rod by a poet and a Puritan too earnest to be urbane. .Satire is a distinct element in Chaucer and Boccaccio, who nevertheless cannot be ranked as satirists.^ Chaucer, however, was light-hearted and forgiving in his criticism , and as such his piece cannot be considered true satire, but mere literature with a satirical bend.
  • Satire@Everything2.com 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But Hall knew the satirical poems of Geoffrey Chaucer and John Skelton, among other predecessors, and probably meant that he was the first to imitate systematically the formal satirists of Rome.

^ Thus, although the formal verse satire of Rome is quantitatively a small body of work, it contains most of the elements later literary satirists employ.
  • satire :: The nature of satire -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Satire Readings 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.ophs.opusd.k12.ca.us [Source type: Original source]

The mock-heroic is successfully revived by Luigi Pulci, and the political songs of the 14th and 15th centuries attest the diffusion of a sense of humour among the people at large. The Renaissance, restoring the knowledge and encouraging the imitation of classic models, sharpened the weapons and enlarged the armoury of the satirist. Partly, perhaps, because Erasmus was no poet, the Lucianic dialogue was the form in the ascendant of his age. Erasmus not merely employed it against superstition and ignorance with infinite and irresistible pleasantry, but fired by his example a bolder writer, untrammelled by the dignity of an arbiter in the republic of letters. .The ridicule of Ulric von Hutten's Epistolae obscurorum virorum is annihilating, and the art there for the first time fully exemplified though long previously introduced by Plato, of putting the ridicule into the mouth of the victim, is perhaps the most deadly shaft in the quiver of sarcasm.^ There has been a long Dispute amongst the Modern Critiques, whether the Romans deriv'd their Satire from the Grecians , or first Invented it themselves.
  • Dryden, A Discourse concerning Satire 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ He was engaged in a long controversy with the learned men of his time, especially with the facetious Poggio, whose wit was keener though his language was not so forcible.
  • Satire 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.djmcadam.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Look, I know you held the title for almost a whole year there, and good on you for it, but this is the first time you’ve feuded with me, and there’s some conditions that have to be met so that you don’t drag me into the toilet with you.
  • Life, The Universe, and Nothing In Particular 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC rawsatire.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It was afterwards used with even more pointed wit though with less exuberance of humour by Pascal, the first modern example, if Dante may not be so classed of a great tragic satirist.^ Perhaps it will be a sleeper hit like Provigil, which was approved by the FDA as a treatment for narcolepsy, but is even more widely used by people who want to stay awake for great lengths of time.
  • Satire | Wired Science | Wired.com 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.wired.com [Source type: General]

^ We were impressed with its clever writing and relentless bipartisan satire, and even more impressed that it managed to be heavy-handed and cynical to the point of pointlessness.
  • satire coverage by Bostonist 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC bostonist.com [Source type: General]

^ A concurring judge even pointed out that Randall’s book may “act as complement to, rather than a substitute for Gone With the Wind and its potential derivatives.
  • firstamendmentcenter.org: Arts & First Amendment in Speech - Topic 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.firstamendmentcenter.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Ethical satire is vigorously represented by Sebastian Brant and his imitator Alexander Barclay; but in general the metrical satirists of the age seem tame in comparison with Erasmus and Hutten, though including the great name of Machiavelli.^ Though I seem to have forgotten its name.
  • Satire | Reform Party of Syria (RPS) 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC reformsyria.org [Source type: General]

^ Though the name satire is usually confined to poetical compositions, prose works of a satirical character are frequently included under the same head .
  • Satire@Everything2.com 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Though now long-defunct, its ten volumes were devoted strictly to satire during the great age of satire theorists.
  • Lynch, Augustan Satire Bibliography 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Sir Thomas More cannot be accounted a satirist, but his idea of an imaginary commonwealth embodied the germ of much subsequent satire.^ Obama satire DOES have impact — and may very likely spread — is because like all good satire, or good humor for that matter, there’s more than a germ of truth in it.
  • Obama New Yorker cover | Beyond Satire 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.beyondsatire.us [Source type: News]

^ Filled with so much ignorance, hatred, racist and selfish remarks against Poles and Greenpoint --- in this case, you cannot even call it a “satire”!
  • Satire or Stupid to Slam Greenpoint - Gothamist 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC gothamist.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Satire's uses, historically , are very well-defined; and this limits our ideas of what it can and cannot do.
  • Satire@Everything2.com 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

.In the succeeding period politics take the place of literature and religion, producing in France the Satyre Me'nippee, elsewhere the satirical romance as represented by the Argenis of Barclay, which may be defined as the adaptation of the style of Petronius to state affairs.^ Dedicated to the proposition that politics and religion do absolutely nothing to improve our lives or answer any questions about our place in the universe.

