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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

—  Municipality  —


Coat of arms
Schellenberg, shown within Liechtenstein
Coordinates: 47°14′N 9°32′E / 47.233°N 9.533°E / 47.233; 9.533
 - Total 3.5 km2 (1.4 sq mi)
Elevation 626 m (2,054 ft)
Population (31 December 2007)
 - Total 1,029
 - Density 294/km2 (761.5/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 9488
Area code(s) 7011
Herrschaft Schellenberg
Lordship of Schellenberg
State of the Holy Roman Empire

9th century – 1719
Capital Schellenberg, Vaduz
Government Principality
Historical era Middle Ages
 - Conquered by Rome 15 BC
 - County created by
the 9th century
 - Purchased by
    Counts of Vaduz
 - Acquired, with Vaduz,
    by Austria
 - Liechtenstein dynasty
    become Fürsten
 - Acquired by
    Liechtenstein dynasty

Schellenberg is a municipality in the lowland area of Liechtenstein, on the banks of the Rhine. As of 2005, it has a population of 952 and covers an area of 3.5 km2 (1.4 sq mi).

The area was first settled by Celts, then by Rhaetians. Rome conquered the area in 15 BC, and made it part of the province of Rhaetia. The Province later became a county (countship) under Charlemagne. The county was repeatedly divided among heirs.

The Lordship of Schellenberg was purchased by the Counts of Vaduz in 1437 and the two states have been united in fact ever since. After the Swabian War in 1499, both came under Austrian suzerainty. Different dynasties of counts bought and sold them, until their purchase in the early 18th century by the Liechtenstein dynasty, which had been granted princely status in 1706, but which needed to acquire a territory with imperial immediacy in order to vote in the Diet of the Princes of the Empire. The emperor formally united Vaduz and Schellenberg in 1719 as the Principality of Liechtenstein.

In the municipality, there is a monument at the border town of Hinterschellenberg that commemorates the asylum given to Russian soldiers[1]. At the close of World War II, Liechtenstein granted asylum to approximately five hundred soldiers of the First Russian National Army, a collaborationist Russian force within the German Wehrmacht. This act was no small matter as the country was poor and had difficulty feeding and caring for such a large group of refugees. Eventually, Argentina agreed to permanently resettle the asylum seekers. In contrast, the British repatriated the Russians who fought on the German side to the USSR.

In Schellenberg, there is a small road crossing to Austria, manned by Austrian border guards.


  1. ^ Schellenberg TravelGuide on Virtual

External links

Coordinates: 47°14′N 9°32′E / 47.233°N 9.533°E / 47.233; 9.533


Up to date as of January 23, 2010
(Redirected to Johann Rudolph Schellenberg article)

From Wikispecies

(January 4, 1740–1806, Basel)
was a Swiss Artist , writer , botanist and entomologist

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