|Most successful club||Celtic
|Scottish Cup 2009/10|
The Scottish Football Association Challenge Cup, commonly known as the Scottish Cup, and as the Active Nation Scottish Cup for sponsorship reasons, is the main national cup competition in Scottish football. It is a knockout cup competition run by and named after the Scottish Football Association.
The Scottish Cup awarded to the Scottish Cup winners is the oldest national trophy in the world.
The Scottish Cup was first held in 1873-74, with the first winners being Queen's Park. Because it involves clubs of all standards playing against each other, there is the possibility for "minnows" from the lower or junior divisions to become "giant-killers" by eliminating top clubs from the tournament. The current holders of the Scottish Cup are Rangers, who beat Falkirk 1-0 in the 2009 final on 30 May 2009 through a 30 yard lob by Nacho Novo.
The Old Firm (Celtic and Rangers, both of Glasgow) are the dominant force in Scottish football. They are the only two clubs to have won the Scottish Premier League since its inception in 1998, and their dominance also extends over the Scottish Cup, though to a lesser degree.
The 2006 final was played on 13 May 2006 at Hampden Park and was contested by Hearts and Gretna. This was the first final in nine years that did not involve an Old Firm team and the first ever to feature a team from the third tier of the Scottish League system.
The Scottish Cup produces occasional "giant-killings" where a team from a lower division defeats a team from a higher division. Some famous cup shocks include 1938, when Second Division East Fife were the victors in the final against Kilmarnock and thus won the cup.
On 31 January 1959, Highland League outfit Fraserburgh's won 1-0 against a Dundee side which had seven Scottish Internationals in their side.
In the 2009/10 season Irvine Meadow became the first junior club to beat a league club, beating Arbroath 1-0 to set up a 4th round tie against Hibs. They were impressive in the 3-0 defeat at Easter Road, which was the first meeting between a Premier League club and a junior club.
The competition format is that of a single elimination knockout. Teams are drawn against each other randomly. The team who is drawn first from each tie is the home team. If the first match finishes in a draw, a replay is played at the stadium of the second team drawn. In the replay, if the scores are still level at full time, extra time is played and (if necessary) penalties are used to decide the winner of the tie.
The semi-final matches are played at neutral stadiums, usually the national stadium (smaller stadiums if the teams do not bring a large support) Hampden Park and the final itself is traditionally played at Hampden. Celtic Park staged the finals in 1993 and 1998 and Ibrox staged the final in 1997 while Hampden was being redeveloped. The final and semi-final do not have replays and are played to a finish. Extra time is played and penalties are used if necessary. Two finals (1990 and 2006) have been decided by penalties.
Previously clubs in the Third and Second Divisions qualified automatically for the first round, along with four non-league teams each from the Scottish Qualifying Cup (North) and (South) competitions. Clubs in the First Division and the Scottish Premier League had automatic byes to the third round. However, from the 2007–08 season new criteria were introduced for entry into the Scottish Cup. The Scottish Qualifying Cup competitions were scrapped and the 36 SFA member clubs outwith the SPL and SFL were given direct entry to the 1st Round of the cup. Additionally, the league winners of the East of Scotland and South of Scotland Leagues, both of which contain some clubs that are not full members of the SFA and hence could not previously enter the Scottish Cup, were given a place in the draw.
Clubs from Scottish Junior football (all but one of whom are not members of the SFA as they belong to the Scottish Junior FA) were admitted for the first time in the 2007–08 competition. Up to four Junior clubs are allowed to enter, these being the champions of the previous season's Scottish Junior Football North Premier League, the Scottish Junior Football West Premier League, the Scottish Junior Football East Region Super League, and the winner of the Scottish Junior Cup if they have not also won one of the three top regional league titles. The first three Junior clubs to qualify for the tournament were Culter, Pollok and Linlithgow Rose. During Season 2008–09, Junior sides Bathgate Thistle, Pollok, Banks O' Dee and Lochee United will compete in the tournament.
As with all domestic cup competitions in UEFA countries, the winners of the Scottish Cup qualify for the following season's UEFA Europa League (previously the UEFA Cup). If the winners have already qualified for a higher-ranked tournament, either by winning the league (or in modern times, finishing second), the cup runners-up are awarded a place in Europe. This has been quite a regular occurrence in Scotland, with either Rangers or Celtic often winning 'The Double', while Aberdeen also achieved that feat in 1984. In 2006, Heart of Midlothian had already qualified for the Champions League by finishing second in the SPL, and then won the 2006 Scottish Cup Final. Therefore, the Scottish Cup place in Europe passed to Gretna, the beaten finalists.
In 2008, the SFA announced that in such a situation the place would in future be awarded to the highest-placed club in the SPL who had not otherwise qualified for Europe. This followed some disappointing performances by middle-ranking Scottish teams including Gretna, Dunfermline Athletic and Queen of the South. All those clubs were knocked out at the first hurdle of the UEFA Cup which reduced the nation's coefficient, the calculation used to determine the number of places allocated in UEFA tournaments. UEFA blocked the proposed change, however, insisting that a club from the cup competition should represent Scotland. Therefore Falkirk qualified for the UEFA Europa League 2009-10, despite losing the 2009 Scottish Cup Final to league champions Rangers. Falkirk duly lost in their opening tie to FC Vaduz of Liechtenstein.
The record attendance for a final is 147,365 in the 1937 final between Celtic and Aberdeen, a European record for domestic football. The first final to be decided on penalties was in 1990 when Aberdeen beat Celtic 9–8 on penalties after a 0–0 draw.
Hibernian have now played 337 games in the competition since they last won the Cup in 1902.
St Mirren in 1987 are the last team to win the cup with a team containing only Scottish players.
The current holders are Rangers.
Scottish Cup matches are currently broadcast live by both BBC Scotland and Sky Sports across Scotland, with Sky broadcasting exclusively to England, Wales, Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland. Sky Sports broadcast one live match per round from the third round onwards. BBC Scotland broadcast two live matches prior to the Final and show highlights of every game from the third round onward. Both live matches and highlights are shown on their Sportscene strand. Both BBC Scotland and Sky show the final live.
The Scottish FA sells overseas rights separately from their domestic contract. In Australia, the Scottish Cup is broadcast by Setanta Sports Australia.
The tournament has been sponsored by a number of institutions in recent years, which have also lent their name to the competition. These sponsors have included:
The Scottish Government in association with businessman Willie Haughey sponsored the Scottish Cup for the 2008–09 and 2009–10 seasons, with the 2009 competition being called The Homecoming Scottish Cup and the 2010 competition called The Active Nation Scottish Cup.
The Scottish Cup started in the 1873-74 season, and 16 teams played to try to win it. The trophy was first won by Queen's Park when they beat Clydesdale 2–0 in the final in front of a crowd of 3,000 people. While the FA Cup is the oldest cup competition in the world, the trophy awarded to the Scottish Cup winners is the oldest trophy, being minted in 1885.