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This article is about the active Formula One team founded by Peter Sauber. For the defunct BMW owned team, see BMW Sauber.
Switzerland BMW Sauber-Ferrari
Sauber Logo 2010.png
Full name BMW Sauber F1 Team
Base Hinwil, Switzerland
Team principal(s) Peter Sauber
Technical director Willy Rampf
2010 Formula One season
Race drivers 22. Spain Pedro de la Rosa
23. Japan Kamui Kobayashi
Test drivers TBA
Chassis Sauber C29
Engine Ferrari 056
Tyres Bridgestone
Formula One World Championship Career
Debut 1993 South African Grand Prix
Latest race 2010 Bahrain Grand Prix
Races competed 207
Constructors' Championships 0
Drivers' Championships 0
Race victories 0
Pole positions 0
Fastest laps 0
2005 position 8th

Sauber (officially BMW Sauber for the 2010 season) is a Swiss motorsports constructor, currently involved in the Formula One World Championship. It was founded in the 1970s by Peter Sauber, who progressed through hillclimbing and the World Sportscar Championship to reach Formula One in 1993.

The team's best results in Formula One to date have been six third place finishes and two front row starts. The team's most successful season thus far was 2001 when it finished fourth in the constructors' championship. During its history in Formula One as an independent team, Sauber has yet to score a race win, pole position, or fastest lap.

The team was sold to BMW in 2005, and competed as BMW Sauber from 2006 to 2009, scoring one victory. At the end of the 2009 season, however, BMW pulled out of Formula One and the team's future remained uncertain for several months, until it was sold back to Peter Sauber and granted a 2010 entry. However, due to issues with the Concorde Agreement, the team name will remain BMW Sauber for the 2010 season.[1][2] However, in mid-March 2010, Peter Sauber announced plans to change the team name during the season, although no firm date has been set.[3]

Contents

Sports cars

Since the 1970s, Peter Sauber built sports cars. After using turbocharged Mercedes V8 engines in the 1980s, his team became the official factory team of Mercedes-Benz, reviving the Silver Arrow legend. They won the 24 hours of Le Mans and the World Sportscar Championship (1989 and 1990), competing against Jaguar and Porsche. Amongst others, drivers like, Heinz-Harald Frentzen, Michael Schumacher, Karl Wendlinger, Jochen Mass, Jean-Louis Schlesser and Mauro Baldi raced for Sauber.

Sauber participated in a number of other racing series before its involvement in Formula One, such as the Swiss and International Sports cars championships and the 24 hours of Le Mans. The first Sauber car, C1, was built in 1970. Sauber, in partnership with Mercedes, won the Le Mans 24 hour race in 1989 and the world sports car championship in 1989 and 1990 with the Sauber C9.

Formula One

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The Mercedes era

The 'turbo era' of Formula One ended with the 1988 Formula One season. The 1.5 litre turbocharged engines were phased out in favour of normally aspirated 3.5 litre engines. A massive demand for engine suppliers and a constant influx of new teams saw car manufacturers like Subaru, Porsche and Lamborghini enter Formula One as engine suppliers and sometimes buying out existing teams. Other projects never progressed beyond design studies, such as one carried out by Simtek for BMW. It was a turbulent time that led to the withdrawal of many small teams and even more famous marques such as Brabham and Lotus.

A planned Mercedes collaboration with Sauber to enter their own Formula One team was shelved, although behind closed doors Mercedes continued to fund Sauber's Formula One project. The team was to be powered by V10 Ilmor engines in a chassis dubbed the C12, a continuation of Sauber's naming policy from sports car construction (the 'C' was a reference to Peter Sauber's wife Christine). It was to be piloted by JJ Lehto and Karl Wendlinger.

The car's racing debut took place in the first race of the 1993 Formula One World Championship, in South Africa. The car was soon turning heads not only for its sharp FW14-like lines and striking black livery but its impressive performance, claiming fifth place, (Two points under the scoring system at the time) on its grand prix debut. Despite this impressive entrance to the grand prix scene, over the remainder of the season the team rarely saw the finish line due to unreliability and racing accidents. However, they proved their form was not a flash in the pan recording a slow stream of points finishes and rarely finishing outside the top ten when they actually completed a race distance. Despite not achieving a podium, they ended the season with twelve points, seventh out of the thirteen original entries.

