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Al-Dawla Al-Su'odiyah Al-Thaniyah
الدولة السعودية الثانية
Second Saudi State

1824–1891

Flag of Saudi State

Capital Riyadh
Language(s) Arabic
Religion Islam
Government Monarchy
History
 - Reconquest of Riyadh 1824
 - Battle of Mulayda with the Al Rashid 1891
Today part of  Saudi Arabia
 Qatar[1]
 United Arab Emirates[2]
 Oman[3]
 Bahrain[4]

The Second Saudi State refers to the period in the 19th century when the rule of the House of Saud was restored to central and eastern Arabia after having previously been brought down by an Ottoman-Egyptian invasion in 1818. Compared to the First Saudi State, the second Saudi period was marked by less territorial expansion and less religious zeal, although the Saudi leaders continued to go by the title of Imam and still employed Wahhabist religious scholars.

It was also marked by severe internal conflicts within the Saudi family, eventually leading to the dynasty's downfall. Turki ibn Abdallah's reconquest of Riyadh from Egyptian forces in 1824 is generally regarded as the beginning of the Second Saudi State, while the end was marked by the Battle of Mulayda in 1891, between the forces loyal to the last Saudi imam, Abdul Rahman ibn Faisal ibn Turki, and the Al Rashid dynasty of Ha'il.

The rulers of the second state:

See also

References

  1. ^ Alexei Vassiliev, The History of Saudi Arabia, London, UK: Al Saqi Books, 1998, p. 185
  2. ^ Vassliev, p. 165, 186
  3. ^ Vassiliev, p. 165, 186
  4. ^ Vassiliev, p. 177
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