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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The seat of government is defined by Brewer's Politics as "the building, complex of buildings or city from which a government exercises its authority".[1] The seat of government is usually located in the capital. In some countries the seat of government differs from the capital, e.g. in the Netherlands where The Hague is the seat of government and Amsterdam is the Capital of the Netherlands.

Australia

The seat of government and national capital is Canberra in the Australian Capital Territory, a territory excised from New South Wales in accordance with the Constitution and the Seat of Government Act of 1908. However, until 1927 the de facto capital was Melbourne.

United States

The United States Capitol is the seat of government for Congress.

The seat of government of the United States was established by the United States Constitution in article I, section 8, clause 17:

"The Congress shall have power ... to exercise exclusive Legislation in all Cases whatsoever, over such District (not exceeding ten Miles square) as may, by Cession of particular States, and the Acceptance of Congress, become the Seat of the Government of the United States, and to exercise like Authority over all Places purchased by the Consent of the Legislature of the State in which the Same shall be, for the Erection of Forts, Magazines, Arsenals, dock-Yards, and other needful buildings; ..."

The seat of government of the United States has been in Washington, D.C. since 1800. Before 1800, Congress met in eight different locations.

Other seats of governments:

Notes

  1. ^ Comfort, N. (1993) Brewer's Politics. A phrase and fable dictionary. London: Cassell.

See: capital city for details and list of national capitals for each country's seat of government.

The seat of government is defined by Brewer's Politics as "the building, complex of buildings or city from which a government exercises its authority".[1] The seat of government is usually located in the capital. In some countries the seat of government differs from the capital, e.g. in the Netherlands where The Hague is the seat of government and Amsterdam is the Capital of the Netherlands. In most it is the same city, for example Ankara as the capital and seat of government of Turkey. In the United Kingdom, the seat of government is Westminster, a city within London, the capital.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Comfort, N. (1993) Brewer's Politics. A phrase and fable dictionary. London: Cassell.

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