The team went into the 1994 season as Sauber Mercedes, now officially Mercedes' works team with a new car in the Sauber C13 and the Ilmor engine rebadged the Mercedes 3.5 V10. New team Pacific Grand Prix Ltd took a customer supply of more dated Ilmor units. Between seasons Lehto had signed to Mild Seven Benetton Ford. Former Sauber sports car driver Heinz Harald Frentzen took up the role as Karl Wendlinger's team mate.

Early signs showed the team were, rather disappointingly, delivering similar performances to the previous year, scoring a small tally of points in the opening rounds. The season took a turn for the worse when, at the race following the tragic deaths of Ayrton Senna and Roland Ratzenberger at the San Marino Grand Prix Wendlinger was seriously injured in a crash in practice for the Monaco Grand Prix. He suffered serious head injuries and was sidelined for the rest of the season, replaced by Andrea de Cesaris and a returning Lehto who had been replaced at Benetton after injury complications.

It is interesting to note that the Wendlinger accident is a pivotal moment in Formula One history, as the incident that, with the death of Ayrton Senna, later prompted the mandatory implementation of head protection for drivers in the form of high cockpit sides. Sauber voluntarily pioneered prototypes of these to protect their drivers.

They would finish the season with the same points tally as the previous year but finished only eighth out of the fourteen original entrants. Mercedes were disastisfied with the progress and left the team at the end of the year, enticed by an offer from the McLaren team, who were still looking for a new works deal since Honda withdrew from the sport. The partnership would see Team McLaren Mercedes take their first win in 1997 and both titles in 1998 but left Sauber to pick up the works Ford engine deal from Benetton.

The Ford era

Frentzen driving for Sauber at the 1995 British Grand Prix.

The 1995 season and Sauber C14 marked the beginning of a ten year sponsorship deal with energy drink giants Red Bull. In fact entrepreneur Dietrich Mateschitz had purchased a majority share in the team and Fritz Kaiser joined as commercial director.[4] They landed a factory supply of Ford Zetec R V8s. The 1995 season saw the return of Karl Wendlinger partnering Heinz Harald Frentzen. Unfortunately the Austrian's serious accident in 1994 seemed to have taken a lot out of his driving potential and he was replaced after two races by rookie Jean-Christophe Boullion.

The season, for Frentzen at least, went surprisingly well. The team finished on a record eighteen points despite the under-performing Ford engine and Jean-Christophe Bouillon, who was again dropped allowing Wendlinger to make his final F1 appearance. They also climbed back up to 7th in the constructor's championship.

1995 also saw Petronas become Sauber's presenting sponsor. They renewed their association in 2007, by which time the team had changed ownership.[5]

1996 saw Sauber's worst Formula One season in terms of points despite a promising driver lineup in Heinz Harald Frentzen and Johnny Herbert, a revised C15 entrant and a new V10 powerplant from Ford. Despite again holding seventh spot on a shrinking list of constructors they only scored 11 points and had not impressed for much of the season. For the next season they announced a customer deal to receive Ferrari V10 engines while they worked with new sponsors Petronas to construct their own engines. Unfortunately, due to a major economic crash in Asia the engines were never completed.

The Ferrari era

Jean Alesi driving for Sauber at the 1999 Canadian Grand Prix.
Giancarlo Fisichella driving for the Sauber team at the 2004 US Grand Prix at Indianapolis.

Sauber used Ferrari designed engines (from 1997 to 2005) and gearboxes built by Sauber Petronas Engineering, a company founded for the sole purpose of building these engines, that were nearly identical to the ones used by Ferrari. Sauber licenced nearly every legally licensable part from Ferrari and even had several Ferrari engineers on staff. Many pointed out suspicious similarities between Ferrari and Sauber chassis, but no formal accusations were ever made (FIA rules require each team to design their own chassis).

