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Scandinavian Brazilian
Escandinavo Brasileiro

Scandinavian immigrants in Brazil
Total population
 ?
Regions with significant populations
Brazil:

Mainly Southern and Southeastern Brazil

Languages

Predominantly Portuguese

Religion

Protestant and Catholic

Related ethnic groups

Other White Brazilian, Norwegian people, Swedish people

Scandinavian Brazilian (Portuguese: Escandinavo Brasileiro) is a Brazilian person of full, partial, or predominantly Scandinavian ancestry, or a Scandinavian-born person residing in Brazil.

Scandinavian settlement in Brazil took place principally in the mid to late 19th century, when Scandinavians people arrived in Brazil. Many Scandinavians came to Brazil for economic reasons and in order to start a new life.[1]

In recent years, many Norwegians and Swedish have immigrated to the littoral zone of the State of Rio Grande do Norte and Ceará, attracted by the beaches and the tropical climate.[2]

Contents

History

In 1768, the scientist Daniel Solander, disciple of Carl von Linné, was the first known Swede to arrive in Brazil.[3]

The relations between Brazil and Sweden are rooted in the family ties of the Brazilian and the Swedish Royal Families and in the Swedish emigration to Brazil in the end of the 19th century. The wife of King Oscar I of Sweden, Queen Josefina av Leuchtenberg, was sister to Amelia de Leuchtenberg, wife of Emperor Pedro I of Brazil. Diplomatic relations between Brazil and Sweden were established in 1826.

In Riddarholmen, where Swedish kings and noblemen are buried, there are commemorative plaques of Emperors Pedro I and Pedro II as well as of President Epitácio Pessoa (who received the Order of Serafim). The first Swedish emigrants arrived in Brazil in 1890, and in 1909 the first sea line between the two countries was initiated.

Mass emigration from Norway started about 1865–1866, after the civil war was over. Several ship-owners saw the opportunity to earn good money by transporting emigrants to New World. United States, Canada and Brazil received many Norwegians.

In Curitiba, one of the first Scandinavians of note to arrive was Alfredo Andersen, an artist who arrived towards the end of the 19th century and painted well into the 1930s. The Museu Alfredo Andersen contains much of his work, located in Paraná (state).[4]

Religion and Culture

The Scandinavian Church in Brazil is a part of The Swedish Church Abroad (SKUT) - which belongs to The Swedish Church. They offer services for Scandinavians or persons with Scandinavian related interests. They have churches in Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo.[5]

Scandinavian food

Svanen is the only Scandinavian restaurant in São Paulo today, and has been serving Scandinavian food for over seven years.

Scandinavian Association in Rio

In 1933, the 50 "Ars Pokalen" was created, to travel within the Swedish and Norwegian Colony to be given to a male member on his 50th birthday, having lived at least 2 years in Rio de Janeiro. In 1947, The Swedish Association was created. Some of the first Swedish companies were established as early as before the I World War. In 1950, The Danish Association (Den Danske Klub) was established and is still running. In 1951, the Scandinavian Golf tournament started and is still running. The winner receives a challenge cup. In 1955, The Norwegian Association (Det Norske Samfund) was established.

In 1994, The Norwegian Association was put on "hold" since there had been a notable reduction of Norwegians in Rio during the last three years and few Norwegians who remained had the possibility to keep the Association up and running. In 2001, The Swedish Association transformed into the Scandinavian Association and are since then including all the Nordic countries; Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden.[6]

Notable Scandinavian Brazilians

See also

References

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