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Scottish representatives to the 1st Parliament of Great Britain: Wikis

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Scottish representatives to the House of Commons of the 1st Parliament of Great Britain were not elected but co-opted in 1707 from the Commissioners of the last Parliament of Scotland.

Contents

Legal background to the composition of the 1st Parliament

Under the Treaty of Union of the Two Kingdoms of England and Scotland it was provided:

"III. THAT the United Kingdom of Great Britain be Represented by one and the same Parliament to be stiled the Parliament of Great Britain.

...

XXII. THAT ... A Writ do issue ... Directed to the Privy Council of Scotland, Commanding them to Cause ... forty five Members to be elected to sit in the House of Commons of the Parliament of Great Britain ... in such manner as by a subsequent Act of the present session of the Parliament of Scotland shall be settled ... And that ... the members of the House of Commons of the said Parliament of England and the forty five Members for Scotland ... shall be ... the first Parliament of Great Britain ..."

The Parliament of Scotland duly passed an Act settling the manner of electing the sixteen peers and forty five commoners to represent Scotland in the Parliament of Great Britain. A special provision for the 1st Parliament of Great Britain was "that the Sixteen Peers and Forty five Commissioners for Shires and Burghs shall be chosen by the Peers, Barrons and Burghs respectively in this present session of Parliament and out of the members thereof in the same manner that Committees of Parliament are usually now chosen shall be the members of the respective Houses of the said first Parliament of Great Britain for and on the part of Scotland ..."

The United Kingdom of Great Britain came into existence on 1 May 1707.

Dates of the Parliament

Election: The members of the last English House of Commons had been elected between 7 May 1705 and 6 June 1705. The last general election in pre-Union Scotland was in 1703.

First meeting and maximum legal term: Parliament first met on 23 October 1707. The Parliament was due to expire, if not sooner dissolved, at the end of the term of three years from the first meeting of the last Parliament of England, which would have been on 14 June 1708.

Dissolution: The 1st Parliament of Great Britain was dissolved on 3 April 1708.

Selection of MPs from Scotland

Scotland was entitled to 45 MPs at Westminster. The Scottish legislation prescribed the constituencies from which the MPs from Scotland were to be elected. These constituencies were first used in the election of 1708 to the 2nd Parliament.

The special procedure for selecting the Scottish members for the 1st Parliament produced 44 Scottish MPs and there was one vacancy.

Scottish constituencies

Key to categories: BC - Burgh constituency, CC - County constituency.

Constituency MP
Aberdeen Burghs BC vacant
Aberdeenshire CC vacant
Anstruther Easter Burghs BC vacant
Argyllshire CC vacant
Ayr Burghs BC vacant
Ayrshire CC vacant
Banffshire CC vacant
Berwickshire CC vacant
Buteshire or Caithness CC vacant
Clackmannanshire or Kinross-shire CC vacant
Cromartyshire or Nairnshire vacant
Dumfries Burghs BC vacant
Dumfriesshire CC vacant
Dunbartonshire CC vacant
Dysart Burghs BC vacant
Edinburgh BC vacant
Edinburghshire CC vacant
Elgin Burghs BC vacant
Elginshire CC vacant
Fife CC vacant
Forfarshire CC vacant
Glasgow Burghs BC vacant
Haddington Burghs BC vacant
Haddingtonshire CC vacant
Inverness Burghs BC vacant
Inverness-shire CC vacant
Kincardineshire CC vacant
Kirkcudbrightshire CC vacant
Lanarkshire CC vacant
Linlithgow Burghs BC vacant
Linlithgowshire CC vacant
Orkney & Shetland CC vacant
Peebleshire CC vacant
Perth Burghs BC vacant
Perthshire CC vacant
Renfrewshire CC vacant
Ross-shire CC vacant
Roxburghshire CC vacant
Selkirkshire CC vacant
Stirling Burghs BC vacant
Stirlingshire CC vacant
Sutherland CC vacant
Tain Burghs BC vacant
Wigtown Burghs BC vacant
Wigtownshire CC vacant

Members of Parliament returned for Scotland (1707–1708)

  • Showing dates of birth and death
  1. William Nisbet (c. 1666 – October 1724)
  2. John Cockburn (c. 1679 – 13 November 1758)
  3. Sir John Swinton (by 1662–1723)
  4. Sir William Kerr, 3rd Baronet (died April 1716)
  5. Archibald Douglas (Scottish politician) (c. 1667 – 3 July 1741)
  6. William Bennet (Scottish politician) (died 23 December 1729)
  7. John Murray (MP for Banffshire) (c. 1667 – 24 March 1714)
  8. John Pringle (Scottish politician) (c. 1674 – 19 August 1754)
  9. William Morison (19 April 1663 – 1739) 76
  10. George Baillie (16 March 1664 – 6 August 1738) 74
  11. Sir John Johnston (died 30 September 1711)
  12. John Stewart (Scottish politician) (after 1670 – 22 April 1748)
  13. Francis Montgomerie (died by January 1729)
  14. William Dalrymple (politician) (11 October 1678 – 30 November 1744) 66
  15. Sir Robert Pollock (c. 1665 – 22 August 1735)
  16. John Haldane (31 March 1660 – 26 June 1721) 61
  17. Mungo Graham (23 December 1670 – 26 November 1754) 83
  18. Sir Thomas Burnett (after 1656 – January 1714)
  19. Sir David Ramsay, 4th Baronet (after 1673 – 1 September 1710)
  20. William Seton (6 March 1673 – 1744) 71
  21. Alexander Grant (after 1673 – 19 August 1719)
  22. Hugh Rose (Scottish politician) (27 January 1663 – 23 January 1732) 68
  23. Sir Kenneth McKenzie (1658 – 13 September 1728)
  24. John Campbell (Scottish politician) (c. 1660 – 9 April 1729)
  25. Sir James Campbell (Scottish politician) (c. 1679 – 14 October 1756)
  26. James Campbell (Scottish politician) (c. 1666 – 5 July 1752)
  27. James Halyburton (Scottish poitician) (died by July 1755)
  28. Alexander Abercrombie (5 November 1678 – 23 December 1728) 50
  29. Sir Alexander Douglas (c. 1667 – 3 July 1741)
  30. John Bruce (died 19 March 1710)
  31. Sir Patrick Johnstone (died 7 September 1736)
  32. Sir John Erskine (1672 – 12 March 1739) 66
  33. Hugh Montgomerie (Scottish politician) (c. 1663 – 14 January 1735)
  34. James Scott (MP) (1671 – October 1732) 61
  35. John Erskine (Scottish politician) (September 1660 – 1733) 72
  36. Patrick Moncreiff (c. 1674 – January 1709)
  37. Sir Andrew Hume (19 July 1676 – 16 March 1730) 53
  38. Sir Peter Halkett (c. 1660 – 20 March 1746)
  39. Sir David Dalrymple (c. 1665 – 3 December 1721)
  40. Sir John Clerk of Pennicuik, 2nd Baronet (8 February 1676 – 4 October 1755) 79
  41. Patrick Ogilvy (1665 – 20 September 1737) 72
  42. Sir George Allardice (17 August 1672 – 5 October 1709) 37
  43. Daniel Campbell (c. 1672 – 8 June 1753)
  44. Alexander Maitland (died June 1721)
  45. vacant

Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs

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