The Full Wiki

Scottish Gaelic alphabet: Wikis

  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Scottish Gaelic alphabet contains 18 letters, five of which are vowels. The letters are (vowels in bold):

a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, l, m, n, o, p, r, s, t, u

The five vowels also appear with grave accents, the absence or presence of which can change the meaning of a word drastically as in bàta (a boat) versus bata (a stick):

à, è, ì, ò, ù

The acute accent is also used on some vowels:

á, é, ó

Since the 1980s the acute accent has not been used in Scottish high school examination papers, and many publishers have adopted the Scottish Qualifications Authority's orthographic conventions for their books.[1] The acute accent is still used in most Scottish universities (and several Scottish academics remain vociferously opposed to the SEB's conventions[citation needed]) and by a minority of Scottish publishers, as well as in Canada.

It is also increasingly common to see other Latin letters in loanwords, including v and z, etc.

The alphabet is known as the aibidil in Scottish Gaelic, and formerly the Beith Luis Nuin from the first three letters of the Ogham alphabet: b, l, n.

Traditional names of the letters

The letters were traditionally named after trees and other plants. Some of the names differ from their modern equivalents (e.g. dair > darach, suil > seileach).

ailm elm beith white birch coll hazel dair oak eadha aspen feàrn alder
gort ivy uath hawthorn iogh yew luis rowan muin vine nuin ash
onn/oir furze peith downy birch ruis elder suil willow teine furze ura heather

Another obsolete naming system was similar to many European ones, e.g. b would be called beh, c would be ec, etc.[citation needed]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Gaelic Orthographic Conventions 2005" (PDF). Scottish Qualifications Authority, publication code BB1532. p. 5. http://www.sqa.org.uk/sqa/controller?p_service=Content.show&p_applic=CCC&pContentID=7339. Retrieved 2007-03-24.  First published by the Scottish Certificate of Education Examination Board (SCEEB) in 1981 and revised by the Scottish Qualifications Authority (SQA) in 2005.







Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message