^ In the 20th century, satire has been used by authors such as Aldous Huxley and George Orwell to make serious and even frightening commentaries on the dangers of the sweeping social changes taking place throughout Europe and United States .

^ Thick Of It is a marvelous satire that takes on our whole political system and the media circus that surrounds it.
  • Satire is dead | The Spectator 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.spectator.co.uk [Source type: General]

.In Spain, where no freedom of criticism existed, the satiric spirit took refuge in the novela picaresca, the prototype of Le Sage and the ancestor of Fielding; Quevedo revived the medieval device of the vision as the vehicle of reproof; and Cervantes's immortal work might be classed as a satire were it not so much more.^ Collado is a proponent of more freedom for satires.

^ Satire › History and criticism (13 works) .
  • Satire | LibraryThing 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.librarything.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But satire is also both festive and fictive, and the works of Rabelais and Swift, the plays of Ben Jonson and Molière, and the novels of Dickens are much more than the sum of their moral exhortations.
  • What does satire mean? - Yahoo! Answers 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

.About the same time we notice the appearance of direct imitation of the Roman satirists in English literature in the writings of Donne, Hall and Marston, the further elaboration of the mock-heroic by Tassoni, and the culmination of classical Italian satire in Salvator Rosa.^ It was noticeable however, and I had made this observation many times, that women have a totally different approach to the same task.

^ Broader terms: Satire Literature -- Study and teaching Study and Teaching Narrower term: Satire, English -- Study and teaching .

^ It is a nice complication that the devices that render satire acceptable to society at the same time sharpen its point.

.The prodigious development of the drama at this time absorbed much talent that would otherwise have been devoted to satire proper.^ Had the same cartoon appeared in The Washington Times, no one would have taken it for satire.
  • David Remnick On That New Yorker Cover: It's Satire, Meant To Target "Distortions And Misconceptions And Prejudices" About Obama 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.huffingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ The WB 2000-2001) Another spitting comedic satire , this time an easy target of the backstage drama behind ...
  • Political Satire - Blogs, Pictures, and more on Blogged 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.blogged.com [Source type: General]

^ Not devoted specifically to satire, but much work recent on Swift and his circle appears in its volumes.
  • Lynch, Augustan Satire Bibliography 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Most of the great dramatists of the 17th century were more or less satirists, Moliere perhaps the most consummate that ever existed; but, with an occasional exception like Les Precieuses ridicules, the range of their works is too wide to admit of their being regarded as satires.^ Sean explores this and more in perhaps his most ridiculous Satire ever!

^ The 17th Century Moliere Macbeth Intro AP essay: "significant to the work… First Class 121 2 View all presentations from this user More info about this document .

^ More direct social commentary via satire did not return until the 16th century, when farcical texts such as the works of François Rabelais tackled more serious issues (and incurred the wrath of the crown as a result).
  • Satire at AllExperts 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The next great example of unadulterated satire is Butler's Hudibras, and perhaps one more truly representative of satiric aims and methods cannot easily be found.^ Example: The film, The Great Dictator (1940) by Charlie Chaplin is a satire on Adolf Hitler and his Nazi army.
  • Satire at AllExperts 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But the theatre has rarely enjoyed the political freedom Aristophanes had--one reason, perhaps, that satire more often appears in drama episodically or in small doses than in the full-blown Aristophanic manner.

