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The Sawai Gandharva Sangeet Mahotsav
Location(s) Pune, India
Years active 1952 - Present
Founded by Pandit Bhimsen Joshi
Date(s) 2010 schedule: January 7 - January 11 scheduled: December 11 – December 13, runs for 3 days includes Hindustani Music etc.
Website Official site

The Sawai Gandharva Sangeet Mahotsav is the one of the most prominent and sought-after Indian classical music festivals in India. It is held in the city of Pune, this festival was founded by the Arya Sangeet Prasarak Mandal and is led and organized each year by Pt. Bhimsen Joshi.[1] This festival commemorates the life and achievements of Pt. Sawai Gandharva.

The festival celebrated its Golden Jubilee in December 2002. This festival is a unique phenomenon in the annals of Hindustani classical music. Over the last 50 years, generations of Pune's connoisseurs have grown up savoring the unforgettable performances at the festival by great Hindustani masters.

Contents

History

Sawai Gandharva Sangeet Mahotsava is a famous and important music festival held every year in Pune in the month of December. The festival was started in 1953, to commemorate the first death anniversary of Sawai Gandharva, the noted Hindustani vocalist.

The Sawai Gandharva Music Festival played a key role in the history of Hindustani classical music. Before India gained independence, the court musicianship system of Indian musicians in the earlier days helped Hindustani Music thrive. After independence, not only did the political division of India and Pakistan separate Hindustani Music culturally, but both India and Pakistan lost many skilled and talented musicians. Many musicians worried how their classical music would survive with the new political reform. As a result many maestros and amateurs performed in Musical plays to sustain their art.

What this festival did was create a platform, a stronghold, and a home for musicians to come and perform. Not only did the festival become an annual event for music connoisseurs worldwide, but it re-introduced Hindustani and Carnatic Music as modern music and kept it 'in rhythm' with Indian pop culture.

The 2010 festival

The festival which was postponed because of H1N1 scare in Pune is now scheduled to be held between January 7 and 10.[2]

  • Pandit Bhimsen Joshi - January 10
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Performing Artists

Such Hindustani masters as Hirabai Badodekar, Dr.Vasantrao Deshpande, Begum Akhtar, Ustad Bismillah Khan, Zakir Hussain, Saraswati Rane, Ustad Ahmedjan Thirakwa, Kumar Gandharva, Kishori Amonkar,Pandit Hariprasad Chourasia,Ustad Amjad Ali Khan,Pandit Ravishankar,Pt. Mallikarjun Mansoor,Pandit Shivkumar Sharma,Pt. Jitendra Abhisheki and of course, Bharat Ratna Pt. Bhimsen Joshi have graced the stage of this legendary festival.

Thursday 7th January 2010 3.30 pm :

1. Shri. Pramod Gaikwad (Shehnai) 2. Shri. Nagnath Wadiyaar (Vocal) 3. Shrimati Devaki Pandit (Vocal) 4. Pt. Tarun Bhattacharya (Santoor) 5. Pt. Jasraj (Vocal)

Friday 8th January 2010 4 pm :

1. Shri. Rajendra Kandalgaonkar (Vocal) 2. Pt. Hariprasad Chourasia (Flute) 3. Shri. Shrinivas Joshi (Vocal) 4. Pandita Malini Rajurkar (Vocal)

Saturday 9th January 2010 4 pm :

1. Shri. Chandrashekhar Vaze (Vocal) 2. Pt. Shrikant Deshpande (Vocal) 3. Pt. Bishwajit Roy Choudhury (Sarod) 4. Shrimati Sanhita Nandi (Vocal) 5. Pt. Ulhas Kashalkar (Vocal)

Sunday 10th January 2010 8 am :

1. Pt. Raja Kale (Vocal) 2. Ustad Shahid Parwez (Sataar) 3. Pandita Shrimati Girija Devi (Vocal)

Sunday 10th January 2010 4 pm :

1. Ustaad Raja Miya (Vocal) 2. Pt. Ramnarayan and Shri. Harsh Narayan (Sarangi) 3. Pt. Satyasheel Deshpande (Vocal) 4. Pt. Madhav Gudi (Vocal) 5. Shrimati. Mallika Sarabhai (Dance) 6. Dr. Shrimati. Prabha Atre (Vocal)

Many more maestros, young masters, and prodigies have performed at this festival in its fifty-five years of brilliance.

