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Seattle
—  City  —
Downtown Seattle from the north, with the Space Needle and Mount Rainier

Flag

Seal
Nickname(s): The Emerald City, Seatown, Rain City, Jet City, Gateway to Alaska, Gateway to The Pacific
Location of Seattle in
King County and Washington
Seattle is located in the USA
Seattle
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 47°36′35″N 122°19′59″W / 47.60972°N 122.33306°W / 47.60972; -122.33306Coordinates: 47°36′35″N 122°19′59″W / 47.60972°N 122.33306°W / 47.60972; -122.33306
Country United States
State Washington
County King
Incorporated December 2, 1869
Government
 - Type Mayor–council
 - Mayor Michael McGinn
Area
 - City 142.5 sq mi (369.2 km2)
 - Land 83.87 sq mi (217.2 km2)
 - Water 58.67 sq mi (152 km2)
 - Metro 8,186 sq mi (21,202 km2)
Elevation 0–520 ft (0–158 m)
Population (April 18, 2009)[1][2][3]
 - City 602,000 (US: 25th)
 Density 7,136/sq mi (2,755.2/km2)
 Urban 2,712,205
 Metro 3,344,813 (US: 15th)
 - Demonym Seattleite
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 - Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes
Area code(s) 206
FIPS code 53-63000[5]
GNIS feature ID 1512650[6]
Website www.seattle.gov
Seattle (pronounced /siːˈæt(ə)ɫ/ ( listen), us dict: sē·ăt′·əl) is the northernmost major city on the West Coast of the United States. A seaport situated on an isthmus between Puget Sound (an arm of the Pacific Ocean) and Lake Washington, about 100 miles (160 km) south of the Canada – United States border, it is named after Chief Seattle, of the Duwamish and Suquamish tribes. Seattle is the center of the Seattle–Tacoma–Bellevue metropolitan statistical area, the 15th largest in the United States, and the largest in the northwestern United States.[7] The major economic, cultural and educational center in the region, Seattle is the county seat of King County. As of 1 April 2009, the city had an estimated municipal population of 602,000.[8]
The Seattle area has been inhabited for at least 4,000 years,[9] but European settlement began only in the mid-19th century. The first permanent European settlers—Arthur A. Denny and those subsequently known as the Denny Party—arrived November 13, 1851. Early settlements in the area were called "New York-Alki" ("Alki" meaning "by and by" in the local Chinook Jargon) and "Duwamps". In 1853, Doc Maynard suggested that the main settlement be renamed "Seattle", an anglicized rendition of the name of Sealth, the chief of the two local tribes. From 1869 until 1982, Seattle was known as the "Queen City".[10] Seattle's current official nickname is the "Emerald City", the result of a contest held in the early 1980s;[11] the reference is to the lush evergreen forests of the area. Seattle is also referred to informally as the "Gateway to Alaska", "Rain City",[12] and "Jet City", the last from the local influence of Boeing. Seattle residents are known as Seattleites.
Seattle is the birthplace of rock legend Jimi Hendrix and the music style known as "grunge,"[13] which was made famous by local groups Nirvana, Alice in Chains, Pearl Jam, and Soundgarden. Bruce Lee and Brandon Lee are also buried at Lakeview cemetery. Seattle has a reputation for heavy coffee consumption;[14] coffee companies founded or based in Seattle include Starbucks,[15] Seattle's Best Coffee,[16] and Tully's.[17] There are also many successful independent artisanal espresso roasters and cafes.[14]
Researchers at Central Connecticut State University ranked Seattle the most literate city of America's sixty-nine largest cities in 2005 and 2006, second most literate in 2007 (after Minneapolis),[18] and tied with Minneapolis in 2008.[19] Additionally, survey data from the United States Census Bureau indicate that Seattle has a higher percentage of college graduates than any other major American city, with approximately 53.8% of residents aged 25 and older holding a bachelor degree or higher.[20]
Seattle is one of the most politically progressive cities in North America, with an overwhelming majority of voters supporting Democratic politicians; support for liberal issues such as same-sex marriage, reproductive rights and gun control is largely taken for granted in local politics. Like much of the Pacific Northwest (which has the lowest rate of church attendance in the United States and consistently reports the highest percentage of atheism[21][22]), church attendance, religious belief and political influence of religious leaders is much lower than in other parts of America[23]. Seattle also has a thriving alternative press, with two well-established weekly newspapers, several online dailies (including the Seattle P.I., Publicola and Crosscut), and a number of issue-focused publications, including the nation's two largest online environmental magazines, Worldchanging and Grist.org.
In terms of per capita income, a study by the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis ranked the Seattle metropolitan area 17th out of 363 metropolitan areas in 2006.[24] Seattle has particularly strong information technology, aviation, architecture and recreational industries. It is particularly known as a hotbed of "green" technologies[25], stemming in part from the strong and relatively non-controversial stances its public leaders have taken on policies regarding urban design, building standards, clean energy and climate change (Seattle in February 2010 committed itself to becoming North America's first "climate neutral" city, with a goal of reaching zero net per capita greenhouse gas emissions by 2030 [26]).
The city's form is largely sprawling and auto-dependent, and efforts to promote compact development and transportation choices are perennial policy issues. The railways and streetcars that once dominated its transportation system were largely replaced with an extensive network of bus routes for those living near the city center, and the city's outward growth caused automobiles to become the main mode of transportation for much of the population in the middle to late twentieth century. As a result, Seattle is ranked as one of the most congested cities in the United States.[27] However, efforts to reverse this trend at the municipal and state levels have resulted in new commuter rail service that connects Seattle to Everett and Tacoma, a regional Link Light Rail system that extends south from the city core,[28] and an inner-city South Lake Union Streetcar network in the South Lake Union area.[29] An extension of the light rail south to the Seattle–Tacoma International Airport began service on December 19, 2009; an extension north to the University of Washington is under construction as of 2010; and further extensions are planned to reach Lynnwood to the north, Des Moines to the south, and Bellevue and Redmond to the east by 2023.[30][31][32]

Contents

History

Founding

Pioneer Square in 1917 featuring the Smith Tower, the Seattle Hotel and to the left the Pioneer Building
Archaeological excavations confirm that the Seattle area has been inhabited by humans for at least 4,000 years.[9] By the time the first European settlers arrived in the area, the people (now called the Duwamish Tribe) occupied at least seventeen villages in the areas around Elliott Bay.[33]
In 1851, a large party led by Luther Collins made a location on land at the mouth of the Duwamish River; they formally claimed it on September 14, 1851.[34] Thirteen days later, members of the Collins Party on the way to their claim passed three scouts of the Denny Party, the group who would eventually found Seattle.[35] Members of the Denny Party claimed land on Alki Point on September 28, 1851.[36] The rest of the Denny Party set sail from Portland, Oregon and landed on Alki point during a rainstorm on November 13, 1851.[36]
After a difficult winter, most of the Denny Party relocated across Elliott Bay and founded the village of "Dewamps" or "Duwamps" on the site of present day Pioneer Square.[36] Charles Terry and John Low remained at the original landing location and established a village they initially called "New York", but renamed "Alki" in April 1853, from a Chinook word meaning, roughly, by and by or someday.[37] New York-Alki and Duwamps competed for dominance for the next few years, but in time Alki was abandoned and its residents moved across the bay to join the rest of the settlers.[38]
David Swinson ("Doc") Maynard, one of Duwamps's founders, was the primary advocate to rename the village "Seattle" after Chief Sealth of the Duwamish and Suquamish tribes.[39] The term, "Seattle", appears on official Washington Territory papers dated May 23, 1853, when the first plats for the village were filed. In 1855, nominal land settlements were established. On January 14, 1865, the Legislature of Territorial Washington incorporated the Town of Seattle with a board of trustees managing the city. Two years later, after a petition was filed by most of the leading citizens, the Legislature disincorporated the town. The town remained a precinct of King County until late 1869 when a new petition was filed and the city was re-incorporated with a Mayor-council government.[36][40]

Timber town

The Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition had just over 3.7 million visitors during its 138-day run[41]
Seattle has a history of boom and bust cycles, as is common to cities near areas of extensive natural and mineral resources. Seattle has risen several times economically, then gone into precipitous decline, but it has typically used those periods to rebuild solid infrastructure.[42]
The first such boom, covering the early years of the city, was fueled by the lumber industry. (During this period the road now known as Yesler Way was nicknamed "Skid Road",[43] after the timber skidding down the hill to Henry Yesler's sawmill. This is considered a possible origin for the term which later entered the wider American vocabulary as Skid Row.)[42] Like much of the American West, Seattle saw numerous conflicts between labor and management, as well as ethnic tensions that culminated in the anti-Chinese riots of 1885–1886.[44] This violence was caused by unemployed whites who determined to drive the Chinese from Seattle (anti-Chinese riots also occurred in Tacoma). Martial law was declared, and federal troops were brought in to put down the disorder. Nevertheless, the economic success in the Seattle area was so great that when the Great Seattle fire of 1889 destroyed the central business district, a far grander city center rapidly emerged in its place.[45] Finance company Washington Mutual, for example, was founded in the immediate wake of the fire.[46] However, the Panic of 1893 hit Seattle hard.[47]

Gold Rush, World War I, and the Great Depression

Image showing 5th Avenue entrance of the Central Branch of the Seattle Public Library, designed by OMA; located on 4th and Madison street in Downtown Seattle. Columbia Center can also be seen in the background.
This boom was followed by the construction of a park system, designed by the Olmsted brothers' landscape architecture firm.[42]
The second and most dramatic boom and bust resulted from the Klondike Gold Rush, which ended the depression that had begun with the Panic of 1893; in a short time, Seattle became a major transportation center. On July 14, 1897, the S.S. Portland docked with its famed "ton of gold", and Seattle became the main transport and supply point for the miners in Alaska and the Yukon. Those working men only found lasting wealth in a few cases, however; it was Seattle's business of clothing the miners and feeding them salmon that panned out in the long run. Along with Seattle, other cities like Everett, Tacoma, Port Townsend, Bremerton, and Olympia, all within Puget Sound became competitors for exchange, rather than mother-lodes for extraction, of precious metals.[48] The boom lasted well into the early part of the 20th century and funded many new Seattle companies and products. In 1907, 19-year-old James E. Casey borrowed $100 from a friend and founded the American Messenger Company (later UPS). Other Seattle companies founded during this period include Nordstrom and Eddie Bauer.[46] The Gold Rush era culminated in the Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition of 1909, which is largely responsible for the layout of today's University of Washington campus.[49]
A shipbuilding boom in the early part of the 20th century became massive during World War I, making Seattle somewhat of a company town; the subsequent retrenchment led to the Seattle General Strike of 1919, the first general strike in the country[50] A 1912 city development plan by Virgil Bogue went largely unused. Seattle was mildly prosperous in the 1920s but was particularly hard hit in the Great Depression, experiencing some of the country's harshest labor strife in that era. Violence during the Maritime Strike of 1934 cost Seattle much of its maritime traffic, which was rerouted to the Port of Los Angeles.[51]
Seattle was also the home base of impresario Alexander Pantages who, starting in 1902, opened a number of theaters in the city exhibiting vaudeville acts and silent movies. His activities soon expanded, and the thrifty Greek went on and became one of America's greatest theater and movie tycoons. Between Pantages and his rival John Considine, Seattle was for a while the western United States' vaudeville mecca. The several theaters Scottish-born, Seattle-based architect B. Marcus Priteca built for Pantages in Seattle have all been either demolished or converted to other uses, but many of their theaters survive in other cities of the USA, often retaining the Pantages name.

Post-war years: aircraft and software

Downtown Seattle and a ferry at the Central Waterfront.
The local economy dipped after World War II, which had seen the dispersion of the numerous Japanese-American businessmen. The local economy rose again with manufacturing company Boeing's growing dominance in the airliner market.[52] Seattle celebrated its restored prosperity and made a bid for world recognition with the Century 21 Exposition, the 1962 World's Fair.[53] The local economy went into another major downturn in the late 1960s and early 1970s. Many left the area to look for work elsewhere, and two local real estate agents put up a billboard reading "Will the last person leaving Seattle – Turn out the lights."[54]
Still, Seattle remained the corporate headquarters of Boeing until 2001, when the company separated its headquarters from its major production facilities. Boeing finally chose to move its corporate headquarters to Chicago.[55] The Seattle area is still home to Boeing's Renton narrow-body plant (where the 707, 720, 727, and 757 were assembled, and the 737 is assembled today) and Everett wide-body plant (assembly plant for the 747, 767, 777 and the upcoming 787 Dreamliner); the company's credit union for employees, BECU, remains based in the Seattle area, though it is now open to all residents of Washington.
Westlake Center, a Downtown mall and southern terminus of the Seattle Center Monorail. This is the northwest corner of 5th and Pine.
As prosperity began to return in the 1980s, the city was stunned by the Wah Mee massacre in 1983, when thirteen people were killed in an illegal gambling club in the International District, Seattle's Chinatown.[56] Beginning with Microsoft's 1979 move from Albuquerque, New Mexico to nearby Bellevue, Washington,[57] Seattle and its suburbs became home to a number of technology companies including Amazon.com, RealNetworks, McCaw Cellular (now part of AT&T Mobility), VoiceStream (now T-Mobile USA), and biomedical corporations such as HeartStream (later purchased by Philips), Heart Technologies (later purchased by Boston Scientific), Physio-Control (later purchased by Medtronic), ZymoGenetics, ICOS (later purchased by Eli Lilly and Company) and Immunex (later purchased by Amgen). This success brought an influx of new citizens with a population increase within city limits of almost 50,000 between 1990 and 2000,[58] and saw Seattle's real estate become some of the most expensive in the country.[59] Many of the Seattle area's tech companies remain relatively strong, but the frenzied dot-com boom years ended in early 2001.[60][61]
Seattle in this period attracted widespread attention as home to these many companies, but also by hosting the 1990 Goodwill Games[62] and the APEC leaders conference in 1993, as well as through the worldwide popularity of grunge, a sound that had developed in Seattle's independent music scene.[63] Another bid for worldwide attention—hosting the World Trade Organization Ministerial Conference of 1999—garnered visibility, but not in the manner its sponsors desired, as related protest activity and police reactions to those protests overshadowed the conference itself.[64] The city was further shaken by the Mardi Gras Riots in 2001, and was literally shaken the following day by the Nisqually Earthquake.[65]
The UK consulting firm Mercer, in a 2009 assessment "conducted to help governments and major companies place employees on international assignments", ranked Seattle 50th worldwide in quality of living; the survey factored in political stability, personal freedom, sanitation, crime, housing, the natural environment, recreation, banking facilities, availability of consumer goods, education, and public services including transportation.[66]

Geography

Topography

Downtown Seattle is bounded by Elliott Bay (lower left), lower Broadway (from upper left to lower right), Yesler Way (lower right), and Denny Way (obscured by clouds).
Seattle is located between the Puget Sound (an inlet of the Pacific Ocean) to the west, and Lake Washington to the east. The city's chief harbor, Elliott Bay, is an inlet of the Puget Sound. To the west, beyond the Puget Sound, are the Kitsap Peninsula and Olympic Mountains on the Olympic Peninsula; to the east, beyond Lake Washington and the eastside suburbs, are Lake Sammamish and the Cascade Range. Lake Washington's waters flow to the Puget Sound through the Lake Washington Ship canal (a series of two man-made canals), Lake Union, and the Hiram C. Chittenden Locks at Salmon Bay, ending in Shilshole Bay.
The sea, rivers, forests, lakes, and fields surrounding Seattle were once rich enough to support one of the world's few sedentary hunter-gatherer societies. The surrounding area lends itself well to sailing, skiing, bicycling, camping, and hiking year-round.[67] [68]
The city itself is hilly, though not uniformly so.[69] Like Rome, the city is said to lie on seven hills; the lists vary, but typically include Capitol Hill, First Hill, West Seattle, Beacon Hill, Queen Anne, Magnolia, and the former Denny Hill. The Wallingford and Mount Baker neighborhoods are technically located on hills as well. Many of the hilliest areas are near the city center, with Capitol Hill, First Hill, and Beacon Hill collectively constituting something of a ridge along an isthmus between Elliott Bay and Lake Washington.[70] The break in the ridge between First Hill and Beacon Hill is man-made, the result of two of the many regrading projects that reshaped the topography of the city center.[71] The topography of the city center was also changed by the construction of a seawall and the artificial Harbor Island (completed 1909) at the mouth of the city's industrial Duwamish Waterway.
North of the city center, Lake Washington Ship Canal connects Puget Sound to Lake Washington. It incorporates four natural bodies of water: Lake Union, Salmon Bay, Portage Bay, and Union Bay.
Due to its location in the Pacific Ring of Fire, Seattle is in a major earthquake zone. On February 28, 2001, the magnitude 6.8 Nisqually earthquake did significant architectural damage, especially in the Pioneer Square area (built on reclaimed land, as are the Industrial District and part of the city center), but caused no fatalities.[72] Other strong quakes occurred on January 26, 1700 (estimated at 9 magnitude), December 14, 1872 (7.3 or 7.4),[72] April 13, 1949 (7.1),[73] and April 29, 1965 (6.5).[74] The 1949 quake caused eight known deaths, all in Seattle;[73] the 1965 quake caused three deaths in Seattle directly, and one more by heart failure.[74] Although the Seattle Fault passes just south of the city center, neither it[75] nor the Cascadia subduction zone has caused an earthquake since the city's founding. The Cascadia subduction zone poses the threat of an earthquake of magnitude 9.0 or greater, capable of seriously damaging the city and collapsing many buildings, especially in zones built on fill.[76]
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 142.5 square miles (369 km2),[77] 83.9 square miles (217 km2) of which is land and 58.7 square miles (152 km2) water (41.16 percent of the total area).

