Scabies: Wikis

  

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Scabies
Classification and external resources

Sarcoptes scabiei
ICD-10 B86.
ICD-9 133.0
DiseasesDB 11841
MedlinePlus 000830
eMedicine derm/382 emerg/517 ped/2047
MeSH D012532
.Scabies, also known as the itch, is a contagious ectoparasite skin infection characterized by superficial burrows and intense pruritus (itching).^ Scabies is a contagious skin infection that is caused by a type of mite.
  • Communicable Disease Epidemiology and Immunization Section 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.kingcounty.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • scabies | DailyPuppy.com 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.dailypuppy.com [Source type: General]

^ Scabies is a skin infection that is caused by mites.
  • Scabies (Mite Infestation) 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.medic8.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Scabies is a contagious skin condition.

.It is caused by the mite Sarcoptes scabiei.^ Human scabies is caused by the mite Sarcoptes Scabiei var.
  • IRANDERMA 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.iranderma.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The causative agent is the scabies mite, Sarcoptes scabiei var hominis .
  • Crusted scabies Karthikeyan K - Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.ijdvl.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Scabies is an infestation caused by the microscopic mite Sarcoptes scabiei.
  • Scabies information sheet- Blue Book: IDEAS - Victorian Government 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.health.vic.gov.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The word scabies itself is derived from the Latin word for "scratch" (scabere).^ The name Sarcoptes scabiei is derived from the Greek words sarx (the flesh) and koptein (to smite or cut) and the Latin word scabere (to scratch).

^ The name comes from a Latin word meaning "to scratch," and if your baby has scabies, he's likely to be doing lots of that.

^ Even its name comes from a Latin word meaning "to scratch," and you're likely to be doing lots of that.
  • Scabies | AHealthyMe.com 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.ahealthyme.com [Source type: General]

.Other names or variants of the condition include Mite, Itch Mite, Mange, Crusted Scabies, Norwegian Scabies, Sarcoptes scabiei, or The Seven-Year Itch.^ Human scabies is caused by the mite Sarcoptes Scabiei var.
  • IRANDERMA 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.iranderma.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The causative agent is the scabies mite, Sarcoptes scabiei var hominis .
  • Crusted scabies Karthikeyan K - Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.ijdvl.com [Source type: Academic]

^ A case of Norwegian or crusted scabies .
  • What’s biting you? — bitingmites.org 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC bitingmites.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Contents

Signs and symptoms

.
A scabies burrow under magnification.
^ Scabies is caused by tiny insects, called mites, that burrow under the surface of the skin laying eggs as they go.
  • Scabies - Symptoms Causes and Treatment - Family Health Guide 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.familyhealthguide.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ Scabies is a skin condition caused by mites (little bugs) that burrow under the skin and produce small red bumps and severe itching.

^ Scabies mites or their eggs will show up under magnification.
  • Scabies | AHealthyMe.com 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.ahealthyme.com [Source type: General]

.The scaly patch at the left is due to scratching of the original papule.^ The scaly patch at the left is due to scratching of the original papule.
  • Scabies Slideshow: Stop the Itch Mite on RxList.com 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.rxlist.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The mite travelled from there to the upper right, where it can be seen as a dark spot at the end of the burrow.
.The characteristic symptoms of scabies infection include superficial burrows, intense pruritus (itching), a generalized rash and secondary infection.^ The most common symptoms of scabies are intense itching and a pimple-like skin rash.

^ Symptoms include intense itching, especially at night.
  • AFSCME - Scabies 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.afscme.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In scabies, the main presenting symptoms include rash and intense itching.
  • Scabies: eMedicine Pediatrics: General Medicine 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]

.Acropustulosis, or blisters and pustules on the palms and soles of the feet, are characteristic symptoms of scabies in infants.^ Infants may have 1 to 3-mm papules, vesicles, and pustules on the palms and soles.

^ Acropustulosis Blisters and pustules on the palms and soles are characteristic of scabies in infants.
  • Scabies. DermNet NZ 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC dermnetnz.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In small children the most common symptoms of scabies are pustules and blisters.
  • Scabies Treatment | What Does Scabies Look Like | Scabies Rash | Scabies Pictures | Symptoms Of Scabies | Scabies Causes 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC scabies-treatments.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[1]
.S-shaped tracks in the skin are often accompanied by small, insect-type bites called nodules that may look like pimples.^ Small insect-type bites or lesions that may look like pimples may be shown on your skin.

^ Your skin may show small insect-type bites on it, or the lesions may look like pimples.
  • Scabies | Naturasil 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.naturasil.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These may look like tiny curving tracks.
  • Health Information 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.svcmc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • CIGNA - Scabies 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.cigna.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Health Information 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Scabies | MeritCare Health System 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.meritcare.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[1] .These burrows and nodules are often located in the crevices of the body, such as the webs of fingers, toes, feet, buttocks, elbows, waist area, genital area and axilla, and under the breasts in women.^ In adults the mites are usually on the hands or fingers, wrists, feet, ankles, waist, genital areas and breasts.
  • Young Adult Health - Health Topics - Scabies 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.cyh.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The bites can be randomly found on the body but often are found under areas where clothes constrict the body or areas such as under armpits and breasts.
  • What’s biting you? — bitingmites.org 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC bitingmites.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Mites can also be found in the genitals, between the fingers and disparate crevices throughout the body, including the buttocks, elbows, wrists and breasts.
  • Buy Dermisil Scabies Lotion for Treatment and Cure of Scabies Infection and Rashes Online in UK at ShytoBuy Store 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.shytobuy.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[1]
.The intense itching and rash characteristic of scabies infection is caused by an allergic reaction of the body to the burrowed microscopic scabies mites.^ Scabies is caused by mites that cause itching and burning of the skin with eruptions.
  • Natural Cure for Scabies from Home - How to Treat Scabies Naturally - Causes and Cure for Scabies | Home Remedies - Natural Remedies 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.natural-homeremedies.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Diagnosis can be made simply by observing the characteristic burrows of the mites causing scabies.
  • Scabies - symptoms, Definition, Description, Demographics, Causes and symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, Prognosis, Prevention 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.healthofchildren.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The scabies mite lives and dies  in the burrows.

.The rash can be found over much of the body, especially in immunocompromised people (HIV positive or elderly); the associated itching is often most prevalent at night.^ Crusted scabies is most often found among the elderly and among people with AIDS. .
  • Scabies | AHealthyMe.com 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.ahealthyme.com [Source type: General]

^ Rash – A red rash is usually associated with the itching.
  • Scabies (Mite Infestation) 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.medic8.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The most obvious symptom of scabies is itching, especially at night.
  • Scabies presenting with bullous pemphigoid-like lesions 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC dermatology.cdlib.org [Source type: Academic]

[2]
.Secondary infection of impetigo, a Streptococci or Staphylococci bacterial skin infection, may occur after scratching.^ Bacterial infection along with scabies may occur.
  • Lice Away Enzyme Fabric and Upholstery  Spray 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.naturesbestenzyme.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Intense scratching can cause a secondary skin infection, such as impetigo .
  • Scabies | LIVESTRONG.COM 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ You may also need to take an antibiotic if you get a secondary skin infection.
  • CIGNA - Scabies 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.cigna.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Cellulitis may also occur, resulting in localized swelling, redness and fever (DermNet).^ Cellulitis may also occur, resulting in localised painful swelling and redness, associated with fever.
  • Scabies. DermNet NZ 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC dermnetnz.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These may include: Increased pain, swelling, heat, redness, or tenderness.
  • Health Information 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.svcmc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • CIGNA - Scabies 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.cigna.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Scabies | MeritCare Health System 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.meritcare.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Occasionally, however, mild symptoms of swollen lymph glands, fever, and fatigue may occur.
  • STIs - Sexual Health - Health Promotions - Student Health Services 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.shs.ilstu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In immuno-compromised, malnourished, elderly or institutionalized individuals, infestation can cause a more severe form of scabies known as crusted scabies or Norwegian scabies.^ A case of Norwegian or crusted scabies .
  • What’s biting you? — bitingmites.org 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC bitingmites.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This is known as Norwegian (crusted) scabies.
  • Scabies : Bureau of Communicable Diseases : NYC DOHMH 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.nyc.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There is a severe variant of scabies called Norwegian scabies (crusted scabies).
  • Scabies - Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, Diagnosis - GlobalRPH 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC health.globalrph.com [Source type: Academic]

.This syndrome is characterized by a scaly rash, slight itching and thickened crusts of skin containing thousands of mites.^ Itching on the body with no skin rash?
  • Scabies!?!? - Yahoo! Answers 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ Crusts containing thousands of scabies mites form on the skin.
  • Scabies - information, symptoms and treatments 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC hcd2.bupa.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ The most common symptoms of scabies are intense itching and a pimple-like skin rash.

