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Schisandra
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Austrobaileyales
Family: Schisandraceae
Genus: Schisandra

Schisandra chinensis

Schisandra (Magnolia Vine) is a genus of shrub commonly grown in gardens. It is a hardy deciduous climber which thrives in virtually any soil; its preferred position is on a sheltered shady wall. It may be propagated by taking cuttings of half-matured shoots in August. Species include S. chinensis, S. glaucescens, S. rubriflora and S. rubrifolia.

Contents

Description

It is native to East Asia, and its dried fruit is used medicinally. The berries of S. chinensis are given the name wu wei zi in Chinese (; pinyin: wǔ wèi zi), which translates as "five flavor fruit" because they possess all five basic flavors in Chinese herbal medicine: salty, sweet, sour, pungent (spicy), and bitter. In traditional Chinese medicine it is used as a remedy for many ailments: to resist infections, increase skin health, and combat insomnia, coughing, and thirst.

Species

Over 19 species of the genus are said to be used in Chinese medicine, mostly as sedatives and tonic agents. Schisandra may also aid in the treatment of Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) when combined with wormwood, ginger, buplerum, and Codonopsis pilosula. However, there is insufficient evidence to support this claim at this time.

Medicinal uses

Modern Chinese research suggests that schisandra and other lignans have a protective effect on the liver and an immunomodulating effect. Two human trials in China (one double-blind and the other preliminary) have shown that schisandra may help people with chronic viral hepatitis reports Liu KT from Studies on fructus Schizandre cinensis. Schisandra lignans appear to protect the liver by activating the enzymes that produce glutathione.

Recently, the extract of S. rubriflora, a native of the Yunnan province, was found to contain complex and highly oxygenated nortriterpenoids. The discoverers named those molecules Rubriflorins A-C. [1]

More information can be found at Schisandra chinensis

See also

References

  1. ^ Xiao, W.-L. et al.. J. Nat. Prod. 2007, Web release : May 10th.

External links


Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Taxonavigation

Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Unassigned Angiospermae
Ordo: Austrobaileyales
Familia: Illiciaceae
Genus: Schisandra
Subgenera: S. subg.  Pleiostema - S. subg.  Sinoschisandra - S. subg.  Schisandra
Species: S. arisanensis - S. bicolor - S. chinensis - S. elongata - S. glabra - S. glaucescens - S. grandiflora - S. henryi - S. incarnata - S. lancifolia - S. longipes - S. micrantha - S. neglecta - S. parapropinqua - S. perulata - S. plena - S. propinqua - S. pubescens - S. pubinervis - S. repanda - S. rubriflora - S. sphaerandra - S. sphenanthera - S. tomentella

Name

Schisandra Michx., Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 218. 1803, nom. cons.

Type species: S. coccinea Michx. = S. glabra (Brickell) Rehder

Synonyms

Homotypic
  • Schizandra DC., orth. var.
  • Stellandria Brickell, Med. Repos. 6(3): 327. 1803, nom rej.
Heterotypic
  • Maximowiczia Rupr., Bull. Cl. Phys.-Math. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg ser. 2. 15: 124, 142. 1856.
  • Sphaerostema Blume, Bijdr. 22. 1825.

References

  • Rehder, A.J. 1944. Schisandra Michaux, nomen genericum conservandum. J. Arnold Arbor. 25: 129-131.
  • Saunders, R.M.K. 2000. Monograph of Schisandra (Schisandraceae). Syst. Bot. Monogr. 58:100.

Vernacular names

Deutsch: Spaltkörbchen, Beerentrauben
English: Magnolia Vine
Polski: Cytryniec
Русский: Лимонник







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