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Scutellaria
Flowers of S. alpina
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Lamiaceae
Genus: Scutellaria
L.
Species
See text.

Scutellaria is a genus of about 300 species of plants commonly known as skullcaps.

Contents

Description

The genus is widespread in temperate regions and on tropical mountains. Most are annual or perennial herbaceous plants from 5 cm to 1 m tall, but a few are subshrubs; some are aquatic. They have four-angled stems and opposite leaves. The flowers have upper and lower lips. The genus is most easily recognized by the typical shield on the calyx that has also prompted its common name.

Selected species

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  • Scutellaria incarnata
  • Scutellaria indica
  • Scutellaria integrifolia
  • Scutellaria lateriflora
  • Scutellaria longifolia
  • Scutellaria minor - Lesser Skullcap
  • Scutellaria montana
  • Scutellaria nana - Dwarf Skullcap
  • Scutellaria orientalis
  • Scutellaria ovata - heartleaved skullcap
  • Scutellaria parvula
  • Scutellaria purpurascens
  • Scutellaria resinosa
  • Scutellaria rubicunda
  • Scutellaria scordiifolia
  • Scutellaria splendens
  • Scutellaria tuberosa
  • Scutellaria ventenatii
  • Scutellaria violacea

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See also

External links

  • [1] USDA - US Department of Agriculture
  • Scutellaria images on MorphBank, a biological image database
  • Pictures of Skullcap as a medicine.

Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Taxonavigation

Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Euasterids I
Ordo: Lamiales
Familia: Lamiaceae
Subfamilia: Scutellarioideae
Genus: Scutellaria
Species: S. alpina - S. altissima - S. amoena - S. baicalensis - S. barbata - S. brittonii - S. californica - S. costaricana - S. floridana - S. galericulata - S. hookeri - S. incarnata - S. indica - S. lateriflora - S. longifolia - S. meehanioides - S. montana - S. parvula - S. rehderiana - S. strigillosa - S. suffrutescens - S. viscidula - S. nana

Name

Scutellaria L.

Description

Scutellaria is a genus of the mint family, Lamiaceae, the members of which are known as Bushy Skullcap, Drummond's Skullcap, and Heart-Leaf Skullcap.

Vernacular names








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