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Sežana
—  Town  —
Sežana main street
Location of the Municipality of Sežana in Slovenia
Sežana is located in Slovenia
Sežana
Location of the city of Sežana in Slovenia
Coordinates: 45°42′N 13°52′E / 45.7°N 13.867°E / 45.7; 13.867
Country  Slovenia
Municipality Sežana
Government
 - Mayor Davorin Terčon
Area
 - Total 83.9 sq mi (217.4 km2)
Population (2007)
 - Total 12,583
 - male 6,457
 - female 6,126
Average age 39.4 years
Residential areas 34.82 m2 (374.8 sq ft)/person
Households 4264
Families 3350
Website Official site
[1]

Sežana (Italian: Sesana) is a town and a municipality in the Karst region of western Slovenia, near the border with Italy. According to the census of 2002, it has a population of 11,842, of which around 4,500 live in the town of Sežana and the rest in the neighbouring rural areas.

Sežana is located about 10 km from Trieste, Italy, and 80 km from Ljubljana, the capital city of Slovenia.[2] A major border crossing between Slovenia and Italy used to be located in the village of Fernetiči (Italian: Fernetti in Monrupino comune), but border immigration and customs checks have been abolished since 21st of December 2007 when Slovenia joined the Schengen zone. The first main town in Italy is Villa Opicina, which is also the first stop on the railway line on the Italian side.[3]

Contents

History

see also Gorizia and Gradisca, Austrian Littoral, Julian March

Slavic tribes, ancestors of modern Slovenes, first settled the area in the late 6th century A.D. In the Middle Ages, the area belonged to the Duchy of Friuli and the Patriarchate of Aquileia, until it was conquered by the Counts of Gorizia in the 14th century. In 1500, it fell under the Habsburg dominion and it was included in the County of Gorizia and Gradisca.

Sežana remained a small and rather unsignificant village until mid 19th century, when the Austrian Southern Railway, connecting Vienna to Trieste, was built next to it. Sežana thus became connected to the major trafficks and soon emerged as the most important center on the Kras Plateau, together with Opčine. After 1918, it was annexed to the Kingdom of Italy and included in the Province of Trieste. During the Fascist period, the population was subjected to a violent Italianization policy, and many locals joined the militant anti-fascist organization TIGR. During World War II, especially after 1943, the area was became a battlefield between the Partisan resistance and the Fascist and Nazi German forces. In May 1945, Sežana was liberated by the Yugoslav partisans. Between June 1945 and September 1947, it was administered by the British and U.S. Army. In 1947, it became part of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and in 1991 of independent Slovenia.

Economy

Saint Martin parish church, Sežana

Many industrial enterprises are located in Sežana, including larger companies as well as many smaller enterprises. Sežana is also a center for the tourist industry. Its location between Ljubljana, Trieste, and the Adriatic coast and many important tourist sights in the vicinity, such as the world famous Lipica studfarm, Postojna Cave, Škocjan Caves, Vilenica and the fortified village of Štanjel, make Sežana an attractive tourist destination.

Sežana is also an important agricultural center.

Sights

Many things can also be seen in the city: there is a botanical park, a memorial room commemorating the poet Srečko Kosovel and a tourist trail from Sežana to Tomaj dedicated to the poet[4], and the Tabor nature trail. The Lipica studfarm is also located in the municipality, as are several picturesque villages.[5]

The Parish Church in the town is dedicated to Saint Martin and was built in 1878 on the site of an older church from the early 16th century, after it became an independent parish.[6]

Famous natives and residents

Twin cities

References

External links

Coordinates: 45°42′N 13°52′E / 45.7°N 13.867°E / 45.7; 13.867

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