^ Satire and parody are also popular forms of expression on the internet ; one of the most prominent examples is the news satire site The Onion .
  • Satire at AllExperts 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.At the same period dignified political satire, bordering on invective, received a great development in Andrew Marvell's Advices to a Painter, and was shortly afterwards carried to perfection in Dryden's Absalom and Achitophel; while the light literary parody of which Aristophanes had given the pattern in his assaults on Euripides, and which Shakespeare had handled somewhat carelessly in the Midsummer Night's Dream, was effectively revived in the duke of Buckingham's Rehearsal. In France Boileau was long held to have attained the ne plus ultra of the Horatian style in satire and of the mock-heroic, but Pope was soon to show that further progress was possible in both.^ There are two fundamental types of satire: Horatian satire, which is gentle and urbane; and Juvenal ian satire, which is biting, bitter invective.
  • Satire at AllExperts 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Political satire doesn't age well, but occasionally a diatribe contains enough art and universal mirth to survive long after its timeliness has passed.
  • Genre/Subject: 'Satire' epub eBooks available for download. 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.epubbooks.com [Source type: General]

^ In the 2000 Canadian federal election campaign, a Canadian Alliance proposal for a mechanism to require a referendum in response to a petition of sufficient size was satirized by the television show This Hour Has 22 Minutes so effectively that it was discredited and soon dropped.

.The polish, point and concentration of Pope remain unsurpassed, as do the amenity of Addison and the daring yet severely logical imagination of Swift; while the History of John Bull and the Pseudologia place their friend Arbuthnot in the first rank of political satirists.^ By Lemuel Gulliver, First a Surgeon, and then a Captain of several Ships, is a novel by Jonathan Swift that is both a satire ...
  • satire Resources | ZDNet 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC updates.zdnet.com [Source type: General]

^ But Hall knew the satirical poems of Geoffrey Chaucer and John Skelton, among other predecessors, and probably meant that he was the first to imitate systematically the formal satirists of Rome.

^ Her account explores the ideology inherent in form, and seeks to shake "the conventional identification of Swift and Pope -- in literary, historical, and political terms -- as 'Tory satirists.'"
  • Lynch, Augustan Satire Bibliography 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The 18th century was, indeed, the age of satire.^ But the greatest satirists emerged with the Age of Enlightenment , an intellectual movement in the 17th and 18th century advocating rationality.
  • Satire at AllExperts 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are few examples of satire from the Early Middle Ages ; with the advent of the High Middle Ages and the birth of modern vernacular literature in the 12th century, it began to make a comeback.
  • Satire at AllExperts 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Anthony Cooper, 3rd earl of Shaftesbury, writing in the 18th century, recognized the "creative" significance of legal and other repressions on the writing of satire.

.Serious poetry had for the time worn itself out; the most original geniuses of the age, Swift, Defoe and Richardson, are decidedly prosaic, and Pope, though a true poet, is less of a poet than Dryden.^ The dictionary, long worn out for .com and most .net and .org domain names, suddenly becomes virgin territory.
  • Book of Moron - Offbeat Satire & Parody 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.bookofmoron.com [Source type: General]

^ In the Age of Enlightenment , an intellectual movement in the 17th and 18th century advocating rationality, began the breakthrough of English satire, largely due to the creation of Tory and Whig groups and the necessity to convey the true meaning of criticism, especially true for Daniel Defoe , Jonathan Swift , John Dryden and Alexander Pope .

^ "There's less to me than people might think, Vick said at the time.
  • Asslete - Sports Satire, Humor, Comedy - Home 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC asslete.com [Source type: General]

.In process of time imaginative power revives in Goldsmith and Rousseau; meanwhile Fielding and Smollett have fitted the novel to be the vehicle of satire and much beside, and the 'literary stage has for a time been almost wholly engrossed by a colossal satirist, a man who has dared the universal application of Shaftesbury's maxim that ridicule is the test of truth.^ Those who satirize are called satirists.
  • Free Satire Essays 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.123helpme.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We often confuse satire ( a literary composition, in verse or prose, in which human folly and vice are held up to scorn, derision, or ridicule.

