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Scott W. Lucas: Wikis

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Scott Wike Lucas


In office
January 3, 1939 – January 3, 1951
Preceded by William H. Dieterich
Succeeded by Everett Dirksen

In office
January 3, 1949 – January 3, 1951
Preceded by Wallace H. White, Jr.
Succeeded by Ernest McFarland

Born February 19, 1892
Near Chandlerville, Illinois
Died February 22, 1968 (aged 76)
Rocky Mount, North Carolina
Nationality american
Political party Democratic
Alma mater Illinois Wesleyan University
Military service
Service/branch United States Army
Battles/wars World War I

Scott Wike Lucas (February 19, 1892 - February 22, 1968) was a two-term Democratic United States Senator (1939-1951) from Illinois, and the United States Senate Majority Leader from 1948 to 1950.

After graduating from the law school of Illinois Wesleyan University, Lucas entered private practice; he enlisted in the U.S. Army during World War I, later serving as a lieutenant.

He served in a variety of governmental posts in Illinois before he was first elected to the United States House of Representatives in 1934, and was elected senator in 1938. He was re-elected in 1944. With support from Harry Truman, he was elected party whip in 1946. Lucas, a moderate, drew support from conservative and liberal wings of the party. He took over the midwest campaign for President Truman and was credited with assisting not only Truman's 1948 reelection but bringing nine Democrats into the Senate. When Alben Barkley became vice-president and resigned his Senate seat, Lucas became majority leader. However, he was unable to build a consensus as Senate majority leader with the onset of the anti-Communist era, and lost re-election in 1950 to Republican Everett Dirksen. Lucas had become a target of Republican wrath with loss of political power in the Senate and the White House. His 1950 reelection campaign featured the active intervention into Illinois politics of Wisconsin Senator Joseph McCarthy who traveled the state with Rep. Dirksen saying that Senator Lucas was "soft on communism". Dirksen would go on to easily defeat Lucas with a 54% to 46% victory, one of several results that allowed the Republicans to reclaim the senate majority.

He was succeeded as Democratic leader by Ernest McFarland, who also lost his reelection bid two years after assuming the leadership. The McCarthy intervention into other Senate campaigns was a factor in alienating his colleagues and his censure in 1954. Thanks to McFarland's successor, Lyndon Johnson, the Senate Democratic leadership became much more consolidated and more powerful.

External links

United States Senate
Preceded by
William H. Dieterich
United States Senator (Class 3) from Illinois
1939 – 1951
Served alongside: J. Hamilton Lewis, James M. Slattery
Charles W. Brooks, Paul Douglas
Succeeded by
Everett Dirksen
Party political offices
Preceded by
Alben W. Barkley
Kentucky
Senate Democratic Leader
1949–1951
Succeeded by
Ernest W. McFarland
Arizona
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