In 2001 Sauber brought a virtually unknown and very inexperienced Kimi Räikkönen into Formula One, despite the protests of a few drivers and influential members of the FIA, including Max Mosley, that he would pose a danger to other drivers. His performances that year, however, more than vindicated their decision (he would later go on to win the 2007 Drivers Championship with Ferrari). In 2004 Sauber spent a large sum of money on a new wind tunnel at Hinwil, and a high performance supercomputer (called Albert) to help refine the aerodynamics of their cars. The state-of-the-art infrastructure Sauber has built up is one aspect that attracted BMW Motorsport to Sauber.

In its later years, Sauber's links with Ferrari became weaker. They sided with the non-Ferrari teams over planned rule changes at the end of the 2004 season and also joined up with GPWC (which BMW are now involved with). Then they decided to switch to Michelin tyres, while Ferrari continued to use Bridgestones. BMW ownership commenced from January 1, 2006. Sauber's final grand prix came in China 2005, with Massa scoring a welcome sixth place to round off the team's history. Sauber departed F1 with six third places and two front row starts their best results. Amongst notable Sauber drivers were Jean Alesi, 2008 Formula One championship runner-up Felipe Massa, Johnny Herbert and 1997 World Champion Jacques Villeneuve, who raced for the team in its final season. Two former Sauber drivers drove for the new BMW Sauber team in 2006, Nick Heidfeld who was a Sauber driver from 2001-2003 and Canadian Jacques Villeneuve who drove for the team in 2005.

BMW Sauber

At the end of the 2005 season the team was bought by BMW, with Peter Sauber retaining a 20% stake, and was renamed BMW Sauber. BMW Sauber competed in four seasons of Formula One, showing a steady improvement in form throughout the first three years that culminated in Robert Kubica taking the team's only win at the 2008 Canadian Grand Prix and leading the championship at one stage of the season. BMW Sauber targeted 2009 as the year in which it should challenge for the championship, but its F1.09 chassis proved uncompetitive, leading to a re-evaluation of BMW's involvement in the sport.

In July 2009, BMW announced that it was to withdraw from Formula One at the end of the season. On November 27, 2009, BMW agreed to sell the team back to Peter Sauber after an original deal with Qadbak Investment Ltd. was not completed.[6] This was subject to the team receiving an entry for the 2010 season.[7] The agreement also included a reduction in work force.

The Sauber return

Kamui Kobayashi driving for Sauber at Jerez in February 2010.

On December 3, 2009, the FIA confirmed that Sauber had been granted the entry vacated by Toyota following their withdrawal[8] and will be using Ferrari engines.[9] Peter Sauber had previously announced, on November 29, that the team's chassis for the 2010 season will be designated the C29, while the Swiss newspaper Blick reported that the team will be called Team Sauber F1.[10] However in January 2010 Peter Sauber has said that he has not yet applied for a change of name, so therefore they remain for now as BMW Sauber F1 Team.[11] Kamui Kobayashi was announced as their first signed driver for the 2010 season on the December 17, 2009. Pedro de la Rosa was signed as Sauber's second driver on January 19, 2010.[12] Esteban Gutiérrez has joined the team as an observer for some race weekends and has been placed on the same training programme as race drivers Pedro de la Rosa and Kamui Kobayashi.

Complete Formula One results

(key) (results in bold indicate pole position)