Surrounding municipalities

Climate

Downtown Seattle averages 58 clear (sunny) days a year, with most of those days occurring between May and September[78]
Seattle's temperate, rainy climate is usually described as temperate Oceanic or Marine west coast, with mild, damp winters and relatively dry and mild summers. Like much of the Pacific Northwest, according to the Koeppen climate classification it falls within a cool, dry-summer subtropical zone (Csb), with cool-summer Mediterranean characteristics such as its usually dry summers.[79] Other climate classification systems, such as Trewartha, place it firmly in the Oceanic zone (Do).[80]
Temperature extremes are moderated by adjacent Puget Sound, the greater Pacific Ocean, and Lake Washington. The region is partially protected from Pacific storms by the Olympic Mountains and from Arctic air by the Cascade Range. Despite being on the margin of the rain shadow of the Olympic Mountains, the city has a reputation for frequent rain.[81] This reputation derives from this frequency of precipitation as well as the fact that it is cloudy an average of 201 days and 93 partly cloudy days per year.[78] At 37.1 inches (942 mm)[82], the city receives less precipitation than New York City, Atlanta, Houston, and most cities of the Eastern Seaboard of the United States. Seattle was also not listed in a study that revealed the 10 rainiest cities in the continental United States.[83] Most of the precipitation falls as drizzle or light rain. Thunderstorms occur only occasionally. Seattle reports thunder on just seven days per annum (according to 'Cities Ranked and Rated' - Bert Sperling and Peter Sander.2007). For comparison Fort Myers, Florida reports thunder on 93 days per year. Kansas City reports 52 'thunder days' and New York City reports 25. There are occasional downpours. One of these downpours occurred in December 2007 when widespread rainfall hit the greater Puget Sound area. It became the second wettest event in Seattle history when a little over 5 inches of rain fell on Seattle in a 24 hour period. The rain also caused five deaths and widespread flooding and damage.[84] Spring, late fall, and winter are filled with days when it does not rain but looks as if it might because of cloudy, overcast skies. Winters are cool and wet with average lows around 35–40 °F (1.7–4.4 °C) on winter nights. Colder weather can occur, but seldom lasts more than a few days. Summers are dry and warm, with average daytime highs around 73–80 °F (22.8–26.7 °C). Hotter weather usually occurs only during a few summer days. Seattle's hottest official recorded temperature was 103 °F (39.4 °C) on July 29, 2009;[85] the coldest recorded temperature was 0 °F (–18 °C) on January 31, 1950.[82]
Between October and May, Seattle is mostly or partly cloudy six out of every seven days[78]
Eighty miles (130 km) to the west, the Hoh Rain Forest in Olympic National Park on the western flank of the Olympic Mountains receives an annual average rainfall of 142 inches (3,607 mm), and the state capital, Olympia—south of the rain shadow—receives an annual average rainfall of 52 inches (1,321 mm). Snowfall is very infrequent, especially at lower elevations and near the coast, and is usually light and fleeting, lasting only a few days. Heavier snowfall happens infrequently; a recent example happened from December 12–25, 2008, when over one foot of snow fell and stuck on much of the city's roads, causing widespread difficulties in a city so unaccustomed to heavy snow. Average annual snowfall, as measured at Sea-Tac Airport, is 13 inches (33 cm).[86] Seattle's daily record snowfall was 20 inches (51 cm) on January 13, 1950.[87] A sunnier and drier climate typically dominates from mid-July to mid-September. An average of 0.8 inches (20 mm) of rain falls in July and 1.0 inch (25 mm) in August. Although the summer climate is considerably drier and less humid than in areas with humid continental climates, a slight dampness can be occasionally felt, usually when temperatures reach above 80 °F (26.7 °C). This dampness is typically more noticeable during the evening when the temperatures have dropped. Because of this, Seattle experiences occasional summer thunderstorms.[88]
The Puget Sound Convergence Zone is an important feature of Seattle's weather. In the convergence zone, air arriving from the north meets air flowing in from the south. Both streams of air originate over the Pacific Ocean; airflow is split by the Olympic Mountains to Seattle's west, then reunited by the Cascade Mountains to the east. When the air currents meet, they are forced upward, resulting in convection.[89] Thunderstorms caused by this activity can occur north and south of town, but Seattle itself rarely receives worse weather than occasional thunder and ice-pellet showers. The Hanukkah Eve Wind Storm in December 2006 is an exception that brought heavy rain and winds gusting up to 69 mph (111 km/h).
Another exception to Seattle's dampness may occur in El Niño years, when the marine weather systems track as far south as California and little precipitation falls in the Puget Sound area.[90] Since the region's water comes from mountain snowpacks during the drier summer months, El Niño winters can not only produce substandard skiing but can result in water rationing and a shortage of hydroelectric power the following summer.[91]
Climate data for Seattle, Washington
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 64
(18)
70
(21)
78
(26)
85
(29)
93
(34)
96
(36)
103
(39)
99
(37)
98
(37)
89
(32)
74
(23)
64
(18)
103
(39)
Average high °F (°C) 45.5
(7.5)
49.5
(9.7)
53.2
(11.8)
58.2
(14.6)
64.4
(18)
69.6
(20.9)
75.3
(24.1)
75.6
(24.2)
70.2
(21.2)
59.7
(15.4)
50.5
(10.3)
45.5
(7.5)
59.8
(15.4)
Average low °F (°C) 35.9
(2.2)
37.2
(2.9)
39.1
(3.9)
42.1
(5.6)
47.2
(8.4)
51.7
(10.9)
55.3
(12.9)
55.7
(13.2)
51.9
(11.1)
45.7
(7.6)
39.9
(4.4)
35.9
(2.2)
44.8
(7.1)
Record low °F (°C) 0
(-18)
1
(-17)
11
(-12)
29
(-2)
28
(-2)
38
(3)
43
(6)
44
(7)
35
(2)
28
(-2)
6
(-14)
6
(-14)
0
(-18)
Precipitation inches (mm) 5.13
(130.3)
4.18
(106.2)
3.75
(95.3)
2.59
(65.8)
1.78
(45.2)
1.49
(37.8)
0.79
(20.1)
1.02
(25.9)
1.63
(41.4)
3.19
(81)
5.90
(149.9)
5.62
(142.7)
37.07
(941.6)
Snowfall inches (mm) 5.1
(129.5)
1.7
(43.2)
1.3
(33)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.9
(22.9)
2.6
(66)
11.6
(294.6)
Avg. rainy days 19 17 15 11 9 5 2 3 8 11 18 20 138
Avg. snowy days 3 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 8
Source: National Climatic Data Center[92] February 2009, updated for record high July 2009

Neighborhoods

Downtown Seattle includes a tightly packed financial district along with residential areas and a panoramic waterfront.
Seattle has grown through a series of annexations of smaller neighboring communities. On May 3, 1891, Magnolia, Wallingford, Green Lake, and the University District (then known as Brooklyn) were annexed.[93] The town of South Seattle was annexed on October 20, 1905.[94] Between January 7 and September 12, 1907, Seattle nearly doubled its land area by annexing six incorporated towns and areas of unincorporated King County, including Southeast Seattle, Ravenna, South Park, Columbia City, Ballard, and West Seattle.[95] Three years later, after having difficulties paying a $10,000 bill from the county, the town of Georgetown merged with Seattle.[96] Finally, on January 4, 1954, the area between N. 85th Street and N. 145th Street was annexed, including the neighborhoods of Pinehurst, Maple Leaf, Lake City, View Ridge and Northgate.[97]
Former Seattle mayor Greg Nickels is among those who have called Seattle "a city of neighborhoods",[98][99] although the boundaries (and even names) of those neighborhoods are often open to dispute. For example, a Department of Neighborhoods spokeswoman reported that her own neighborhood has gone from "the 'CD' (Central District) to 'Madrona' to 'Greater Madison Valley' and now 'Madrona Park'.[99]
Over a dozen Seattle neighborhoods have Neighborhood Service Centers, originally known in 1972 as "Little City Halls"[100] and even more have their own street fair and/or parade during the summer months.[101] The largest of the city's street fairs feature hundreds of craft and food booths and multiple stages with live entertainment, and draw more than 100,000 people over the course of a weekend.[102] In addition, at least half a dozen neighborhoods have weekly farmers' markets, some with as many as fifty vendors.[103]

Cityscape

Landmarks

The Space Needle, dating from the Century 21 Exposition (1962), is Seattle's most recognizable landmark, having been featured in the logo of the television show Frasier and the backgrounds of the television series Dark Angel, Grey's Anatomy and iCarly, and films such as It Happened at the World's Fair and Sleepless in Seattle. The fairgrounds surrounding the Needle have been converted into Seattle Center, which remains the site of many local civic and cultural events, such as Bumbershoot, Folklife, and the Bite of Seattle. Seattle Center plays multiple roles in the city, ranging from a public fair ground to a civic center, though recent economic losses have called its viability and future into question.[104] The Seattle Center Monorail was also constructed for Century 21 and still runs from Seattle Center to Westlake Center, a downtown shopping mall, a little over a mile to the southeast.
Pike Place Market
The Smith Tower was the tallest building on the West Coast from its completion in 1914 until the Space Needle overtook it in 1962.[105] The late 1980s saw the construction of Seattle's two tallest skyscrapers: the 76 story Columbia Center (completed 1985) is the tallest building in the Pacific Northwest[106] and the fourth tallest building west of the Mississippi River;[107] the Washington Mutual Tower (completed 1988) is Seattle's second tallest building.[108][109] Other notable Seattle landmarks include Pike Place Market, the Fremont Troll, the Experience Music Project and Science Fiction Museum and Hall of Fame (at Seattle Center), and the Seattle Central Library.
Starbucks has been at Pike Place Market since the coffee company was founded there in 1971. The first store is still operating a block south of its original location.[110]
The National Register of Historic Places has over 150 Seattle listings.[111] The city also designates its own landmarks.[112]

Culture

Performing arts

Seattle has been a regional center for the performing arts for many years. The century-old Seattle Symphony Orchestra is among the world's most recorded[113] and performs primarily at Benaroya Hall.[114] The Seattle Opera and Pacific Northwest Ballet, which perform at McCaw Hall (opened 2003 on the site of the former Seattle Opera House at Seattle Center), are comparably distinguished,[115][116] with the Opera being particularly known for its performances of the works of Richard Wagner[117][118] and the PNB School (founded in 1974) ranking as one of the top three ballet training institutions in the United States.[115] The Seattle Youth Symphony Orchestras (SYSO) is the largest symphonic youth organization in the United States.[119] The city also boasts lauded summer and winter chamber music festivals organized by the Seattle Chamber Music Society.[120]
The 5th Avenue Theatre, built in 1926, stages Broadway-style musical shows[121] featuring both local talent and international stars.[122] Seattle has "around 100" theatrical production companies[123][124] and over two dozen live theatre venues, many of them associated with fringe theatre;[125] Seattle is probably second only to New York for number of equity theaters[126] (28 Seattle theater companies have some sort of Actors' Equity contract).[123] In addition, the 900-seat Romanesque Revival Town Hall on First Hill hosts numerous cultural events, especially lectures and recitals.[127]
The Moore Theatre has been a performing arts venue in Downtown Seattle since its construction in 1907.
Seattle is considered the home of grunge music[13] because it was home to artists such as Nirvana, Pearl Jam, Soundgarden, Alice in Chains, and Mudhoney all of whom reached vast audiences in the early 1990s.[128] The city is also home to such varied musicians as avant-garde jazz musicians Bill Frisell and Wayne Horvitz, rapper Sir Mix-a-Lot, smooth jazz saxophonist Kenny G, Heart, heavy metal bands Queensrÿche, Nevermore and Sunn O))), as well as such poppier rock bands as Harvey Danger, Goodness, and The Presidents of the United States of America. Such musicians as Jimi Hendrix, Duff McKagan, Nikki Sixx, and Quincy Jones spent their formative years in Seattle.
Since the grunge era, the area has hosted a diverse and influential alternative music scene. The Seattle record label Sub Pop—the first to sign Nirvana and Soundgarden—has signed such non-grunge bands as Band of Horses, Modest Mouse, Murder City Devils, Sunny Day Real Estate, Death Cab for Cutie, The Postal Service, Flight of the Conchords, and Fleet Foxes.[128]
Earlier Seattle-based popular music acts include the collegiate folk group The Brothers Four; The Wailers, a 1960s garage band; The Ventures, an instrumental rock band; pop Young Fresh Fellows and The Posies; pop-punk The Fastbacks; and the outright punk of The Fartz (later 10 Minute Warning), The Gits, and 7 Year Bitch.[129]
Seattle annually sends a team of spoken word slammers to the National Poetry Slam and considers itself home of some of the most talented performance poets in the world: Buddy Wakefield, two-time Individual World Poetry Slam Champ;[130] Anis Mojgani, two-time National Poetry Slam Champ;[131] and Danny Sherrard, 2007 National Poetry Slam Champ and 2008 Individual World Poetry Slam Champ.[132] Seattle also hosted the 2001 national Poetry Slam Tournament. The Seattle Poetry Festival is a biennial poetry festival that (launched first as the Poetry Circus in 1997) has featured local, regional, national, and international names in poetry.[133]
The city also has movie houses showing both Hollywood productions and works by independent filmmakers.[134] Among these, the Seattle Cinerama stands out as one of only three movie theaters in the world still capable of showing three-panel Cinerama films.[135][136]
Additionally, the city is also home to the Seattle Polish Film Festival, (SPFF) an annual film festival showcasing current and past films of Polish cinema.[137][138] The festival is produced by the Seattle-Gdynia Sister City Association and awards the Seattle Spirit of Polish Cinema awards as well as the Viewers Choice of Best Film.

Media

Today, Seattle has one major daily newspaper, The Seattle Times. The Seattle Post-Intelligencer, known as the P-I, published a daily newspaper from 1863 to March 17, 2009. There is also a Seattle Daily Journal of Commerce,[139] and the University of Washington publishes The Daily, a student-run publication, when school is in session. The most prominent weeklies are the Seattle Weekly and The Stranger; both consider themselves "alternative" papers.[140] Real Change is a weekly street newspaper that is sold mainly by homeless persons as an alternative to panhandling. There are also several ethnic newspapers, including the Northwest Asian Weekly, and numerous neighborhood newspapers, including the North Seattle Journal.
Seattle is also well served by television and radio, with all major U.S. networks represented, along with at least five other English-language stations and two Spanish-language stations.[141] Seattle cable viewers also receive CBUT 2 (CBC) from Vancouver, British Columbia.
Leading non-commercial radio stations include NPR affiliates KUOW-FM 94.9 and KPLU-FM 88.5 (Tacoma). Other notable stations include KEXP-FM 90.3 (affiliated with EMP), KBCS-FM 91.3 (affiliated with Bellevue College), and KNHC-FM 89.5, which broadcasts an electronic music format and is owned by the public school system and operated by students of Nathan Hale High School. Many Seattle radio stations are also available through Internet radio, with KEXP in particular being a pioneer of Internet radio.[142] Seattle also has numerous commercial radio stations, including KING-FM, one of the last commercial classical music stations in the United States.[141]
Seattle-based online magazines Worldchanging and Grist.org were two of the "Top Green Websites" in 2007 according to Time.[143]
Seattle also has many online newspapers. The two largest are The Seattle Times and Seattle Post-Intelligencer (the latter now online only).

