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City of Scranton
Scranton panorama from PA-307 overlook
Nickname(s): Electric City
Motto: Embracing Our People, Our Traditions, and Our Future
City of Scranton is located in Pennsylvania
City of Scranton
Location in Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania
Coordinates: 41°24′38″N 75°40′03″W / 41.41056°N 75.6675°W / 41.41056; -75.6675Coordinates: 41°24′38″N 75°40′03″W / 41.41056°N 75.6675°W / 41.41056; -75.6675
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County Lackawanna
Incorporated February 14, 1856 (borough)
  April 23, 1866 (city)
Government
 - Mayor Christopher Doherty (D)
Area
 - City 25.44 sq mi (65.89 km2)
 - Land 25.23 sq mi (65.33 km2)
 - Water 0.21 sq mi (0.55 km2)
Population (2007)
 - City 72,485
 Density 2,873.0/sq mi (1,122.3/km2)
 Metro 549,430
  [1][2]
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP Codes 18447, 18501-18505, 18507-18510, 18512, 18514-18515, 18517-18519, 18522, 18540, 18577
Website www.ScrantonPA.gov

Scranton is a city in the northeastern part of Pennsylvania, United States. It is the county seat of Lackawanna County[3] and the largest principal city in the Scranton–Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania Metropolitan Statistical Area. According to figures released by the United States Census Bureau in 2000, the city had a total population of 76,415 (2007 estimate: 72,485). Scranton is Pennsylvania's seventh most populous city after Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Allentown, Erie, Reading, and Bethlehem.[1]

Scranton is the geographic and cultural center of the Lackawanna River valley. It is the largest city located in a contiguous quilt-work of former anthracite coal mining communities including the smaller cities of Wilkes-Barre, Pittston, and Carbondale. Scranton was incorporated as a borough on February 14, 1856, and as a city on April 23, 1866.

Contents

History

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Humble beginnings (1776–1865)

Present-day Scranton and the surrounding area had been inhabited by the native Lenape tribe, from whose language "Lackawanna" (or "le-can-hanna", meaning "stream that forks") is derived. Gradually, settlers from New England came to the area in the late 1700s, establishing mills and other small businesses, and their village became known as Slocum Hollow. Isaac Tripp, known as the first settler, built his home here in 1778, which still stands in the Providence section of the city as a testament to this era.

Industrial foundation established: iron, coal and railroads (1846–1899)

Scranton, Pennsylvania, as depicted on an 1890 panoramic map

Though anthracite coal was being mined in Carbondale to the north and Wilkes-Barre to the south, the industry that precipitated the city's growth was iron and steel. Iron T-rails were first manufactured in America at the Montour Iron Works in Danville, Pennsylvania, on October 8, 1845. Prior to that they were made in England and shipped overseas. In 1840, brothers Selden T. and George W. Scranton founded what would become the Lackawanna Steel Company. The company began producing iron T-rails in 1847 for the Erie Railroad in New York state. Soon after, Scranton became a major producer of these rails. The Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad (DL&W) was founded in 1851 by the Scrantons to transport iron and coal products from the Lackawanna valley. The Pennsylvania Coal Company built a gravity railroad here for this purpose as well. In 1856, the Borough of Scranton was officially incorporated and named after its industrious founders. The Delaware and Hudson (D&H) Canal Company, which had its own gravity railroad from Carbondale to Honesdale, built a steam railroad that entered Scranton in 1863.

Scranton was incorporated as a city of 35,000 in 1866 when the surrounding boroughs of Hyde Park (now part of the city's West Side) and Providence (now part of North Scranton) were merged with Scranton. The nation's first successful, continuously-operating electrified streetcar (trolley) system was established in the city in 1886, giving it the nickname "The Electric City". In the late 1890s Scranton was home to a series of early International League baseball teams. By 1890, three other railroads had built lines to tap into the rich supply of coal in and around the city, including the Erie Railroad, the Central Railroad of New Jersey and finally the New York, Ontario and Western Railway (NYO&W). Underneath the city, a network of coal veins was mined by workers who were given jobs by the wealthy coal barons with low pay, long hours and unsafe working conditions. Children as young as 8 or 9 worked 14-hour days separating slate from coal in the breakers.

Growth and prosperity (1900–1945)

By the United States Census of 1900, the population of Scranton was about 102,026[4], making it the 38th largest city in the United States. The turn of the 20th century saw many beautiful homes of Victorian architecture built in the Hill and Green Ridge sections of the city. In 1901, the dwindling local iron ore supply took the Lackawanna Steel Company away to Lackawanna, New York, where iron ore from Minnesota was more readily available by ships on the Great Lakes. The city lost the industry on which it was founded.

Scranton forged ahead as the center of Pennsylvania's anthracite coal industry. During the first half of the 20th century, it became home to many groups of newly arrived immigrants from Eastern Europe. This patchwork still survives and is represented by the Catholic and Orthodox churches that primarily dot the North Scranton, West Side and South Side neighborhoods of the city. In 1903, an electric interurban railroad known as the Laurel Line was started, and two years later connected to nearby Wilkes-Barre, 20 miles southwest. Working conditions for miners were improved by the efforts of labor leaders like John Mitchell, whose is honored with a statue on the downtown Courthouse Square. By the mid-1930s, the city population had swelled to over 140,000[4] due to the extensive growth of the mining and silk textile industries. World War II created a great demand for energy, which was satisfied by expanded strip mining operations throughout the area.


The end of an era (1946–1984)

After World War II, it became clear that coal was losing favor to other energy sources such as oil and natural gas. In contrast to other cities in the United States that prospered in the post-war "boom", the fortunes and population of Scranton (and the rest of Lackawanna and Luzerne Counties) began to diminish. Coal production and rail traffic declined rapidly throughout the 1950s. In 1952, the Laurel Line ceased passenger service. The trolleys of the Scranton Transit Company that gave the city its nickname transferred all operations to buses as the 1954 holiday season approached. In 1955, some eastern and southern parts of the city were destroyed by the floods of Hurricane Diane, and 80 lives were lost in the area. The NYO&W Railroad, which depended heavily on its Scranton branch for freight traffic, was completely abandoned in 1957.

The Knox Mine Disaster of January 1959 all but erased the mining industry in Northeastern Pennsylvania. The event terminated thousands of jobs as the waters of the Susquehanna River flooded the mines.[5][6] The DL&W Railroad, nearly bankrupt by the drop in coal traffic and the effects of Hurricane Diane, merged with the Erie Railroad in 1960. Scranton had been the hub of its operations until the Erie Lackawanna merger, when it was no longer needed in this capacity; it was another severe blow to the labor market. Mine subsidence was a spreading problem in the city as pillar supports in abandoned mines began to fail; cave-ins sometimes consumed entire blocks of homes. The area was then scarred by abandoned coal mining structures, strip mines and massive culm dumps. During the 1960s and 1970s, the silk and other textile industries shrunk as jobs moved south or overseas.

There were some small bright spots during the era. In 1962, businessman Alex Grass opened his first "Thrif D Discount Center" drugstore on Lackawanna Avenue in downtown Scranton.[7][8] This original 17-foot-wide and 75-foot-deep store proved to be an immediate success which would grow to become the Rite Aid drugstore chain.[7]

During the 1970s and 1980s, many of the downtown storefronts and theaters became vacant as suburban shopping malls became the dominant venues for shopping and entertainment.