[2] .Norwegian scabies is the form of scabies that is hardest to treat.^ There's a slight chance that you might develop crusted or Norwegian scabies, a more severe and highly infectious form of the illness.
  • Scabies | AHealthyMe.com 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.ahealthyme.com [Source type: General]

^ People who are elderly, have weakened immune systems or have neurological diseases may be more susceptible to a severe form of scabies known as Norwegian scabies , or crusted scabies .

^ It can be a marker disease for immunocompromised patients, and the crusted form of scabies is not only difficult to treat, but is also highly contagious and presents a risk to health care workers.
  • Scabies management 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.cps.ca [Source type: Academic]

.In individuals never before exposed to scabies, the onset of clinical signs and symptoms is 4–6 weeks after infestation.^ Scabies mite through a microscope What are the signs and symptoms of scabies infestation?
  • Ku 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.hawaii.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ What are the signs and symptoms of scabies?
  • Scabies Symptoms, Signs, Treatment Facts and Information on MedicineNet.com 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.medicinenet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Signs and symptoms of scabies .
  • Parenting and Child Health - Health Topics - Scabies 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.cyh.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Some people may not realize that they have it for years; in previously exposed individuals, onset can be as soon as 2–4 days after infestation.^ After having scabies, or other types of insect infestations, some people may believe that they are still infested, imagining bites or itching - when there is no mite present.
  • Scabies - information, symptoms and treatments 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC hcd2.bupa.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ Scabies infestations can quickly spread because people are usually unaware that they have the condition until 2-6 weeks after the initial infection has taken place.
  • Patient information leaflet - Scabies 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.cks.nhs.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Scabies does not occur because of poor hygiene, despite what some people think; however, it can contribute to an infestation.
  • Scabies Information :: New Developments on Scabies Treatments from DermaTechRx Research Center 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC dermatechrx.com [Source type: General]

Compromised immune systems

Norwegian scabies in AIDS patient
.People with compromised immune systems, such as people with HIV or cancer or transplant patients on immunosuppressive drugs, may be susceptible to Crusted (Norwegian) scabies.^ A case of Norwegian or crusted scabies .
  • What’s biting you? — bitingmites.org 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC bitingmites.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This is known as Norwegian (crusted) scabies.
  • Scabies : Bureau of Communicable Diseases : NYC DOHMH 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.nyc.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For crusted (Norwegian) scabies, the addition of oral ivermectin may also be considered.
  • Scabies- Blue Book: IDEAS - Victorian Government 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.health.vic.gov.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In this case the scabies go unregulated by cytotoxic T cells and spread over the whole body, except the face.^ Scabies affects the whole body (in adults and children over two years of age the face and head are not usually affected) and the cream or lotion must be applied all over – even to areas that are not itchy.
  • Scabies - Symptoms Causes and Treatment - Family Health Guide 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.familyhealthguide.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ People with a weak immune system, the very young and elderly people should apply the treatment to the whole body including the face and scalp.
  • Patient information leaflet - Scabies 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.cks.nhs.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These can occur anywhere on the body except the face.
  • Scabies - Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.healthscout.com [Source type: General]

.These cases require additional treatment options for resolution.^ Additionally, it should be determined if anybody who requires treatment is unable to afford medication, and appropriate action taken.
  • Scabies Treatment 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC scabies.lonecrow.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Those with high mite counts or persisting scabetic infections may require additional treatment with ivermectin (Table 5).

^ Not only can a doctor evaluate your specific case of shingles and prescribe you with the most effective treatment options, a doctor can also spot any warning signs of possible complications.

.Ivermectin is a single oral treatment of choice in these patients combined with any other topical treatment.^ Concomitant oral and topical treatment is useful in patients with crusted scabies.
  • Crusted scabies Karthikeyan K - Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.ijdvl.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Treatment of human scabies with oral ivermectin..
  • ISPUB - The Epidemic Of Scabies In Yaounde 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.ispub.com [Source type: Academic]

^ In these patients, ivermectin and permethrin are found to be effective in treatment.
  • Crusted scabies Karthikeyan K - Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.ijdvl.com [Source type: Academic]

Gallery of scabies infections

Evolution of infection

Jodi

Cause

.
Sarcoptes scabiei var.
^ Sarcoptes scabiei var.
  • Scabies - Symptoms, Cure, Cause, Treatment, Homeopathy Remedies for Scabies 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.hpathy.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Scabies is a contagious parasitic infestation of the skin caused by the mite, Sarcoptes scabiei var hominis.
  • Guidelines for Control of Scabies in Long Term Care Facilities 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.edcp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The causative agent is the scabies mite, Sarcoptes scabiei var hominis .
  • Crusted scabies Karthikeyan K - Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.ijdvl.com [Source type: Academic]

canis
(dog scabies mite)
.Scabies is highly contagious and can be spread by scratching, picking up the mites under the fingernails and simply touching another person's skin.^ Where do the mites that get scratched off wind up?
  • The TSA Blog: Two Scabies Cases Reported at Boston Logan International Airport 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.tsa.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Crusted Scabies or Norwegian Scabies is highly contagious.
  • Scabies Information :: New Developments on Scabies Treatments from DermaTechRx Research Center 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC dermatechrx.com [Source type: General]

^ Scratching can spread scabies mites to other areas of the body, but simply touching another part of the body while mites are on the hands may also spread them.
  • DERMISIL.COM :: What is Scabies? :: 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.dermisil.com [Source type: General]

.They can also be spread onto other objects like keyboards, toilets, clothing, towels, bedding, furniture, and anything else that the might may be rubbed off onto, especially if a person is heavily infested.^ Infestation may also occur by sharing clothing, towels, and bedding.

^ Scabies can also be spread by sharing towels, bed sheets, and other personal belongings.
  • Health Information 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.svcmc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • CIGNA - Scabies 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.cigna.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Health Information 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Scabies | MeritCare Health System 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.meritcare.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They often spread from an infected person.
  • Symptoms of Scabies, Scabies Treatment & Scabies Causes 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.ayushveda.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The parasite can survive up to 14 days away from a host, but often do not survive longer than two or three days away from human skin.^ Scabies can only survive around three to four days away from their host.
  • Scabies Treatment | What Does Scabies Look Like | Scabies Rash | Scabies Pictures | Symptoms Of Scabies | Scabies Causes 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC scabies-treatments.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Mites only live up to 2 days off the human body, and eggs can survive for no more than 5 days.
  • Parenting and Child Health - Health Topics - Scabies 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.cyh.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The mite is transmitted from skin to skin by close contact and does not survive longer than 48hours away from the skin.
  • ISPUB - The Epidemic Of Scabies In Yaounde 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.ispub.com [Source type: Academic]

[3] .Scabies is caused by the mite Sarcoptes scabiei, variety hominis, as shown by the Italian biologist Diacinto Cestoni in the 18th century.^ The causative agent is the scabies mite, Sarcoptes scabiei var hominis .
  • Crusted scabies Karthikeyan K - Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.ijdvl.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Scabies is a skin infection that is caused by mites.
  • Scabies (Mite Infestation) 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.medic8.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Scabies is an intensely itchy dermatosis caused by the mite Sarcoptes scabiei .

.It produces intense, itchy skin rashes when the impregnated female tunnels into the stratum corneum of the skin and deposits eggs in the burrow.^ Only female mites burrow into the skin ( Figure 1 ).
  • NEJM -- Scabies 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC content.nejm.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Infestation occurs when the pregnant female mite burrows into the skin and lays eggs.

^ The female starts laying eggs within a few hours of burrowing into the skin.
  • Scabies Information :: New Developments on Scabies Treatments from DermaTechRx Research Center 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC dermatechrx.com [Source type: General]

.The larvae, which hatch in 3–10 days, move about on the skin, molt into a "nymphal" stage, and then mature into adult mites.^ The eggs hatch into larvae 2 to 3 days later.
  • Health Information 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.svcmc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • CIGNA - Scabies 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.cigna.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Health Information 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Scabies | MeritCare Health System 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.meritcare.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When the eggs hatch, the larvae travel to the skin surface where they develop into adult mites.
  • Scabies - Kleen Green Enzymes - Natural Ginesis 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.naturalginesis.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The mites mature in about 10 days, and then start to breed the next generation.