Tourism

210 cruise ship visits brought 886,039 passengers to Seattle in 2008.[144]
Among Seattle's prominent annual fairs and festivals are the 24-day Seattle International Film Festival,[145] Northwest Folklife over the Memorial Day weekend, numerous Seafair events throughout July and August (ranging from a Bon Odori celebration to the Seafair Cup hydroplane races), the Bite of Seattle, one of the largest Gay Pride festivals in the United States, and the art and music festival Bumbershoot, which programs music as well as other art and entertainment over the Labor Day weekend. All are typically attended by 100,000 people annually, as are the Seattle Hempfest and two separate Independence Day celebrations.[146][147][148] In the past, the Gay Pride parade and festival have been centered on Capitol Hill, but since 2006, festivities have been held city-wide, and the parade has followed a route in Downtown from the retail core to Seattle Center.[149]
Other significant events include numerous Native American pow-wows, a Greek Festival hosted by St. Demetrios Greek Orthodox Church in Montlake, and numerous ethnic festivals (many associated with Festál at Seattle Center).[150]
The Seattle skyline viewed from Gas Works Park.
There are other annual events, ranging from the Seattle Antiquarian Book Fair & Book Arts Show;[151] an anime convention, Sakura-Con;[152] Penny Arcade Expo, a gaming convention;[153] specialized film festivals, such as the Maelstrom International Fantastic Film Festival, the Seattle Gay and Lesbian Film Festival;[154] and a two-day, 9,000-rider Seattle to Portland Bicycle Classic.[155]
The Henry Art Gallery opened in 1927, the first public art museum in Washington.[156] The Seattle Art Museum (SAM) opened in 1933; SAM opened a museum downtown in 1991 (expanded and reopened 2007); since 1991, the 1933 building has been SAM's Seattle Asian Art Museum (SAAM).[157] SAM also operates the Olympic Sculpture Park (opened 2007) on the waterfront north of the downtown piers. The Frye Art Museum is a free museum on First Hill.
Regional history collections are at the Loghouse Museum in Alki, Klondike Gold Rush National Historical Park, the Museum of History and Industry and the Burke Museum of Natural History and Culture. Industry collections are at the Center for Wooden Boats and the adjacent Northwest Seaport, the Seattle Metropolitan Police Museum, and the Museum of Flight. Regional ethnic collections include the Nordic Heritage Museum, the Wing Luke Asian Museum and the Northwest African American Museum. Seattle has artist-run galleries,[158] including 10-year veteran Soil Art Gallery,[159] and the newer Crawl Space Gallery.[160]
Woodland Park Zoo opened as a private menagerie in 1889, but was sold to the city in 1899.[161] The Seattle Aquarium has been open on the downtown waterfront since 1977 (undergoing a renovation 2006).[162] The Seattle Underground Tour is an exhibit of places that existed before the Great Fire.[163] There are also many community centers for recreation, including Rainier Beach, Van Asselt, Rainier, and Jefferson south of the Ship Canal and Green Lake, Laurelhurst, Loyal Heights north of the Canal, and Meadowbrook.[164]
Since the middle 1990s, Seattle has experienced significant growth in the cruise industry, especially as a departure point for Alaska cruises. In 2008, a record total of 886,039 cruise passengers passed through the city, surpassing the number for Vancouver, BC, the other major departure point for Alaska cruises.[165]

Sports

Club Sport League Venue Established Championships
Seattle Sounders FC Soccer MLS Qwest Field 2009 0
Seattle Seahawks Football NFL Qwest Field 1976 0
Seattle Mariners Baseball MLB Safeco Field 1977 0
Seattle Thunderbirds Ice hockey WHL ShoWare Center 1977 0
Seattle Storm Basketball WNBA KeyArena 2000 1
Seattle's professional sports history began at the start of the 20th century with the PCHA's Seattle Metropolitans, which in 1917 became the first American hockey team to win the Stanley Cup.[166] Today Seattle has four major professional sports teams: The National Football League's Seattle Seahawks, Major League Baseball's Seattle Mariners, Major League Soccer's Seattle Sounders FC, and the 2004 Women's National Basketball Association champions, Seattle Storm.[167] From 1967 to 2008 Seattle was home to an NBA franchise, the Seattle SuperSonics, who were the 1978–79 NBA champions; the team was relocated to Oklahoma City after the 2007–08 season.[168] The Seattle Thunderbirds are a major-junior hockey team that plays in one of the Canadian major-junior hockey leagues, the WHL (Western Hockey League). The Thunderbirds moved to nearby Kent, Washington during the 2008–2009 season.[169] The Seattle Sounders FC began play in Major League Soccer in 2009.[170]
Seattle also boasts a strong history in collegiate sports, the University of Washington and Seattle University are NCAA Division I schools. The Major League Baseball All-Star game was held in Seattle twice, first at the Kingdome in 1979 and again at Safeco Field in 2001. That same year, the Seattle Mariners tied the all-time single regular season wins record with 116 wins. The NBA All-Star game was also held in Seattle twice, the first in 1974 at the Seattle Center Coliseum and the second in 1987 at the Kingdome.[171]
In 2006, Qwest Field hosted the 2005–06 NFL playoffs. In 2008, Qwest Field hosted the first game of the 2007–08 NFL playoffs, in which the Seahawks defeated the Washington Redskins, 35–14. Qwest also serves as the home field for the Seattle Sounders FC of Major League Soccer.

Outdoor activities

Green Lake Park, popular among runners, contains a 2.7-mile (4.3 km) trail circling the lake.
Seattle's mild, temperate marine climate allows year-round outdoor recreation, including walking, cycling, hiking, skiing, snowboarding, kayaking, rock climbing, motor boating, sailing, team sports, and swimming.[172] In town, many people walk around Green Lake, through the forests and along the bluffs and beaches of 535-acre (2.2 km2) Discovery Park (the largest park in the city) in Magnolia, along the shores of Myrtle Edwards Park on the Downtown waterfront, along the shoreline of Lake Washington at Seward Park, or along Alki Beach in West Seattle. Also popular are hikes and skiing in the nearby Cascade or Olympic Mountains and kayaking and sailing in the waters of Puget Sound, the Strait of Juan de Fuca, and the Strait of Georgia. In 2005, Men's Fitness magazine named Seattle the fittest city in the United States.[173]

Economy

Washington Mutual's last headquarters, the WaMu Center, (now the Chase Center and soon to be Russell Investments Center) (center left) and its headquarters prior, Washington Mutual Tower (center right).
Seattle's economy is driven a mix of older industrial companies, "new economy" Internet and technology companies, service, design and clean technology companies. The Port of Seattle is a major economic engine. Though it has not been unaffected by the recent recession, Seattle has retained a comparatively strong economy, and remains a hotbed for start-up businesses, especially in green building and clean technologies: it was ranked as America's #1 "smarter city" based on its government policies and green economy.[174] The Seattle housing market, especially in center-city neighborhoods, has not seen the sort of drop in value most housing markets around the nation have seen in recent years.[175] The Seattle region's economy is increasingly diverse and multi-sectoral.
Still, very large companies dominate the business landscape. Six companies on the 2008 Fortune 500 list of the United States' largest companies, based on total revenue are headquartered in Seattle: former financial services company Washington Mutual ( now Chase ) (#97), Internet retailer Amazon.com (#171), coffee chain Starbucks (#277), department store Nordstrom (#299), insurance company Safeco (#388), and global logistics firm Expeditors International (#458).[176] However, in April 2008, the sale of Safeco to Liberty Mutual Group was announced and in September 2008, Washington Mutual was seized by the FDIC and was sold to JPMorgan Chase.[177][178] Other Fortune 500 companies popularly associated with Seattle are based in nearby Puget Sound cities. Warehouse club chain Costco (#29), the largest company in Washington, is based in Issaquah. Microsoft (#44) and Nintendo of America are located in Redmond. Weyerhaeuser, the forest products company (#147), is based in Federal Way. Finally, Bellevue is home to truck manufacturer PACCAR (#169), and to international mobile telephony giant T-Mobile's U.S. subsidiary, T-Mobile USA.[176]
Prior to moving its headquarters to Chicago, aerospace manufacturer Boeing (#27) was the largest company based in Seattle. Its largest division is still headquartered in nearby Renton, and the company has large aircraft manufacturing plants in Everett and Renton, so it remains the largest private employer in the Seattle metropolitan area.[179] Seattle Mayor Greg Nickels announced a desire to spark a new economic boom driven by the biotechnology industry in 2006. Major redevelopment of the South Lake Union neighborhood is underway, in an effort to attract new and established biotech companies to the city, joining biotech companies Corixa (acquired by GlaxoSmithKline), Immunex (now part of Amgen), Trubion, and ZymoGenetics. Vulcan Inc., the holding company of billionaire Paul Allen, is behind most of the development projects in the region. While some see the new development as an economic boon, others have criticized Nickels and the Seattle City Council for pandering to Allen's interests at taxpayers' expense.[180] Also in 2006, Expansion Magazine ranked Seattle among the top 10 metropolitan areas in the nation for climates favorable to business expansion.[181] In 2005, Forbes ranked Seattle as the most expensive American city for buying a house based on the local income levels.[182]
Alaska Airlines, operating a hub at Seattle–Tacoma International Airport, maintains its headquarters in the city of SeaTac, next to the airport.[183]

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1860 188
1870 1,151 512.2%
1880 3,533 207.0%
1890 42,837 1,112.5%
1900 80,671 88.3%
1910 237,194 194.0%
1920 315,312 32.9%
1930 365,583 15.9%
1940 368,302 0.7%
1950 467,591 27.0%
1960 557,087 19.1%
1970 530,831 −4.7%
1980 493,846 −7.0%
1990 516,259 4.5%
2000 563,374 9.1%
Est. 2009 602,000 [8] 6.9%
source:[184][185]
According to the Washington State Office of Financial Management, Seattle had a population of 602,000 as of April 1, 2009.[8] In the 2000 census interim measurements of 2006, there were 258,499 households and 113,400 families residing in the city.[5]
As of the 2005-2007 American Community Survey conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau, White Americans made up 71.1% of Seattle's population; of which 64.9% were non-Hispanic whites. Blacks or African Americans made up 12.0% of Seattle's population; of which 11.5% were non-Hispanic blacks. American Indians made up 2.2% of the city's population; of which 0.6% were non-Hispanic. Asian Americans made up 15.4% of the city's population. Pacific Islander Americans made up 0.8% of the city's population. Individuals from other races made up 3.1% of the city's population; of which 0.2% were non-Hispanic. Individuals from two or more races made up 4.2% of the city's population; of which 3.7% were non-Hispanic. In addition, Hispanics and Latinos made up 6.2% of Seattle's population.[186][187]
As of the 2005–2007 American Community Survey, 16.8% of Seattle's population claimed German ancestry, 12.3% claimed Irish ancestry, 12.2% claimed English ancestry, and 5.8% claimed Norwegian ancestry. In terms of language, 78.6% spoke only English at home while 5.0% spoke Spanish. About 3.6% spoke other Indo-European languages while 10.3% spoke an Asian language at home. About 2.5% spoke other languages.[188]
Seattle has seen a major increase in immigration in recent decades: the foreign-born population increased 40% between the 1990 and 2000 censuses.[189] At nearly 4 percent, Greater Seattle has the highest concentration of Multiracial Americans of any major metropolitan area in the United States. The Chinese population in the Seattle Area has origins in China, Hong Kong, Southeast Asia, and Taiwan. The earliest Chinese-Americans that came in the late 19th and early 20th century were almost entirely from Guangdong province. The Seattle area is also home to a high Laotian and Cambodian population.[190] There is also a Filipino community around the Seattle Area.[citation needed] In addition, the city is home to over 30,000 Somali immigrants.[191]
As of 1999, the median income of a city household was $45,736, and the median income for a family was $62,195. Males had a median income of $40,929 versus $35,134 for females. The per capita income for the city was $30,306[192] 11.8 percent of the population and 6.9 percent of families are below the poverty line. Of people living in poverty, 13.8 percent are under the age of 18 and 10.2 percent are 65 or older.[192]
It is estimated that King County has 8,000 homeless on any given night, and many of those live in Seattle.[193] In September 2005, King County adopted a "Ten-Year Plan to End Homelessness", one of the near-term results of which is a shift of funding from homeless shelter beds to permanent housing.[194]
In 2006, after growing by 4,000 citizens per annum for the previous 16 years, regional planners expected the population of Seattle to grow by 200,000 people by 2040.[195] However, Mayor Nickels supported plans that would increase the population by 60 percent, or 350,000 people, by 2040 and is working on ways to accommodate this growth while keeping Seattle's single-family housing zoning laws.[195] The Seattle City Council later voted to relax height limits on buildings in the greater part of Downtown, partly with the aim of increasing residential density in the city center.[196]
A 2006 study by UCLA indicates that Seattle has one of the highest LGBT populations per capita. With 12.9 percent of citizens polled identifying as gay, lesbian, or bisexual, the city ranks second of all major US cities, behind San Francisco and slightly ahead of Atlanta.[197] Greater Seattle also ranks second among major US metropolitan areas, with 6.5 percent being LGBT.[198]
According to the 2000 U.S. census interim measurements of 2004, Seattle has the fifth highest proportion of single-person households nationwide among cities of 100,000 or more residents, at 40.8 percent.[199]

Government and politics

Seattle City Hall, 2007
Seattle is a charter city, with a Mayor–Council form of government. Since 1911, Seattle's nine city councillors have been elected at large, rather than by geographic subdivisions.[200] The only other elected offices are the city attorney and Municipal Court judges. All offices are non-partisan.[201]
Seattle's politics are strongly liberal/progressive, although there is a small libertarian movement within the metro area.[202] It is one of the most liberal cities in the United States, with approximately 80% voting for the Democratic Party; only two precincts in Seattle—one in the Broadmoor community, and one encompassing neighboring Madison Park—had a majority of votes for Republican George W. Bush in the 2004 presidential election. In addition, all precincts in Seattle voted for Democratic Party candidate Barack Obama in the 2008 presidential election, including the two precincts who had previously voted Republican in 2004.[202] In partisan elections for the Washington State Legislature and United States Congress, nearly all elections are won by Democrats.
Federally, Seattle is part of Washington's 7th congressional district, representated by Democrat Jim McDermott, elected in 1988 and one of Congress' most liberal members.[203]
The state's senior member of the United States Senate is Democrat Patty Murray, elected in 1992. The state's junior member of the United States Senate is Democrat Maria Cantwell, elected in 2000. The Governor of Washington is Democrat Christine Gregoire, elected in 2004.

Education

Of the city's population over the age of 25, 53.8 percent (vs. a national average of 27.4 percent) hold a bachelor's degree or higher, and 91.9 percent (vs. 84.5 percent nationally) have a high school diploma or equivalent.[204] A United States Census Bureau survey showed that Seattle had the highest percentage of college and university graduates of any major U.S. city.[205] The city was listed as the most literate of the country's sixty-nine largest cities in 2005 and 2006, the second most literate in 2007, after Minneapolis, and tied with Minneapolis for most literate in 2008 in studies conducted by Central Connecticut State University.[18]
Inside Suzzallo Library, University of Washington campus
Seattle Public Schools desegregated without a court order[206] but continue to struggle to achieve racial balance in a somewhat ethnically divided city (the south part of town having more ethnic minorities than the north).[207] In 2007, Seattle's racial tie-breaking system was struck down by the United States Supreme Court, but the ruling left the door open for desegregation formulae based on other indicators (e.g., income or socioeconomic class).[208]
The public school system is supplemented by a moderate number of private schools: five of the private high schools are Catholic, one is Lutheran, and six are secular.[209]
Seattle is home to one of the United States' most respected public research universities, the University of Washington, as well as its professional and continuing Education unit, University of Washington Educational Outreach. A study by Newsweek International in 2006 cited UW as the twenty-second best university in the world.[210] Seattle also has a number of smaller private universities including Seattle University and Seattle Pacific University, both founded by religious groups; universities aimed at the working adult, like City University and Antioch University; colleges, such as North Seattle Community College, Seattle Central Community College, and South Seattle Community College; and a number of arts colleges, such as Cornish College of the Arts and The Art Institute of Seattle. In 2001, Time magazine selected Seattle Central Community College as community college of the year, stating the school "pushes diverse students to work together in small teams".[211]

Infrastructure

Health systems

The University of Washington is consistently ranked among the country's top leading institutions in medical research. Seattle has seen local developments of modern paramedic services with the establishment of Medic One in 1970.[212] In 1974, a 60 Minutes story on the success of the then four-year-old Medic One paramedic system called Seattle "the best place in the world to have a heart attack".[213]
Three of Seattle's largest medical centers are located on First Hill. Harborview Medical Center, the public county hospital, is the only Level I trauma hospital serving Washington, Alaska, Montana, and Idaho.[214] Virginia Mason Medical Center and Swedish Medical Center's two largest campuses are also located in this part of Seattle. This concentration of hospitals resulted in the neighborhood's nickname "Pill Hill".[215]
Located in the Laurelhurst neighborhood, Seattle Children's, formerly Children's Hospital and Regional Medical Center, is the pediatric referral center for Washington, Alaska, Montana, and Idaho. The Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center has a campus in the Eastlake neighborhood and also shares facilities with the Seattle Cancer Care Alliance and University of Washington Medical Center. The University District is home to the University of Washington Medical Center which, along with Harborview, is operated by the University of Washington. Seattle is also served by a Veterans Affairs hospital on Beacon Hill, a third campus of Swedish in Ballard, and Northwest Hospital and Medical Center near Northgate Mall.