10th Sawai Gandharva Music Festival (1962)

(Day 1) Thursday, December 27, 1962
Performer Medium / Instrument Items Performed
Shyamrao Lonkar Shehnai Raag Bihag, Thumri
Utd. Mahamad Hussain Khan Vocal Raag Maru Bihag, Raag Khamaj
Saraswati Rane Vocal Raag Shyam Kalyan, Thumri
Pt. Kumar Gandharva Vocal Raag Hameer, Raag Bhairavi
(Day 2) Friday, December 28, 1962
Performer Medium / Instrument Items Performed
Khaladkar Shehnai Raag Abhogi, Thumri in Raag Tilang
Utd. Zakir Hussain Tabla (solo)
Pt. Sadashiv Jadhav Vocal Raag Puriya Kalyan, Thumri in Raag Khamaj
Sudha Divekar Vocal Raag Hameer, Raag Bhairavi
Hirabai Badodekar Vocal Raag Bihag, Raag Tilak Kamod
Utd. Alla Rakha Khan Tabla (solo)
Dr. V. V. Patankar Vocal Raag Malkauns
Pt. Jitendra Abhisheki Vocal Raag Swanandi, Natyageet
Utd. Niyaz Ahmad & Faiyaz Ahmad Khan Vocal Raag Bhatiyar, Thumri, Thumri
(Day 3) Saturday, December 29, 1962
Performer Medium / Instrument Items Performed
Shri. Devlankar Shehnai Raag Kedar, Thumri in Raag Pilu
Pt. Chandrakant Kapileshwari Vocal Raag Kalawati
Vatsalabai Joshi Vocal Raag Purva Kalyan
Pt. Gajanan Karnad Vocal Raag Maru Bihag, in Raag Tilang
Pt. Firoz Dastur Vocal Raag Abhogi, Thumri, Bhajan
Shri. Nanasaheb Deshpande Vocal Raag Maru Bihag
Dr. Vasantrao Deshpande Vocal Raag Kaunshi Kanada, Thumri
Utd. Shamsuddin Khan Tabla (solo)
Gangubai Hangal Vocal Raag Ahir Bhairav
Pt. Bhimsen Joshi Vocal Raag Lalit, Raag Jogiya

11th Sawai Gandharva Music Festival (1963)

(Day 1) Thursday, October 31, 1963
Performer Medium / Instrument Items Performed
Shri. Shyamrao Lonkar Shehnai Raag Maru Bihag
Smt. Mohana Khare Vocal Raag Nayaki Kanada, Thumri
Shri. Chandrakant Sardeshmuskh Sitar Raag Chandrakauns
Smt. Shobha Gurtu Vocal Raag Chandrakauns, Raag Khamaj
Pt. Pandurang Patki Shehnai Raag Jog, Bhajan
Pt. Firoz Dastur Vocal Raag Komal Rishabh Asawari, Bhajan
(Day 2) Friday, November 1, 1963 through Saturday November 2, 1963
Performer Medium / Instrument Items Performed
Shri. Khaladkar Shehnai Raag Abhogi Kanada
Utd. Zakir Hussain Tabla (solo)
Pt. Sadashiv Jadhav Vocal Raag Chandrakauns, Thumri in Raag Pilu
Smt. Hirabai Badodekar Vocal Raag Guni Kauns
Utd. Alla Rakha Khan Tabla (solo)
Shri. Arwind Parekh Sitar
Shri. Uttamrao Patil Vocal Raag Darbari Kanada, Bhajan
Shri. Ratnakar Vyas Sarod
Shri. Dattopant Deshpande Vocal Raag Kamod, Natyageet
Pt. Prabhudev Sardar Vocal Raag Bhatiyar
Shri. Nanasaheb Deshpande Vocal Raag Lalit
Smt. Gangubai Hangal Vocal Raag Prabhat Bhairav
Dr. Vasantrao Deshpande Vocal Raag Ahir Bhairav, Natyageet
Pt. Bhimsen Joshi Vocal Raag Ramkali, Raag Jogiya

12th Sawai Gandharva Music Festival (1964)