Year Chassis Engine Tyres Drivers 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 Points WCC
1993 C12 Ilmor 2175 3.5 V10 G RSA BRA EUR SMR ESP MON CAN FRA GBR GER HUN BEL ITA POR JPN AUS 12 7th
Austria Wendlinger Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 13 6 Ret Ret 9 6 Ret 4 5 Ret 15
Finland JJ Lehto 5 Ret Ret 4 Ret Ret 7 Ret 8 Ret Ret 9 Ret 7 8 Ret
1994 C13 Mercedes-Benz 2175B 3.5 V10 G BRA PAC SMR MON ESP CAN FRA GBR GER HUN BEL ITA POR EUR JPN AUS 12 8th
Austria Wendlinger 6 Ret 4 DNS
Italy de Cesaris Ret 6 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret
Finland JJ Lehto Ret 10
Germany Frentzen Ret 5 7 DNS Ret Ret 4 7 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 6 6 7
1995 C14 Ford ECA Zetec-R 3.0 V8 G BRA ARG SMR ESP MON CAN FRA GBR GER HUN BEL ITA POR EUR PAC JPN AUS 18 7th
Austria Wendlinger Ret Ret Ret 13 10 Ret
France Boullion 8 Ret Ret 9 5 10 11 6 12 Ret Ret
Germany Frentzen Ret 5 6 8 6 Ret 10 6 Ret 5 4 3 6 Ret 7 8 Ret
1996 C15 Ford JD Zetec-R 3.0 V10 G AUS BRA ARG EUR SMR MON ESP CAN FRA GBR GER HUN BEL ITA POR JPN 11 7th
United Kingdom Herbert DNS Ret 9 7 Ret 3 Ret 7 DSQ 9 Ret Ret Ret 9 8 10
Germany Frentzen 8 Ret Ret Ret Ret 4 4 Ret Ret 8 8 Ret Ret Ret 7 6
1997 C16 Petronas SPE-01 3.0 V10 G AUS BRA ARG SMR MON ESP CAN FRA GBR GER HUN BEL ITA AUT LUX JPN EUR 16 7th
United Kingdom Herbert Ret 7 4 Ret Ret 5 5 8 Ret Ret 3 4 Ret 8 7 6 8
Italy Larini 6 11 Ret 7 Ret
Italy Morbidelli 14 10 Ret 9 12 9 9 DNS
Argentina Fontana Ret 9 9 14
1998 C17 Petronas SPE-01D V10 G AUS BRA ARG SMR ESP MON CAN FRA GBR AUT GER HUN BEL ITA LUX JPN 10 6th
France Alesi Ret 9 5 6 10 12 Ret 7 Ret Ret 10 7 3 5 10 7
United Kingdom Herbert 6 11 Ret Ret 7 7 Ret 8 Ret 8 Ret 10 Ret Ret Ret 10
1999 C18 Petronas SPE-03A 3.0 V10 B AUS BRA SMR MON ESP CAN FRA GBR AUT GER HUN BEL ITA EUR MAL JPN 5 8th
France Alesi Ret Ret 6 Ret Ret Ret Ret 14 Ret 8 16 9 9 Ret 7 6
Brazil Diniz Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 6 Ret 6 6 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 11
2000 C19 Petronas SPE 04A 3.0 V10 B AUS BRA SMR GBR ESP EUR MON CAN FRA AUT GER HUN BEL ITA USA JPN MAL 6 8th
Brazil Diniz Ret WD 8 11 Ret 7 Ret 10 11 9 Ret Ret 11 8 8 11 Ret
Finland Salo DSQ WD 6 8 7 Ret 5 Ret 10 6 5 10 9 7 Ret 10 8
2001 C20 Petronas 01A 3.0 V10 B AUS MAL BRA SMR ESP AUT MON CAN EUR FRA GBR GER HUN BEL ITA USA JPN 21 4th
Germany Heidfeld 4 Ret 3 7 6 9 Ret Ret Ret 6 6 Ret 6 Ret 11 6 9
Finland Räikkönen 6 Ret Ret Ret 8 4 10 4 10 7 5 Ret 7 DNS 7 Ret Ret
2002 C21 Petronas 02A 3.0 V10 B AUS MAL BRA SMR ESP AUT MON CAN EUR GBR FRA GER HUN BEL ITA USA JPN 11 5th
Germany Heidfeld Ret 5 Ret 10 4 Ret 8 12 7 6 7 6 9 10 10 9 7
Brazil Massa Ret 6 Ret 8 5 Ret Ret 9 6 9 Ret 7 7 Ret Ret Ret
Germany Frentzen 13
2003 C22 Petronas 03A 3.0 V10 B AUS MAL BRA SMR ESP AUT MON CAN EUR FRA GBR GER HUN ITA USA JPN 19 6th
Germany Heidfeld Ret 8 Ret 10 10 Ret 11 Ret 8 13 17 10 9 9 5 9
Germany Frentzen 6 9 5 11 Ret DNS Ret Ret 9 12 12 Ret Ret 13 3 Ret
2004 C23 Petronas 04A 3.0 V10 90º B AUS MAL BHR SMR ESP MON EUR CAN USA FRA GBR GER HUN BEL ITA CHN JPN BRA 34 6th
Italy Fisichella 10 11 11 9 7 Ret 6 4 9 12 6 9 8 5 8 7 8 9
Brazil Massa Ret 8 12 10 9 5 9 Ret Ret 13 9 13 Ret 4 12 8 9 8
2005 C24 Petronas 05A 3.0 V10 M AUS MAL BHR SMR ESP MON EUR CAN USA FRA GBR GER HUN TUR ITA BEL BRA JPN CHN 20 8th
Canada Villeneuve 13 Ret 11 4 Ret 11 13 9 DNS 8 14 15 Ret 11 11 6 12 12 10
Brazil Massa 10 10 7 10 11 9 14 4 DNS Ret 10 8 14 Ret 9 10 11 10 6
20062009: Sauber did not compete as a team in their own right. See BMW Sauber.
2010 C29 Ferrari 056 2.4 V8 B BHR AUS MAL CHN ESP MON TUR CAN EUR GBR GER HUN BEL ITA SIN JPN KOR BRA UAE 0* NC*
Spain de la Rosa Ret
Japan Kobayashi Ret