Transportation

Interstate 5 in Washington as it passes through downtown Seattle
The first streetcars appeared in 1889 and were instrumental in the creation of a relatively well-defined downtown and strong neighborhoods at the end of their lines. The advent of the automobile sounded the death knell for rail in Seattle. Tacoma–Seattle railway service ended in 1929 and the Everett–Seattle service came to an end in 1939, replaced by inexpensive automobiles running on the recently developed highway system. Rails on city streets were paved over or removed, and the arrival of trolleybuses brought the end of streetcars in Seattle in 1941. This left an extensive network of privately owned buses (later public) as the only mass transit within the city and throughout the region.[216]
King County Metro provides frequent stop bus service within the city and surrounding county,as well as a streetcar line between the South Lake Union neighborhood and Westlake Center in downtown.[217] Seattle is one of the few cities in North America whose bus fleet includes electric trolleybuses. Sound Transit currently provides an express bus service within the metropolitan area; two Sounder commuter rail lines between the suburbs and downtown; and its Central Link light rail line, which opened in 2009, between downtown and Sea-Tac Airport gives the city its first rapid transit line that has intermediate stops within the city limits. Washington State Ferries, which manages the largest network of ferries in the United States and third largest in the world,[218] connects Seattle to Bainbridge and Vashon Islands in Puget Sound and to Bremerton and Southworth on the Kitsap Peninsula.[218]
According to the 2007 American Community Survey, 18.6 percent of Seattle residents used one of the three public transit systems that serve the city, giving it the highest transit ridership of all major cities without heavy or light rail prior to the completion of Sound Transit's Central Link line.[219][220]
Seattle–Tacoma International Airport, locally known as Sea-Tac Airport and located just south in the neighboring city of SeaTac, is operated by the Port of Seattle and provides commercial air service to destinations throughout the world. Closer to downtown, Boeing Field is used for general aviation, cargo flights, and testing/delivery of Boeing airliners.
The main mode of transportation, however, relies on Seattle's streets, which are laid out in a cardinal directions grid pattern, except in the central business district where early city leaders Arthur Denny and Carson Boren insisted on orienting their plats relative to the shoreline rather than to true North.[221] Only two roads, Interstate 5 and State Route 99 (both limited-access highways), run uninterrupted through the city from north to south. State Route 99 runs through downtown Seattle on the Alaskan Way Viaduct, which was built in 1953. However, due to damage sustained during the 2001 Nisqually earthquake the viaduct will be replaced by a tunnel in 2015 at a cost of US$4.25 billion.
From 2006 to 2008, transit ridership in Seattle went up by 23%,[222] and many bus routes in the central part of the city are routinely forced to leave passengers because they are full. Seattle now has the worst traffic congestion of all American cities.[223]
The city has started moving away from the automobile and towards mass transit. In 2006, voters in King County passed proposition 2(Transit Now) which increased bus service hours on high ridership routes and payed for five Bus Rapid Transit lines called RapidRide. [224] After rejecting a roads and transit measure in 2007, Seattle-area voters passed a transit only measure in 2008 that increases ST Express bus service and extends the Link Light Rail system (currently 15.7 miles with 3 miles under construction) by over thirty miles and adds 4 more round trips daily.[225] New Mayor Mike Mcginn hopes to put another transit measure on the 2010 ballot to build light rail from Downtown Seattle to Ballard, Fremont, and West Seattle [226] After seeing a surprisingly large amount of support for it from is campaign's (and now city's) policy forum.[227]

Utilities

Seattle Steam Company, one of Seattle's privately owned utility companies
Water and electric power are municipal services, provided by Seattle Public Utilities and Seattle City Light respectively. Other utility companies serving Seattle include Puget Sound Energy (natural gas); Seattle Steam Company (steam); Waste Management, Inc and Allied Waste (curbside recycling and solid waste removal); and Verizon Communications, Qwest and Comcast (telephone, Internet, and cable television).

See also

References

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  2. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2008 (CBSA-EST2008-01)" (CSV). United States Census Bureau, Population Division. http://www.census.gov/popest/metro/tables/2008/CBSA-EST2008-01.csv. Retrieved 2009-07-12. 
  3. ^ "Demographia World Urban Areas & Population Projections" (PDF). Demographia. April 2009. p. 35, 91. http://www.demographia.com/db-worldua.pdf. Retrieved 2009-04-18. 
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  8. ^ a b c Washington State Office of Financial Management (June 29, 2009). "April 1 Population of Cities, Towns, and Counties Used for Allocation of Selected State Revenues, State of Washington" (PDF). Washington State Office of Financial Management. http://www.ofm.wa.gov/pop/april1/finalpop2009.pdf. Retrieved 2009-10-21. 
  9. ^ a b Doree Armstrong (October 4, 2007). "Feel the beat of history in the park and concert hall at two family-friendly events". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. http://seattlepi.nwsource.com/lifestyle/334284_fam05.html. Retrieved November 1, 2007. 
  10. ^ Greg Lange (November 4, 1998). "Seattle receives epithet Queen City in 1869". HistoryLink. http://www.historylink.org/essays/output.cfm?file_id=181. Retrieved October 26, 2007. 
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  15. ^ "Starbucks Company Profile" (PDF). Starbucks. http://www.starbucks.com/aboutus/Company_Profile.pdf. Retrieved October 21, 2007. 
  16. ^ (1) Braiden Rex-Johnson; Tom Douglas (contributor) (2003). Pike Place Market Cookbook. Sasquatch Books. p. 195. ISBN 1570613192. 
    (2) "Starbucks Corporation Completes Acquisition of Seattle Coffee Company". Business Wire. July 14, 2003. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0EIN/is_2003_July_14/ai_105403289. Retrieved December 11, 2008. 
  17. ^ Craig Harris (August 15, 2007). "Markets prompt Tully's to delay IPO". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. http://seattlepi.nwsource.com/business/327672_tullyipo16.html. Retrieved October 21, 2007. 
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  93. ^ Greg Lange (January 1, 1999). "Seattle doubles in size by annexing north-of-downtown communities on May 3, 1891.". HistoryLink. http://www.historylink.org/essays/output.cfm?file_id=2214. Retrieved October 4, 2007. 
  94. ^ Greg Lange (January 17, 1999). "Seattle annexes South Seattle on October 20, 1905.". HistoryLink.org. http://www.historylink.org/essays/output.cfm?file_id=731. Retrieved October 4, 2007. 
  95. ^ Greg Lange (January 1, 2000). "City of Seattle annexes six towns including Ballard and West Seattle in 1907.". HistoryLink. http://www.historylink.org/essays/output.cfm?file_id=1954. Retrieved October 4, 2007. 
  96. ^ David Wilma (February 10, 2001). "Georgetown (later a Seattle neighborhood) incorporates as a city on January 8, 1904.". HistoryLink. http://www.historylink.org/essays/output.cfm?file_id=2978. Retrieved October 4, 2007. 
  97. ^ David Wilma (October 12, 2005). "Seattle annexes the area north of N 85th Street to N 145th Street on January 4, 1954.". HistoryLink. http://www.historylink.org/essays/output.cfm?file_id=7514. Retrieved October 4, 2007. 
  98. ^ Greg Nickels (July 2005). "Nickels Newsletter – July 2005". http://www.seattle.gov/mayor/about/nicnewsJul05.htm. Retrieved October 11, 2007. 
  99. ^ a b Jack Broom (October 5, 2002). "New Seattle map: There goes the neighborhood". Seattle Times. http://archives.seattletimes.nwsource.com/cgi-bin/texis.cgi/web/vortex/display?slug=map051&date=20021005. Retrieved October 11, 2007. 
  100. ^ Walt Crowley (May 9, 2001). "Seattle's Little City Halls". HistoryLink.org. http://www.historylink.org/index.cfm?DisplayPage=output.cfm&File_Id=3270. Retrieved April 27, 2009. 
  101. ^ "Community Events". Archived from the original on June 25, 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20070625125907/http://www.seafair.com/events/community/. Retrieved October 20, 2007. 
  102. ^ Walt Crowley (May 11, 1999). "University District (Seattle) Street Fair is first held May 23 and 24, 1970". HistoryLink.org. http://www.historylink.org/essays/output.cfm?file_id=1126. Retrieved October 11, 2007. 
  103. ^ For an overview of Seattle's neighborhood farmers markets see: "Markets". Neighborhood Farmers Market Alliance. http://www.seattlefarmersmarkets.org/markets. Retrieved October 11, 2007.  For the scale of one of the larger markets (in the University District, see: "University District Farmers Market". Neighborhood Farmers Market Alliance. http://www.seattlefarmersmarkets.org/markets/u_district. Retrieved October 11, 2007. 
  104. ^ Kathy Mulady; Debera Carlton Harrell (April 24, 2006). "City looking to breathe new life into Seattle Center". The Seattle Times. http://seattlepi.nwsource.com/local/267794_seattlecenter24.asp. Retrieved October 22, 2007. 
  105. ^ Greg Lange (March 5, 2003). "Seattle's Smith Tower, tallest building west of Ohio, is dedicated on July 4, 1914.". HistoryLink. http://www.historylink.org/essays/output.cfm?file_id=5370. Retrieved October 3, 2007. 
  106. ^ David Wilma (August 25, 2005). "Columbia Center, tallest building in Pacific Northwest, opens doors on March 2, 1985.". HistoryLink. http://www.historylink.org/essays/output.cfm?file_id=2627. Retrieved October 3, 2007. 
  107. ^ Casey McNerthney (February 23, 2007). "Firefighters take 69 floors for leukemia". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. http://seattlepi.nwsource.com/local/304900_climb23.html. Retrieved October 22, 2007. 
  108. ^ "Washington Mutual Tower opens in downtown Seattle in 1988.". HistoryLink. June 30, 2001. http://www.historylink.org/essays/output.cfm?file_id=3417. Retrieved October 31, 2007. 
  109. ^ Barry Cullingworth; Roger W. Caves (1997). Planning in the USA: Policies, Issues, and Processes. New York, NY: Routledge. p. 95. ISBN 0-415-24788-8. http://books.google.com/books?id=5zYpZxUrUtAC&pg=RA1-PA95&lpg=RA1-PA95&dq=%22washington+mutual+tower%22+second+tallest&source=web&ots=YyMqNYqkbJ&sig=Re-QMkH4B6KiEZQFwhuhTjDCB2w. 
  110. ^ "Original Starbucks". City of Seattle. http://www.ci.seattle.wa.us/html/visitor/starbucks.htm. Retrieved October 3, 2007. 
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  112. ^ "Nomination and Designation Processes". Landmarks and Designation. Department of Neighborhoods, City of Seattle. https://www.seattle.gov/neighborhoods/preservation/designation_process.htm. Retrieved January 9, 2009. 
  113. ^ "Recordings and Broadcasts". Seattle Symphony. http://www.seattlesymphony.org/symphony/meet/recordings/. Retrieved October 19, 2007. 
  114. ^ "History". Seattle Symphony Orchestra. http://www.seattlesymphony.org/symphony/meet/history/. Retrieved October 21, 2007. 
  115. ^ a b "About the School". Pacific Northwest Ballet. http://www.pnb.org/pnbschool/philosophy.html. Retrieved October 19, 2007. 
  116. ^ "Met Opera and Seattle Opera to Co-Produce Gluck’s Final Operatic Masterpiece "Iphigénie en Tauride"". Press release. Metropolitan Opera. December 18, 2006. http://www.metoperafamily.org/metopera/news/press/detail.aspx?id=274. Retrieved October 21, 2007.  This press release from New York's Metropolitan Opera describes the Seattle Opera as "one of the leading opera companies in the United States… recognized internationally…"
  117. ^ "Wagner". Seattle Opera. http://www.seattleopera.org/discover/wagner/index.aspx. Retrieved October 21, 2007. 
  118. ^ Matthew Westphal (August 21, 2006). "Seattle Opera's First International Wagner Competition Announces Winners". Playbill Arts. http://www.playbillarts.com/news/article/5090.html. Retrieved October 21, 2007. 
  119. ^ "Home page". SYSO. http://www.syso.org/. Retrieved October 21, 2007. 
  120. ^ The Seattle Times, July 6, 2008
  121. ^ Eric L. Flom (April 21, 2002). "Fifth (5th) Avenue Theatre". HistoryLink. http://www.historylink.org/essays/output.cfm?file_id=3750. Retrieved October 19, 2007. 
  122. ^ Examples of local talent are Billy Joe Huels (lead singer of the Dusty 45s starring in Buddy – The Buddy Holly Story and Sarah Rudinoff in Wonderful Town. National-level stars include Stephen Lynch in The Wedding Singer, which went on to Broadway and Cathy Rigby in Peter Pan
    (1) "Seattle World Premiere of Cry-Baby Delayed. Buddy: The Buddy Holly Story Added to Season". The 5th Avenue Theatre. October 11, 2006. http://www.5thavenue.org/press/buddy-announced.aspx. Retrieved February 19, 2007. 
    (2) "Wonderful Town: A Madcap Manhattan Romp". The 5th Avenue Theatre. 2006. http://www.5thavenue.org/press/wt_cast.aspx. Retrieved October 25, 2007. 
    (3) Misha Berson (February 11, 2006). "Eager-to-please new musical raids the '80s". Seattle Times. http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/theaterarts/2002797878_wedding11.html. Retrieved October 25, 2007. 
    (4) "Show Archives". The 5th Avenue Theatre. http://www.5thavenue.org/about/showarchives.aspx. Retrieved October 25, 2007. 
  123. ^ a b Brendan Kiley (January 31, 2008). "Old Timers, New Theater". The Stranger. p. 27. http://www.thestranger.com/seattle/Content?oid=496361. Retrieved January 9, 2009.  "around 100 theater companies ... Twenty-eight have some sort of Actors' Equity contract ..."
  124. ^ "Theatre Producers and Presenters". Seattle Performs. http://seattleperforms.com/content/view/7/17/. Retrieved October 26, 2007.  Lists 145 theatrical production companies in the Seattle metropolitan area, the majority of them in the city. The list is certainly not complete.
  125. ^ (1) "Theater Calendar". The Stranger. October 18, 2007. p. 45.  This lists 23 distinct venues in Seattle hosting live theater (in the narrow sense) that week; it also lists 7 other venues hosting burlesque or cabaret, and three hosting improv. In any given week, some theaters are "dark".
    (2) Misha Berson (February 16, 2005). "A new wave of fringe theater groups hits Seattle". The Seattle Times. http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/entertainment/2002557462_fringe16.html. Retrieved October 26, 2007.  This article mentions five fringe theater groups that were new at that time, each with a venue.
  126. ^ Daniel C. Schechter (2002). Pacific Northwest. Lonely Planet. p. 33. ISBN 1864503777. 
  127. ^ Stuart Eskenazi (March 1, 2005). "Where culture goes to town". The Seattle Times. http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/localnews/2002193046_townhall01m.html. Retrieved October 19, 2007. 
  128. ^ a b Clark Humphrey (May 4, 2000). "Rock Music – Seattle". HistoryLink. http://www.historylink.org/essays/output.cfm?file_id=2374. Retrieved October 3, 2007. 
  129. ^ Seattle_Music, the best nightclub Seattle ever had was named Pier 70 Chowder House with the best disk jocky named David Prince
  130. ^ Lori Patrick (August 2, 2007). "Skip your commute for a "Traffic Jam" with a twist, a Hip Hop & Spoken Word Mashup at City Hall, Aug. 16". City of Seattle. http://www.seattle.gov/arts/news/press_releases.asp?prID=7593&deptID=1. Retrieved October 6, 2007. 
  131. ^ "Indie and Team Semis results". National Poetry Slam 2006. August 12, 2006. Archived from the original on August 30, 2006. http://web.archive.org/web/20060830062934/http://www.austinslam.com/nps06/. Retrieved October 6, 2007. 
  132. ^ "Home". Seattle Poetry Slam. http://www.seattlepoetryslam.org/. Retrieved October 6, 2007. 
  133. ^ John Marshall (August 19, 2007). "Eleventh Hour's volunteers deserve credit for a strong poetry fest revival". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. http://seattlepi.nwsource.com/books/312352_poetry20.html. Retrieved October 6, 2007. 
  134. ^ Kristin Dizon (June 10, 2004). "Now showing in Seattle: an explosion of indie theaters". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. http://seattlepi.nwsource.com/movies/177098_littletheaters10.html. Retrieved January 9, 2009. 
  135. ^ "The Theater". Seattle Cinerama. http://www.cinerama.com/TemplateMain.aspx?contentId=9. Retrieved January 9, 2009. 
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  137. ^ WILLIAM ARNOLD, "Film buff sinks teeth into second Polish film festival" Seattle Post-Intelligencer
  138. ^ WILLIAM ARNOLD, Polish film festival honors a living legend, in person and on-screen November 1, 2007
  139. ^ "Seattle Daily Journal of Commerce". http://www.djc.com/. Retrieved November 3, 2007. 
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    (2) Mike Lewis (August 17, 2006). "A new history at Seattle Weekly". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. http://seattlepi.nwsource.com/local/281567_seaweekly17.html. Retrieved October 28, 2007. 
  141. ^ a b "Seattle-Area TV & Radio Stations and Their Formats". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. http://seattlepi.nwsource.com/tv/radiolistings.shtml. Retrieved October 3, 2007. 
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  143. ^ "Top Green Websites". Time. 2007. http://www.time.com/time/specials/2007/article/0,28804,1730759_1731034,00.html. Retrieved December 11, 2008. 
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  191. ^ More Than 250 Attend NewHolly Workshop to Learn About Somali Culture
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Bibliography

  • Jones, Nard (1972). Seattle. New York City: Doubleday. ISBN 0-385-01875-4. 
  • Morgan, Murray (1982 (originally published 1951, 1982 revised and updated, first illustrated edition)). Skid Road: an Informal Portrait of Seattle. Seattle and London: University of Washington Press. ISBN 0-295-95846-4. 
  • Ochsner, Jeffrey Karl, ed. (1998 (originally published 1994)). Shaping Seattle Architecture: A Historical Guide to the Architects. Seattle and London: University of Washington Press. ISBN 029597365X. ISBN 0295973668. 
  • Sale, Roger (1976). Seattle: Past To Present. Seattle and London: University of Washington Press. ISBN 0-295-95615-1. 
  • Speidel, William C. (1978). Doc Maynard: the man who invented Seattle. Seattle: Nettle Creek Publishing Company. pp. 196–197, 200. ISBN 0-914890-02-6. 
  • Speidel, William C. (1967). Sons of the profits; or, There's no business like grow business: the Seattle story, 1851–1901. Seattle: Nettle Creek Publishing Company. pp. 196–197, 200. ISBN 0-914890-00-X, ISBN 0-914890-06-9. 