.The adult mites live 3–4 weeks in the host's skin.^ The adult mite can live a month on a human.
  • Indigenous Communities Environmental Health Resources 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC iceh.uws.edu.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The male mite lives on the skin's surface.

^ They are parasites and live in the skin of the host for three or four weeks.
  • Symptoms of Scabies, Scabies Treatment & Scabies Causes 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.ayushveda.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The action of the mites moving within the skin and on the skin itself produces an intense itch which may resemble an allergic reaction in appearance.^ The infection causes intense itching, probably from an allergic reaction to the mites.
  • Health24 - Medical - Head 2 Toe 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.health24.com [Source type: News]

^ This itching is caused by an ongoing allergic reaction to the mite bites.
  • Health Information 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.svcmc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • CIGNA - Scabies 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.cigna.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Health Information 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Scabies | MeritCare Health System 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.meritcare.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The itching is usually an allergic skin reaction to the mites.
  • Scabies Treatment | What Does Scabies Look Like | Scabies Rash | Scabies Pictures | Symptoms Of Scabies | Scabies Causes 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC scabies-treatments.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The presence of the eggs does not in fact produce more itching, that is a myth.^ The presence of the mites, their eggs and their faeces cause an allergic reaction resulting in an intense itch and a rash.
  • Scabies - Symptoms, Cure, Cause, Treatment, Homeopathy Remedies for Scabies 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.hpathy.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The two doses are recommended based on the facts that the life cycle of a mite is about two weeks, ivermectin does not kill eggs, and because ivermectin for scabies has been shown to be more effective after two doses, as noted above [Chosidow 2006].
  • scabies - a knol by Lindy P. Fox, MD 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It is rather the feces of the mites which cause the allergic reaction.^ It will take your body that long to get over the allergic reaction caused by the mites.
  • Health Information 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.svcmc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • CIGNA - Scabies 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.cigna.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Scabies | MeritCare Health System 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.meritcare.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The infection causes intense itching, probably from an allergic reaction to the mites.
  • Health24 - Medical - Head 2 Toe 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.health24.com [Source type: News]

^ This itching is caused by an ongoing allergic reaction to the mite bites.
  • Health Information 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.svcmc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • CIGNA - Scabies 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.cigna.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Scabies | MeritCare Health System 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.meritcare.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Scabies can be transmitted readily throughout an entire household, by skin-to-skin contact with an infected person (e.g.^ By direct, prolonged, skin-to-skin contact with a person already infested with scabies.
  • Scabies 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.elderlynursing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • dreddyclinic.com - Scabies 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.dreddyclinic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Scabies - Kleen Green Enzymes - Natural Ginesis 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.naturalginesis.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ You need close skin-to-skin contact with an infected person to catch scabies.
  • Scabies | Health | Patient UK 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.patient.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In adults, scabies is often transmitted from person to person by sexual contact.
  • scabies - a knol by Lindy P. Fox, MD 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

bed partners, schoolmates, daycare). .It can be spread by clothing, bedding, or towels.^ Occasionally it is spread by contaminated bedding, towels and clothes.
  • Parenting and Child Health - Health Topics - Scabies 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.cyh.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Washing bed linens, towels, and clothing in hot water and machine dry.

^ Clothing worn within two days of treatment along with towel and bed sheets should be washed in hot water or dry cleaned.
  • ISPUB - The Epidemic Of Scabies In Yaounde 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.ispub.com [Source type: Academic]

.Washing clothing in very hot water and dry on high heat will help prevent the transmission.^ In addition, it is important to wash all clothes and bedding in hot water and dry in a hot dryer.
  • Scabies, Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital, New Brunswick, NJ, 08903 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.rwjuh.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ The wash in HOT water and Javex or coloured Javex..

^ I wash every piece of clothing I wear in HOT water – daily.

.Alternatively, permethrin sprays can be used for items that cannot be laundered.^ What I did was I need to spray regularly a tank of borax and hydrogen peroxide in the surrounding perimeter, and sometimes using permethrin.

^ If permethrin cannot be used, an alternative is to use a lotion called malathion 0.5% aqueous liquid .
  • Scabies | Health | Patient UK 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.patient.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Items that cannot be laundered or dry cleaned should be placed in a plastic bag and sealed for seven days to allow time for mites and eggs to die.
  • Guidelines for Control of Scabies in Long Term Care Facilities 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.edcp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The symptoms of itching and rash are caused by an allergic reaction that the human body develops over time to the mites and their by-products under the skin.^ It will take your body that long to get over the allergic reaction caused by the mites.
  • Health Information 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.svcmc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • CIGNA - Scabies 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.cigna.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Health Information 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The presence of the mites, their eggs and their faeces cause an allergic reaction resulting in an intense itch and a rash.
  • Scabies - Symptoms, Cure, Cause, Treatment, Homeopathy Remedies for Scabies 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.hpathy.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The itch and rash can develop on any part of the skin, away from where the mites are actually burrowing.
  • Scabies | Health | Patient UK 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.patient.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.As such, there is usually a 2-6 week incubation period between infestation and presentation of symptoms.^ Presentation In primary infestation, signs and symptoms only develop after 3-4 weeks.
  • Scabies | Doctor | Patient UK 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.patient.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The incubation period of scabies is three weeks.
  • Treatment of scabies: newer perspectives -- Karthikeyan 81 (951): 7 -- Postgraduate Medical Journal 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.arabmedmag.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Incubation Period:   2 weeks to 2 months .

.However, in individuals with prior exposure to scabies, the incubation period is much shorter: as little as 1–4 days.^ The incubation period of scabies is three weeks.
  • Treatment of scabies: newer perspectives -- Karthikeyan 81 (951): 7 -- Postgraduate Medical Journal 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.arabmedmag.com [Source type: Academic]

^ With treatment, the scabies mites die and the itching gradually goes away over a period of days to weeks.
  • CIGNA - Scabies 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.cigna.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Health Information 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Scabies | MeritCare Health System 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.meritcare.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "Crusted" or "Norwegian" scabies is a condition caused by the same little critter, S. scabiei , but characterized by very little itching, which leads to a much greater spread of the parasite.
  • The TSA Blog: Two Scabies Cases Reported at Boston Logan International Airport 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.tsa.gov [Source type: Original source]

[4]
.There are usually relatively few mites on a normal, healthy person (who is infested with scabies) — about 11 females in burrows.^ It is transmissible as long as a person is infested with mites.
  • Indigenous Communities Environmental Health Resources 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC iceh.uws.edu.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The average mite in normal patient is 11.
  • Crusted scabies Karthikeyan K - Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.ijdvl.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Commonly there are just a few mites on the skin and just a few burrows.
  • Scabies | Health | Patient UK 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.patient.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Scabies are microscopic although sometimes they are visible as a pinpoint of white.^ Although treatment of bacterial infections sometimes provides relief, recurrence is almost certain if the scabies infection is not treated.
  • Lice Away Enzyme Fabric and Upholstery  Spray 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.naturesbestenzyme.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I read that the female is larger than the male and can sometimes be visible without a microscope.

.The females burrow into the skin and lay eggs there.^ Only female mites burrow into the skin ( Figure 1 ).
  • NEJM -- Scabies 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC content.nejm.org [Source type: Academic]

^ The female starts laying eggs within a few hours of burrowing into the skin.
  • Scabies Information :: New Developments on Scabies Treatments from DermaTechRx Research Center 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC dermatechrx.com [Source type: General]

^ Contagious infection caused by a female mite, Sarcoptes scabiei, which burrows into the skin to lay eggs.
  • scabies Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about scabies 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: Academic]

.Males roam on top of the skin, although can also occasionally burrow.^ She burrows only in the top layer of epithelium (skin).
  • Scabies Information :: New Developments on Scabies Treatments from DermaTechRx Research Center 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC dermatechrx.com [Source type: General]

^ Sarcoptes scabiei needs to be able to burrow into the top layers of human skin (and only human skin will do) to successfully reproduce, and generally only survives about 24 hours or so when not in contact with a human.
  • The TSA Blog: Two Scabies Cases Reported at Boston Logan International Airport 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.tsa.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ After copulation, the male mite dies and the female mite burrows into the superficial skin layers and lays a total of 60-90 eggs.