Stabilization and restoration (1985–present)

There has been an emphasis on revitalization since the mid-1980s. Local government and much of the community at large have adopted a renewed interest in the city's buildings and history. Aged and empty properties are being redesigned and marketed as tourist attractions. The Steamtown National Historic Site captures the area's once-prominent position in the railroad industry.[9] The former DL&W train station is restored as the Radisson Lackawanna Station Hotel.[10] The Electric City Trolley Museum was created next to the DL&W yards that "Steamtown" occupies. Other attractions responsible for recent popularity and favorable attention to Scranton include the Snö Mountain ski resort (formerly Montage Mountain), the Scranton/Wilkes-Barre Yankees (formerly the Scranton/Wilkes-Barre Red Barons), AAA affiliate of the New York Yankees, and their PNC Field, and the Toyota Pavilion at Montage Mountain concert venue.

Geography

Scranton is located at 41°24′38″N 75°40′3″W / 41.41056°N 75.6675°W / 41.41056; -75.6675 (41.410629, -75.667411)[9]. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 25.4 square miles (65.9 km²). The city has 25.2 square miles (65.3 km²) of land and 0.2 square miles (0.5 km²) of water. The total area is 0.83% water. Scranton is drained by the Lackawanna River.

The elevation of "Center City" is approximately 750 feet (229 m) above sea level. Generally, the city is hilly, with its inhabited portions ranging approximately from 650 feet (220 m) to 1400 feet (425 m). The city is flanked by mountains to the east and west whose elevations range from 1900 feet (580 m) to 2100 feet (640 m).

Neighborhoods

Scranton is broken up into five major sections: West Side, South Side, the Hill Section, North Scranton, and Minooka. Two major subsets are Downtown and Green Ridge, an area two miles from downtown Scranton between the Hill Section and North Scranton. The Hill Section is located in the eastern part of the city. Other sections include: East Mountain, an off shoot of South Scranton,with an all new development being processed off of Mt. Lake Rd.; West Mountain, an off shoot of West Side; Tripps Park, a small area located between West Scranton and North Scranton, with new developments by Hanover Homes, plus a new school replacing John Marshall #41 and Lincoln Jackson schools to be located between the 1700 block of Bulwer St., the 1800/1900 block of Dorothy St.,the 100 block of Emily Ave., and the top of the 1700 block of Hawthorne St. ; the Plot, a strictly residential neighborhood located in the lower Green Ridge area; Bull's Head, a largely Portuguese and Italian neighborhood between North and West Scranton; Pine Brook which is between downtown Scranton and Green Ridge, and Bellevue, a section bridging West Scranton and South Scranton. Green Ridge is known to be the wealthiest of the neighborhoods. It is in Green Ridge and the Hill Section that the mansions built by former coal barons still stand. As with most cities and neighborhoods, boundaries can be ambiguous and are not always uniformly defined.

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1860 9,223
1870 35,092 280.5%
1880 45,850 30.7%
1890 75,215 64.0%
1900 102,026 35.6%
1910 129,867 27.3%
1920 137,783 6.1%
1930 143,333 4.0%
1940 140,404 −2.0%
1950 125,536 −10.6%
1960 110,273 −12.2%
1970 102,696 −6.9%
1980 88,117 −14.2%
1990 81,805 −7.2%
2000 76,415 −6.6%
Est. 2008 72,233 −5.5%
US Census Bureau[4]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 76,415 people, 31,303 households, and 18,124 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,029.2 per square mile (1,169.4/km²). There were 35,336 housing units at an average density of 1,400.8 per square mile (540.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 93.54% White, 3.02% African American, 0.11% Native American, 1.08% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.16% from other races, and 1.07% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race make up 2.62% of the population.

There were 31,303 households out of which 24.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.8% were married couples living together, 13.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.1% were non-families. The city had 36.7% of its households with single occupancy and 18.1% whose individual was aged at least 65. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 3.01.

The population's age is distributed with 20.8% under 18, 12.3% from 18 to 24, 25.5% from 25 to 44, 21.2% from 45 to 64, and 20.1% at least 65. The median age was 39. For every 100 females there were 87.0 males. For every 100 females aged at least 18, there were 83.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $28,805, and the median income for a family was $41,642. Males had a median income of $30,829 versus $21,858 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,174. Found below the poverty line are 15.0% of the population, 10.7% of families, 18.9% of those under age 18 and 12.0% of those at least age 65.

The local dialect of American English is "Northeast Pennsylvania English", at least for the older generations of Scranton residents.

As of the 2006 American Community Survey the average family size is 2.95. Of the population that's 25 years old and over 83.3% of them have graduated from High School. 18.7% of them have a Bachelor's degree or higher. In labor force (population 16 years and over) 57.6% of them work. The per capita income (in 2006 inflation-adjusted dollars) is $17,187.

Public safety

Fire Department

The Bureau of Fire was incorporated as a paid service in 1901. It is a full-time service consisting of approximately 140 firefighters. Headquarters is located on Mulberry Street in Central City. The fire department has a total of eight fire stations in the city's South Side, Central City, the Pinebrook section, West Side, North Scranton, Bull's Head, the Petersburg section, and on East Mountain. The fire department has a total of ten pieces of "frontline" fire apparatus, including seven engines, two trucks, and one rescue.[11]

Police

The Scranton Police Patrol Division is broken down into three shifts. Police headquarters is located on South Washington Avenue in downtown Scranton. Special Units include Arson Investigations, Auto Theft Task Force, Child Abuse Investigation, Crime Scene Investigation, Criminal Investigation, Juvenile Unit, Special Investigations Unit, Canine Unit, Community Development and Highway Unit.[11]

Emergency medical services

Emergency medical services are provided by two private companies, Community Life Support and Lackawanna Ambulance. The city requires that only Advanced Life Support units respond to emergencies, which include a crew of a Paramedic and an EMT. Ambulances are dispatched by an advanced GPS system which allows the 911 dispatcher to send the closest ambulance to the scene of the emergency.

Culture

Media

The Scranton/Wilkes-Barre area is the 54th largest television market in the United States.[12] Local television stations include WNEP, an ABC affiliate, WBRE, an NBC affiliate, WYOU, a CBS affiliate, WVIA, a PBS affiliate, WOLF, a FOX affiliate, WSWB, a CW affiliate, WQMY, a My Network TV affiliate, and WQPX, an affiliate of ION Television. Additionally, local government and public access programming is aired on Comcast cable channels 19 and 21.

Scranton is headquarters of Times-Shamrock Communications, which publishes the city's major newspaper, The Times-Tribune, a Pulitzer Prize winning broadsheet daily founded in 1870. Times-Shamrock also publishes Electric City, a weekly entertainment tabloid and The Citizens' Voice, a daily tabloid based in Wilkes-Barre. The Scranton Post is a weekly general interest broadsheet. The Times Leader is a daily paper that primarily covers Wilkes-Barre which also publishes in Scranton and the Weekender is a Wilkes-Barre based entertainment tabloid with distribution in Scranton. There are several other print publications with a more narrow focus, including the Union News, La Voz Latina, Melanian News.

