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Contents

Screen may refer to:

Separation or partitioning

Filtration/selection processes

  • Screening (disambiguation), the process of identifying or selecting members of a population based on one or more selection criteria
  • Sieve, a mesh used to separate fine particles from coarse ones
  • Genetic screen, a procedure to identify a particular kind of phenotype
  • Mechanical screening, a unit operation in materials handling which separates product into multiple grades by particle size

Media display

Software

Arts

  • Screen-printing (silk-screening), a method of printing
  • Big screen, a nickname associated with the motion picture industry
  • Split screen (filmmaking), a film composition paradigm in which multiple distinct film sequences are shown simultaneously and next to each other

Gaming

  • Screen (bridge), a device used in some Bridge that visually separates partners at the table from each other
  • Screen (sports), when a player obstructs the vision or motion of another player

Media

  • Screen (journal), a film and television studies journal published by Oxford University Press
  • Screen (magazine), a weekly entertainment magazine from India
  • Screenonline, online film and television magazine produced by the British Film Institute

Other


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

SCREEN (usually, but very doubtfully, connected with Lat. scrinium, a box for holding books, from scribere, to write; a connexion with Ger. Schranke, barrier, has been suggested), in architecture, any construction subdividing one part of a building from another - as a choir, chantry, chapel, &c. The earliest screens are the low marble podia, shutting off the chorus cantantium in the Roman basilicas, and the perforated cancelli enclosing the bema, altar, and seats of the bishops and presbyters. The chief screens in a church are those which enclose the choir or the place where the breviary services are recited. This is done on the continent of Europe, not only by doors and screen-work, but also, when these are of open work, by curtains, the laity having no part in these services. In England screens were of two kinds: one of open woodwork; the other, massive enclosures of stonework enriched with niches, tabernacles, canopies, pinnacles, statues, crestings, &c., as at Canterbury, York, Gloucester, and many other places both in England and abroad (see Rood and JUBfi) .

As an article of furniture, the screen is an ornamental frame, usually of wood, but sometimes of metal, for protection from observation, draught, or the heat of a fire. Screens are made of all shapes and sizes, and may consist of leather, paper or textile materials fastened to the framework; they may have several leaves or only one - thus a fourfold screen has four leaves. Firescreens are usually small, with a single leaf - indeed in the Georgian period of English furniture they often took the form of a circular, oval, heart-shaped or oblong piece of framed embroidery fixed to a wooden pole or upright, upon which they could be raised or lowered. This variety, which was called a pole-screen, was more effective as an ornament than as a protection. The hand-screen was light and portable, as the name implies. At the present time fire-screens are often of glass set in metal frames. The larger type of screen, with several leaves, is of uncertain origin, but probably first came into use towards the end of the 16th century. The earlier examples were of stamped or painted Spanish leather or of some rich stuff such as tapestry; at a later date lacquer was extensively used. They were tall enough to conceal the person sitting behind them, and were frequently exceedingly handsome and stately.


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Simple English

A screen can be:

  • A movie screen where movies are shown.
  • Something that stops things passing through like the grid on a road-side drain
  • Something put over a window when it is open, to keep bugs out.
  • When a player stops a goaltender from seeing someone shoot, in sports such as ice hockey.









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