Diagnosis

.Signs and symptoms of early scabies infestation mirror other skin diseases, including dermatitis, syphilis, allergic reactions, and other ectoparasites such as lice and fleas.^ The symptoms of scabies may resemble other skin conditions.
  • Scabies, Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital, New Brunswick, NJ, 08903 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.rwjuh.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Signs and symptoms of scabies are usually triggered from allergic reactions to the mites' feces and eggs.
  • Scabies Treatment | What Does Scabies Look Like | Scabies Rash | Scabies Pictures | Symptoms Of Scabies | Scabies Causes 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC scabies-treatments.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ What are the signs and symptoms of Scabies?

[5]
.Generally diagnosis is made by finding burrows - which often may be difficult because they are scarce, and because they are obscured by scratch marks.^ Scratching may spread the lice to other parts of the body; thus, every effort should be made to avoid touching the infected area, although this may be difficult.
  • STIs - Sexual Health - Health Promotions - Student Health Services 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.shs.ilstu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The tracks may be difficult to see after you scratch the area.
  • Health Information 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.svcmc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • CIGNA - Scabies 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.cigna.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Health Information 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Scabies | MeritCare Health System 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.meritcare.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Diagnosis is most commonly made by looking at the burrows or rash.

.If burrows are not found in the primary areas known to be affected, the entire skin surface of the body should be examined.^ Small “burrows” under the surface of skin .
  • ScabiesRelief.com - Natural Cure for Scabies From Home - With No Doctors or Drugs! 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.scabiesrelief.com [Source type: General]
  • ScabiesRelief.com - Natural Cure for Scabies From Home - With No Doctors or Drugs! 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC scabiesreport.com [Source type: General]

^ Scratching may spread the lice to other parts of the body; thus, every effort should be made to avoid touching the infected area, although this may be difficult.
  • STIs - Sexual Health - Health Promotions - Student Health Services 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.shs.ilstu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Small red bumps or lines appear on the body at sites where the female scabies mite has burrowed into the skin to lay her eggs.
  • STIs - Sexual Health - Health Promotions - Student Health Services 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.shs.ilstu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The suspicious area can be rubbed with ink from a fountain pen or alternately a topical tetracycline solution which will glow under a special light.^ The area under the nails should be given special attention, as it is a source of residual mites.
  • White : Diseases of the Skin - Infestations and Tropical Disorders 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.merckmedicus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Another option is an ink test, in which the doctor applies a blue or black felt-tipped pen to the suspected areas.
  • DERMISIL.COM :: What is Scabies? :: 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.dermisil.com [Source type: General]

^ An ink test is when a blue or black felt-tipped pen is applied to the suspected areas.
  • Scabies Information :: New Developments on Scabies Treatments from DermaTechRx Research Center 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC dermatechrx.com [Source type: General]

.The surface is then wiped off with an alcohol pad; if the person is infected with scabies, the characteristic zigzag or S pattern of the burrow across the skin will appear.^ Small “burrows” under the surface of skin .
  • ScabiesRelief.com - Natural Cure for Scabies From Home - With No Doctors or Drugs! 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.scabiesrelief.com [Source type: General]
  • ScabiesRelief.com - Natural Cure for Scabies From Home - With No Doctors or Drugs! 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC scabiesreport.com [Source type: General]

^ The surface ink is wiped off with water or an alcohol swab.
  • Health Information 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.svcmc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • CIGNA - Scabies 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.cigna.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Health Information 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Scabies | MeritCare Health System 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.meritcare.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Multiple superficial skin samples should be obtained from characteristic lesions — specifically, burrows or papules and vesicles in the site of burrows — by scraping laterally across the skin with a blade, taking care to avoid bleeding.
  • NEJM -- Scabies 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC content.nejm.org [Source type: Academic]

.When a suspected burrow is found, diagnosis may be confirmed by microscopy of surface scrapings with scalpel or curette are placed on a slide in glycerol or mineral oil and covered with a coverslip.^ The oil and skin Scabies scrapings are then placed on a microscope slide for viewing.
  • Scabies Information :: New Developments on Scabies Treatments from DermaTechRx Research Center 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC dermatechrx.com [Source type: General]

^ The scrapings and oil are placed on a glass slide and covered with a cover slip for examination.
  • Treatment of scabies: newer perspectives -- Karthikeyan 81 (951): 7 -- Postgraduate Medical Journal 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.arabmedmag.com [Source type: Academic]

^ A drop of mineral oil and a cover slip are placed on it.
  • Crusted scabies Karthikeyan K - Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.ijdvl.com [Source type: Academic]

.Avoiding potassium hydroxide is necessary because it may dissolve fecal pellets.^ Potassium hydroxide should not be used, because it can dissolve mite pellets.
  • NEJM -- Scabies 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC content.nejm.org [Source type: Academic]

^ A drop of 10% potassium hydroxide was used to dissolve the keratin and the mite or its egg viewed under the microscope.
  • ISPUB - The Epidemic Of Scabies In Yaounde 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.ispub.com [Source type: Academic]

.Positive diagnosis is made when the mite, ova, or fecal pellets are found.^ The absence of mites, eggs, or fecal pellets on microscopic examination does not exclude a diagnosis of scabies.7 If skin scrapings are negative, the burrow ink test3,8 may provide clues to aid in the diagnosis (Table II).
  • Scabies Surveillance, Prevention, and Control | Annals of Long Term Care 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.annalsoflongtermcare.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A skin scraping may be taken to look for mites, eggs, or mite fecal matter to confirm the diagnosis.

^ Positive skin scrapings showing eggs or mite or Minor criteria (two needed for likely diagnosis) ?

.Although this sounds simple in practice, actual detection of scabies sites is very difficult - requiring the scraping of dozens of suspicious lesions down to the superficial dermis.^ Multiple superficial skin samples should be obtained from characteristic lesions — specifically, burrows or papules and vesicles in the site of burrows — by scraping laterally across the skin with a blade, taking care to avoid bleeding.
  • NEJM -- Scabies 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC content.nejm.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Lesions are very different than those of classic scabies.
  • scabies - a knol by Lindy P. Fox, MD 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The lesions often heal without treatment, although physicians may sometimes scrape them off or treat them with chemical irritants.
  • STIs - Sexual Health - Health Promotions - Student Health Services 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.shs.ilstu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

This will result in minor bleeding in spots. .Even a negative (not finding any mites) scraping will not completely rule out scabies.^ Failure to find mites is common and does not rule out scabies.
  • NEJM -- Scabies 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC content.nejm.org [Source type: Academic]

^ The absence of mites, eggs, or fecal pellets on microscopic examination does not exclude a diagnosis of scabies.7 If skin scrapings are negative, the burrow ink test3,8 may provide clues to aid in the diagnosis (Table II).
  • Scabies Surveillance, Prevention, and Control | Annals of Long Term Care 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.annalsoflongtermcare.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Unfortunately, an infected person may only have 10-15 scabies mites under their skin so even an extensive skin scraping could miss these itchy critters.
  • ScabiesRelief.com - Natural Cure for Scabies From Home - With No Doctors or Drugs! 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.scabiesrelief.com [Source type: General]
  • ScabiesRelief.com - Natural Cure for Scabies From Home - With No Doctors or Drugs! 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC scabiesreport.com [Source type: General]

.Sometimes, the best diagnosis is by the history, physical findings and noticing response to effective topical treatment.^ To compare efficacy and cost effectiveness of three treatment modalities and suggest the best intervention for cure and to find most economical therapy.
  • Comparison of safety, efficacy, and cost effectiveness of benzyl benzoate, permethrin, and ivermectin in patients of scabies Bachewar NP, Thawani VR, Mali SN, Gharpure KJ, Shingade VP, Dakhale GN - Indian J Pharmacol 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.ijp-online.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Everyday Solutions Rx is not responsible or liable for any advice, course of treatment, diagnosis, or any other information, services, or products that you obtain through this site.