Scranton's radio market is ranked #70 by Arbitron's ranking system. The following box lists the radio stations in the area:

Sports

Scranton has a long history of supporting professional sports, dating back to the late 19th century when minor league baseball first came to the area. The Scranton Indians were the city's first professional baseball team and began play in 1887. The city was host to minor league baseball teams in the Pennsylvania State League, Eastern League, Atlantic League, New York State League, New York-Pennsylvania League. Currently, the Scranton/Wilkes-Barre Yankees of the International League play their home games at PNC Field in Moosic, south of Scranton.

In other sports, the Empire Football League's Scranton Eagles are the league's most dominant team, having won 11 championships. The af2 Wilkes-Barre/Scranton Pioneers, who play at Wachovia Arena in Wilkes-Barre Township have made the playoffs for 4 years straight and contended for the Arena Cup in 2007. The North East Pennsylvania Miners of the North American Football League have recently started play in the area. Syracuse men's basketball coach, Jim Boeheim played professional basketball in Scranton before his career as a coach. The city's former basketball teams include the Scranton Apollos and the Scranton Miners. Hockey came to the area in 1999 when the Wilkes-Barre/Scranton Penguins began play at the Wachovia Arena in Wilkes-Barre Township. The team has since won conference championships in 2001, 2004, and 2008.

Landmarks and attractions

The Steamtown National Historic Site showcases steam era railroading that gives visitors tours through Scranton and portions of the Pocono Mountains.

Many of Scranton's attractions celebrate its heritage as an industrial center in iron and coal production as well as its ethnic diversity. The Scranton Iron Furnaces are remnants of the city's founding industry and of the Scranton family's Lackawanna Steel Company.[13] The Steamtown National Historic Site seeks to preserve the history of steam locomotives.[14] The Electric City Trolley Museum preserves and operates pieces of Pennsylvania streetcar history.[15] The Lackawanna Coal Mine Tour at McDade Park is open for those who desire to learn about the history of mining and railroads in the Scranton area. The tours are conducted inside a part of a former working mine.[16] The DL&W Passenger Station is now a Radisson hotel with dining and banquet and conference facilities called Radisson Lackawanna Station Hotel.[17].

Museums in Scranton include the Everhart Museum in Nay Aug Park, which houses a collection of "natural history, science and art" exhibits and the Houdini Museum features films, exhibits, and a stage show. It is housed in a unique, century-old building. Terence Powderly's house, still a private dwelling, is one of the city's many historic buildings and the city's other National Historic Landmark besides Steamtown. Tripp House was built by the Tripp family in 1771 and is the oldest building in the city.

The city's religious history is evident in the Basilica of the National Shrine of St. Ann which draws thousands of pilgrims to its annual novena and St. Stanislaus Cathedral which is the national seat of the Polish National Catholic Church in North America. The history of the founding of this denomination is intricately tied with Polish immigration to Scranton in the late 19th century.

Scranton's large Irish population is represented in the annual Saint Patrick's Day Parade, first held in 1862. It is organized by the St. Patrick's Day Parade Association of Lackawanna County and is now the nation's fourth largest in attendance and second largest in per capita attendance.[18] Over 8,000 people participate on the Saturday before Saint Patrick's Day including floats, bagpipe players, high school bands and Irish groups. In 2008, crowds estimated as high as 150,000 people congregated downtown for the event.[19][20]

For recreational opportunities, there is Snö Mountain Ski Resort (formerly called "Montage Mountain"), which rivals the numerous resorts of the Poconos in popularity and offers a relatively comprehensive range of difficulty levels. The 26.2-mile Steamtown Marathon has been held each October since 1996 and finishes in downtown Scranton. Nay Aug park is the largest of several parks in Scranton and was designed by Frederick Law Olmsted, the designer of Central Park in Manhattan, New York City. The city is the home of Electric Theatre Company, a professional Equity theatre with a nine month season.[21]

The Toyota Pavilion at Montage Mountain, a partially covered amphitheater seating 17,500, is Scranton's primary concert venue. In the summer months, musical artists ranging from James Taylor to Dave Matthews Band perform. Scranton Cultural Center at the Masonic Temple is an impressive piece of architecture which houses several auditoriums and a large ballroom. It plays host to the Northeast Philharmonic, Broadway Theater and other touring performances.

In popular culture

A banner promoting Dunder Mifflin, the fictional paper company on NBC's The Office hangs in downtown Scranton.

The city has made numerous appearances in popular culture, notably as the setting of current NBC sitcom The Office. The program makes frequent references to actual attributes of Scranton and the surrounding area, including the Mall at Steamtown, Farley's Pub, Poor Richard's Pub, The Bog, Montage Mountain, The Scranton Anthracite Museum, and Lake Wallenpaupack.

In a 2008 episode of Saturday Night Live, Scranton was described by actor Jason Sudeikis (playing Vice Presidential Candidate Joe Biden) as a "Hell Hole." He then went on to say that nothing good ever came out of Scranton.

The city is imagined as a member of the class of interstellar Okies in James Blish's novel, A Life for the Stars. Scranton, in 2273, leaves an impoverished Earth behind, under Spindizzy drive.

The city served as the setting of the 1973 Pulitzer Prize- and Tony Award-winning play That Championship Season by Jason Miller was based on the fictional lives of Scranton's 1957 state basketball champions. Miller wrote and directed the 1982 screenplay in which all exterior scenes were filmed in Scranton at his insistence.

Scranton has been referenced in a cartoon in a May 2005 issue of The New Yorker. The Travel Channel's Magic Road Trip program featured the city's Houdini Museum as one of the world's top magic attractions. Harry Chapin's 1974 song "30,000 Pounds of Bananas" dramatizes the wreck of a truck carrying bananas on March 26, 1965 just outside downtown Scranton. The city is the subject of George Inness's 1855 painting, the "Lackawanna Valley", which now hangs in the National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C.

Scranton was portrayed as the later-life hometown of Woody Harrelson's character in the movie Kingpin.

Scranton was referenced during the Boy Meets World episode "Band on the Run", in which Mr. Mathews remembers a wild time his band had in Scranton with a set of triplets.

It is the birthplace of comic book character Angel Love.

Scranton was also referenced in the movie Home Alone. It is the town Kevin's mom is in when she is at the airport and meets the polka band.

Transportation

The main highways that service Scranton are Interstate 81, which runs north to Binghamton, New York and Ontario and south to Harrisburg and Tennessee; Interstate 84, which runs east to Milford and New England; Interstate 380, which runs south to Mount Pocono and Interstate 80 east to New York City and west to San Francisco; Interstate 476/Pennsylvania Turnpike Northeast Extension, which runs south to Allentown and Philadelphia; U.S. Route 6, which runs east to Carbondale and parallel to I-84 to New England and west to Erie; and U.S. Route 11, which runs parallel to I-81.

Scranton's provider of public transportation is the County of Lackawanna Transit System (COLTS). COLTS buses provide extensive service within the city and more limited service that reaches in all directions to Carbondale, Daleville, Pittston, and Fleetville.

The Wilkes-Barre/Scranton International Airport is located in nearby Avoca. The airport is serviced by Continental, Delta, Northwest, United, and US Airways.

Martz Trailways and Greyhound Lines provide coach bus transportation from its downtown station to New York City, Philadelphia and other points in the northeast.

Private operators such as Posten Taxi and McCarthy Flowered Cabs service the Scranton area. They are hired by telephone through central dispatch and cannot be hailed on the street as in larger cities.