^ Elliott suggests literary satire grew out of ancient ritual and magic, noting that satirists were held to have power over life and death in some societies, and considers the role of ridicule in what have been called shame cultures.
  • Lynch, Augustan Satire Bibliography 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The world had never before seen a satirist on the scale of Voltaire, nor had satire ever played such a part as a factor in impending change.^ When in the world was such a thing ever before heard of?
  • http://www.tektonics.org/lp/madmad.html 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.tektonics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I have never once seen Richard Swinburne - the greatest modern defender of the philosophical rationality of the Christian Faith - engage in deliberate satire.
  • http://www.tektonics.org/lp/madmad.html 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.tektonics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ A civil war has erupted inside the nation of Sudan, which has led to death and displacement on a scale never recently seen before.
  • satire | CORRUPT.org: Remaking Modern Society 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.corrupt.org [Source type: General]

.As a master of sarcastic mockery he is unsurpassed; his manner is entirely his own; and he is one of the most intensely national of writers, notwithstanding his vast obligations to English humorists, statesmen and philosophers.^ Often mentioned among the greatest writers of post-WW2 Poland, he was one of the most influential aphorists on the 20th century.
  • Zikison.net 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC zikison.net [Source type: General]

^ When two literary giants fall in one week, would-be writers may be concerned that their own publishing fortunes may be in danger.

.English humour also played an important part in the literary regeneration of Germany, where, after Liscow and Rabener, imitators of Swift and the essayists, Lessing, imbued with Pope but not mastered by him, showed how powerful an auxiliary satire can be to criticism - a relation which Pope had somewhat inverted.^ The film's tone is less didactic than in most powerful satire--the mushroom cloud carries its own moral--yet satire's full force is there.

^ This film, though only moderately successful critically, allows for much study in the fields of satire, literary adaptability to film as well as study of Hollywood itself.

^ Covered are the most important general accounts of satire in the last half century and some of the most influential treatments of the two most important early eighteenth-century satirists, Pope and Swift, especially since the late sixties.
  • Lynch, Augustan Satire Bibliography 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Another great German writer, Wieland, owes little to the English, but adapts Lucian and Petronius to the 18th century with playful if somewhat mannered grace.^ Lucian by another writer (Rubin, "Tehillat ha-Kesilim, "p.

^ Satire, English › History › 18th century (1 works) .
  • Satire | LibraryThing 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.librarything.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Kortum's Jobsiad, a most humorous poem, innovates successfully upon established models by making low life, instead of chivalry, the subject of burlesque. Goethe and Schiller, Scott and Wordsworth, are now at hand, and as imagination gains ground satire declines. .Byron, who in the 18th century would have been the greatest of satirists, is hurried by the spirit of his age into passion and description, bequeathing, however, a splendid proof of the possibility of allying satire with sublimity in his Vision of Judgment. Moore gives the epigram a lyrical turn; Beranger, not for the first time in French literature, makes the gay chanson the instrument of biting jest; and the classic type receives fresh currency from Auguste Barbier.^ The greatest satire has been written in periods when ethical and rational norms were sufficiently powerful to attract widespread assent yet not so powerful as to compel absolute conformity--those periods when the satirist could be of his society and yet apart, could exercise a double vision.

^ This 1967 classic follows a bourgeois French couple as they make their way to the country to visit the wife’s mother and find themselves in the mother of all traffic jams.
  • satire coverage by Austinist 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC austinist.com [Source type: General]

^ Treasury of satire, by Edgar Johnson, including the world's greatest satirists, comic and tragic, from antiquity to the present time, selected and edited, with critical and historical backgrounds, and an introduction on the nature and value of satire.

Courier, and subsequently Cormenin, raise the political pamphlet to literary dignity by their poignant wit. Peacock evolves a new type of novel from the study of Athenian comedy. .Miss Edgeworth skirts the confines of satire, and Miss Austen seasons her novels with the most exquisite satiric traits.^ Most weeks it's not a political satire at all — most weeks its a beautiful cityscape or seasonal image or - well, you know the magazine.
  • David Remnick On That New Yorker Cover: It's Satire, Meant To Target "Distortions And Misconceptions And Prejudices" About Obama 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.huffingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ The Satire of Vonnegut's Cat's Cradle - The Satire of Cat's Cradle Cat's Cradle is, "Vonnegut's most highly praised novel.
  • Free Satire Essays 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.123helpme.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Washington Irving revives the manner of The Spectator, and Tieck brings irony and persiflage to the discussion of critical problems. .Two great satiric figures remain - one representative of his nation, the other most difficult to class.^ Other notable historic figures have also been authors of significant satire, but not always with much appreciation .
  • Posts tagged with satire | MetaFilter 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: General]

^ Other prominent satirists from antiquity include Horace and Juvenal , who were active during the early days of the Roman Empire and are the two most influential Latin satirists.
  • Satire at AllExperts 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some critics of Mark Twain see Huckleberry Finn as racist and offensive while others claim it is one of the most powerful anti-racist works ever written.