^ DermatechRx® is not responsible or liable for any advice, course of treatment, diagnosis, or any other information, services, or products that you obtain through this site.
  • Scabies Information :: New Developments on Scabies Treatments from DermaTechRx Research Center 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC dermatechrx.com [Source type: General]

.The diagnosis of Crusted Scabies is not as elusive and a scraping under the fingernail is often diagnostic.^ After a thorough physical examination, skin scrapings may be collected and viewed under a microscope to make a positive diagnosis.
  • Treatments to Relieve Itchy Skin Caused by Bites from Scabies Mites 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.nativeremedies.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Scabies like warmer places on the skin such as skin folds, between the fingers or under fingernails, around the buttock or breast creases.
  • Patient information leaflet - Scabies 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.cks.nhs.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Diagnostic dilemma: Crusted scabies superimposed on psoriatic erythroderma in a patient with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.
  • Crusted scabies Karthikeyan K - Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.ijdvl.com [Source type: Academic]

Video of the sarcoptes scabiei mite.
Video of the sarcoptes scabiei mite.
Video of the sarcoptes scabiei mite.
Video of the sarcoptes scabiei mite.

Management

Medications

.
  • Sulphur has been used since around 25 AD to treat Scabies[citation needed].^ Ivermectin lotion has also been used to treat scabies.
    • Treatment of scabies: newer perspectives -- Karthikeyan 81 (951): 7 -- Postgraduate Medical Journal 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.arabmedmag.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Drugs and Medications used to treat Scabies: .
    • Treatments for Scabies - WrongDiagnosis.com 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.wrongdiagnosis.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Scabies can usually be successfully treated using special creams.
    • Patient information leaflet - Scabies 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.cks.nhs.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .You can find bar soap with sulfur in the ranges of 1%-10% to kill scabies, it's recommended you go with 6% or above.^ October 10th, 2009 at 4:50 am I would strongly advise that you only use treatments for scabies recommended by medical professionals.

    ^ If you are interested in learning more about the scabies treatment we recommend as ' the best homeopathic scabies cure', read more about Dermisil .
    • Scabies Treatment | What Does Scabies Look Like | Scabies Rash | Scabies Pictures | Symptoms Of Scabies | Scabies Causes 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC scabies-treatments.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ While waiting for the itch to go after killing the mites, you may wish to try something to ease the itch.
    • Scabies | Health | Patient UK 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.patient.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Wash whole body once daily for 4 days.^ Put this ALL OVER YOUR BODY once every five days.

    ^ Moisturize your whole body with this every day.

    ^ But the doctor gave me a cream to put on my whole body it worked after about 2 days.

    .It is still recommended that you wash all clothing and bedclothes in hot water and tumble dry on hot as with Permethrin.^ In addition, it is important to wash all clothes and bedding in hot water and dry in a hot dryer.
    • Scabies 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.sharp.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ The wash in HOT water and Javex or coloured Javex..

    ^ And advising all of the TSO's to wash their clothing?
    • The TSA Blog: Two Scabies Cases Reported at Boston Logan International Airport 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.tsa.gov [Source type: Original source]

    However, this treatment is largely ineffective[citation needed].

Topical drugs

.
  • Permethrin 5% is topical medication of choice.^ Where permethrin is not available (e.g., in France), topical benzyl benzoate or oral ivermectin are good choices.
    • NEJM -- Scabies 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC content.nejm.org [Source type: Academic]

    [6] Toxicity may resemble allergic reactions. .It is usually applied to the skin before bedtime and left on for about 8 to 14 hours, then showered off in the morning.^ The medicine usually is left on for 8 to 14 hours and then washed off.
    • Health Information 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.svcmc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • CIGNA - Scabies 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.cigna.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Scabies | MeritCare Health System 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.meritcare.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The medication usually is left on for 8 to 14 hours and then washed off.
    • Health Information 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ This usually works for about 3 hours and then I wake up itching like crazy.

    .Package directions or doctor's instructions should be followed, but one application is normally sufficient to cure an infection.^ Proper directions should be followed while using it.
    • Symptoms of Scabies, Scabies Treatment & Scabies Causes 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.ayushveda.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ It’s not my life any more, it is being run by this infection and no one should have to deal with this.

    ^ For recent exposures and residents considered to have typical or classic scabies, permethrin cream, when applied as directed, is approximately 90% effective after one application.
    • Scabies Surveillance, Prevention, and Control | Annals of Long Term Care 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.annalsoflongtermcare.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    [7]
  • .
  • Eurax (USP Crotamiton) This is not a cure but helps to relieve itch (pruritis)[8]
  • Malathion: Applied for 24 hours; effective in killing both adults and eggs.
  • Lindane lotion is approved in the U.S. for use as a second-line treatment where first-line medications like permethrin have either failed, are not well tolerated or otherwise contraindicated.^ When used correctly, lindane is considered a safe and effective treatment for scabies.
    • CIGNA - Scabies 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.cigna.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Scabies | MeritCare Health System 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.meritcare.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ For example, it is 8-12 hours for permethrin cream and 24 hours for malathion lotion.
    • Scabies | Health | Patient UK 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.patient.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Crotamiton cream or lotion has soothing qualities and may help to relieve itch.
    • Scabies | Health | Patient UK 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.patient.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    [9] .It is illegal in 17 other countries, and 33 more countries have restricted its use.^ Ointments are more useful than any other preparation.
    • Treatment of scabies: newer perspectives -- Karthikeyan 81 (951): 7 -- Postgraduate Medical Journal 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.arabmedmag.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Introduction The Dictionary Object A Unique Individual An Example that Doesn’t Use the Dictionary Object An Example that Does Use the Dictionary Object Other Things You Should Know About the Dictionary Object More Information In Closing .
    • Sesame Script: Learn About the Dictionary Object 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC technet.microsoft.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    [10][11] .Though rare, serious side effects have resulted from product misuse.^ It is reliable and rarely produces side effects.
    • Crusted scabies Karthikeyan K - Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.ijdvl.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Side effects appear only if the product is misused.
    • Symptoms of Scabies, Scabies Treatment & Scabies Causes 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.ayushveda.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ You develop serious side effects from any product used to treat scabies.
    • Health Information 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.svcmc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Health Information 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Scabies | MeritCare Health System 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.meritcare.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    [12][10] .The FDA has confirmed 3 deaths that all involved use of lindane not in accordance with the label, including excessive topical applications and oral ingestions.^ Combination treatment regimens used include use of topical agents such as permethrin 5% cream with oral ivermectin.
    • Crusted scabies Karthikeyan K - Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.ijdvl.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Topical or oral products may be used, although there are few rigorous studies to guide their use.
    • NEJM -- Scabies 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC content.nejm.org [Source type: Academic]

    ^ The most common agents used are moisturizers, topical corticosteroids, and oral antihistamines.
    • scabies - a knol by Lindy P. Fox, MD 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    [13]
  • .
  • There is some evidence that a 10% sulfur ointment in petroleum jelly applied topically is effective.^ Sulfur Cream Ointment - Contains 10% sulfur.
    • Scabies - Natural Scabies Treatment - Kill Scabies 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.scabies-killer.com [Source type: General]

    ^ These may include 1% lindane cream or lotion, 6% precipitated sulfur in petroleum, or 10% crotamiton cream or lotion.
    • Guidelines for Control of Scabies in Long Term Care Facilities 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.edcp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ There is some evidence that lindane may affect the course of haematological abnormalities such as aplastic anaemia, thrombocytopenia, and pancytopenia.
    • Treatment of scabies: newer perspectives -- Karthikeyan 81 (951): 7 -- Postgraduate Medical Journal 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.arabmedmag.com [Source type: Academic]

    It is cheap and readily available over-the-counter.[14][15] .It also has the advantage of being able to be used in pregnant women and infants under two months of age.
  • Neem oil is deemed very effective in the treatment of scabies although only preliminary scientific proof exists which still has to be corroborated, and is recommended for those who are sensitive to permethrin, a known insecticide which might be an irritant.^ Filed under Scabies Cure by Scabies Treatment .
    • Scabies Treatment | What Does Scabies Look Like | Scabies Rash | Scabies Pictures | Symptoms Of Scabies | Scabies Causes 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC scabies-treatments.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Filed under Scabies Photos by Scabies Treatment .
    • Scabies Treatment | What Does Scabies Look Like | Scabies Rash | Scabies Pictures | Symptoms Of Scabies | Scabies Causes 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC scabies-treatments.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Is there an effective scabies treatment I can use at home?
    • Scabies Treatment | What Does Scabies Look Like | Scabies Rash | Scabies Pictures | Symptoms Of Scabies | Scabies Causes 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC scabies-treatments.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Also, the scabies mite has yet to become resistant to neem, so in persistent cases neem has been shown to be very effective.^ The scabies mite cannot fly or jump, and it moves very slowly.
    • Health Information 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.svcmc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • CIGNA - Scabies 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.cigna.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • DERMISIL.COM :: What is Scabies? :: 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.dermisil.com [Source type: General]
    • Health Information 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Scabies | MeritCare Health System 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.meritcare.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Natural Remedies to Cure Scabies, Nits & Mites Scabies is a contagious disorder of the skin caused by very small, wingless insects or mites.
    • Cure Scabies with remedies from Earth Clinic. 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.earthclinic.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Since the number of mites is low in cases of classic scabies, this technique is highly operator dependent.
    • NEJM -- Scabies 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC content.nejm.org [Source type: Academic]

    [16]
  • .
  • Tea tree oil at 5% was only partially effective and does not seem to be a viable solution for treatment.^ Showered again with tea tree oil shampoo.