Railroads

Rail transportation plays an important part in the city's history and continues to have an impact today. The Pennsylvania Northeast Regional Rail Authority is a bi-county creation of both Lackawanna County and Monroe County to oversee the use of common rail freight lines in Northeastern Pennsylvania, including one formerly owned by Conrail running from Scranton, through the Pocono Mountains towards New Jersey and the New York City market. One of its primary objectives is to re-establish rail passenger service via New Jersey Transit between Scranton and Hoboken, New Jersey by way of the New Jersey Cut-Off, with connecting service into Manhattan, New York.

The Canadian Pacific Railway (Delaware and Hudson division) operates the former DL&W line between Scranton and Binghamton, with frequent through trains often jointly operated with Norfolk Southern Railway. The Reading Blue Mountain & Northern Railroad services the former DL&W Keyser Valley branch in the city.

The Delaware-Lackawanna Railroad, as designated operator of county-owned rail lines, oversees the former Delaware and Hudson line from Scranton north to Carbondale, the former DL&W line east to the Delaware Water Gap and the former Lackawanna and Wyoming Valley Railroad third-rail interurban streetcar line south to Montage Mountain, Moosic. These are the lines hosting the seasonal passenger trains of both the Steamtown National Historic Site and the Electric City Trolley Museum and now under the jurisdiction of the new Pennsylvania Northeast Regional Rail Authority.

Education

The city's public schools are operated by the Scranton School District. The school district operates two public high schools in the city, Scranton High School and West Scranton High School. Almost 10,000 students are taught in the city's public schools.[22] Scranton Preparatory School, a private Jesuit school, and Yeshiva Bais Moshe, an Ultra Orthodox school, are the city's only private high schools. Holy Cross High School in Dunmore is a Catholic high school operated by the Diocese of Scranton that serves students in Scranton and the surrounding area. The diocese also operates several private elementary schools in the city. The Pennsylvania Department of Education provides oversight for the Scranton State School for the Deaf.[23] Penn Foster High School, a distance education high school, is headquartered in Scranton.[24]

With regards to colleges and universities, Lackawanna College, Marywood University, the University of Scranton, Johnson College, and The Commonwealth Medical College all make the city their home. Penn State operates a satellite campus in the suburb of Dunmore. Penn Foster Career School, a distance education vocational school, is headquartered in Scranton.[25]

The Lackawanna County Library System administers the libraries in Scranton, including the Albright Memorial Library and the Lackawanna County Children's Library. As of 2005, Scranton libraries serve a population of more than 120,000 people and have a circulation of over 624,000.[26]

Notable natives and residents

Notable politicians from Scranton include Joseph Biden, Lisa Caputo, Frank Carlucci, Robert P. Casey, Robert P. Casey, Jr., Hermann Eilts, Terence V. Powderly, Robert Reich, William Scranton and William Scranton III.

In the arts, Scranton has been home to Sonny Burke, Bob Degen, Dorothy Dietrich, Cy Endfield, Jane Jacobs, Gloria Jean, Jean Kerr, Gershon Legman, Judy McGrath, W.S. Merwin, Jason Miller, Melanie Smith, Jay Parini, Cynthia Rothrock, Lizabeth Scott, Ned Washington, Lauren Weisberger, Walter Bobbie and Kid Icarus.

P.J. Carlesimo, Joe Collins, Jim Crowley, Paul Foytack, Charlie Gelbert, Cosmo Iacavazzi, Edgar Jones, Ralph Lomma, Gerry McNamara, Mike Munchak, brothers Jim and Steve O'Neill, Jackie Paterson and football player Rashaan Salaam are among the notable residents who are famous for their contributions to athletics.

Other notable people who lived in Scranton are Mamie Cadden, Howard Gardner, Hugh E. Rodham, Jeffrey Bruce Klein, Gino J. Merli, John Joseph Cardinal O'Connor, Bill O'Reilly, Karen Ann Quinlan, Hugh Ellsworth Rodham, Mel Ziegler, Bishop Robert C. Morlino, B.F. Skinner and Charles David Keeling.

Sister cities

Scranton has two official sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International:

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Table 4: Annual Estimates of the Population for Incorporated Places in Pennsylvania, Listed Alphabetically: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2007, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007. Released 09 July 2008. Retrieved 04 September 2008.
  2. ^ Table 7. Cumulative Estimates of Population Change for Metropolitan Statistical Areas and Rankings: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2007, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007. Retrieved 04 September 2008.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/cffiles/counties/usamap.cfm. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ a b c "Scranton(city) QuickFacts". http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/42/4269000.html. Retrieved 2007-07-24. 
  5. ^ The Citizens Voice - Knox mine disaster remains in our memory because it is a story of right and wrong
  6. ^ cover
  7. ^ a b Klaus, Mary (2009-08-28). "'Beacon of generosity'". Harrisburg Patriot-News. http://www.pennlive.com/news/patriotnews/index.ssf?/base/news/125143171523020.xml&coll=1. Retrieved 2009-08-31. 
  8. ^ Falchek, David (2009-08-29). "Scranton native and Rite Aid founder Alex Grass dies after 10-year battle with lung cancer". Scranton Times. http://www.scrantontimes.com/scranton_native_and_rite_aid_founder_alex_grass_dies_after_10-year_battle_with_lung_cancer. Retrieved 2009-08-31. 
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  11. ^ a b Scranton, PA - Official Website
  12. ^ http://www.nielsenmedia.com/nc/nmr_static/docs/2007-2008_DMA_Ranks.xls
  13. ^ Iron Furnaces
  14. ^ Steamtown National Historic Site (U.S. National Park Service)
  15. ^ "The Electric City Trolley Museum Association". http://www.ectma.org/. Retrieved 2007-04-14. 
  16. ^ Lackawanna County Coal Mine Tour
  17. ^ "Radisson Lackawanna Station Hotel". http://www.radisson.com/scrantonpa. Retrieved 2007-04-14. 
  18. ^ 2008 Scranton Pennsylvania Saint Patrick's Day Parade - The Scranton, PA St. Patrick's Day Parade will be held on Saturday, March 15th, 2008 11:30 am
  19. ^ The Times-Tribune - City: Crowds up, rowdies contained at parade
  20. ^ http://www.stpatparade.com/
  21. ^ http://www.electrictheatre.org/3%20How%20&%20Where/Location.html
  22. ^ http://www.pde.state.pa.us/k12statistics/lib/k12statistics/0607PubEnrCtySchGraGen.xls
  23. ^ Dept. Info.: State Owned School Greeting
  24. ^ Penn Foster High School
  25. ^ Penn Foster Career School
  26. ^ http://www.statelibrary.state.pa.us/libraries/lib/libraries/2005_Statistics_for_printing.xls

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Scranton [1] is a city in northeastern Pennsylvania[2], is nearby to Wilkes-Barre[3], and is the seventh most populous city in the state. The city grew vigorously in the late 19th and early 20th centuries as a capital of coal mining and railroads, which were vital to the expanding industry in this part of the country. Prosperity subsided and economic distress followed for decades. In recent years, property values have increased as Scranton is gaining employers and investment.