In all the characteristics of his genius Thackeray is thoroughly English, and the faults and follies he chastises are those especially characteristic of British society. .Good sense and the perception of the ridiculous are amalgamated in him; his satire is a thoroughly British article, a little over-solid, a little wanting in finish, but honest, weighty and durable.^ The entry on satire is an example of a good article.

^ On that note, I don’t think the article was THAT funny (probably because I’m a bit lacking on some of the contextual grounds), but it was a good satire.
  • Joseph Dent Explains the Joke « Indolent Indio 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.indolentindio.com [Source type: Original source]

.Posterity must go to him for the humours of the age of Victoria, as they go to Addison for those of Anne's.^ What they promise only, Horace has effectually Perform'd: Yet I contradict not the Proposition which I formerly advanc'd: Juvenal 's Times requir'd a more painful kind of Operation: But if he had liv'd in the Age of Horace , I must needs affirm, that he had it not about him.
  • Dryden, A Discourse concerning Satire 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Wait, it must be those poor souls that work their asses off on jobs others don't want - and yes, they actually do pay the parking tickets!!!
  • Satire or Stupid to Slam Greenpoint - Gothamist 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC gothamist.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The more we say: 'He's going mad', the more it proves to him that we must be mad.

.But Heine hardly belongs to any nation or country, time or place.^ The award marks the first time a leader of a nation with whom most of the country’s citizens consider themselves at war has been so honored.

He ceased to be a German without becoming a Frenchman, and a Jew without becoming a Christian. .Only one portrait really suits him, that in Tieck's allegorical tale, where he is represented as a capricious and mischievous elf; but his song is sweeter and his command over the springs of laughter and tears greater than it suited Tieck's purpose to acknowledge.^ Letters that were added since 1200 are also included: J V Y Z. There is only one substitution in Spanglish v for /U/ [v was a common way to represent U in Latin].
  • Spelling Society : Spelling reform satires. 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.spellingsociety.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Reality television has been popular for a lot longer than you might think, and it’s only going to get bigger.

^ He was one of the wittiest and most versatile of authors, and would have risen to positions of greater dignity, if only his pen had been a little less active and his satire less severe.
  • Satire 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.djmcadam.com [Source type: Original source]

.In him the satiric spirit, long confined to established literary forms, seems to obtain unrestrained freedom to wander where it will, nor have the ancient models been followed since by any considerable satirist except the Italian Giusti.^ Satire has long been part of discourse, with written records going back to the Ramesside Period of Ancient Egypt , and two primary classifications of satire originate with the Roman satirists Horace and Juvenal .
  • Posts tagged with satire | MetaFilter 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: General]

^ Satire is often strictly defined as a literary genre or form; although, in practice, it is also found in the graphic and performing arts.
  • http://getglue.com/topics/p/satire 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC getglue.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ To Quintilian, the satire was a strict literary form, but the term soon escaped from its original narrow definition.
  • http://getglue.com/topics/p/satire 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC getglue.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The machinery employed by Moore was indeed transplanted to America by James Russell Lowell, whose Biglow Papers represent perhaps the highest moral level yet attained by satire.^ The level of moral depravity that his "gag" suggested was off-the-charts, yet the media, for the most part, didn't blink.
  • Satire | Jewcy.com 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.jewcy.com [Source type: General]

^ The film's tone is less didactic than in most powerful satire--the mushroom cloud carries its own moral--yet satire's full force is there.

^ It's a loaded opening not only for the plot, but for what the film perhaps represents as an alternative to the mainstream (and indeed independent) movie distribution system.
  • satire coverage by Londonist 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC londonist.com [Source type: General]

.In no age was the spirit of satire so generally diffused as in the 19th century, but many of its eminent writers, while bordering on the domains of satire, escape the definition of satirist.^ It is odd, however, that, whereas the 19th century in general disliked and distrusted satire (there are of course obvious exceptions), our own age, bereft of unifying symbols, scorning traditional rituals, searching for beliefs, still finds satire a congenial mode in almost any medium.