    ^ I doubt pure bleach on an open sore would burn any less than the tea tree oil does.

    ^ October 20th, 2008 at 10:01 am NEEM OIL mixed with TEA TREE OIL. CHEAP and the MOST effective.

    .In one study, it was more effective than commercial medications against the scabies mite in an in vitro situation.^ Nonprescription medication for scabies mites .
    • Health Information 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ If more than one person in the family is itching, then chances are it is Scabies.
    • Scabies Information :: New Developments on Scabies Treatments from DermaTechRx Research Center 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC dermatechrx.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Mites only live up to 2 days off the human body, and eggs can survive for no more than 5 days.
    • Parenting and Child Health - Health Topics - Scabies 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.cyh.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    [17]

Oral

.A single dose of Ivermectin has been reported to reduce the load of scabies but another dose is required after 2 weeks for full eradication.^ Scabies is treated with ivermectin 0.2 mg/kg in a single dose.
  • Treatment of scabies: newer perspectives -- Karthikeyan 81 (951): 7 -- Postgraduate Medical Journal 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.arabmedmag.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The toxic effect of ivermectin after a single dose for scabies appears to be insignificant.
  • Treatment of scabies: newer perspectives -- Karthikeyan 81 (951): 7 -- Postgraduate Medical Journal 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.arabmedmag.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Although a single dose may be effective, many patients require two-three doses at an interval of 1-2 weeks.
  • Crusted scabies Karthikeyan K - Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.ijdvl.com [Source type: Academic]

.In 1999, a small scale test comparing topically applied Lindane to orally administered Ivermectin found no statistically significant differences between the two treatments.^ In small studies, no significant differences in clinical cure rates were found between ivermectin and 10 percent benzyl benzoate, 15 or between ivermectin and lindane.
  • NEJM -- Scabies 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC content.nejm.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Topical Permethrin and lindane are the two most studied topical treatments for scabies.
  • NEJM -- Scabies 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC content.nejm.org [Source type: Academic]

^ In another study where oral ivermectin was comapred to topical 10% BB, it was found that absolute results favored the use of ivermectin, but the difference was not statistically significant.
  • Comparison of safety, efficacy, and cost effectiveness of benzyl benzoate, permethrin, and ivermectin in patients of scabies Bachewar NP, Thawani VR, Mali SN, Gharpure KJ, Shingade VP, Dakhale GN - Indian J Pharmacol 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.ijp-online.com [Source type: Academic]

[18] .As Ivermectin is easily administered (not requiring a rub down of the whole body like lindane or permethrin twice per treatment), compliance is much better.^ Ivermectin, permethrin, and lindane are contraindicated.
  • Treatment of scabies: newer perspectives -- Karthikeyan 81 (951): 7 -- Postgraduate Medical Journal 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.arabmedmag.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Like the Lindane better since Permethrin stings & burns..

^ In contacts, permethrin 5% cream is used as first line followed by lindane and oral Ivermectin as third line.
  • Crusted scabies Karthikeyan K - Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.ijdvl.com [Source type: Academic]

.Ivermectin is used in eradication programs of many parasites of both human and animal.^ Ivermectin is a powerful droad-spectrum anti-parasitic and those who claim to have used it many times (alongside household disinfection) without results are likely suffering from something else.

^ On the basis of such results many researchers, regulatory bodies, and WHO recommend ivermectin use for mass treatment of scabies.
  • Comparison of safety, efficacy, and cost effectiveness of benzyl benzoate, permethrin, and ivermectin in patients of scabies Bachewar NP, Thawani VR, Mali SN, Gharpure KJ, Shingade VP, Dakhale GN - Indian J Pharmacol 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.ijp-online.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Many people even consume human grade diatomaceous earth in their food or water to kill intestinal parasites.
  • Scabies - Natural Scabies Treatment - Kill Scabies 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.scabies-killer.com [Source type: General]

.Side effects may include mild abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, myalgia and/or arthralgia, which subside.^ These may include: Increased pain, swelling, heat, redness, or tenderness.
  • Health Information 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.svcmc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • CIGNA - Scabies 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.cigna.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Health Information 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Scabies | MeritCare Health System 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.meritcare.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is relatively safe with side effects such as headache, pruritus, pains in the joints and muscles, fever, maculopapular rash, and lymphadenopathy, which were observed in patients with filariasis.
  • Treatment of scabies: newer perspectives -- Karthikeyan 81 (951): 7 -- Postgraduate Medical Journal 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.arabmedmag.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Side effects include: Itching, stinging & burning.
  • ScabiesRelief.com - Natural Cure for Scabies From Home - With No Doctors or Drugs! 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC scabiesreport.com [Source type: General]

.The product is considered safe for use in children over five months of age.^ Permethrin can be safely used in young children.
  • Treatment of scabies: newer perspectives -- Karthikeyan 81 (951): 7 -- Postgraduate Medical Journal 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.arabmedmag.com [Source type: Academic]

^ For the pregnant or nursing woman, or the infant less than 2 months of age, crotamiton or precipitated sulfur can be used safely, although the cure rate is not high.
  • White : Diseases of the Skin - Infestations and Tropical Disorders 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.merckmedicus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Only permethrin, crotamiton, and sulfur ointment are considered safe for treating children younger than age 2.
  • Health Information 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.svcmc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • CIGNA - Scabies 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.cigna.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Scabies | MeritCare Health System 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.meritcare.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[19]

Public health and prevention strategies

.There is no vaccine available for scabies, nor are there any proven causative risk factors.^ No racial predilection has been proven for scabies.

^ There are over the counter scabies treatments that are available.
  • Scabies Treatment | What Does Scabies Look Like | Scabies Rash | Scabies Pictures | Symptoms Of Scabies | Scabies Causes 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC scabies-treatments.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ While there are treatments and remedies available that might be as good as home cures for scabies , they can't be referred to as such.
  • Scabies Treatment | What Does Scabies Look Like | Scabies Rash | Scabies Pictures | Symptoms Of Scabies | Scabies Causes 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC scabies-treatments.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Therefore, most strategies focus on preventing re-infection. .All family and close contacts should be treated at the same time, even if asymptomatic.^ If you have scabies, you and anyone you have close contact with must all be treated at the same time.
  • CIGNA - Scabies 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.cigna.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Everyone in the house should be treated at the same time.
  • Treatment of scabies: newer perspectives -- Karthikeyan 81 (951): 7 -- Postgraduate Medical Journal 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.arabmedmag.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Treat all the contacts.
  • Treatment of scabies: newer perspectives -- Karthikeyan 81 (951): 7 -- Postgraduate Medical Journal 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.arabmedmag.com [Source type: Academic]

Cleaning of environment should occur simultaneously, as there is a risk of reinfection. .Therefore it is recommended to wash and hot iron all material (such as clothes, bedding, and towels) that has been in contact with scabies infestation.^ And advising all of the TSO's to wash their clothing?
  • The TSA Blog: Two Scabies Cases Reported at Boston Logan International Airport 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.tsa.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ I have washed all of my clothes and bedding and vacuumed.

^ Wash clothing, bed linen and towels in hot water and dry on a hot setting.
  • Treatments to Relieve Itchy Skin Caused by Bites from Scabies Mites 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.nativeremedies.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Cleaning the environment should include:
  • Treatment of furniture and bedding.
  • Vacuuming floors, carpets, and rugs.
  • Disinfecting floor and bathroom surfaces by mopping.
  • Cleaning the shower/bath tub after each use.
  • Daily washing of recently worn clothes, towels and bedding in hot water, drying in a hot dryer and steam ironing.