Get in

By plane

The city of Scranton, PA is located about 20 minutes north of the Wilkes-Barre/Scranton International Airport [4] in Avoca. The airport recently added a new terminal, and operates daily flights to Atlanta, Cleveland, Cincinnati, Detroit, Chicago, Philadelphia, and Charlotte. Rental cars are available from Avis, Budget, Hertz, National, and Alamo at the terminal.

Scranton is also within three hours driving distance from Newark Int'l Airport in New Jersey, JFK Int'l Airport and LaGuardia Int'l Airport in New York City, and Philadelphia Int'l Airport in Philadelphia.

By car

Scranton is accessible primarily by car (or by coach bus):

  • I-84 west from New England.
  • I-80 east to I-380 north from New York City; west from Erie, State College, and Pittsburgh.
  • I-476 (PA Turnpike Northeast Extension) north from Allentown and Philadelphia
  • I-81 south from Ontario/Quebec and Syracuse; north from Washington DC via Harrisburg

By bus

Scranton also is serviced by multiple bus lines:

  • Martz Trailways, [5], operates routes to New York City and Philadelphia daily, and to other Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and New York destinations. Check website for schedules and fares.
  • Greyhound Bus Line, [6], has a stop in Scranton and travels to Harrisburg, Binghamton, Allentown, Philadelphia, New York City, and beyond. Check website for schedule and tickets.

By train

The Pennsylvania Northeast Regional Rail Authority is working with New Jersey Transit to bring a passenger railroad back to Scranton from New York City and its western suburbs.

Get around

By bicycle

The Electric City is a growing biker/commuter city. Gas prices going up help many to decide alternate means of getting to work, restaurants, and shopping. While Scranton does not provide cyclists with bike lanes popular to Philadelphia, New York City, and other big cities, some groups try to bring biker awareness and safety to light. The last Friday of every month, 6PM North Washington side of the courthouse, is where you can find bikers of all sorts gathering to participate in Critical Mass. It is a gathering of cyclists of sorts to participate in a huge group ride. The purpose of Critical Mass is to bring awareness of bicyclists to the public. Some forms Critical Mass have been used to protest certain events, be it political, social, and so on. Careful, you may see the car, but they don't always see you.

By car

Virtually all transportation throughout the city is by car. North Main Avenue and the North Scranton Expressway travel north to the Providence section and to the shopping centers of Dickson City. Green Ridge Street and the Central Scranton expressway travel east to the large suburb of Dunmore and I-81. Pittston and Cedar Avenues are the main routes through "South Side" to the Minooka section and beyond to the attractions of Montage Mountain. South Main Avenue and Keyser Avenue are likewise the main routes through "West Side".

The Scranton Parking Authority [7] operates four daily parking garages in the city. The garages are Casey Garage (corner of Lackawanna Ave. & Adams Ave.), Linden Street Garage (corner of Linden St. & N. Washington St.), Medallion Garage (100 Block of Adams Ave.), and the Electric City Garage (with entrances on Spruce St. & Penn Ave.). Rates are $1.75/1st hour and about $0.75/hr afterwards. They're open daily from 7AM-11PM, with Linden St. open 7AM-2AM on Saturdays.

Private taxicabs such as Posten and McCarthy service the area as well. They are hired by telephone through central dispatch and cannot be hailed on the street as in larger cities.

On foot

Walking is also safe and practical in "Central City" (or "Central Scranton"/"Downtown Scranton"). This area of two dozen square blocks (approximately bound by Lackawanna Ave. and Jefferson, Vine, and Mifflin Sts.) contains a great deal of what Scranton has to offer tourists, so it may be best to just park at one of many garages for a reasonable day-long fee.

By bus

County of Lackawanna Transit System (COLTS) [8] also operates public buses throughout all parts of the city and a few Lackawanna County extremities. Rates are $1.25/ride, $11/10 rides (adult), $10/10 rides (student), or $40/31 day unlimited pass. Travel times are a little more than twice what it would take driving the same route. The system typically operates from 7AM-7PM, check the website for exact schedule. COLTS does not operate on Sundays or Holidays.

See

Scranton is host to many architecturally interesting buildings from the early 1900s, most notably the county courthouse located in the middle of Central City. Also downtown:

  • The former Lackawanna Train Station, 700 Lackawanna Ave., which has been converted to a Radisson Lackawanna Station Hotel (See "Sleep" section for more information about the Radission Hotel).
  • The University of Scranton, the unviersity was founded in 1888, it is a natinally recognized Catholic and Jesuit university. It consists of approximatly 5,600 students. The campus extends southeast from Central City throughout the Hill section. The University of Scranton has a beautiful campus; there is plenty of green space, a combination of old and new buildings that has been merged together to make up the campus. The University of Scranton offers as many as 56 undergraduate degree programs and 25 graduate programs.
  • The Scranton Cultural Center at the Masonic Temple, 420 N. Washington Ave., Originally built as the Masonic Temple and Scottish Rite Cathedral. Over the years it has become a central hub for live performances in the area. The Scranton Cultural Center is a great place to see a concert (either in the building ballroom or in the theather). The venue can also be rented out for weddings, confrences, and other special events. The Scranton Cultural Center is approximately 180,000 square feet, the building houses 2 theatres, meeting rooms, a chapel, a grand ballroom as well as numerous other rooms and areas.
  • Steamtown National Historic Site, 150 S. Washington Ave., +1 888 693-9391, [9]. The Park is open daily 9AM-5PM, and is closed on Thanksgiving, Christmas and New Years days. The Steamtown National Historic Site offers tours of a train yard, locomotives, etc.
  • Electric City Trolley Museum, Cliff Street., +1 570 963-6590, [10]. On the site of the Steamtown National Historic Site. Offers trolley rides 9AM-5PM W-Su through October and on selected weekends afterwards. Check site for specifics. The Electric City Trolly Museum Association is a volunteer non-profit group that supports the activities of the Electric City Trolley Museum in downtown Scranton. The Electric City Trolly museum is closely affiliated with the Steamtown National Historic Site.
  • The Houdini Museum, 1433 N. Main St., +1 570 342-5555, [11]. Open Holiday Weekends throughout the year, such as Thanksgiving, Presidents Weekend, Fathers Day Weekend, Mothers Day Weekend, Easter Weekend, Memorial Day Weekend 1-4 PM. No reservations required. Open all weekends in June and every day in July and August through Labor Day Weekend.
  • Nay Aug Park, Mulberry St., +1 570 348-4189, [12]. The city's largest park; offering two Olympic sized pools, multiple playgrounds, a waterslide park, walking trails, picnic areas, kid-friendly rides. Nay Aug Park grants residents and visitors a touch of nature amongst the city's landscape, which may be hard to find in downtown Scranton. The Everhart Museum is also located within Nay Aug Park. A rock-strewn gorge and waterfalls add to the allure and have been named a National Natural Landmark. In 2007, a pedestrian footbridge was constructed allowing access to the parkland across the Roaring Brook.
  • Everhart Museum, 1901 Mulberry St., +1 570 346-7186, [13]. Natural History, Science, and Art Museum on site of Nay Aug Park. Check site for special events. $5/adults, $3 seniors, $2/children, free/ages 5 & under. M, Th, F 12PM-4PM, Sa 10AM-5PM, Su 12PM-5PM. The Everhart Museum is the largest public museum in Northeastern Pennsylvanina. It is a non-profit organization which sole purpose is collecting, preserving, and craing for care and display of a wide variety of artifacts. The Everhart Museum was founded in 1908 by Dr. Isaiah Fawkes Everhart.
  • Scranton Iron Furnaces, 159 Cedar Ave., +1 570 963-3208, [14]. Open year-round, 9AM-5PM. Visitors center open seasonally. Blast furnaces built between 1848 and 1857. the Scranton Iron Furnaces is located near the Steamtown National Historic Site. The Iron Furnaces represent the early iron industry in the United States. There are four massive stone blast furnaces that still remain at the historic site and are the sole remnants of a once extensive plant operated by the Lackawanna Iron & Steel Company.
  • Lake Scranton, [15]. Lake Scranton is owned and operated by Pennsylvania American Water Company for the water supply of Scranton. The trail is accessible to everyone and is popular with joggers and families with strollers.  edit
  • William J. Nealon Federal Building and U.S. Courthouse, 235 North Washington Ave., (570)-346-7277. The William J. Nealon Court currently house was houses the U.S. District Court for the Middle District of Pennsylvania as well as a U.S. post office. The building was built in 1930-1931 to accommodate the needs to the growing city of Scranton. At the time the court house was much smaller than it is today. In 1981 the GSA (U.S General Services Administration) purchased the building from the post office the. In 1999 additions were added to the Federal building. The construction of the building atrium and annex began and in the same year is when the renamed the building to the "William J. Nealon" in honor of the city’s historic judge.   edit
  • Lackawanna Coal Mine Tour, McDade Park, Keyser Ave., +1 570 963-MINE, [16]. A 1/4-mile walking tour of a defunct coal mine. Large museum of artifacts relating to anthracite mining and people of the region. Gift shop. Open April 1st through November 30th, except Easter and Thanksgiving.
  • Snö Mountain Ski Resort, 1000 Montage Mountain Rd, +1 570 969-7669, [17]. Skiing in winter, world-famous musical acts in concert at the Toyota Pavilion in summer.
  • The Icebox Skating Complex, 3 W. Olive St. Ice and roller skating year round. The Iceboc Skating complex has multiple roller blade or ice skating rinks. It also offer a extensive game room, consession stands and a gift store. The Icebox Skating Complex is a great place to have a birthday party for children, school feild trips, or just to spend quality time with family and friends.
  • Scranton/Wilkes-Barre Yankees AAA baseball, PNC Field, Moosic, [18]. The highest level minor league affiliate of the New York Yankess. They play home games from April through August. Check website for tickets and dates.
  • Scranton Cultural Center, 200 N Washington Ave, Courthouse Square, Scranton, PA 18503, 570-344-1111, [19]. Completed in 1930, this dramatic structure was built as a Masonic Temple and Scottish Rite Cathedral. Today, it hosts social functions, corporate meetings, cultural events, and theater performances. Tours are available.  edit
  • Endless Mountains Hot Air Balloons, Inc., R.R.#1 Box 95 Dalton, PA 18414, [20]. Enjoy a spectacular champagne hot air balloon flight over scenic Northeastern Pennsylvania. Endless Mountains Hot Air Balloons invites you to experience the exciting sport of hot air ballooning. Also offering tethers and commerical promotions.  edit
  • Toyota Ampatheater, 1000 Montage Mountain Rd. Scranton, PA, (570) 961-9000. This location was originally the Montage Mountain Amphitheater, a temporary structure designed to hold small concerts. In 1999, Lackawanna County built a permanent amphitheater next to the Montage Mountain Ski Resort (Currently Sno Mountain). This concert venue has seating for 7,000 people covered under the pavilion roof, in addition to room for another 10,500 on the lawn (a large grassy hill behind the pavilion). In 2002, The Montage Mountain Amphiteather was purchased from the county by Clear Channel Communications and the name of the venue changed to the Ford Pavilion. In 2006 the amphitheater changed ownerships again, leaving Clear Channel behind and merging with Live Nation. The name of the venue changed yet again, becoming known as the Toyota Pavilion. On February 15, 2007, the tent roof of the pavilion collapsed. This occured because of the weight of snow and ice from the previous day's blizzard. A new roof was completed in time for the summer 2007 concert season. The concert venue has hosted many large acts such as Dave Matthews Band, The Dead, REO Speedwagon, Kanye West, Rush, Meatloaf, the Vans Warp tour, The Allman Brothers Band, Sammy Hagar, Def Leopard, and the list goes on.  edit