(Day 1) Thursday, November 12, 1964
Performer Medium / Instrument Items Performed
Shri. Devlankar Shehnai Raag Bageshree
Smt. Kusum Shende Vocal Raag Shyam Kalyan
Smt. Hirabai Badodekar Vocal Raag Puriya Kalyan, Natyageet
Utd. Shaikh Dawood Tabla (solo)
Pt. Chandrakant Kapileshwari Vocal Raag Abhogi
Begum Parveen Sultana Vocal Raag Lalit, Kajri, Dadra
(Day 2) Friday, November 13, 1964
Performer Medium / Instrument Items Performed
Shri. Gaikwad Shehnai Raag Abhogi Kanada
Shri. Dattopant Deshpande Vocal Raag Maru Bihag, Natyageet
Shri. Keshav Joshi Tabla [[Solo (music)|(solo)]
Smt. Saraswati Rane Vocal
Shri. Chandaraknt Gokhale Violin Raag Guni Kauns
Utd. Alla Rakha Khan Tabla (solo)
Dr. V. V. Patankar Vocal
Pt. Jitendra Abhisheki Vocal
Utd. Niyaz Ahmad & Faiyaz Ahmad Khan Vocal
(Day 3) Saturday, November 14, 1964
Performer Medium / Instrument Items Performed
Shri. Khaladkar Shehnai Raag Chandraprabha
Shri. Vilas Inamdar Vocal Raag Jogkauns
Pt. Sangmeshwar Gurav Vocal Raag Abhogi, Raag Adana
Smt. Hirabai Badodekar & Smt. Saraswati Rane Vocal (Jugalbandi) Raag Shyam Kalyan, Natyageet
Utd. Usman Khan Sitar Raag Basant Mukhari
Pt. Firoz Dastur Vocal Raag Ahir Bhairav, Raag Jogiya
Dr. Vasantrao Deshpande Vocal Raag Komal Rishabh Asawari, Raag Khat, Natyageet
Pt. Bhimsen Joshi Vocal Raag Miyan Ki Todi, Bhajan, Bhairavi

48th Sawai Gandharva Music Festival (2000)

(Day 1) Thursday, December 7, 2000
Performer Medium / Instrument Items Performed
Shri. Tukaram Daithankar Shehnai Raag Kedar, Dhun
Shri. Uday Bhawalkar Vocal (Dhrupad) Raag Malkauns
Smt. Madhuri Ambekar Vocal Raag Maru Bihag, Natyageet
Pt. Shivkumar Sharma Santoor Raag Jogkauns, Raag Kirwani
Pt. Prabhakar Karekar Vocal Raag Swanandi, Natyageet
Utd. Usman Khan Sitar Raag Basant Mukhari
Smt. Malini Rajurkar Vocal Raag Nat Bhairav, Tappa in Raag Bhairavi
(Day 2) Friday, December 8, 2000
Performer Medium / Instrument Items Performed
Shri. Sharad Khaladkar Shehnai Raag Puriya
Shri. Mohan Darekar Vocal (Dhrupad) Raag Rageshree, Natyageet
Shobhana Bharat Natyam (Dance)
Shri. Vijay Koparkar Santoor Raag Jogkauns, Raag Paraj, Natyageet
Smt. N. Rajam & Sangeeta Shankar Violin (Jugalbandi) Raag Swanandi, Natyageet
Begum Parveen Sultana Vocal Raag Miyan Ki Todi, Meera Bhajan, Bhaavgeet, Raag Bhairavi
Pt. Jasraj Vocal Raag Ahir Bhairav, Bhajan
(Day 3) Saturday, December 9, 2000
Performer Medium / Instrument Items Performed
Shri. Pramod Gaikwad Shehnai
Shri. Pandarinath Kolhapure Vocal Raag Bageshree Raag Sohini Bhatiyar
Smt. Gangubai Hangal Vocal Raag Kalawati, Natyageet
Utd. Shujaat Khan Sitar Raag Jhinjhoti
Utd. Rashid Khan Vocal Raag Darbari, Raag Charukeshi, Thumri, Tarana
Shri. Partho Sarathy Sarod Raag Bairagi, Raag Basant Mukhari
Smt. Aarti Ankalikar-Tikekar Vocal Raag Ahir Bhairav
Pt. Frioz Dastur Vocal Raag Gujari Todi, Bhajan
Pt. Bhimsen Joshi Vocal Raag Asawari Todi, Raag Bhairavi

Tradition

The Sawai Gandharva Music Festival is conducted every year in the first two weeks of December over three days. Traditionally, each festival is inaugurated with a tribute honoring Pt. Sawai Gandharva, with a Shehnai musician performing first, in the early morning. During the first two days, programs begin in the late-afternoon and are supposed to officially end by 10 p.m. On the third and final day (previously a Saturday, now usually a Sunday), the programme is conducted in two sessions, the first beginning in the early-morning continuing until the early-afternoon, the second session begins in the early-evening and ends at 10 p.m.

It has been tradition that the last, finale performance is presented by Pt. Bhimsen Joshi, a nearly two-hour-long scheduled performance. The festival then officially concludes with the entire audience and remaining performers listening to the Thumri in Raag Bhairavi recording "Jamuna Ke Teer" by Pt. Sawai Gandharva, the popular, specialty tune made famous by his guru, Utd. Abdul Karim Khan.

Artists from various parts of India present their musical talent. An opportunity to appear on stage of Sawai Gandharva Festival means the "arrival" of the artists in the classical music scene of India. This festival is the debut platform for many upcoming artists.

References

External links


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