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Herzogtum Sachsen-Coburg
Duchy of Saxe-Coburg
State of the Holy Roman Empire
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Coat of arms1

Saxe-Coburg, shown with the other Ernestine duchies
Capital Coburg
Government Principality
Historical era Early modern Europe
 - Division of
    and S-Weimar
 - Division of S-Coburg
    and S-Eisenach
 - Fell to S-Eisenach 1633
 - Re-partitioned
    from S-Gotha
 - Claimed by
 - Incorporated into
1: The coat of arms shown is that of Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, as used in Saxony.

Saxe-Coburg (German: Sachsen-Coburg) was a duchy held by the Ernestine branch of the Wettin dynasty in today's Bavaria, Germany.

Veste Coburg

After the Division of Erfurt in 1572, Coburg was part of the Duchy of Saxe-Coburg-Eisenach, ruled by the Ernestine duke John Casimir jointly with his brother John Ernest. In 1596 Saxe-Coburg-Eisenach was split, John Casimir got Saxe-Coburg while John Ernest received Saxe-Eisenach. When Casimir died in 1633, his brother Ernst of Saxe-Eisenach ruled in personal union over Saxe-Coburg until his death in 1638. His estates were then divided among Saxe-Weimar and Saxe-Altenburg, whereby Coburg fell to Frederick William II, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg.

Saxe-Altenburg in turn was incorporated into the Duchy of Saxe-Gotha under Ernest I in 1672. Ernest left seven sons, who in 1680 divided his lands among themselves. The Duchy of Saxe-Coburg was thereby restored and given to Albert V. It remained under this name until 1699, when Albert died without sons. His brother John Ernest of Saxe-Saalfeld claimed the heritage, initiating a long-time quarrel with his elder brother Bernhard I, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen. The conflict was not resolved until 1735, when the major part of Saxe-Coburg was incorporated into the Duchy of Saxe-Saalfeld on decision of Emperor Charles VI. The united duchy was then renamed Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld.

Dukes of Saxe-Coburg

Duchy fell to Saxe-Eisenach, restored in 1680

Incorporated into Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld

See also



Simple English

Herzogtum Sachsen-Coburg
Duchy of Saxe-Coburg

Vassal of Holy Roman Empire


Capital Coburg
Government Duchy
Historical era Middle Ages
 - Division of Erfurt 1572
 - Partitioned from Saxe-Gotha 1572
 - Annexed to Saxe-Eisenach 1633
 - Re-partitioned from Saxe-Gotha 1680
 - United with Saalfeld August 6 1699
 - Duchy renamed on Imperial decision of Ernestine succession 1735

Saxe-Coburg (German: Sachsen-Coburg) was a country in today's Bavaria, Germany. It was part of the Duchy of Saxe-Coburg-Eisenach after the Division of Erfurt in 1572. In 1596 Saxe-Coburg-Eisenach was split, Johann Casimir got Saxe-Coburg and Johann Ernst got Saxe-Eisenach. When Casimir died in 1633, his brother Ernst of Saxe-Eisenach both countries until he died in 1638. Saxe-Coburg was then given to other Ernestine duchies.

It became again a duchy in 1681. From 1699, when Albrecht of Saxe-Coburg died without sons until 1735 it shared a ruler with the Duke of Saxe-Saalfeld. In 1735 the two duchies were merged as Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld.

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