  • Cinemark Theathers, 40 Glenmaura Blvd., (800)-326-3264 ext. 1133. A large movie theather located right outside of Scranton, PA. It has 20 different movie theathers in which they run new released movies day and night. Theathers vary in size from large to small scale theathers. Its said to be the best seat in town!  edit
  • The Mall at Steamtown 300 Lackawanna Ave., [21] Anchored by Boscov's and The Bon-Ton department stores. Retail stores in the mall consists of: Hollester, Abercrombie and Fitch, Azaria, Victoria Secerts, Hot Topics, Sojourner, American Eagle, Payless, Antie Annes, Rave, Eddie Bauer, Olympic Shoes, Express, LaTida, Verizons, Wet Seal, GNC, Nail Trix, Starbucks, Wendy's and many more store fronts.
  • The Viewmont Mall Business Rt. 6 in Dickson City, [22]. Anchored by Macy's, JCPenney, and Sears department stores. Borders book store is located next door. Retail stores in the mall consist of: FYE, Hallmark, Eckerd, Sephora, American Eagle, Victoria Secert, Pac Sun, Footlocker, Roma Pizza, The Limited, The Express and Express Mens, Bath and Body Works, Deb, Johhny Rockets, Zales, Gap, Piercing Pagoda, B. Moss, Spencers, GNC, Vitamin World, Arie, Aeropostale, Claires and many more store fronts.
  • Dozens of small specialty shops throughout Central City: musical instruments, records, army/navy apparel, model trains, comics, day spa services...
  • Keyser Oak Center 1762 N. Keyser Ave., anchored by Gerrity's supermarket and Ollie's Bargain Outlet. Other store are, Hallmark, Thompson Title and Tags, A liqour Store, Dollar General, Hollywood Video and several other store front.
  • Green Ridge Plaza 1600 Nay Aug Ave., anchored by Giant supermarket and A.J. Wright discount clothing, Buona Pizza, Fashinon Bug, a liquor store, a Chineese Buffet. .
  • Wisecrackers Comedy Club, 300 Meadow Ave (Exit #184 off I-81), (570)788-8451, [23]. Located in the Clarion Hotel's Hub lounge, Shows every Friday 9PM, Saturday 8 & 10:30 as needed. Doors open one hour before showtime. 21 and up. Excellent food, good drinks, lots of fun. $12.  edit
  • The Shoppes At Montage, 1035 Shoppes Blvd., Moosic, PA, 18507 (Loacted off Interstate 81 Exit 282 or Exit 282-A depending on the direction), (570) 341-3271, [24]. The Shoppes at Montage was built during the years 2006-2007, and the grand opening was in March of 2007. It was developed by Duke Reality and Jeffrey R. Anderson Real Estate. There are 64 retail store fronts in the outside complex. Just to mention a few of the major retails stores are: Ann Taylor Loft, J. Jill, Talbots, Chicos, Coldwater Ceek, Eddie Bauer, GAP, Victoria’s Secret, American Eagle, New York & Co., Limited Too, Lane Bryant, Aeropostale, Guitar Center, DSW Shoes.  edit
  • Faccia Luna, 301 N. Main Ave.,+1 570 207-4545, [25]. Lunch and dinner Tues. through Fri.; dinner Sat. & Sun. Hospitable staff serves excellent brick oven pizza with variety of toppings (some Italian food) in lovely old bank. Bar.
  • Cooper's Seafood House, 701 N. Washington Ave., +1 570 346-6883, [26]. M-Th 11AM-12AM, F and Sa 11AM-2AM, Su 12PM-12AM. Seafood fare. Extremely large selection of specialty beers (~15 on tap, 200+ bottles). Cooper Seafood House has been owned and operated by the Cooper family since 1948. Cooper's has become a landmark in Scranton PA. the building was orginally used to be the passenger station of the Erie - Lackawanna Train Station. Over the years the exteior of the building has been remodeled to resemble a full sized pirate ship. Cooper's houses the ships pub, the lighthouse bar (most recent addtion consisting of a giant lightouse that extends upwards off side of the building), the tiki bar deck, the whale room, the train room and the private coral room.
  • Old Forge style pizza (besides in the borough of Old Forge 10 to 15 min. south) can be had at a number of city eateries. Also try pierogies, a pasta filled with a potato and cheese filling.
  • Pizza by Pappas, 303 N. Washington Ave., +1 570 346-2290, [27]. 10" specialty pizza, hoagies, pierogies, etc. $5-10.
  • Don Pancho Villa, 2124 Pittston Ave., +1 570 540-0290, [28]. Authentic Mexican cuisine. Small and cozy. $5-$10. Open everyday 11AM-9PM, except Wednesday!
  • Farley's, 300 Adams Ave., +1 570 346-3000, [29]. Steak, seafood, and other options. $10-25.
  • Vince the Pizza Prince, 600 Pittston Ave. (also a location in nearby Clarks Summit), +1 570 347-0675, [30]. Closed Monday and Tuesday. One of Scranton's best and most unique pizzas, since 1955.
  • Osaka, 244 Adams Street, 570.341.9600, [31]. Japanese cuisine! Watch them prepare your food from the bar or have it served right to your table. Best sushi in town and half off on Sundays between 1-9! Get your chopsticks ready!  edit
  • Glider Diner, 890 Providence Road, 570.343.8036, [32]. 24 hrs Mon-Sat. Burgers, fries, shakes- all great at any hour here! Plus much more but for less! The Glider Diner is not only a resturant but they offer catering services as well. Their food is delicous and highly recommended when visiting Scranton.  edit
  • Chicks Diner is on 1032 Moosic St in Scranton, PA. Open 24 hours is a great place to get food anytime of the day. It is a 50's style diner which had been a staple of Scranton for the past several decades. It is best known for its late night menu (popular late night dish - french fries with gravy). It is a great place to eat and a great atmosphere.
  • Coney Island Texas Lunch (The Original Coney Island), 100 Cedar Ave., (570)-961-8288, [33]. The restaurant has been operating since 1923, originally owned by Steve Karampilas. Over the years it has changed owner, but still remains the best texas wieners in Northeastern Pennsylvania. The special sauce is key to their deliciousness. Always made fresh, consisting of a soft national roll, hotdog, spicy mustard, raw onions, and the infamous Coney Island sauce. Coney Island offers a casual atmosphere with great service and a great product at an affordable price in a place that everyone can enjoy.  edit
  • Nickie's Fabulous Hoagies, 1309 Swetland st., (570)-346-8373. Great place to get a delicious hoagie or slices of pizza. This little "mom and pop" store has a little aesthetic appeal from the inside or outside but what I lacks in looks it makes up for in taste. There is not real place to sit inside the little store, but all you really need to do is walk in order, pay, walkout and enjoy! Nickie’s Fabulous Hoagies is a little hole in the wall in West Scranton, which some may find un appealing at first, but once you eaten there you will have to go back for more!  edit
  • Kelly's Pub & Eatery, 1802 Cedar Ave., (570)-346-9758, [34]. Kelly's is best known for their wings! Their wings are crispy, all white meat wings and thighs, in a incomparable sauce that makes them irresistible after one bite. They have a $0.25 wing night on Wednesdays. Make sure you make resevration or go early because it is a very popular place for good food and cold beers! (especially on Wednesday nights).  edit
  • Buona Pizza, 504 Lackawanna Ave, (570) 342-4032. Offers a variety of Pizzeria style food but your best bet is sticking with the pizza. There large trays are enormous, the pizza is delicious, but if you do not like greasy food then shy away from Buona Pizza.  edit