Further reading

  • Klingle, Matthew (2007). Emerald City: An Environmental History of Seattle. New Haven: Yale University Press. ISBN 0300116411. 
  • MacGibbon, Elma (1904). "Seattle, the city of destiny" (DJVU). Leaves of knowledge. Washington State Library's Classics in Washington History collection. Shaw & Borden. OCLC 61326250. http://www.secstate.wa.gov/history/publications%5Fdetail.aspx?p=63. 
  • Pierce, J. Kingston (2003). Eccentric Seattle: Pillars and Pariahs Who Made the City Not Such a Boring Place After All. Pullman, Washington: Washington State University Press. ISBN 978-0-87422-269-2. 

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

The Space Needle with Downtown in the Background
The Space Needle with Downtown in the Background
Seattle is a huge city with several district articles containing sightseeing, restaurant, nightlife and accommodation listings — consider printing them all.
Seattle, Washington, [1] is the largest city in the Pacific Northwest. Located between Puget Sound and Lake Washington in King County, of which it is the county seat, and overlooking Elliott Bay, Seattle is nicknamed The Emerald City. The city is a damp green gem, with an abundance of evergreen trees throughout, and spectacular views of the Cascade mountains to the east and the Olympic mountains to the west. Known for being the home of the Space Needle, Boeing's aircraft assembly plants, Microsoft, Nordstrom, Amazon.com, Nintendo of America, Starbucks, Costco, and Seattle University and the University of Washington, Seattle is also the home of a vibrant arts scene and an excellent park system.

Districts

Seattleites nearly always describe a location in terms of its "neighborhood." This is partly because of a potentially confusing system of street addresses (see Get around). .The breakdown into neighborhoods is informal and mutates over time, and while there are often signs on major arterial roads to let you know that you are "entering" a particular neighborhood, the placement of these signs is arbitrary.^ In Samuel Charters' Robert Johnson, the author quotes Shines as saying: "Robert was a very friendly person, even though he was sulky at times, you know.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ I can tell you what I have seen with my own eyes, felt on my own person, and know to have occurred in my own neighborhood.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ "We're going to reach out and get into the neighborhoods where these ethnic kids and families live," Willie said.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.Still, knowing what neighborhood you're looking for can be a good sanity check when you're looking for an address.^ PM You're latino and don't know Frida?
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ "You know, I had been struggling in New York as an actor, so you get a job and you're just happy to have a job," she says.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ The whole "jungle" aspect of it is interesting.:grin: Look, I already told you you're never gonna have this, no tappy for you.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

A Seattleite would describe 1401 45th SW as being in West Seattle, and 1401 45th NE as being in the U District (University District), which you'll note are diagonally opposite on the map. See Get around for an explanation.
.The Seattle City clerk maintains an interactive map [2] that starts with the high-level districts, but lets you click on those to get the detailed neighborhoods too.^ Those around him were so astounded by his high level of intelligence that he was placed in a new job, this time at the United States Naval Academy in Annapolis, Maryland.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

Overview of Seattle districts
Overview of Seattle districts
Downtown
Seattle's cultural and retail core, including Belltown
Pioneer Square-International District
The oldest neighborhoods in Seattle, home to art galleries and innumerable restaurants
SoDo-Georgetown
Queen Anne-South Lake Union
Including Seattle Center and the Space Needle
Capitol Hill-Central District
A diverse, densely-packed cluster of neighborhoods, rich and poor, from the nightlife of Pike-Pine to the quiet residences of Madison Park
.North Seattle (Additionally including Ballard, Fremont, University District, Wallingford)
Surrounded by water on three sides - Puget Sound, the Lake Washington Ship Canal, and Lake Washington itself.^ Matthew Henson was only twelve when he walked from his home in Washington, D.C. to Baltimore, Maryland to get a job as a cabin boy on the three-masted merchant ship Katie Hines.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

South Seattle
West Seattle
  • The "Eastside" means the region east of Lake Washington comprising the suburbs of Bellevue, Kirkland, and Redmond.
A view of the Seattle waterfront
A view of the Seattle waterfront
Seattle was founded on the rough, physical industries of fishing, logging and coal mining, with San Francisco as her primary customer. Boeing was founded in 1916 and, as natural resources were depleted, grew to be Greater Seattle's primary industry. The region's strong economic dependence on Boeing gave the oil recession and cancellation of the SST (Supersonic Transport) in the early '70s a grim effect. .Over the last twenty-five years, the area has become less seedy and more developed with the massive influx of Microsoft money (and other software and biotech proceeds), but Pioneer Square is still the original Skid Row.^ Carson has been married to Candy Carson for twenty-five years and has three sons.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Their twenty-five year marriage ended with her death from cancer in 1955.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ In 1895, a twenty-year-old Carter entered Douglass High School, where he received his diploma in less than two years.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

(Yesler Way was a "Skid Road" for logs skidded downhill using dogfish oil to Henry Yesler's lumber mill).
.Seattle is also substantially influenced by the presence of the University of Washington (the largest single campus in the state and recipient of over $1 billion in research grants annually), as well as multiple smaller colleges and universities.^ He sponsored new construction projects at many of Virginia's colleges and universities, mental health facilities, and state parks.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ After serving in Normandy, he attended Alcorn College (now Alcorn State University (http://www.alcorn.edu/)), majoring in business administration.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

Seattle is also the center for financial, public health, and justice systems in the northwestern part of the USA.

Climate

The weather can be rainy (but is usually just drizzly) on any given day. It can also be sunny and pleasant in January. Mid-June through early September is often sunny. The record high is only 103°F (39°C). The record low is 0°F (-18°C). .The warmest months are July and August, with average highs in the high 70s (about 25°C), though often having days in the 80s and even 90s (32°C).^ Even though the boys said that they "didn't blame her for getting mad" after all the insults she had endured over the course of the year, Minnijean was suspended for six days.
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The coldest month is January, with average lows in the mid-upper 30s (about 3°C), although occasionally can get cold, especially when it is not cloudy. .The dark, short, and overcast winter days can be unpleasant and depressing to some, although the bright side is that they are not as cold as the latitude (47.6 degrees North) might lead you to think.^ I clicked on it thinking it would be just another "talk about it" thread but you have put in some real work here.
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^ And so when I found out that day that I might be able to go to their school, I was just thrilled, you know.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ If a big one opened behind the explorers, they might well starve to death as they waited for the lead to close.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

The summer, however, is very pleasant. .Temperatures are very mild, and most locals do not have air-conditioning in their homes, though all hotels will, and it is advisable to have it for a car if you are there in the summer.^ Johnson died on 26 June 1938 near his summer home in Wiscasset, Maine, when the car in which he was driving was struck by a train.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ One slave refused to be whipped by him I need not tell you that he was a man, though black his features, degraded his condition.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

The days are also very long, and sunset (let alone twilight) is after 9PM for weeks. .Also, the vast majority of days in the summer have no rain, and despite its reputation, many people's lawns go brown in the summer if they do not water.^ "They said, 'Go home and have a good summer.
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The main challenge of Seattle's weather is more the overcast skies than the rain. .One interesting fact is that Seattle has less annual rainfall than New York City; however, the rain is spread out over a larger number of days, so while NYC gets heavier downpours, Seattle's rain usually comes in a drizzle, which only occasionally strengthens to a full-blown torrent.^ His residence at 20 East 127th Street in Harlem, New York has been given landmark status by the New York City Preservation Commission.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Most important was the fact that he changed the South from being a one-crop land of cotton, to being multi-crop farmlands, with farmers having hundreds of profitable uses for their new crops.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Her family moved to the Harlem (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harlem) neighborhood of New York City (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_York_City) when she was one and a half years old.
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Despite this, if you come in the summer, you should see plenty of sunny weather. The month of December tends to be extremely wet, although due to the fact that Seattle weather is unpredictable, it can still be sunny and mild.
A rule of thumb sums up Seattle's month-by-month weather as such. January starts the year off with a relief from December's torrential rains, but just as quickly subjects the city to what is, for the area, an intense chill. Temperatures can fall below 30°F and snow may fall on several occasions. As Seattle's infrastructure is not built around this, even a moderate freeze creates major problems. In February, the weather is still cold and easily prone to snow, but often is sunny with entire weeks of sunshine. This is only a tease, though, as March is windy and unpleasant. .April is when spring makes itself apparent, with schizophrenic weather which will see rain, then sunshine, then hail, then more sunshine, all in one afternoon.^ Taylor was a devout Christian who would not race on Sundays for much of his career, making his success all the more remarkable.
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May is almost always the best non-summer month, as rain is rare and sun is in ample supply. Temperatures can hit 80 or more. But then June hits and the weather becomes cloudy and rainy once more, though fortunately it's a warmer rain and there is still good weather occasionally. .An often said phrase in Western Washington is that summer does not start until the Fourth of July.^ Cook's Hoax It took until July for the Roosevelt to free itself from the ice and start working its way south.
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.July through September, however, are what make Seattle a bearable place to live, as rain almost never falls, and temperatures hover around 70 to 80 the whole way through.^ His greatest achievement as a musician, however, was to move beyond being regarded as a distinctive and influential stylist on his own instrument and to shape whole styles and ways of making music through the work of his bands, in which many of the most important jazz musicians of the second half of the Twentieth Century made their names.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

Toward the end of September, the weather cools, and by early October, it is once again very unpleasant with frequent cold rain and cloudy skies. November and December just get worse, and add possible snow to the mix. Then the cycle begins again, and with the passing of Christmas, the anticipation of increasingly longer days is tempered by the inexorable advent of freezing weather and black ice.

Get in

By plane

.Seattle-Tacoma International Airport [3] or just "Sea-Tac Airport", (IATA: SEA), located in the city of SeaTac, connects Seattle to all regions of the world, with especially frequent transpacific routes.^ She toured all over the world, sometimes performing two shows a day in cities hundreds of miles apart.
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The airport is about a 25-minute drive from downtown Seattle when there isn't heavy traffic.
There are several choices for getting from the airport to the city center:
  • Sound Transit's Link Light Rail [4] connects the airport directly to downtown Seattle. Trains run from 5 AM to midnight, taking 36 minutes to the last stop downtown at Westlake, 30 minutes to the International District. Tickets are $2.50, available from vending machines at every station. At the airport, the station is connected to the terminal via the parking garage, using the bridge nearest baggage carousel 16 and the United ticket counter.
  • Metro Transit (city bus) - Route 194 [5] takes 30-40 minutes to reach downtown. Fare is $2.75 during peak hours (6-9AM and 3-6PM) and $2.00 at all other times. .Get exact change, exit the terminal near baggage carousels 1/2, turn right and walk all the way to the south end of the building where you will find a couple of Metro bus stops with schedules posted.^ He was born into difficult and changing times near the end of the Civil War.
    • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

    ^ That changed in 1941, when pressure from African-American civil rights leaders convinced the government to set up all-black combat units, as experiments.
    • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

    The 194s at the first bus stop head downtown; the second (adjacent) bus stop is for runs continuing out to Federal Way. .Service on this route ends early (the last departures from the airport are 8:30 PM on Saturdays and 7:30 PM on Sundays); at other times, take the train.^ Years passed, and the marraige ended up in divorce - and soon after he changed his last name to Priest, though it's unsure whether or not he was kidding at the time of this story.
    • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

    .With the light rail now operational, the 194 is planned to cease running in February 2010.
  • Taxi - The trip is about 25 minutes by taxi (expect to pay $30-40 plus tip); catch one on the third floor of the parking garage.
  • Rental car - On a weekend, you might want to shop the internet for rental cars, since they can be less than $12/day (plus roughly 18% tax; also consider hotel parking fees, if any).^ "Even now, when they write you on MySpace or whatever, and they tell you that there's a whole other generation—that they're raising their children to watch The Cosby Show—and just how important it was to them growing up and how important they want it to be to their children."
    • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Even though blacks had to pay the same taxes as whites, the schools for black students were usually poorly funded, so they were less likely to have adequate books, teachers, classrooms, or equipment.
    • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

    ^ And so when I found out that day that I might be able to go to their school, I was just thrilled, you know.
    • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

    Beware of the fact that taking a rental from the airport will incur an 11% "airport tax" surcharge. If you are able to rent a car from a downtown location you will not have to pay this and will save a considerable amount of money.
  • Commercial shuttle buses [6] are about $5-$12.75 and probably not faster than public transit if you are going downtown, though they do have more room for luggage.

By train

Amtrak provides service from all along the west coast. The Amtrak Cascades [7] runs four trains a day between Seattle and Portland (two of which continue to Eugene, Oregon) and two a day to Vancouver, British Columbia. .The Cascades service to Portland is quicker and much more reliable than the long-distance Coast Starlight, which can be delayed for hours on the long (over a day) trip from Los Angeles, California.^ Jackie continued his education at the University of California, Los Angeles, where he became the university's first student to win varsity letters in four sports.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Honors On Human Kindness Day 1974 in Washington DC more than 10,000 people paid tribute to Simone for her music and commitment to humanity.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ He developed a more patient approach than was customary in that day: playing defensively, waiting for a mistake, and then capitalizing on it.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.Additionally, the Empire Builder provides daily service to Chicago via Glacier National Park and Minneapolis.^ National Park Service serving as partners in its development.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

Unlike the other three Amtrak transcontinental trains further south, the Builder tends to stick fairly closely to schedule.
Seattle's King Street Station [8] is located south of downtown, near Safeco Field.

By car

Interstate Highway 5 (I-5) cuts through the middle of Seattle north to south. Interstate 90 (I-90) runs from the I-5 interchange in Seattle all the way to Boston. Interstate Highway (I-405) runs parallel to I-5 on the east side of Lake Washington. Be aware however, that Seattle is a city known for terrible traffic (third worst in the nation behind Los Angeles and New York), especially around rush hour, so be ready for crawling along slowly as you enter the city.
  • Greyhound, [9]. Seattle's Greyhound bus station is on Stewart St. at the northeast edge of the downtown core.
  • Quick Shuttle, [10]. Runs between Seattle and Vancouver, BC. Stops in Downtown Seattle (outside the Best Western at 200 Taylor Ave N) and SeaTac Airport (at the main terminal near south end of baggage claim, outside door 00, bays 11-16). Fares from Vancouver to Downtown Seattle are $36 one-way, $65 round-trip; from Vancouver to SeaTac, fares are $49 one-way, $87 round-trip.
  • Washington State Ferries, 801 Alaskan Way Pier 52, +1 206 464-6400 [11] - Connect downtown Seattle to Bainbridge Island, to Bremerton, and to Vashon Island, and connect West Seattle to Vashon Island and to Southworth (Kitsap Peninsula). All ferries are for both vehicles and passenger except the ferry between downtown Seattle and Vashon Island.
  • Victoria Clipper high speed catamaran passenger ferries, [12] connect Seattle to Victoria, British Columbia (Canada) and Seattle to the San Juan Islands.

By cruise ship

The large cruise ships calling on Seattle may be docked at one of two terminals in the Port of Seattle [13].
  • Bell Street Pier Cruise Terminal at Pier 66, 2225 Alaskan Way South, near the middle of Seattle downtown's waterfront, serves as homeport for Norwegian Cruise Line and Celebrity Cruises. Has bus, taxi and shuttle connections for transfer of passengers and luggage. For travelers with connecting flights, Seattle-Tacoma International Airport is less than 15 miles away.
  • Smith Cove Cruise Terminal at Pier 91, 2001 W. Garfield Street, at the north end of Seattle's downtown waterfront, serves as homeport to Holland America Line, Royal Caribbean and Princess Cruises.