Itchiness during treatment

.Options to combat itchiness include antihistamines such as chlorpheniramine.^ Treatment of scabies not only includes a scabicidal but also symptomatic treatment in the form of antipruritics such as antihistaminics is essential to relieve itching.
  • Treatment of scabies: newer perspectives -- Karthikeyan 81 (951): 7 -- Postgraduate Medical Journal 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.arabmedmag.com [Source type: Academic]

Prescription: Hydroxyzine (Atarax).

Epidemiology

.Scabies is impressively egalitarian in its epidemiology: mites are distributed around the world, affecting all ages, races and socioeconomic classes in all different climates.^ All races, ages, and social levels are susceptible to scabies and the disease has a worldwide distribution.
  • Treatment of scabies: newer perspectives -- Karthikeyan 81 (951): 7 -- Postgraduate Medical Journal 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.arabmedmag.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Scabies can affect people of all ages and from all incomes and social levels.
  • Health Information 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.svcmc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • CIGNA - Scabies 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.cigna.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Health Information 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Scabies | MeritCare Health System 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.meritcare.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ TARGET PESTS: DE is used to control Scabies Mites, Bed Bugs, Skin Parasites, Lice, ants and just about any pest and insects in or around the home.
  • Scabies Information :: New Developments on Scabies Treatments from DermaTechRx Research Center 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC dermatechrx.com [Source type: General]

[2] .However, it is more often seen in crowded and unhygienic living conditions.^ The more crowded the living conditions, the higher the prevalence of scabies in the population.
  • Scabies | Doctor | Patient UK 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.patient.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ People who live in crowded conditions.
  • Health Information 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.svcmc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • CIGNA - Scabies 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.cigna.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Health Information 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Scabies | MeritCare Health System 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.meritcare.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[20] .Globally, there is an estimated incidence of 300 million cases of scabies a year, 1 million of which occur in the United States.^ There are about 300 million cases of scabies in the world each year.
  • Treatment of scabies: newer perspectives -- Karthikeyan 81 (951): 7 -- Postgraduate Medical Journal 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.arabmedmag.com [Source type: Academic]

^ There are more than 300 million cases of Scabies that occur worldwide every year.
  • Scabies Information :: New Developments on Scabies Treatments from DermaTechRx Research Center 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC dermatechrx.com [Source type: General]

^ "Have there been ANY cases of scabies reported by passengers?
  • The TSA Blog: Two Scabies Cases Reported at Boston Logan International Airport 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.tsa.gov [Source type: Original source]

[4]

History

Scabies is an ancient disease. .Based on archeological evidence from Egypt and the Middle East, scabies is estimated to date back over 2,500 years.^ Scabies has caused pruritic infestation in humans for over 2500 years, at least back to the Roman period.
  • Scabies | Doctor | Patient UK 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.patient.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some sources estimate more than 300 million people are affected by scabies in a single year.
  • Scabies Treatment | What Does Scabies Look Like | Scabies Rash | Scabies Pictures | Symptoms Of Scabies | Scabies Causes 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC scabies-treatments.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Scabies Mite has been recorded at least 2,500 years ago and has infested humans ever since.
  • Scabies Information :: New Developments on Scabies Treatments from DermaTechRx Research Center 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC dermatechrx.com [Source type: General]

[4] .The first recorded reference to scabies is believed to be from the Bible (Leviticus, the third book of Moses) ca.^ I told him that I believe he had came in contact with scabies and he says that he thought at first it was that but the rash doesn’t look like a scabies rash.

^ In fact, the phrase "7-year itch" was first used with reference to persistent, undiagnosed infestations with scabies.

^ My scabies I believe is the complicated type, as referred to by some doctors, although my last visit the doctor referred to my problem as delusional, so I continue to self care.

.1200 BC. Later, the ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle reported on “lice” that would “escape from little pimples if they are pricked” in the fourth century BC;[21] scholars believe this was actually a reference to scabies.^ While there are treatments and remedies available that might be as good as home cures for scabies , they can't be referred to as such.
  • Scabies Treatment | What Does Scabies Look Like | Scabies Rash | Scabies Pictures | Symptoms Of Scabies | Scabies Causes 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC scabies-treatments.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I now actually think they were bed bugs instead of scabies but both are very pesty bugs and produce the same type of itch.
  • Cure Scabies with remedies from Earth Clinic. 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.earthclinic.com [Source type: General]

^ September 11th, 2008 at 1:21 am I actually got scabies when I was around 19 – I slept on a couch that my wise father found on the side of the road.

.Nevertheless, it was the Roman physician Celsus who is credited with designating the term “scabies” to the disease and describing its characteristic features.^ Originally, the Romans used the term scabies to denote any pruritic skin disease.

^ Various cutaneous, neurologic and immunologic diseases have been described to predispose to crusted scabies [Table 1] .
  • Crusted scabies Karthikeyan K - Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.ijdvl.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Different types of scabies have been described based on the clinical features such as nodular scabies, bullous scabies, and crusted scabies.
  • Treatment of scabies: newer perspectives -- Karthikeyan 81 (951): 7 -- Postgraduate Medical Journal 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.arabmedmag.com [Source type: Academic]

[21] .The parasitic etiology of scabies was later documented by the Italian physician Giovanni Cosimo Bonomo (1663-1699 AD) in his famous 1687 letter, “Observations concerning the fleshworms of the human body.”[21] With this (disputed) discovery, scabies became one of the first diseases with a known cause.^ Sexually Transmitted Diseases Insect parasite conditions Mite conditions Lice more types...» Types of Scabies .
  • Scabies Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatments and Causes - WrongDiagnosis.com 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.wrongdiagnosis.com [Source type: General]

^ The scabies mite is fragile and cannot survive for extended periods of time outside of the human body.

^ "Crusted" or "Norwegian" scabies is a condition caused by the same little critter, S. scabiei , but characterized by very little itching, which leads to a much greater spread of the parasite.
  • The TSA Blog: Two Scabies Cases Reported at Boston Logan International Airport 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.tsa.gov [Source type: Original source]

[4]

Animals

Puppy with Scabies (Sarcoptic mange)
.Many domestic animals have their own species of Sarcoptes mites.^ Dogs, cats and humans all are affected by their own distinct species of mite.
  • Scabies - Valley Health System 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.valleyhealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Both domestic and wild animals worldwide are susceptible to infestation with S scabiei, and the resultant disease is referred to as sarcoptic mange.

^ Further, genotyping studies have revealed that the Sarcoptes mites segregate into separate host-associated populations, thus limiting the transmission across host species.

.Though all can transiently affect humans,[22][23] the mites that cause scabies in animals reproduce on the human body and will multiply within a few days.^ Animal scabies mites may result in transient symptoms in humans, but they are not a cause of persistent infestations.

^ Scabies that infest animals and domestic pets fail to reproduce on humans and usually die within 3 or 4 days.
  • Treatments to Relieve Itchy Skin Caused by Bites from Scabies Mites 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.nativeremedies.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And animal-transmitted scabies mites do not survive or reproduce on humans.
  • CIGNA - Scabies 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.cigna.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Humans are especially susceptible to small dogs carrying the mites.^ Animals can be temporary carriers of human mites.
  • DERMISIL.COM :: What is Scabies? :: 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.dermisil.com [Source type: General]

^ Scabies is a highly contagious, itchy skin condition caused by very small, wingless insects or Mites called the Human Itch Mite or Scabies Mite.
  • Scabies Information :: New Developments on Scabies Treatments from DermaTechRx Research Center 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC dermatechrx.com [Source type: General]

^ The scabies mite that infests humans does not live on dogs or other pets.
  • Health Information 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.svcmc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • CIGNA - Scabies 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.cigna.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Health Information 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Scabies | MeritCare Health System 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.meritcare.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Recent outbreaks have started to reach epidemic proportions.[24] .The most frequently diagnosed form is sarcoptic mange in dogs.^ Once again I think I’m infected from some dogs at work that have just been diagnosed with scarcoptic mange (scabies).