Drink

Being a College town it is not hard to find places to drink. Just walking around the hills section of town on a Thursday, Friday, or Saturday night you can find countless parties. Drink until the Keg is Kicked for $5.

  • Cooper's Crab Shack, 701 N. Washington Ave. Local Tiki style bar with tropical music and cold drinks. The crab shack consists of four levels of outdoor decks for your enjoyment. Live entertainment and no cover. [35]
  • The Bog, 341 Adams Ave. Small pub reminiscent of New York's East Village dive-bars. Local music on many nights. $1.75 - $4 beers. Some specialty bottled beers available. Excellent Jukebox.
  • The Banshee, 322 Penn Ave. Spacious faux Irish bar. Pleasant staff. Lounge areas with sofas. Acoustic ensembles on weekends. Wide selection of draught and bottled beer, many Irish whiskeys, creative monthly/seasonal mixed drinks.
  • Whistle's, 126 Franklin Ave. Large sports bar. Entertainment, pool tables. Whistle's offers a relaxing atmosphere for a restaurant/sports bar; offering everything from live music to a game room and dozens of TVs playing the various games that are on television at the time.
  • Northern Lights, 536 Spruce St. [36]. For those interested in coffee. Plenty of couches/chairs & free high-speed internet.
  • Refer to the Electric City, the Scranton area's free entertainment weekly, for plenty of advertisements, listings, and reviews of nightlife: [37]
  • The Aroma Cafe, 901 Mulberry Street, (570)969-1818. Serves breakfast all day, panninis, sandwiches and coffee/tea specialty drinks. Try the vanilla chai! Many healthy alternatives on the menu. Great salads. Very reasonable prices. Cozy, with small tables and couch. Seating outside in nicer weather.  edit
  • Outrageous, Historic Casey Laundry 515 Center Street, 570.341.1443, [38]. A delightful place to buy unique gifts, new/used books, jewelry, and coffee. This is a cute coffeehouse. Seating is available outside and couches are on the second floor.  edit
  • Zummo's Cafe, 920 Marion St., 570-344-2715, [39]. Serves Electric City Roasting Company coffee. Owned and operated by Mary Tellie, a certified Q Grader and nationally recognized roaster.  edit
  • Heil's Place, 1002 Wheeler Ave, (570)-343-7930. Heil's Place is local pub in which serves good food and drinks. Relatively cheap, friendly bartendars, and a good weekend crowd. Provides an inviting atmosphere to patrons. Offers live music regurally.  edit
  • The Green Frog, 815 Mulberry St, (570)-969-9989. A dingy college tavern that is very small but attacts a large crowd on weekends. A notorious underage pub for college students.  edit
  • Tink's Entertainment Complex, 519 Linden St, (570)-346-8465. Is a multi-level entertainment club. Tink's includes four different nightclubs and bars under one roof. The entertainment complex has a full stage and balcony in which they have concerts regurally. It is a hotspot in downtown Scranton offering a little bit of something for each individual.  edit
  • The Backyard Ale House, 523 Linden St., (570)-955-0192, [40]. The Backyard Ale House is one of Scranton's newest bars. It opened in 2008 and is quickly gaining popularity as one of the better bars in the city. It has a spacious inside with a large bar. However, the Ale House getts better because during warm weather they have a gaint patio behind that bar with tables, chairs, decorations, a two outside bars. The Backyard Ale House is a great place for a drink in downtown Scranton.  edit
  • Holiday Inn Scranton East, 200 Tigue Street, +1 570 343-4771 [41]. Home to the area's only tropical atrium.
  • Radisson Lackawanna Station Hotel, 700 Lackawanna Ave., +1 570 342-8300 [42]. Housed in a neo-classical train station built in 1908. The Radisson Lackawanna Station Hotel Scranton, a six-story historic landmark. The historic building once served as a passenger train station, has currently undergone a multi-million dollar renovation. The Radisson Lackawanna Station Hotel has 145 rooms and suits, three restaurants in the hotel, gift shop, valet parking and a exercise rooms. The hotel is in downtown Scranton, within walking distance to many retail stores, restaurants and bars.
  • Hilton Scranton & Conference Center, 100 Adams Ave., +1 570 343-3000, [43]. Nearby Steamtown Historic Site.
  • The Inn at Nichols Village, 1101 Northern Blvd., +1 800 642-2215 [44]. AAA four-diamond rated. Located in suburban Clarks Summit, 10 min. north.
  • Courtyard by Marriott - Scranton (Scranton, PA Hotel), 16 Glenmaura National Boulevard Moosic, Pennsylvania 18507, 570-969-2100, [45].  edit
  • The Colonnade, 401 Jefferson Ave Scranton, PA, (570)-342-6114, [46]. Up until 2006 the building in which is not The Colonnade was an eye soar, it was a abandon building located on the corner of Mullberry St. and Jefferson Ave. The building originally was owned by a prominent local businessman, Col. Austin Blair. The building was close to being condemned when Paul Blackledge and Joshua Mast purchased the building with the intent of renovating the old building. Paul and Joshua turned the giant rundown building into a hotel/event space. The Colonnade can accommodate 120 guests in its banquet room and another additional 80 guest if they use the outside patio which is covered by tents.  edit
  • Lackawanna State Park is located approximately fifteen minutes away from Scranton in Lackwanna County. The park has facilities for camping, boating, canoe/kayak rental, a swimming pool, and walking/hiking trails. Most facilities are open April through October, check website for specifics. [47]
  • The Dietrich Theater, Bus. Rt. 6 Tunkhannock, +1 570 836-1022, [48]. Offers first run, foreign, independent, & classic films in a restored theater. Fall/Spring Film Festivals and cultural classes on site. Check website for movie times. Approximately 30 minutes from Scranton on Rt. 6. "More Than the Movies!"
  • Sno Mountain, 1000 Montage Mountain Rd, "(570) 969-7854, [49]. Once known as Montage Mountain, Sno Mountain offers a wide range of winter and off season attractions and activities. Ski, Snowboard, Zip Ride, Tubing, Golf, Batting Cages, Water Slides, and a Lazy River (in the process of being constructed)in addition to other fun and family friendly attractions. Average ticket prices, check out the web page for group rates and special deals.
This is a usable article. It has information for getting in as well as some complete entries for restaurants and hotels. An adventurous person could use this article, but please plunge forward and help it grow!
  • McDade Park is located of Snake Road in West Scranton, the land was reclaimed by the city in 1970's from the Lackawanna coal mining terrain. It has become one of the city’s top leisure destinations offering many different types of activities for visitors to enjoy. McDade Park has a fishing pond (stocked regularly), an Olympic sizes swimming pool with bath houses, basketball and tennis courts, two baseball fields, a pavilion, playgrounds, outdoor picnic areas with charcoal grills, open feilds and rolling hills and a 1.8 mile cross county or walking trail, The Lackawanna Coal Mining Tour and the Pennsylvania Anthracite Heritage Museum. McDade Park is spread out over 200+ acres of land is free admission to outdoor enthusiasts and visitor(s). For more information about McDade Park please call (570)-963-6764.

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

SCRANTON, a city and the county-seat of Lackawanna county,. Pennsylvania, U.S.A., at the confluence of the Lackawanna river and Roaring Brook, about 162 m. by rail N. by W. of Philadelphia and about 146 m. W.N.W. of New York. Pop. (1890) 75,215; (1900) 102,026, of whom 28,973 were foreign-born (including 7193 Irish, 4704 Germans, 4621 Welsh and 3692 English) and 521 were negroes; (1910, census) 129,867. Scranton is served by the Erie, the Delaware, Lackawanna & Western, the Central of New Jersey, the New York, Ontario & Western, the Delaware & Hudson, and the Lackawanna & Wyoming Valley railways. It occupies an area of about 20 sq. m. Among the principal public buildings are the United States Government building, the County Court House, the City Hall, the Albright Memorial building, housing the public library (55, 800 vols. in 1908), the armoury of the 13th Regiment, State National Guard, the Board of Trade building, some fine churches and school-houses, a Young Men's Christian Association building and a Young Women's Christian Association building. Scranton is the see of a Roman Catholic bishop, has a good public school system, and is the seat of the International Correspondence Schools (1891), which give instruction by mail in the trades and professions to large numbers of students; Mt. St Mary's Seminary (5902) for girls, and the W. T. Smith (Memorial) Manual Training School (5905), a part of the public school system. The city has an Institute of History and Science, and the Everhart Museum of natural history, science and art (dedicated 1908), founded and endowed by Dr I. F. Everhart (b. 1840) of Scranton, a Soldiers' and Sailors' Monument, and monuments to the memory of Columbus and Washington. Scranton is the largest city in the great anthracite-coal region of the United States; and 17,525,995 long tons of coal were produced within the county in 1905. The chief manufactures are silk goods (21.6% of all in value) and other textiles, but large quantities of foundry and machine-shop products, malt liquors, flour, and planing mill products are also manufactured. The total value of the city's factory products in 1905 was $20,453,285. The Delaware, Lackawanna & Western railway has since built large machine and car shops.

A permanent settlement was established within the present limits of Scranton in 1788, and a primitive grist-mill, a saw-mill and a charcoal iron-furnace were erected during the next few years; but there was little further development until 1840, when the Lackawanna Iron Company was formed for the manufacture of iron here. The limestone and iron ore of the vicinity proved to be of inferior quality, and the failure of the enterprise was prevented only by the persistent efforts of George Whitefleld Scranton (1811-1861), aided by his brother Selden T. Scranton and his cousin Joseph Hand Scranton. Under the leadership of George W. Scranton better grades of iron ore and of limestone were procured, and within a decade a rolling mill, a nail factory and a manufactory of steel rails were established, and adequate facilities for railway transportation were provided. Scranton was incorporated as a borough in 1854, was chartered as a city of the third class in 1866, and became a city of the second class in 1901.

See B. H. Throop, A Half-Century in Scranton (Scranton, 1895).


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