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Repúbliká ng Pilipinas
Republic of the Philippines
Puppet state of Japan

1943–1945
 

Flag

Anthem
Lupang Hinirang
Awit sa Paglikhâ ng Bagong Pilipinas (Hymn of the Making of a New Philippines)
Location of the Philippines in Asia
Capital Manila, Baguio, Tokyo
Language(s) Tagalog
Government Republic
President José P. Laurel
Historical era World War II
 - Established October 14, 1943
 - Disestablished August 17, 1945
Area
 - 1945 300,000 km2 (115,831 sq mi)
Population
 - 1945 est. 18,846,800 
     Density 62.8 /km2  (162.7 /sq mi)
Currency Japanese issued Peso

The Second Philippine Republic, officially known as the Republic of the Philippines (Tagalog: Repúbliká ng Pilipinas), was a state in the Philippines established in October 14, 1943 under Japanese occupation.

President Manuel L. Quezon declared Manila, the capital, an "open city" and left it under the rule of Jorge B. Vargas, as mayor. The Japanese entered the city on January 2, 1942 and established it as the capital. Japan fully captured the Philippines on May 6, 1942, after the Battle of Corregidor.

General Masaharu Homma dissolved the Commonwealth of the Philippines and established the Philippine Executive Commission, a caretaker government, with Vargas as its first chairman. All political parties were banned and replaced by the non-partisan KALIBAPIKapisanan sa Paglilingkod sa Bagong Pilipinas (Tagalog for the "Organization in the Service of the New Philippines"). KALIBAPI's director-general was Benigno Q. Aquino.

A constitution was formed by the Preparatory Commission for Independence, consisting of 20 members from the KALIBAPI.[1] The Preparatory Commission, led by José P. Laurel,[2] presented its draft Constitution on September 4, 1943 and three days later, the KALIBAPI general assembly ratified the draft Constitution.[1]

By September 20, 1943, the KALIBAPI's representative groups in the country's provinces and cities elected from among themselves fifty-four members of the Philippine National Assembly, the legislature of the country, with fifty-four governors and city mayors as ex-officio members.

Three days after establishing the National Assembly, its inaugural session was held at the pre-war Legislative Building and it elected by majority Benigno Q. Aquino as its first Speaker and José P. Laurel as President of the Republic of the Philippines, who was inaugurated on October 15, 1943 at the foundation of the Republic.[1]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c "Jose P". Angelfire. http://www.angelfire.com/al4/al_den/laurel.htm. Retrieved 2007-10-21.  
  2. ^ "The Philippine Presidency Project". Manuel L. Quezon III, et al.. http://www.pangulo.ph/prexy_jpl.php. Retrieved 2007-10-21.  
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