.In dogs and other animals, scabies produces severe itching and secondary skin infections.^ Scabies frequently causes severe itching.
  • Scabies | Doctor | Patient UK 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.patient.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Other scabies symptoms are severe itching around the infected areas.
  • Scabies Treatment | What Does Scabies Look Like | Scabies Rash | Scabies Pictures | Symptoms Of Scabies | Scabies Causes 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC scabies-treatments.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Inflammation and itchy skin are the first scabies symptoms hinting at the infection.
  • Scabies Treatment | What Does Scabies Look Like | Scabies Rash | Scabies Pictures | Symptoms Of Scabies | Scabies Causes 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC scabies-treatments.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Affected animals often lose weight and become unthrifty. .Sarcoptes is a genus of skin parasites, and part of the larger family of mites collectively known as “scab mites”; they are also related to the scab mite Psoroptes, also a mite that infests the skin of domestic animals.^ Scabies that infest animals and domestic pets fail to reproduce on humans and usually die within 3 or 4 days.
  • Treatments to Relieve Itchy Skin Caused by Bites from Scabies Mites 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.nativeremedies.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Touching or scratching an area that is infested with mites can spread them to other parts of the body.
  • Health Information 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.svcmc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • CIGNA - Scabies 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.cigna.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Health Information 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Scabies | MeritCare Health System 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.meritcare.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ TARGET PESTS: DE is used to control Scabies Mites, Bed Bugs, Skin Parasites, Lice, ants and just about any pest and insects in or around the home.
  • Scabies Information :: New Developments on Scabies Treatments from DermaTechRx Research Center 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC dermatechrx.com [Source type: General]

.Sarcoptic mange affects domestic animals and similar infestations in domestic fowls causes the disease known as “scabies leg”.^ Scabies are caused by the mite , Sarcoptes scabiei .
  • DERMISIL.COM :: What is Scabies? :: 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.dermisil.com [Source type: General]

^ Scabies is caused by the mite Sarcoptes scabiei .
  • Scabies | MeritCare Health System 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.meritcare.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Human scabies mites are not sarcopic mange mites that affect animals.
  • DERMISIL.COM :: What is Scabies? :: 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.dermisil.com [Source type: General]

.The effects of Sarcoptes scabiei are the most well known, causing “scabies”, or “the itch”.^ The causative agent is the scabies mite, Sarcoptes scabiei var hominis .
  • Crusted scabies Karthikeyan K - Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.ijdvl.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Scabies frequently causes severe itching.
  • Scabies | Doctor | Patient UK 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.patient.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Scabies is caused by the mite Sarcoptes scabiei .
  • Health Information 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.svcmc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • CIGNA - Scabies 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.cigna.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Health Information 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Scabies | MeritCare Health System 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.meritcare.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The adult female mite, having been fertilised, burrows into the skin, usually the hands or wrists, however other parts of the body may also be affected, and lays her eggs.^ Only female mites burrow into the skin ( Figure 1 ).
  • NEJM -- Scabies 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC content.nejm.org [Source type: Academic]

^ The female mite tunnels into the epidermis, and deposits eggs along the burrow.
  • Scabies | Doctor | Patient UK 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.patient.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The mites then lay their eggs under the skin.
  • Scabies | LIVESTRONG.COM 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Scabies has been observed on non-domestic animals as well.^ Scabies that infest animals and domestic pets fail to reproduce on humans and usually die within 3 or 4 days.
  • Treatments to Relieve Itchy Skin Caused by Bites from Scabies Mites 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.nativeremedies.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Gorillas, for instance, are known to be susceptible to infection via contact with items used by humans.^ "Scabies is prevented by avoiding direct skin-to-skin contact with an infested person or with items such as clothing or bedding used by an infested person."
  • The TSA Blog: Two Scabies Cases Reported at Boston Logan International Airport 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.tsa.gov [Source type: Original source]

[25]

Feral Animals

.In much of the world, domestic animals have gone feral and have no veterinary care and make do with what food they can find.^ Be careful not to cover too much of your body with the Vick’s, but make sure to cover well beyond the bumps.

^ The guys took over all the animal care to keep me away from the bugs but I still get them off the laundry and if one of them come anywhere near me after they have been around the dogs, the bugs get on me!
  • Cure Scabies with remedies from Earth Clinic. 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.earthclinic.com [Source type: General]

.These animals are frequently afflicted with scabies and a host of other ills.^ Transmission by means of shared clothing or other indirect method is rare with classic scabies but may occur with crusted scabies (e.g., in immunocompromised hosts).
  • NEJM -- Scabies 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC content.nejm.org [Source type: Academic]

[26]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c "Scabies". DermNet NZ. New Zealand Dermatological Society Incorporated. http://www.dermnetnz.org/arthropods/pdf/scabies-dermnetnz.pdf. 
  2. ^ a b c "DPDx - Scabies". Laboratory Identification of Parasites of Public Health Concern. CDC. http://www.dpd.cdc.gov/dpdx/HTML/Scabies.htm. 
  3. ^ http://www.cdc.gov/scabies
  4. ^ a b c d Markell, Edward K.; John, David C.; Petri, William H. (2006). Markell and Voge's medical parasitology (9th ed.). St. Louis, Mo: Elsevier Saunders. ISBN 0-7216-4793-6. 
  5. ^ Arlian LG (1989). "Biology, host relations, and epidemiology of Sarcoptes scabiei". Annu. Rev. Entomol. 34: 139–61. doi:10.1146/annurev.en.34.010189.001035. PMID 2494934. http://arjournals.annualreviews.org/doi/abs/10.1146/annurev.en.34.010189.001035?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub%3dncbi.nlm.nih.gov. 
  6. ^ Scheinfeld NS (2004). "Controlling scabies in institutional settings: a review of medications, treatment models, and implementation". Amer J Clin Dermatol 5 (1): 31–7. doi:10.2165/00128071-200405010-00005. PMID 14979741. 
  7. ^ [1]
  8. ^ http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/druginfo/uspdi/202170.html
  9. ^ FDA Public Health Advisory: Safety of Topical Lindane Products for the Treatment of Scabies and Lice
  10. ^ a b http://www.fda.gov/cder/foi/label/2003/006309lotionlbl.pdf.
  11. ^ Commission for Environmental Cooperation. North American Regional Action Plan (NARAP) on lindane and other hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH) isomers. November 30, 2006.
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  13. ^ http://www.fda.gov/Drugs/DrugSafety/PublicHealthAdvisories/ucm052201.htm
  14. ^ Lin AN, Reimer RJ, Carter DM (1988). "Sulfur revisited". J Am Acad Dermatol 18: 553–58. doi:10.1016/S0190-9622(88)70079-1. 
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  25. ^ http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/story/2009/11/doomsday-thinking.html
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External links


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

Medical warning!
This article is from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica. .Medical science has made many leaps forward since it has been written.^ Paige Bierma is a health and medical journalist based in San Francisco who has written for Hippocrates, Safety + Health, and many other publications.
  • Scabies | AHealthyMe.com 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.ahealthyme.com [Source type: General]

.This is not a site for medical advice, when you need information on a medical condition, consult a professional instead.^ Medical advice If you need medical help now ...
  • Scabies - Treatment 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.nhs.uk [Source type: General]
  • Scabies - Introduction 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.nhs.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is NOT a substitute for professional medical services or advice.
  • Scabies - Scabies Treatment - Information - Causes - Cures 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.rb59.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is not a substitute for professional medical advice.

.SCABIES, or Itch, a skin disease due to an animal parasite, the Sarcoptes scabei (see Mite), which burrows under the epidermis at any part of the body, but hardly ever in the face or scalp of adults; it usually begins at the clefts of the fingers, where its presence may be inferred from several scattered pimples, which will probably have been torn at their summits by the scratching of the patient, or have been otherwise converted into vesicles or pustules.^ When an animal with sarcoptic mange scratches itself, it breaks open the tunnels that the mites have burrowed into and the mites are killed; the itch persists due to toxins in the skin.
  • Sarcoptic Mange (Scabies) - VeterinaryPartner.com - a VIN company! 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.veterinarypartner.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Elderly patients may have few cutaneous lesions, but itch severely.
  • Scabies - New Treatments, August 1, 2009 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.medical-library.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Scabies is an infestation of the skin by a mite, scientifically known as Sarcoptes scabiei.
  • Scabies Treatment - ScabiesKiller - Scabies 14 January 2010 20:44 UTC www.scabies-killer.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The remedy is soap and water, and sulphur ointment.


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 11, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Scabies, which are similar to those in the above article.








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