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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Schefflera arboricola
Schefflera arboricola in cultivation
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Apiales
Family: Araliaceae
Subfamily: Aralioideae
Genus: Schefflera
Species: S. arboricola
Binomial name
Schefflera arboricola
(Hayata) Kanehira

Schefflera arboricola (syn. Heptapleurum arboricolum) is a flowering plant in the family Araliaceae, native to Taiwan and Hainan. It also goes by the common name "Dwarf Umbrella Tree."



It is an evergreen shrub growing to 3-4 m tall, with weak, often trailing stems scrambling over other vegetation. The leaves are palmately compound, with 7-9 leaflets, the leaflets 9-20 cm long and 4-10 cm broad (though often smaller in cultivation). The flowers are produced in a 20 cm panicle of small umbels, each umbel 7-10 mm diameter with 5-10 flowers.

Cultivation and uses

It is commonly grown as a houseplant, popular for its tolerance of neglect and poor growing conditions. Numerous cultivars have been selected for variations in leaf colour and pattern, often variegated with creamy-white to yellow edges or centres, and dwarf forms.

The umbrella plant lends itself easily to the bonsai form and is popular as an indoor bonsai.


The plant prefers higher light if possible, but can adapt to a wide variety of light levels. As a tropical plant it likes moisture, but avoid letting the plant sit in water after you water it. It likes to be moist but not wet.

Aerial roots

Under the right conditions, this plant will produce aerial roots that, when they reach the ground, will convert to fully functional roots. They give the plant an unusual and interesting appearance. Three conditions must be maintained for the plant to produce them: a high growth rate, insufficient trunk roots (the plant is root bound or these roots are pruned) and constant, very high humidity.

Photo gallery


External links

  • Fukubonsai, information about Schefflera arboricola as indoor bonsai.


Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Schefflera arboricola


Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Euasterids II
Ordo: Apiales
Familia: Araliaceae
Genus: Schefflera
Species: Schefflera arboricola


Schefflera arboricola (Hayata) Merr., Lingnan Sci. J. 5: 139. 1929.


  • Heptapleurum arboricola Hayata, Icon. Pl. Formosan. 6: 23. 1916.


  • Govaerts, R. & al. 2006. World Checklist of selected plant families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens. 2009 Dec 25 [1]
  • NCBI link: Schefflera arboricola

Vernacular names

English: Dwarf Umbrella Tree
日本語: シェフレラ
Svenska: Paraplyaralia
中文: 鵝掌藤
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Schefflera arboricola on Wikimedia Commons.


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