Get around

Navigating

Seattle's street designations make sense once you understand them but, if you don't understand them, you can end up many miles away from your destination.
.North-South streets are labeled "Avenues" (or occasionally "Boulevards" and "Ways") while East-West streets are labeled "Streets". The city is roughly divided into a 3 by 3 grid with 7 directional sectors (E, SW, W, S, N, NE, & NW) Street addresses are written with the sector before the name, e.g.^ His residence at 20 East 127th Street in Harlem, New York has been given landmark status by the New York City Preservation Commission.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ In 1932, the East-West League was formed, but folded before the season ended.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

NE 45th Street or NE 45th. Avenue addresses are written with the sector after the name, e.g. 45th Avenue NE or 45th NE.
There are four major exceptions:
  1. Downtown streets and avenues have no directional designation.
  2. There is no SE section. Instead, the S section is extra wide.
  3. East of downtown, avenues have no directional designation (streets are preceded by 'E').
  4. North of downtown (between Denny Way and the ship canal), streets have no directional designation, but avenues are followed by 'N'.
.The twelve streets in the central business district are named as six first-letter pairs (south to north): Jefferson, James, Cherry, Columbia, Marion, Madison, Spring, Seneca, University, Union, Pike, Pine.^ Jackie continued his education at the University of California, Los Angeles, where he became the university's first student to win varsity letters in four sports.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ He again used autobiographical elements in The Exile, his first feature film with sound, in which the central character leaves Chicago to buy and operate a ranch in South Dakota.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

One way to remember the order of the street pairs is with the mnemonic "Jesus Christ Made Seattle Under Protest."
A Metro Bus
A Metro Bus
Metro Transit [14] (electric, hybrid and diesel city buses) actually works pretty well. The web trip planner [15] is straightforward and accurate, as long as your bus is on time. During rush hours (Monday-Friday 6-9AM and 3-6PM) bus fares are $2.25 within the city limits. All other times of day and weekends bus fare is $2.00. Pay exact fare as drivers don't carry change so don't ask or they get quite annoyed. On Saturdays, Sundays and public holidays, you can buy an All-Day Pass for $4 from the bus driver.
Pay your fare when you board if you are headed downtown. When leaving downtown you pay your fare as you leave the bus (if you are confused, the fare box has a sign posted on when to pay). .Buses in the downtown core of Seattle are free between 6AM and 7PM, allowing you to just get on and get off.^ But Robert'd just pick up and walk off and leave you standing there playing.
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To read the details refer to Metro Free Bus info [16].
.When traveling to destinations outside of the downtown core, make sure to ask the drivers in Metro buses with green and white "EXPRESS" signs in their windows and those whose route signs say "VIA EXPRESS" if they are going to your destination.^ If they were midgets, whites, greens, or oranges.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ "Our job is to help these kids along, help them with their skills, hockey skills and other life skills, to make sure they're heading in the right direction.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Still, Marshall was quoted as saying "We'll start signing Negroes when the Harlem Globetrotters (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harlem_Globetrotters) start signing whites."
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.Some of these express routes are intended for regular commuters traveling between residential neighborhoods and downtown and make limited or no stops between but many can be useful for getting to destinations such as the University District, West Seattle, and Ballard.^ The French government put the device to good use helping to make life better for many war vets.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ I use it all the time" Many recordings exist of her concerts, expressing fragments of her on-stage power, wit, sensuality and occasional menace towards her audience.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ However, like many military officers of the era, Patton expressed his doubts about using black men in combat.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.If presented with multiple routes to get to the same destination, try to check which routes use Hybrid Flyer buses, recognizable by the yellow rather than green route indicators.^ Rather than try to escape, he decides to make a new life for himself underground, invisible.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ She was instructed to walk proudly in public and to use the facilities at home rather than subject herself to the indignity of "colored" facilities in town.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.The Hybrids, unlike every other model Metro uses, have air conditioning, which during Seattle's warm season will be quite useful.^ But every other historical figure we learned about during every other month of the year (except that Semester in 6th grade where we learned about Asia) was white.
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Generally, the Hybrids are used on routes that go downtown through the recently renovated underground bus tunnel.
Sound Transit [17] (diesel and hybrid buses, trains) is more expensive but has many convenient express routes that travel South (to Tacoma), East (Redmond, Bellevue), and North (Bothell, Everett). .Some of these buses only run during rush hours, but most, including the routes to the destinations mentioned above, run all day.^ However, some of their most notable contributions and sacrifices came during the Civil War.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Much have changed since the days of the Buffalo Soldiers, including the integration of all military servicemen and women.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ She was almost always cast as a maid, cook, nanny or servant of some sort, these being the only types of roles available for African-Americans at the time.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

Check the schedule to make sure.
Link Light Rail [18] operates between Westlake Center downtown and Sea-Tac Airport, running through South Seattle and Tukwila. .Fares are $1.75—$2.50 depending on how far you travel; ticket machines are located at all stations, and the tickets must be retained for the duration of your trip.^ If so, you must do it at your own expense.
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^ If you have thus wronged the poor black man, by stripping him of his freedom, how are you going to give evidence of your repentance?
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

Unlike the buses, there is no free ride zone for trains in the downtown tunnel!
.Paper bus transfers are only accepted by the operator that issued them (i.e., a Metro transfer can't be used on a Sound Transit bus), and none can be used for trains.^ He again used autobiographical elements in The Exile, his first feature film with sound, in which the central character leaves Chicago to buy and operate a ranch in South Dakota.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.Interservice transfers are only available by using the ORCA prepaid fare card [19], a common system being adopted by all regional public transit.^ She was almost always cast as a maid, cook, nanny or servant of some sort, these being the only types of roles available for African-Americans at the time.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

However, the card itself costs a nonrefundable $5 (after February 1st, 2010), and can only be purchased at a limited number of offices; it may not be worthwhile for brief visits.
Sound Transit also operates a commuter rail service called the Sounder [20] between Seattle-Tacoma and Seattle-Everett. However, the Sounder is mostly limited to rush hour service on the weekdays, with some service for special events like Seahawks games.
Additionally, Seattle also has a few other modes of transit:
A streetcar line, the South Lake Union Streetcar [21], runs between Downtown and South Lake Union.
A monorail line, the Seattle Center Monorail [22] makes a quick connection between Downtown and the Seattle Center, home to the Space Needle.
.Awater taxi, the King County Water Taxi [23] offers a quick connection between Downtown at Pier 55 and West Seattle, at Seacrest Park near Alki.^ In 48 hours they killed between 55 and 65 whites throughout Southampton County.
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The water taxi also offers beautiful views of Downtown, the Olympic Mountains, and much of the city.
If you need any help, go to the Customer Stop at Westlake Station in the Downtown Seattle Transit Tunnel, or ask a local. Seattlelites are always eager to help!

By car

.Unlike some other American cities, visitors should not be intimidated by the thought of navigating Seattle by car.^ His message was that Blacks should be proud of their heritage and that other Americans should also understand it.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ He encouraged African American leaders to open hospitals in other cities where African American people would receive first rate care.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

While rush-hour traffic can be quite frustrating (especially on the freeways), the city's streets and roadways are otherwise quite hospitable. On weekends, you can often rent cars at locations throughout the city for well under $20/day.
.Zipcar [24] has cars in many parts of the city, waiting for someone to pick them up, drive them around, and drop them back off.^ Lee's work usually ends up pissing me off and confusing me, but I still come back to watch it over and over.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ But Robert'd just pick up and walk off and leave you standing there playing.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ On July 24, 2006 the city of Worcester, Massachusetts changed the name of part of Worcester Center Boulevard to Major Taylor Boulevard.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

This is best suited for hourly rentals for quick errands. Tourists will almost certainly find better deals on daily or weekly rentals from other companies.
Be mindful of where you park because parking laws are enforced and the fines can be hefty! A parking ticket can be in excess of $35 for going overtime in a 2-hour zone.
  • Car rentals are the most convenient form of transportation for visitors, with local companies offering better prices but national chains offering more convenience vis-a-vis return policies and times.
Car Rental Companies include:
  • Alamo Rent A Car, +1 800-462-5266 [25].
  • Avis Rent A Car, +1 800-331-1212 [26].
  • Budget Rent A Car, +1 800-527-0700 [27].
  • Dollar Rent A Car, +1 800-800-3665 [28].
  • E-Z Rent-A-Car, +1 800-277-5171 [29].
  • Enterprise Rent-A-Car, +1 800-261-7331 [30].
  • Hertz Car Rental, +1 800-654-3131 [31]].
  • Thrifty, +1 800-847-4389 [32].

By bicycle

.Bicycling is better than in most cities, except for the damp roads, frequent rain and hills, so you may wish to pick up some raingear.^ But Robert'd just pick up and walk off and leave you standing there playing.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Show you them you're a better man than they are'," Mr. Stillwell said recounting one man's words of support to Mr. Brashear.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

Some major roads in Seattle have properly maintained bicycle lanes. .Bicycle usage is increasing significantly since the early 2000s and the car drivers are perhaps a bit more accustomed to bicycles than in some other major cities.^ Eventually, as more major cities began wiring their streets for electric lighting, Latimer was dispatched to lead the planning team.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Indeed, Thurgood Marshall represented and won more cases before the United States Supreme Court than any other American.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ An early champion of the concept of matching funds (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Matching_funds), Henry Rogers was a major anonymous contributor to Tuskegee and dozens of other black schools for more than 15 years.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.You can pick up a free Seattle Bike Map (as well as other local city and county bike maps) at the Seattle BikeStation, 311 3rd Ave S between Main St & S Jackson St almost next door to the train station.^ Well, why don't you keep all these great black people, and add other non black people as well?
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ But Robert'd just pick up and walk off and leave you standing there playing.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Simpson's other broadcasting experience includes serving as a commentator for WTTW, Chicago's public television station, as well as reporting and anchoring at WCFL radio and WBBM Radio, the city's all-news station.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.They also give suggestions on how to bicycle where you are going and how to do it safely.^ If you have thus wronged the poor black man, by stripping him of his freedom, how are you going to give evidence of your repentance?
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Share some info....He's half white and Canadian, so I don't know how relevant he is, but here you go.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ The fans would yell, 'Go back to the south' and 'How come you're not picking cotton.'
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

Bicycle transportation in the greater part of Seattle is facilitated further by the Burke-Gilman Trail [33]. .This is a paved walking/jogging/cycling trail that winds its way from the north end of Lake Washington, down around the University of Washington, then west towards Ballard.^ On March 1, 1909, Henson pointed his sledge north and, under Peary's orders, stated breaking the trail across the icepack toward the pole.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ By this time Henson's continuous trips north had worn down his wife's patience She requested and received a divorce at the end of 1897.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

The trail is on an old railroad right-of-way, so it maintains a very consistent elevation and is excellent for commuting or a casual day's touring. .Myrtle Edwards path is on the sound, starting at the north end of downtown and continuing for the most part all of the way to the Ship Canal Locks.^ By this time Henson's continuous trips north had worn down his wife's patience She requested and received a divorce at the end of 1897.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ With this ship carrying them the first part of the way, the expedition was able to get closer to the Pole than any other human beings - within 174 miles.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

It is much more scenic than the Burke and more peaceful as it does not intersect with any roads. As well it has gorgeous views of the Olympics and Mt. Rainier.
.All Metro buses are equipped to carry two or three bicycles [34] on racks on the front, at no extra charge.^ And you wouldn't see Robert no more maybe in two or three weeks....
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.Metro doesn't allow riders to load or remove a bicycle in the downtown Ride Free Area during peak times except in the tunnel, although it doesn't hurt to ask if you've goofed.^ In response, Adams asked for a normal school (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Normal_school) for the free men, freed slaves and their children (a normal school, at that time, was the name for a teacher's college) to be established in the area.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ It's the special treatment "you people" ask for but at the same time ask to be treated equally.
  • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

Seattle is a huge city, so all individual listings should be moved to the appropriate district articles, and this section should contain a brief overview. Please help to move listings if you are familiar with this city.
See the district articles for more listings.
  • Seattle Tours [35] provides tours of the Boeing factory as well as walking tours and sightseeing opportunities by plane, boat, raft, bus, and more. Priced from $9.95.
  • Seattle Tours [36] is a 3 hr., 50 mile tour of Seattle, starting downtown but going to seven different neighborhoods. Door to door service, experienced guides, and comfortable mini-coaches.
  • Tours Northwest [37] provides three hour, 50 mile tours of Seattle covering history, culture, geography architecture, icons and hidden gems; Boeing factory Tours are also run every day; and Mt. Rainier tours in the summer. Door to door service from SeaTac, Tukwila, Bellevue and downtown Seattle; over 200 possible pickup spots.
  • Ride the Ducks Seattle [38] is a 90-minute ride on an amphibious World War II vehicle (yes, part of the ride is on Lake Union), not cheap ($23 adult) and not for those with a limited sense of humor (the style is a bit over-the-top). Definitely unique. 5th Avenue and Broad Street, across from the Space Needle. Open-year round.
  • Show Me Seattle [39] A fun, small tour on a mini-bus!
  • Gray Line [40] offers the standard big-city set of tours, including $21 for two and a quarter hours on a double-decker; $29 for a three-hour bus tour, and $49 for seven hours of combined bus and boat touring.
  • Beeline Tours [41] offers a $38, three-hour tour similar to Gray Line, but in a smaller vehicle (that is, with fewer people).
  • For a more intimate and quirky tour try Show Me Seattle Tours [42]. Their mini-bus holds a maximum of 14 people. .Highlights of their tour are the Troll in Fremont, salmon ladder at the Locks, and the Sleepless in Seattle houseboat.
  • Argosy Cruises [43] offers a harbor cruise, two lake cruises, a locks cruise, and dinner cruises.
  • Tillicum Village on Blake Island [44] - scenic cruise from downtown Seattle, authentic native salmon feast and dance performances.^ He then joined the vaudeville circuit accompanied by comic Ed Lee performing a minstrel act called Step 'n' Fetchit: Two Dancing Fools from Dixie.
    • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

    Blake Island State Park was an ancestral campground of the Suquamish and Duwamish Indian Tribes believed to be the birthplace of Chief Seattle.
  • Seattle Underground Tour [45] will take you underground in Pioneer Square. In 1889, 25 square blocks of Seattle were destroyed in a fire. When rebuilding, the city decided to raise the streets in the city approximately one story. Eventually the sidewalks were raised as well, and people traveled between the second story of the rebuilt buildings. .The Seattle Underground was born!
  • The Future of Flight Aviation Center & Boeing Tour, a 45 minute drive north of Seattle, is a fascinating look at where Boeing makes the 747, 767, 777, and 787 airliners — the world's largest building, as measured in cubic volume.^ Oprah's Angel Network has helped establish scholarships and schools, support women's shelters and build youth centers and homes—changing the future for people all over the world.
    • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

    See the Everett article.
  • EverGreen Escapes [46] runs half-day, full-day and multi-day tours and adventures throughout the Pacific Northwest and British Columbia. Featured tours include a half-day tour of 4-5 wineries in Woodinville, full-day trips to Mount Saint Helens, Mount Rainier and the Olympic National Park. All tours go out in bio-diesel fueled Mercedes Vans and include local and organic produce and beverages. For the truly adventurous, try beginning rock climbing or kayak trip through the Ballard locks.
  • Seattle Art Museum: Displays an good overview and assortment of art from around the world.
  • Museum of Flight: Collection includes 131 aircraft ranging from wood and fabric crates to the sleek Concorde.
  • Frye Art Museum: A small private collection featuring 232 paintings by Munich-based artists.

Indoors

Most major indoor attractions are located in a small portion of the downtown area, easily traversed on foot.
  • Pike Place Market: Downtown
  • Central Library :Downtown An uniquely designed building with an enormous glass-fronted atrium.
  • Smith Tower :Downtown The oldest skyscraper in Seattle a waterfront view and elaborate Art Deco style.
Seattle's Downtown from Space Needle.
Seattle's Downtown from Space Needle.
  • Hiram M. Chittenden Locks (a.k.a. Ballard Locks) in Ballard. .Check out the fish ladders and if you're lucky you'll see huge Pacific Northwest salmon coming and going.
  • Check out the troll under the Aurora Bridge, near Fremont!
  • UW Waterfront Activities Center - Rent a canoe and explore the arboretum
  • Woodland Park Zoo (South Gate at N 50th St and Fremont Ave N, on Phinney Ridge), [47].^ That's why we're going as far as to tell you that one of us innovated ways to eat peanuts.
    • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

    ^ You say to us, if you dare to carry out the principles of our fathers, we'll shoot you down.
    • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

    ^ And so when I found out that day that I might be able to go to their school, I was just thrilled, you know.
    • The Official Black History Month Thread! [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 20 September 2009 8:45 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

