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Seamen's Bethel
U.S. National Register of Historic Places
U.S. National Historic Landmark District
Contributing Property
Front elevation, 2006
Location: New Bedford, Massachusetts
Coordinates: 41°38′08″N 70°55′26″W / 41.63556°N 70.92389°W / 41.63556; -70.92389Coordinates: 41°38′08″N 70°55′26″W / 41.63556°N 70.92389°W / 41.63556; -70.92389
Area: New Bedford Historic District
Built/Founded: 1832
Governing body: National Park Service
Added to NRHP: 1966
NRHP Reference#: 66000773

The Seamen's Bethel (or Seaman's Bethel) is a chapel in New Bedford, Massachusetts, United States, located at 15 Johnny Cake Hill.

Contents

History of building

Built by the New Bedford Port Society, it was completed on May 2, 1832. It is a contributing property to the New Bedford Historic District, a National Historic Landmark.

The Seamen's Bethel was specifically constructed for the many sailors who called New Bedford their home port (mostly whalers), who considered it a matter of tradition that one visited the chapel before setting sail.[1]

The bethel was immortalized in Herman Melville's epic whaling tome, Moby-Dick, as the "Whaleman's Chapel" in a scene where a fire-and-brimstone sermon is given from a bow-shaped pulpit.

The pulpit was a Melville invention, but a replica of the one described in the book was added to the chapel in 1961. Other changes were made when the structure was repaired after a fire in 1866. The names of New Bedford whalers killed, and later all area fishermen, are noted on the walls of the bethel. Also noted is the pew that Melville sat in when he visited in 1840.

Moby-Dick

In 1851, Herman Melville published his famous tale of the white whale. In it he wrote:

"In this same New Bedford there stands a Whaleman's Chapel, and few are the moody fishermen, shortly bound for the Indian Ocean or Pacific, who fail to make a Sunday visit to the spot."
- Moby-Dick, by Herman Melville

From this point on, the Seamen's Bethel came to be widely seen as a symbol of the whalers, and later as a symbol of their history.

In film

In 1956, John Huston shot a scene from the movie adaptation of "Moby-Dick" (with Gregory Peck), in front of the real Seamen's Bethel, but interior shots in the movie were not shot on-location. This revitalized tourism to the area.

National Park

In 1996 the Seamen's Bethel, along with the New Bedford Whaling Museum (located across the street), the historic district and other icons of New Bedford whaling were collectively made into the New Bedford Whaling National Historical Park.

Images

External links

References

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