^ Neoclassic writers had available to them as an implicit metaphor the towering standard of the classical past; for the 19th and 20th centuries no such metaphors have been available.

^ There is no comprehensive bibliography of eighteenth-century satires, either of primary or secondary sources.
  • Lynch, Augustan Satire Bibliography 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The term cannot be properly applied to Dickens, the keen observer of the oddities of human life; or to George Eliot, the critic of its emptiness when not inspired by a worthy purpose; or to Balzac, the painter of French society; or to Trollope, the mirror of the middle classes of England. .If Sartor Resartus could be regarded as a satire, Carlyle would rank among the first of satirists; but the satire, though very obvious, rather accompanies than inspires the composition.^ Though the name satire is usually confined to poetical compositions, prose works of a satirical character are frequently included under the same head .
  • Satire@Everything2.com 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In the final analysis, it seems to me that sarcasm and satire are certainly more likely to help people remain believers, rather than turning them into such.
  • http://www.tektonics.org/lp/madmad.html 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.tektonics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ But how come Lowness of Style, and the Familiarity of Words to be so much the Propriety of Satire, that without them, a Poet can be no more a Satirist, than without Risibility he can be a Man?
  • Dryden, A Discourse concerning Satire 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: Original source]

The number of minor satirists of merit, on the other hand, is legion. .Poole, in his broadly farcical Little Pedlington, rang the changes with inexhaustible ingenuity on a single fruitful idea; Jerrold's comedies sparkle with epigrams, and his tales and sketches overflow with quaint humour; Mallock, in his New Republic, made the most of personal mimicry, the lowest form of satire; Samuel Butler (Erewhon) holds an inverting mirror to the world's face with imperturbable gravity; the humour of Bernard Shaw has always an essential character of satire - the sharpest social lash.^ Breaking News: Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe records a new album of threats to the opposition #satire #humour #sarcasm AlexanderNekrassov has updated his twitter : .
  • Satire // BlogCatalog Topic // BlogCatalog 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC www.blogcatalog.com [Source type: General]

^ When we saw the posters for this on the tube, with five star reviews from the News of the World and the Mirror, we were ready for this to be shit.
  • satire coverage by Londonist 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC londonist.com [Source type: General]

^ When Horace writ his Satires, the Monarchy of his Cæsar was in its newness; and the Government but just made easie to the Conquer'd People.
  • Dryden, A Discourse concerning Satire 16 January 2010 12:39 UTC andromeda.rutgers.edu [Source type: Original source]

.One remarkable feature of the modern age is the union of caricature with literature.^ With the advent of the High Middle Ages and the birth of modern vernacular literature in the 12th century, it began to be used again, most notably by Chaucer .

(R. G.)


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

See also satire

German

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German Wikipedia has an article on:
Satire
Wikipedia de

Noun

Satire f. (genitive Satire, plural Satiren)
  1. satire

Synonyms

  • Spottdichtung, Spottschrift

Simple English

]] Satire is a form in art or writing which makes criticisms of a person, government and institution, often through humour. Satire can be humorous and make people laugh, but it is not just for making people laugh. Satire makes fun of people’s faults. It shows that they are bad or stupid and makes the reader, viewer or audience laugh at them. Satire can be found in paintings, plays, books, songs, television or movies. Satire often uses irony to make its effect. Satire may be trying to change the way people behave by showing their weaknesses, or make them angry or sad by showing their flaws.

Satire was used long ago, even as long ago as the Ancient Greeks. It was widely known in Elizabethan times. Swift used satire in his book Gulliver’s Travels to make fun of people’s stupidity. Works like The Beggar’s Opera (1728) used satire to show how silly the politicians of the time were. In modern times the German playwright Bertolt Brecht used a lot of satire in his plays.

Satire is not possible under dictatorships. It was not allowed, for example, in the Soviet Union. Anyone trying to make fun of Stalin would have been put to death immediately.

Satire often points out bad things that powerful people are doing, but may also harm disadvantaged or nonfamous people like you and me. The adjective is satirical.


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 29, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Satire, which are similar to those in the above article.








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