* Season in progress.

References

  1. ^ Elizalde, Pablo; Noble, Jonathan (2010-01-31). "BMW Sauber to retain name for now". autosport.com (Haymarket Publications). http://www.autosport.com/news/report.php/id/81145. Retrieved 2010-01-31. 
  2. ^ "FIA Formula One World Championship - Entry List". fia.com (Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile). 2010-03-03. http://fia.com/en-GB/mediacentre/pressreleases/f1releases/2010/Pages/f1_2010_entry.aspx. Retrieved 2010-03-03. 
  3. ^ Noble, Jonathan (2010-03-16). "Sauber poised to request name change". autosport.com (Haymarket Publications). http://www.autosport.com/news/report.php/id/82181. Retrieved 2010-03-17. 
  4. ^ "Sponsors: Red Bull". grandprix.com. Inside F1. http://www.grandprix.com/gpe/spon-032.html. Retrieved 2010-01-31. 
  5. ^ "PETRONAS to be Premium Partner of BMW Sauber F1". www.f1network.com. November 27, 2005. http://www.f1network.net/main/s200/st85906.htm. 
  6. ^ "BMW sells F1 team back to Peter Sauber". http://www.autosport.com/news/report.php/id/80350.  www. autosport.com
  7. ^ Noble, Jonathan (2009-12-03). "Sauber secures 2010 Formula 1 slot". autosport.com (Haymarket Publications). http://www.autosport.com/news/report.php/id/80429. Retrieved 2009-12-03. 
  8. ^ "BBC Sport - F1 - Sauber will replace Toyota on 2010 F1 grid". BBC News. 2009-12-03. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/motorsport/formula_one/8393888.stm. Retrieved 2009-12-15. 
  9. ^ "Formula 1™ - The Official F1™ Website". Formula1.com. 2009-11-30. http://www.formula1.com/news/interviews/2009/11/10247.html. Retrieved 2009-12-15. 
  10. ^ "ESPN F1 | Formula 1 news and live F1 coverage". En.f1-live.com. http://en.f1-live.com/f1/en/headlines/news/detail/091129160211.shtml. Retrieved 2009-12-15. 
  11. ^ http://www.motorsport.com/news/article.asp?ID=354291&FS=F1}}
  12. ^ http://www.f1complete.com/news/2009-news/15767?task=view

External links


Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010
(Redirected to Christian Johannes Amandus Sauber article)

From Wikispecies

German entomologist (1846-1917).


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