Savoie: Wikis

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Savoie
Location
Location of Savoie in France
Administration
Department number: 73
Region: Rhône-Alpes
Prefecture: Chambéry
Subprefectures: Albertville
Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne
Arrondissements: 3
Cantons: 37
Communes: 305
President of the General Council: Jean-Pierre Vial
UMP
Statistics
Population Ranked 61st
 -1999 373,258
Population density: 62/km2
Land area¹: 6028 km2
¹ French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2.

Savoie (Arpitan : Savouè d’Avâl) is a French department located in the Rhône-Alpes (Rôno-Arpes) region in the French Alps.

It is one of the two departments of the region of Savoy that was annexed by France on March 24, 1860 after the Treaty of Turin, the other being Haute-Savoie. For history before 1860, details of the annexation and reasons for the current separatist movement in the departments, see Savoy.

Contents

History

It is widely accepted that Savoie takes its name from the Latin Sapaudia or Sabaudia, meaning land covered in fir trees.

Savoie was long part of the states of Savoy, though it was occupied many times by France starting in the 16th century. It was integrated into the Mont-Blanc department from 1792 to 1815 (and partially into the Léman department from 1798 to 1814), later being annexed by France in 1860. The former Duchy of Savoy became the two departments of Savoie and Haute-Savoie.

Moûtiers, capital of the former province of Tarentaise Valley (French: Vallée de la Tarentaise) ceased to be the county seat after a law passed on September 10, 1926.

Savoie, along with Albertville, hosted the 1992 Winter Olympics, with ski events at Tarentaise and Beaufortain.

Geography

Savoie is part of the Rhône-Alpes région. It borders the departments of Haute-Savoie, Ain, Isère and Hautes-Alpes in addition to Italy.

Much of Savoie is covered by mountains:

The department is crossed by the Isère river, which has its source in the Iseran pass. Its two main lakes are Lake Bourget (the largest and deepest lake entirely in France) and Lake Aiguebelette, one of the least polluted in France due to a 1976 law forbidding any use of motorboats on the lake.

Economy

According to the Chambéry chamber of commerce, close to 50% of the department's wealth comes from tourism. Each year, Savoie hosts over 30 million visitor-nights of tourists. Savoie also profits from its natural resources with particular strengths in ore processing and hydroelectric power.

Savoie had an exceptionally high export/import ratio of 214% in 2005. Its exports rose to €1.768 billion €825 million in imports. Its leading exports were steel, aluminum, and electric and electronic components.

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Agriculture

Savoie is famous for its cows, which produce numerous cheeses, some of them are:

Numerous wines are also grown in Savoie. The most famous are made of Gamay, Pinot Noir and Mondeuse grapes. Fruit production is the third largest component of agriculture in Savoie.

Demographics

Residents of Savoie are known as Savoyards though they can also be called Savoisiens (the historical name) or Savoyens.

Main cities:

The average population density is not a good indication of actual population density, as valleys tend to be quite densely populated, whereas the mountains tend to be near-completely uninhabited.

Religion

The Catholic Church in Savoie is divided into three dioceses: Chambéry, Maurienne et Tarentaise. Together, they form an archdiocese, in which the bishop of Chambéry is the archbishop.

Tourism

Low elevation: The Savoie frontcountry.
Mid elevation: Mariet plateau in the Bauges Massif.
High elevation: the village of Sainte-Foy-Tarentaise.

Tourism, which is quite important to Savoie, began to develop towards the end of the 19th century, mostly summer oriented. The increase in the popularity of skiing in the 20th century made Savoie home to the largest number of ski hills in France, including many famous ones:

Hydrotherapy, practised in the region since antiquity, is also quite developed. There are four locations that are still active:

See also

History

Language

Places

Sign welcoming visitors to the department of Savoie.

Wine

External links

Coordinates: 45°35′N 6°20′E / 45.583°N 6.333°E / 45.583; 6.333


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Contents

Savoie is in the Rhône-Alpes of France.

Get around

Chambéry Airport offers a multi-lingual travel service for tourists. Private taxis with drivers fluent in English, German and Spanish are available. For more information visit Taxis-Savoie.fr.

  • Mont Blanc - the highest mountain in the Alps and in Western Europe

Do

Savoie is best known as one of the best places in France for downhill skiing in the winter time. There are numerous resorts within short driving distance from Chambery Airport.

  • Pierre & Vacances - Valmorel Athamante & Valériane- Valmorel, +33 1 58 21 55 84, [1]. This high comfort ski resort is made up of the "Athamante" and "Valériane" buildings. Located at the entrance of the pedestrianised resort, its close to the shops, services and entertainment provided in the resort centre. Accommodation ranges from 4-berth studios up to spacious 4-bedroom, 10-berth apartments, and access to the slopes is as little as 200m away.   edit
  • Résidence Maeva Planchamp et Mottet, [2]. Made up of several 4 and 5 floor buildings clustered in hamlets, this residence is in the pure architectural style of Savoy. Access to the slopes directly on skis. Resort altitude: 1400m Distance to ski lifts: 100m, Distance to ski schools: 200m, Distance to ski shops: Near, Transfers: Lyon Airport (2 hrs), Chambery Station (2hrs 30mins)  edit
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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

SAVOIE, a frontier department of France, formed in 1860 of the old provinces of Haute Savoie, Savoie, the Tarentaise and the Maurienne, which constituted the southern portion of the duchy of Savoy. It is bounded N. by the department of Haute Savoie, E. and S.E. by Italy, S.W. by the department of the Hautes Alpes, and W. by those of the Isere and the Ain. Pop. (1901) 254,781; area 2224 sq. m. It is mainly made up of the basin of the Isere. The upper course of that river flows through the Tarentaise, receiving (right) the Arly and later (left) the Arc, which flows through the Maurienne, which is to a large extent traversed by the Mont Cenis railway: Probably the Isere formerly communicated with the Rhone past Chambery and the Lac du Bourget. The sources of the Isere and of the Arc are separated by the ridge of the Col du Mont Iseran (9085 ft.). The loftiest points in the department are the Grande Casse (12,668 ft.), the culminating summit of the Vanoise group, the Mont Pourri (12,428 ft.), the Pointe de Charbonel (12,336 ft.), the Aiguille de la Grande Sassiere (12,323 ft.), the Dent Parrachee (12,179 ft.), the Levanna (11,943 ft.) and the Aiguilles d'Arves. (11,529 ft.). A small portion of the department (including both shores of the Lac du Bourget) is in the part of the duchy of Savoy neutralized in 1815. It is divided into 4 arrondissements. (Chambery, the chief town, Albertville, Moutiers-Tarentaise, and St Jean de Maurienne), 29 cantons and 329 communes. It forms the dioceses of Chambery (an archbishopric), Moutiers and St Jean de Maurienne. The best place known to foreigners. is Aix les Bains, while other sulphur springs rise at Marlioz. and at Challes, those of Salins being saline, and those of Brides (the best known after Aix) alkaline.

See J. J. Vernier, Dictionnaire topographique du dep. de la Savoie (Chambery, 1897). (W. A. B. C.)


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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

Proper noun

Singular
Savoie

Plural
-

Savoie

  1. A département (number 73) in the région of Rhône-Alpes.

See also


French

Pronunciation

Proper noun

Savoie f.

  1. Savoie

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