Scripture: Wikis

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Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Scripture is that text of literature deemed authoritative for establishing instructions within any of a number of specific religious traditions, especially the Abrahamic religions.[1] Such bodies of writings are also sometimes known as the canon of scripture. They are often associated with the belief that they were either given directly, or otherwise inspired, by God, or associated with other kinds of direct access to absolute truth. As such, the term scripture is more specific than religious text, which scholars apply even to mythological and ritual texts from ancient religions, where records of their authority (or heresy) have not survived.[2]

Contents

Comparisons

Investigations by scholars of comparative religion determine the different reasoning that lies behind why various traditions determine some writings to be scripture and others not.[3][4]

This can be illustrated by the documentation of the Egyptian cult of Aten,[5] which lasted less than a generation (ca 1350–1335 BC), having been suppressed as heresy. The Nicene Creed[6] is an early Christian description of their beliefs. However, although this is clearly a religious text and is still highly valued by Christians today, it is not considered scripture[7] because it is not among the sacred writings of either the Old or New Testaments. Scriptures are religious texts, the truth of which is received by believers based on faith or belief, in that faith is belief in the trustworthiness of a written/spoken idea that has not been proven.[8]

Examples

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Among Islam

  • The Qur'an (also spelled, Koran)

Among Jewish sects

Among Catholic sects

  • The Holy Bible (including the Deuterocanonical books)

Among protestant Christian sects at large

  • The Holy Bible (various versions, most excluding Deuterocanonical books considered Apocryphal and non-canonical)

Among Latter-day saints (Mormon) and some derived sects

Books

Documents

  • The Family: A Proclamation to the World
  • The Living Christ: The Testimony of the Apostles

Music

  • Occasionally, some of the hymns (including at least one found in Hymns, 1985—no. 292) are deemed as scripture, teaching doctrines not necessarily taught elsewhere first[9].

Living scripture

  • Latter-day saints believe in continuing scripture that may manifest itself in numerous ways, including directly from the Holy Ghost to ordained servants of God[10].

References

  1. ^ John Miller and Aaron Kenedi, God's Breath: Sacred Scriptures of the World, (New York: Marlowe & Company, 2000).
  2. ^ Paul Dundas expresses the opinion that, "In recent years there has been a welcome attempt on the part of historians of religion to dissociate sacred texts from the concept of 'scripture' in its literal sense, so common in conventional accounts of the great west Asian monotheistic traditions, of 'written word' enshrined in some kind of totally fixed canon." The Jains, (Routledge, 1992), p. 53.
  3. ^ William P. Lazarus and Mark Sullivan. Comparative Religion for Dummies. John Wiley and Sons Ltd, United States, 2008
  4. ^ What is religion?
  5. ^ A history of "The Short-lived Cult of Aten"
  6. ^ The Nicene Creed
  7. ^ Definition of "scripture"
  8. ^ Definition of faith
  9. ^ Hymns, 1985, no. 292, verse 3
  10. ^ See Doctrine and Covenants 68:2–4

External links


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

See also scripture

English

Noun

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Wikipedia

Singular
Scripture

Plural
-

Scripture

  1. the Hebrew Tanakh
  2. the Old and New Testaments of the Christian Bible.
  3. the Moslem Koran
  4. the Poetic Edda
  5. the religious text of a given religion

Bible wiki

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From BibleWiki


invariably in the New Testament denotes that definite collection of sacred books, regarded as given by inspiration of God, which we usually call the Old Testament (2 Tim. 3:15, 16; John 20:9; Gal. 3:22; 2 Pet. 1:20). It was God's purpose thus to perpetuate his revealed will. From time to time he raised up men to commit to writing in an infallible record the revelation he gave. The "Scripture," or collection of sacred writings, was thus enlarged from time to time as God saw necessary. We have now a completed "Scripture," consisting of the Old and New Testaments. The Old Testament canon in the time of our Lord was precisely the same as that which we now possess under that name. He placed the seal of his own authority on this collection of writings, as all equally given by inspiration (Matt. 5:17; 7:12; 22:40; Luke 16:29, 31). (See BIBLE �T0000580; CANON.)

This entry includes text from Easton's Bible Dictionary, 1897.

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