    $15 for adults ($11 in winter), is open 9:30AM to 4PM in the winter (October 1st - April 30th), 6PM in the summer (May 1st - September 31st). It has mostly realistic and spacious habitats for the animals, unlike the animal jails in some zoos. The Raptor Show at 3PM on non-rainy weekends is particularly entertaining if you get the bird handler with the Bronx accent: "If dis boid's head were da same size as youses, its eyes would be da size of sawftbawls."
  • Carkeek Park is a sweet little beach park in North Seattle. Good hikes, and may have salmon migrating upstream in fall.
  • Cowen Park has a play structure for children and a backstop for baseball/softball. Cowen is connected to Ravenna Park via a wooded ravine that makes for good jogging and walking. It is a particularly nice walk in the (rare) snow.
  • Discovery Park [48] in Magnolia is great for kite-flying as well as a trail to the beach with great cliffs and boat watching.
  • Gasworks Park [49] in Wallingford is built on the former site of the city gas facility, and a few hulking tanks and pipes are preserved, giving it a slightly eerie feel. The hill at the center has a sundial on top, and offers a spectacular view of downtown across Union Bay, as well as gusts of wind great for kite-flying. Don't eat the carcinogenic dirt!
  • Golden Gardens Park in Ballard is one of two places in Seattle that still allows bonfires on the beach. Set on the Puget Sound, it offers spectacular views of the sun setting over the Olympic mountain range on clear days.
  • Green Lake [50], north of the University District, has side-by-side 4km (2.75 mile) asphalt and gravel trails for walking, jogging and rollerblading around the circumfrence of the lake, plus several sports fields. The path is good for people-watching as there is a constant stream of thousands of Seattlelites all day long. On the East side there are areas of grass where you can often find pick-up soccer, volleyball as well as basketball on outdoor courts. There's also an indoor swimming pool, which is much cleaner than the lake. If the signs warn that the lake is closed, don't ignore them or risk getting "swimmer's itch" from the plentiful parasites spread through duck feces. The surrounding neighborhood is vibrant and fun in good weather, with rental rollerskates, bikes, restaurants, etc.
  • Kerry Park [51] on Highland Drive on Queen Anne Hill is the single most photographed view of Seattle, with a spectacular cityscape with the Space Needle in front and Mt. Rainier visible behind the skyline. For the best view, go on a clear summer day around 9PM... the sun will have just dropped behind the Olympic range, the city lights will just be coming on, but there will be enough sunlight left that Rainier glows purple behind the city.
  • Kubota Garden [52], a spectacular 20-acre park space in the Rainier Beach neighborhood of South Seattle. To quote the linked website, the Garden contains "streams, waterfalls, ponds, rock outcroppings, and an exceptionally rich and mature collection of plant material." Established by Fujitaro Kubota in 1927, he wanted to "display the beauty of the Northwest in a Japanese manner."
  • Magnuson Park / Sand Point, the second largest park in Seattle, used to be a US Naval base. The remaining naval buildings are now used for recreational purposes and to host shows. Magnuson boasts multiple sports fields, a boat launch, an off-leash dog park, and lots of walking trails. The Sound Garden (after which the local Seattle band was named), is on NOAA property. It is public art work that moans eerily in the wind.
  • Myrtle Edwards Park [53] on Elliott Bay has a nice view of Puget Sound and the Olympic Mountains. Also a great place to take a walk, jog or bike ride. The walking and cycling paths (at times separate) start north of the ferry piers and go right along the water for 1.5 miles, and provide a delightful way to get close to the harbor. It is separated from the rest of the city by several train tracks, so you won't have to listen to any vehicle traffic.
  • Ravenna Park in the Ravenna area is a park named for its wooded ravine. It is good park for baseball, soccer, tennis, or have a barbecue. Ravenna Park is connected to Cowen Park via a trail alongside a little creek. This park provides a basic feel for the nature that can be found outside of the city.
  • Olympic Sculpture Park is a new park on the waterfront built and maintained by the Seattle Art Museum. It has wonderful views across the water and contains sculptures built by famous artists including Richard Serra and Alexander Calder.
  • The University of Washington Arboretum [54] is 230 acres of urban greenery with collections of oaks, conifers, camellias, Japanese maples and hollies. Often filled with people going for walks on sunny summer days, especially weekends. The Japanese gardens are a special spot.
  • Volunteer Park on Capitol Hill, home of the Seattle Asian Art Museum (SAAM).
  • Waterfront provides one of the best views while walking in Seattle (if you don't mind the crowds).
Seattle is a huge city, so all individual listings should be moved to the appropriate district articles, and this section should contain a brief overview. Please help to move listings if you are familiar with this city.
See the district articles for listings.
  • Seafair [55] is in July and early August. Neighborhood events such as parades and street fairs run throughout the festival, with the downtown Torchlight Parade in late July. Seafair culminates in early August when hydroplane races and the Blue Angels bring loud, fast boats and planes to Lake Washington.
  • Bumbershoot [56]. A music and arts festival, held on Labor Day weekend (beginning of September) in the Seattle Center, featuring dozens of local and world-class musical acts.
  • Northwest Folklife Festival [57]. A more low-key and global version of Bumbershoot, held in the Seattle Center on Memorial Day weekend (end of May). Even more important - it's free ($10 donation per person per day requested at the entries - but not required).
  • Bite of Seattle [58]. Part of Seafair festivities. Held in mid/late-July in the Seattle Center. Eat till you explode.
  • Hempfest A two-day cannabis festival in mid-August. Held at Myrtle Edwards park on the Seattle waterfront, it's the largest marijuana rally in the world and the biggest annual political event in Washington. Features political speakers, vendors, food, several stages with many bands, and lots of open pot smoking (especially at 4:20)! It is a demonstration for the political reform and the legalization of marijuana. [59]
  • Capitol Hill Block Party [60], Yearly live music event held on Capitol Hill over a weekend in mid-summer (usually the end of July). Consists of primarily local independent bands of various styles, coupled with some bigger name independent label acts.
  • Fremont Fair [61]. Home of the Solstice Parade (including the nude bike ride) is a really fun drunken time all over Fremont. Vendors, bad live music and eclectic crowds at the bars makes for an interesting time. Friends who live in Fremont become especially valuable for a place to crash.
  • Mountain biking. The best riding in Seattle is underneath I-5 between Eastlake and Capitol Hill at the Colonnade [62].
  • A little further out, try riding "The Tapeworm" in Philip Arnold Park in Renton, southeast of Seattle. Other great trails are in this park, as well.
  • Burke Gilman Trail. 26-mile paved path dedicated to non-motorized travel. Goes from Golden Gardens park, on Puget Sound near the Locks, to Bothell Landing where it connects to Sammamish River Trail, which goes to Marymoor Park (in Redmond).
  • Center For Wooden Boats, 1010 Valley St (south end of Lake Union), +1 206 382-2628, [63]. Visit and poke around boats in various stages of restoration, from big broken hulks to gorgeous polished speedsters. Rent an antique boat and go for a row or a sail. They as well offer free sailboat rides on Lake Union. Call ahead to check the schedule.  edit
  • Northwest Outdoor Center, (west side of Lake Union), [64]. Kayak rentals.  edit
  • Agua Verde, on Portage Bay between Lake Union and Lake Washington, [65]. Kayak rentals.  edit
  • Waterfront Activities Center, (University of Washington, a quarter mile south of Husky Stadium), +1 206 543-9433, [66]. Canoe rentals. Parking sucks except after noon on Saturdays. Paddle across the Lake Washington Ship Canal into the Arboretum and watch ducks, geese, swans, random migratory birds, and lots of other boats. If you're an experienced sailor, you can also rent a sailboat after a checkout with their staff. Open to the public ($7.50/hr) and students ($4/hr).  edit
  • Lake Union Crew, on Lake Union, +1 206 860-4199, [67]. Learn to row! Classes are held year round and occur over a 4 week period with 3 classes per week. There are evening and morning sessions to fit any schedule. The classes teach you the basics of sweep rowing (one oar per rower) and sculling (two oars). The facilities are beautiful and located right on Lake Union just south of the University Bridge.  edit
  • Elliott Bay Cruises, on Lake Elliott, +1 206 623-4252, [68]. Cruises as short as one hour around Elliott Bay are available from Argosy Cruises, departing from Pier 55.  edit
Safeco Field
Safeco Field
  • Seattle Mariners, member of Major League Baseball's (MLB) American League, plays at Safeco Field through the spring and summer. See [69].
  • Seattle Seahawks, member of the National Football League (NFL), plays at Qwest Field through fall and winter. See [70].
  • Seattle Sounders FC, member of Major League Soccer (MLS). The third different Seattle soccer team to bear the "Sounders" name, plays at Qwest Field from March through November. See [71].
  • Seattle Storm, Seattle's WNBA team plays at KeyArena. [72].
  • Seattle Thunderbirds, WHL junior hockey team plays at KeyArena through the winter hockey season [73].

Drink

See the district articles for listings.
Few, if any, American cities can challenge Seattleites' love of coffee. Seattle's love of coffee is perhaps signified best by Starbucks [74], Seattle's Best Coffee (now owned by Starbucks), and Tully's [75] as they each have expanded all over the country and world, but locals aren't satisfied by these internationally-recognized chains alone, evidenced by hundreds of good locally owned coffeehouses. Microbreweries and beer in general are a Northwest specialty, and Seattle has many to offer for beer enthusiasts. The larger ones, like Redhook, have their products distributed around the country like their coffee cousins, while others are can only be found in local stores or bars (some notable ones even don't bottle their product).
In Washington, bars have a full liquor license, while taverns are restricted to beer, wine and cider. Seattle bars have world-class beer selection, featuring local Northwest style micros, many of them crafted in Seattle.

Eat

Fresh seafood is found in abundance at both markets and restaurants. Seattle also has a wide variety of Asian cuisine. See the district articles for listings.

Sleep

See the district articles for listings.

Contact

The area code for the City of Seattle is 206. Surrounding areas use other area codes, including 425 which encompasses the eastside and northern suburbs including Bellevue, Redmond, Lynnwood, and Everett, 253 for all areas south of Kent such as Tacoma, Federal Way, and Fife, and 360 for all areas outside the greater Everett-Seattle-Tacoma corridor but west of the Cascades. All of Washington east of the Cascades uses the 509 area code.
Free Wi-Fi can be found at all Seattle Public libraries, and is available to users with Wi-Fi enabled laptops and wireless devices. The City of Seattle provides free Wi-Fi access in the Columbia City and University District areas as part of a pilot project. The project also provides coverage in four downtown Seattle parks: Occidental, Freeway, Westlake and Victor Steinbrueck, as well as the City Hall lobby area. The Seattle Center also provides free wireless internet in the Center House building [76]. Some of the Metro and Sound Transit commuter buses offer free Wi-Fi.
There are various internet cafes in the Seattle area, especially in the University District and the Downtown neighborhoods. Additionally, many coffee shops offer free and paid wireless access (all Starbucks locations offer T-Mobile internet access points).

Stay safe

Seattle is a fairly safe city. You should have no problems walking out and about at night, although staying in bright areas at this time is never a bad idea, and walking in Rainier Valley, the Central District, Lake City, Pioneer Square, and Seattle Center at all after hours is not advisable. The downtown area is a lot safer than most other U.S. cities. Auto theft is a problem in the city. Never leave valuables in a visible place, and always lock your car doors. Another possible problem is that drivers in Seattle are typically nice, but can be impatient, due to the amount of traffic, although as long as you're careful as a pedestrian, there is not a high risk of getting hit. Cyclists should be extra wary of traffic and parked car doors, especially downtown.
Similarly, motorcyclists should be warned that as a city with unpredictable weather a large portion of the year, motorcycling is not as commonplace as in other states. Drivers exhibit an alarming obliviousness to motorcycles, and riders should take care to stay well out of a car's blind spot, and preferably ahead of rather than behind any car.
  • Crybaby Comforts, +1 425 260-4788 (), [77]. rental company specializing in baby equipment and toys. You can rent everything from a car seat to a crib. Delivery available throughout the Greater Seattle Area.  edit
  • Happy Little Traveler, +1 206 935-0733 (), [78]. High quality baby equipment rentals servicing the Pacific Northwest. Rent cribs, car seats, strollers and toys. Items can be delivered to you or use their storefront pick up site in West Seattle. The company is fully insured for baby equipment rentals.  edit
  • Tiny Tots Travel, LLC., +1 425 943-0099 (), [79]. Rents high quality baby equipment such as cribs, car seats, highchairs, toys, and more. Delivery available.  edit
  • The Seattle Times [80] ($0.50 daily, $1.50 Sundays) is the only remaining daily newspaper in the Seattle area and covers local, national and international news.
  • The Seattle Post-Intelligencer [81] (free, online only) has ended its print edition, but still maintains local reporters and an online presence.
  • The Seattle Weekly [82] (free, published Wednesday) is one of many free weeklies that are published in the Seattle area. The Weekly has a longstanding reputation for in-depth coverage of arts and local politics.
  • The Stranger [83] (free, published Thursday) is an alternative weekly newspaper noted for its social commentary, political opinion, arts, comics, music coverage, and local news items.
There are also several ethnic newspapers including Northwest Asian Weekly, and numerous neighborhood newspapers including the North Seattle Journal. The University of Washington also publishes The Daily of the University of Washington.

Hospitals

Seattle has a large number of primary- and secondary-care medical centers, including the only level 1 trauma center serving Alaska, Washington, Idaho and Montana. Additionally, Children’s Hospital and Regional Medical Center is the pediatric referral center for those same states.
  • UW Medicine [84] The UW Medicine system is operated by the University of Washington. It includes Harborview Medical Center, UW Medical Center, UW Medicine Neighborhood Clinics, Eastside Specialty Center, Hall Health (Student Health Services) and Sports Medicine Clinic. UW Medicine joins with Children's Hospital and Regional Medical Center in offering health care for children. Both work with Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in providing oncology care for patients of all ages through the Seattle Cancer Care Alliance.
    • Harborview Medical Center, 325 Ninth Avenue, +1 206 744-3000 [85] Seattle’s Level 1 trauma center, and the hospital where most critically injured patients are either airlifted or ambulanced. 24-hour Emergency Room, Centers of Emphasis for neurosciences, trauma, burns, reconstruction and rehabilitation, mentally ill and medically vulnerable, and AIDS/STD treatment.
    • UW Medical Center, 1959 NE Pacific, +1 206 598-3300 [86] The second hospital component to the UW Medicine system, this hospital is one of the biggest and best teaching hospitals in the United States. 24-hour Emergency Room, shares facilities, staff and doctors with Harborview.
  • Children's Hospital and Medical Center, 4800 Sand Point Way NE, +1 206 987-2000 [87] Children's Hospital is a private hospital specializing in pediatrics. It is also home to the University of Washington's School of Pediatrics. 24-hour pediatric emergency room.
  • Swedish Medical Center [88] Swedish Medical Center is a large nonprofit health care provider. It has three main hospital locations in Seattle and is also affiliated with many other suburban hospitals and clinics. Among the things Swedish is known for are its Cancer, Bariatrics and Heart Institutes. Swedish Hospital will treat all patients who need care, regardless of their ability to pay.
    • Swedish Medical Center First Hill, 747 Broadway, +1 206 386-6000 [89] Certified Primary Stroke Care center, 24-hour ER, 24-hour Pediatric ER. This is the Main Swedish Medical Center campus.
    • Swedish Medical Center Cherry Hill, 500 17th Avenue, +1 206 320-2000 [90] Certified Primary Stroke Care center, 24-hour ER.
    • Swedish Medical Center Ballard, 5300 Tallman Ave. NW, +1 206 782-2700 [91] 24-Hour ER
In the event of a medical emergency anywhere in the United States, dial 911 for free from any phone, including payphones.

Get out

Boating

If you're staying anywhere near downtown, the state-run ferries [92] hardly seem like "getting out" since they leave from a pier at the south end of the waterfront, an easy and interesting walk from downtown. Passengers on foot only pay for the westbound trip; the return to Seattle is free.
  • Take a trip to Bremerton and back. Almost 2 hours on the water, in a place as scenic as the Aegean Sea, with walk-on passengers costing a little under $6 round trip.
  • Or, take the ferry to Bainbridge Island (30 minutes one way). Get off on the other side, walk about 1/2 mile into town for lunch or dinner, and walk back to ferry to come home.

Driving

Just getting out and driving around the area with no destination in mind can be a great experience, as the Seattle area, like most of the Pacific Northwest, is very scenic. If you'd like more specific destinations, try some of these:
  • The Mountains to Sound Greenway, Mountains to Sound Greenway via I-90 is the quickest "escape" from the city into the nearby Cascade mountains. Snoqualmie Pass is just an hour away, offering great views, summer hiking and winter skiing.
  • Two mountain passes, Snoqualmie Pass (follow I-90 east) and Stevens Pass (take I-405 to Highway 522 east, then take Highway 2 east) provide fantastic views. Of the two, Stevens is arguably the more scenic.
  • Snoqualmie Falls, [93] (Snoqualmie, east of Seattle on I-90). The falls are scenic, and if you want to stay longer than it takes to just gawk, the Salish Lodge [94] is pricey but incredibly romantic, with in-room Sanijet spa baths and fireplaces. The lodge offers two restaurants with views overlooking the falls. Trivia tidbit: Snoqualmie Falls is nearly 300 feet in height, compared to Niagara's 180 feet.
  • Leavenworth, [95] Leavenworth (2 1/2 hour drive east of Seattle via I-90 or Highway 2). Leavenworth is a Bavarian-style town surrounded by the Cascade mountains. Every building has to be built in traditional Bavarian architecture, and there are many German-esque restaurants and shops. There are many festivals throughout the year, including Maifest (May), the Autumn Leaf Festival (September), Christmas Lighting Festival (December), and most notably the German beer festival Oktoberfest (October). A beautiful charming little town, worth the extra time if you are already heading east (i.e. Snoqualmie, Spokane) although it is slightly out of the way. There is also an Amtrak train service from Seattle that makes a stop in Leavenworth.
  • Grove of the Patriarchs, in the Ohanapecosh River valley in the southeast part of Mount Rainier National Park, takes you on the short hiking trail through groves of thousand year-old cedars.
  • North Bend (also out I-90) is the town where parts of the 1990 David Lynch TV series Twin Peaks [96] were filmed. West of North Bend on SR 202 near the town of Snoqualmie there are displays of historic railroad cars, locomotives and other railroad equipment located at the Northwest Railway Museum [97]. Train rides are offered April - October, as well as a "Santa Train" in late November and early December, plus several other special events offered during the year.
  • Roslyn is also out I-90 (not far past Snoqualmie Pass) and is where the TV series Northern Exposure was filmed. It holds many festivals including The Manly Man Festival, Pioneer Days, and Moose Days -- the latter is an annual Northern Exposure gathering held in late July. Might be worth a stop if you're out that way, or if you're a fan of the show, but it's a very small, quiet town without much to do most days. However, there is a great small museum in the downtown core right next to the Oasis Cafe. It is worth a browse as it profiles the city's coal mining past. Roslyn is worth the stop if you have the time!
  • The Cascade Loop [98] consists of a two-day minimum round trip over Stevens Pass and the North Cross-state Highway (US 2 and SR 20). It's a long drive, and SR20 is closed usually from November to April/May, but you'll see the most spectacular scenery in the state, visit towns made to look like the old west and a Bavarian Village, see the Columbia River and apple orchards on the east and deep rain-forest on the west side. [99]
  • The Olympic Peninsula features beaches on the Pacific Ocean, Cape Flattery (the extreme northwestern point of the contiguous U.S.), and the only temperate rain forests in the lower 48 states: the well-known and easily accessible Hoh Rainforest, the Quinalt Rainforest and the Queets Rainforest. Other notable scenic areas on the Olympic Peninsula are Crescent Lake and Hurricane Ridge. You can take the Kingston ferry over from Edmonds and follow Highway 104 west until it meets up with Highway 101 (head north), or head south on I-5 to Olympia and catch Highway 101 West there. Doing the complete loop is a nearly day-long drive, and you could easily spend several days there, but you'll see a lot of fantastic scenery even if you never stop the car.
  • Mount Rainier National Park 2.5 hours south and east from Seattle
  • Mount St. Helens 2.5 hours south from Seattle
  • Vancouver, British Columbia is just 140 miles north of Seattle on I5. Vancouver will host the 2010 Olympics [100].
Routes through Seattle
VancouverMountlake Terrace  N noframe S  KentPortland
END  W noframe E  BellevueSpokane
This is a usable article. It has information for getting in as well as some complete entries for restaurants and hotels. An adventurous person could use this article, but please plunge forward and help it grow!

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

.SEATTLE, the county-seat of King county, Washington, U.S.A., and the largest city in the state, situated on a neck of land between Elliott Bay (an eastern arm of Admiralty Bay, Puget Sound) and the fresh-water Lake Washington; about 865 m.^ In 1957, the infamous tabloid Hollywood Confidential ran a story about an alleged one night stand between Dorothy and a bartender in Lake Tahoe.
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^ Washington did much to improve the overall friendship and working relationship between the races in the United States.
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by water N. of San Francisco, about 185 m. by rail N. of Portland, Oregon, and about 28 m. N. of Tacoma. Pop. (1870) 1107; (1880) 3533; (1890) 42,837; (1900) 80,671; (1 9 10 U.S. census) 2 37, 1 94. Of the population in 1 9 00, 41,483 were of foreign parentage and 22,003 were foreign-born. The area of the city in 1910 was about 83.45 sq. m., of which 29.42 sq. M. were water surface, 23 sq. m. being salt water. .Seattle is the terminus of the Northern Pacific, the Canadian Pacific (using the tracks of the Northern Pacific), the Great Northern, the Chicago, Milwaukee & Puget Sound (1909),(1909), the Oregon & Washington (1910; a joint extension to Puget Sound of the Southern Pacific and Union Pacific), the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy (using the tracks of the Northern Pacific), and the Columbia & Puget Sound railways.^ He again used autobiographical elements in The Exile, his first feature film with sound, in which the central character leaves Chicago to buy and operate a ranch in South Dakota.
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.It is served by inter-urban electric lines to Tacoma and Everett; is the starting-point for steamers to Alaska and to Prince Rupert, British Columbia (Grand Trunk Pacific line), and for lines to Japan, China., Siberia, Hawaii, the Philippines, Australia, Mexico, South America and Pacific coast ports of the United States; and is a port of call for coasting vessels.^ World War II The battalion did not serve overseas during World War II. However, in May 1945 it was sent to the west coast of the United States to combat forest fires ignited by Japanese balloons carrying incendiary bombs.
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^ Decades of growing only cotton and tobacco had depleted the soils of the southern area of the United States of America.
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.The city has the excellent salt-water harbour of Elliott Bay to the W.; and to the E. there is a fresh-water harbour, Lake Washington, connected with Puget Sound by the Lake Washington Canal, an artificial improvement of the natural waterway by Lake Union, a great V-shaped body of water in the north-central part of the city, and by Salmon Bay, a narrow channel setting in from Puget Sound on the N.W. Crossing the S.W. part of the city is Duwamish river, which empties into Elliott Bay.^ The Kite struggled through the icy waters near Greenland to Wolstenholm Sound where the party set up a base camp.
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At Bremerton, Kitsap county, about 15 m. W. by S. of Seattle, is the Puget Sound Navy Yard, protected by Fort Ward, with one dry dock (1910) 836 ft. long and 110 ft. wide, another 627 ft. long, and two docks 650 ft. long.
The surface of the city is hilly, the greatest height being 500 ft. above sea-level. The higher hills, the better residential parts of the city, are reached by cable railways or by electric railways following winding routes. Many of the higher hills, especially in the business district, have been removed by hydraulic power and large parts regraded. Lake Washington, to the E., is 22 m. long, and 1 to 4 m. wide, with an area of 50 sq. m., a shore line of 80 m. and a maximum depth of 225 ft; its waters are deep and clear and never freeze. In the north-central part of the city is Green Lake, about 1 m. long and z m. wide. On Puget Sound and Lake Union and about these two lakes, both with wellwooded shores and both furnishing excellent boating and canoeing, are the principal parks of the city. In 1910 the total park acreage under the park commissioners was 1058 acres. Immediately S. of Green Lake is Woodland Park (179 acres) with athletic fields and a zoological collection. On the southern shore of Union Bay (a circular, nearly landlocked arm of Lake Washington) in the east-central part of the city is Washington Park (163 acres). Farther S. near Lake Washington are Madrona. Park (9 acres), Frink Park (20 acres), which adjoins Leschi Park (q acres), and Mount Baker Park (12 acres). Near Lake Union is Volunteer Park (48 acres) on Capitol Hill, containing a public observatory (460 ft. above sea-level) and a statue of W. H. Seward by Richard Brooks. Schmitz Park (30 acres) is woodland on the West Seattle peninsula, overlooking the Sound; and between Volunteer Park and Washington Park is Interlaken (46 acres). Kinnear Park (14 acres) is near the entrance to the harbour. .Nearly all these parks command views of the Cascade and Olympic ranges.^ In these dual capacities, he had operational command of all United States and Canadian strategic aerospace defense forces.
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The city owns large areas which are to be improved as parks, including Ravenna Park, which has a noble native fir and cedar forest and sulphur springs. Private. parks include the White City (on Lake Washington), Golden Gardens (50 acres) and, in West Seattle (annexed in 1907), Luna Park, an amusement place with a natatorium. North of the city on Lake Washington are the links of the Seattle Golf and Country Club. .Practically a part of the city's park system and to be crossed by its boulevards are the campus of the university of Washington, and the fine grounds (605 acres given to the Federal government by the city) of Fort Lawton.^ The following year, Washington bought the grounds of a former plantation (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plantation) which the campus is still centered on.
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^ On July 24, 2006 the city of Worcester, Massachusetts changed the name of part of Worcester Center Boulevard to Major Taylor Boulevard.
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On the campus of the university are a statue of Washington by Lorado Taft and a bust of J. J. Hill by Ben Frolick.
.The principal public buildings are the county court house (on a commanding site), the county almshouse, the municipal building, a federal building, the Y.M.C.A. building, a Labor Temple, a Carnegie library (1905), with several branches throughout the city and about 128,000 volumes in 1910, and the buildings of the university of Washington.^ The building, which came to be called "Red Cliff House," was completed at about the same time as Henson's twenty-fifth birthday.
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In Georgetown, immediately S. of the main part of Seattle and nearly hemmed in by parts of the city, is the county hospital. The city has many churches, including Chinese, Japanese, Finnish, Scandinavian, German and Russian. Seattle is the see of a Roman Catholic bishop, and St James Cathedral is the finest church in the city. The First Presbyterian Church has a large auditorium.
.Of the many educational institutions, the most important is the university of Washington (see Washington), which was established here by the legislature of 1854-1855. Among the others are: the Washington Preparatory School for Girls; the Holy Names Academy and Normal School (under the Sisters of the Holy Names of Jesus and Mary); the College of Our Lady of Lourdes; Adelphia College; the Brothers' School; the Seattle College; three business colleges; the Seattle Art School, in connexion with which the Art Students' League of Seattle was formed in 1909; and a good public school system including six high schools in 1910, one of which has an excellent collection of the fauna and flora of the Pacific Coast.^ He attended Tuskegee Institute at Tuskegee, Ala., where he received a bachelor of science degree in physical education and completed civilian pilot training under the government-sponsored Civilian Pilot Training Program.
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^ Gloster established the Morehouse School of Medicine (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Morehouse_School_of_Medicine) in 1975, which became independent from Morehouse College in 1981.
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^ His early childhood was spent attending school and working on the family farm with his brothers and sisters.
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On Mercer Island in Lake Washington is the parental school of the municipal public school system. The city has a cosmopolitan press, including two Japanese dailies.
There are an associated charities organization and a "charities endorsement committee" (1903), which is under the auspices of three commercial associations. For children there are a receiving home (1896, under the Washington Children's Home Society); the Seattle Children's Home (1884, under the Ladies' Relief Society of Washington); and a children's orthopaedic hospital (1907). .The Seattle Federation of Women's Clubs supports a Girls' Home and Training School (1909).^ At the age of 11 she enrolled in the Montgomery Industrial School for Girls, a private school founded by liberal-minded women from the northern United States.
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^ Oprah's Angel Network has helped establish scholarships and schools, support women's shelters and build youth centers and homes—changing the future for people all over the world.
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Under Roman Catholic control are a Deaconess Home, the Mount Carmel Home (under the Missionary Sisters of the Sacred Heart of Jesus), and the House of the Good Shepherd (under the Sisters of the Good Shepherd). The Ladies' Hebrew Benevolent Society, the Ladies' Montefiore Aid Society and the Hebrew Benevolent Association are Jewish charities. .Other charities are the Seattle Seamen's Friend Society, the Florence Crittenton Home, the Lebanon Rescue Mission, the Japanese Women's Home, the Seattle Fruit and Flower Mission, and the Kenny Home for Old Ladies (Presbyterian).^ In 1913 the school was again renamed Morehouse College in honor of Henry L. Morehouse, the corresponding secretary of the Northern Baptist Home Missions Society.
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The principal hospitals are the Pacific (1899), the Seattle General (1894, under the Deaconess Home Association), the Providence (1877, under the Sisters of Charity), the Minor, the Wayside Emergency (1900), the Municipal and the County.
The situation of Seattle makes it important commercially and industrially. For its manufactories electric power is derived from Snoqualmie Falls (N.E. of Seattle) from Puyallup river (S.W.) and from Cedar river.
.The total value of the factory product in 1905 (excluding Ballard) was $25,406,574 (nearly one-fifth of that of the state), or 65.8% more than in 1900. The increase was particularly marked in the value of flour, $4,593,566, or 2 53.9% more than in 1900. Other important manufactures in 1905 were: packed meats and slaughter house products ($3,419,085); malt liquors ($2,121,631); foundry and machine shop products ($I,771,571) - there is a large manufactory of nuts and bolts; lumber and timber ($1,519,247); confectionery ($821,123); canned and preserved fish ($610,356); and ships and boats.^ There was one "first" accomplishment that was more special than any of the others, however.
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^ Indeed, Thurgood Marshall represented and won more cases before the United States Supreme Court than any other American.
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^ Among other goals, the Nation of Islam fought for a state of their own, separate from one inhabited by white people.
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In what was formerly Ballard, now the 13th ward, on Salmon Bay, there are large mills for the manufacture of red cedar shingles.
.Seattle is the most important seaport of the state, being the commercial and industrial centre for the customs district of Puget Sound.^ Most important was the fact that he changed the South from being a one-crop land of cotton, to being multi-crop farmlands, with farmers having hundreds of profitable uses for their new crops.
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In 1909 the net tonnage of vessels entering the harbour (local figures) was 2,467,351 tons. .The foreign exports in 1908 (Harbour Master's Report) were valued at $18,413,735, the foreign imports at $23,805,727. Its exports and imports make up the greater part of the commerce of the district, which has Port Townsend as its port of entry, and the city is rivalled only by San Francisco among the cities of the Pacific coast in the amount of its water-borne traffic.^ In 1978 another team was put together in San Diego as part of the new Pacific Hockey League.
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.The chief exports are wheat, flour, timber, hay, potatoes, live stock, fruit, fish (salmon), oats, coal (from the mines E. of Lake Washington), hops, cotton (from the Southern States), dairy products and general merchandise; and the imports include silk, rice, coffee, tea, sugar, spices, indigo and other Oriental products.^ Decades of growing only cotton and tobacco had depleted the soils of the southern area of the United States of America.
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Practically all the gold from Alaska and the Yukon territory is received here, and nearly 80% of the Alaskan trade is done through Seattle. The foreign trade is with China, Japan, Siberia, Hawaii, the Philippines, Australia, Mexico, South America and Europe. The Chamber of Commerce has an excellent commercial museum.
The city was chartered in 1880, and under the charter of 1896 (as amended since) elections are biennial. By an amendment of. 1908 the initiative and referendum were introduced; an initiative petition must be signed by To % of the voters at the preceding municipal election; a petition for a referendum on any ordinance passed by the city council must be signed by 8% of the voters at the preceding municipal election. .The city council is composed of one councilman elected for a two-year term from each ward (in 1910 there were 14 wards), and two councilmen elected at large and serving for four years.^ Her family moved to the Harlem (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harlem) neighborhood of New York City (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_York_City) when she was one and a half years old.
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^ In January 1946 he again became Assistant, The Inspector General, Washington, D.C. He retired on 14 July 1948, after having served fifty years.
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^ Two years later, the Super Soaker generated over $200 million in retail sales, and became the number one selling toy in America.
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The municipality owns the watersupply system with its source at Cedar Lake and Cedar river, 28 m.
.S.E., and an electric lighting plant (for which power is derived from the falls of the Cedar river), but most of the lighting is supplied by private companies.^ The Edison Electric Lighting would eventually evolve into what is now known as the General Electric Company.
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^ As mentioned at the beginning of the story, he taps an electric wire running into the building so he can power his collection of 1,369 bulbs in the basement, hidden from the power company.
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^ Because he was working at the time for US Electric Lighting Company, he was forced to assign the patent to the company, and thus lost out on the enormous financial rewards which would result.
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The city has undertaken the regrading necessitated by the hilly site of Seattle. In 1909 the assessed valuation of the city was $185,317,470 and the city's debt was $8,J70,380 (bonded) and $8,933,973 (net debt for local improvements). .The first permanent settlement here was made in 1852 by settlers who a year before had established New York, a village at Alki Point, on the W. side of Elliott Bay and in the present city limits.^ His residence at 20 East 127th Street in Harlem, New York has been given landmark status by the New York City Preservation Commission.
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^ With college life behind him, Robeson moved to the Harlem section of New York City to attend law school, first at New York University, later transferring to Columbia University.
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^ Elijah Muhammad also charged him with establishing new mosques in cities such as Detroit, Michigan and Harlem, New York.
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.The name Seattle was given to the settlement in honour of a Dwamish chief of that name, who died in 1866 and who was friendly to the whites.^ By that time she had given birth to a son, Robert, who was fathered by a field worker named Noah Johnson.
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^ Her Escape to Freedom in Canada Tubman was given a piece of paper by a white neighbor with two names, and told how to find the first house on her path to freedom.
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In 1853 a town plat was filed, King county was erected, and Seattle became the county seat. In 1855 Seattle had a population of 300. In January 1856 in an attempt to exterminate the whites the neighbouring Indians unsuccessfully attacked Seattle, which was defended by the U.S. sloop-of-war "Decatur." The first railway reached Seattle in 1884. In 1885-1886, when there were anti-Chinese riots here led by the Knights of Labour, martial law was declared by the governor and the Chinese were defended by local vigilance committees. .A destructive fire in 1889 and the financial depression of 1893 checked the city's growth, which, however, received a new impulse from the discovery of gold in Alaska and the Yukon territory in 1897, as Seattle became the outfitting place for prospectors and the port to which gold was shipped.^ After the rescue, Morgan's company received requests from fire departments around the country who wished to purchase the new masks.
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.The town of South Seattle was annexed in 1905; and the city of South-east Seattle, the town of Ravenna, the town of South Park, the city of Columbia, the city of Ballard, the city of West Seattle, and Dunlap, Rainier Beach and Atlantic City were annexed in 1907. From the 1st of June to the 15th of October 1909 the Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition was held in Seattle on grounds which now form part of the university campus, between Lake Union and Lake Washington; of the twelve central Exposition buildings some were afterwards turned over to the university.^ The granddaughter of Francis L. Cardozo, the secretary of state of South Carolina during Reconstruction, she was a graduate of Columbia University and employed as a histological chemist.
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^ Early success (1954–1959) Simone played at the Midtown Bar & Grill on Pacific Avenue in Atlantic City to fund her study.
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The purpose of the Exposition was to exploit Washington, the Yukon and the entire north-west on the Pacific slope.


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

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Pronunciation

Proper noun

Singular
Seattle
Plural
-
Seattle
  1. Seaport and largest city in the State of Washington, USA.

Translations

Anagrams


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 13, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Seattle, which are similar to those in the above article.








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