The Full Wiki

Sedan, France: Wikis

Advertisements

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

(Redirected to Sedan, Ardennes article)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Coordinates: 49°42′09″N 4°56′28″E / 49.70250°N 4.94111°E / 49.70250; 4.94111

Commune of Sedan

FR-08-Sedan03.JPG
Location
Sedan, Ardennes is located in France
Sedan, Ardennes
Administration
Country France
Region Champagne-Ardenne
Department Ardennes
Arrondissement Sedan
Canton 3 cantons
Mayor Dominique Billaudelle
(2001–2008)
Statistics
Elevation 157 m (520 ft) avg.
Land area1 16.28 km2 (6.29 sq mi)
Population2 20,548  (1999)
 - Density 1,262 /km2 (3,270 /sq mi)
Miscellaneous
INSEE/Postal code 08409/ 08200
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
2 Population sans doubles comptes: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Sedan is a town and commune in France, a sub-prefecture of the Ardennes department in northern France.

Contents

Geography

The historic centre is built on a peninsula formed by an arc of the Meuse River. It is around 10 kilometres (6 mi) from the Belgian border, and around 200 kilometres (124 mi) from Paris.

History

Sedan was founded in 1424. In the sixteenth century Sedan was an asylum for Protestant refugees from the Wars of Religion.

Until 1651, the Principality of Sedan belonged to the La Tour d'Auvergne family. It was at that time a sovereign principality. Their most illustrious representative, Marshal Turenne, was born at Sedan on 11 September 1611. With help from the Holy Roman Empire, it managed to defeat France at the Battle of La Marfée, though immediately afterwards it was besieged and its prince, Frédéric Maurice de La Tour d'Auvergne, duc de Bouillon, submitted to France. Only a year after that submission, it was annexed to France in return for sparing his life after he became involved in a conspiracy against France.

During the Franco-Prussian War, on 2 September 1870 the French emperor Napoleon III was taken prisoner with 100,000 of his soldiers at the Battle of Sedan.

Due to this major victory, which also made the "Second Reich" of Germany possible, 2 September was declared "Sedan Day" (Sedantag) and a national German holiday in 1871. It remained a holiday until 1919.

During World War II the German troops first invaded neutral Belgium and crossed the Meuse River in Sedan. This allowed them to bypass the French fortification system, the Maginot Line.

Points of interest

Advertisements

Castle

Castle in Sedan
Center court of the castle

Today Sedan is known for its castle, that is claimed to be the largest fortified medieval castle in Europe with a total area of 30,000 m2 on seven levels. Construction started in 1424 and the castle's defences were constantly improved over the ages. It is the only remaining part of the once enormous fortifications in and around the town.

Other points of interest

Economy

A centre of cloth production, begun under the patronage of Cardinal Mazarin, supported the town until the late nineteenth century.

Births

Sedan was the birthplace of:

Twin town

See also

External links


Coordinates: 49°42′09″N 4°56′28″E / 49.70250°N 4.94111°E / 49.70250; 4.94111

Commune of Sedan

Location

Sedan, France
Administration
CountryFrance
Region Champagne-Ardenne
Department Ardennes
Arrondissement Sedan
Canton 3 cantons
Mayor Dominique Billaudelle
(2001-2008)
Statistics
Elevation 157 m (520 ft) avg.
Land area1 16.28 km2 (6.29 sq mi)
Population2 20,548  (1999)
 - Density 1,262 /km² (3,270 /sq mi)
Miscellaneous
INSEE/Postal code 08409/ 08200
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
2 Population sans doubles comptes: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Sedan is a town and commune in France, a sub-prefecture of the Ardennes department in northern France.

Contents

Geography

The historic centre is built on a peninsula formed by an arc of the Meuse River. It is around 10 km from the Belgian border, and around 200 km from Paris.

History

Sedan was founded in 1424. In the 16th century Sedan was an asylum for Protestant refugees from the Wars of Religion.

Until 1651, the Principality of Sedan belonged to the La Tour d'Auvergne family. It was at that time a sovereign principality. Their most illustrious representative, Marshal Turenne, was born at Sedan on September 11, 1611. With help from the Holy Roman Empire, it managed to defeat France at the Battle of La Marfée, though immediately afterwards it was besieged and its prince, Frédéric Maurice de La Tour d'Auvergne, duc de Bouillon, submitted to France. Only a year after that submission, it was annexed to France in return for sparing his life after he became involved in a conspiracy against France.

During the Franco-Prussian War, on September 2, 1870 the French emperor Napoleon III was taken prisoner with 100,000 of his soldiers at the Battle of Sedan.

Due to this major victory, which also made the "Second Reich" of Germany possible, September 2 was declared "Sedan Day" (Sedantag) and a national German holiday in 1871. It remained a holiday until 1919.

During World War II the German troops first invaded neutral Belgium and crossed the Meuse River in Sedan. This allowed them to bypass the French fortification system, the Maginot Line.

Points of interest

Castle


Today Sedan is known for its castle, that is claimed to be the largest fortified medieval castle in Europe with a total surface of 30,000 m2 on 7 levels. Construction started in 1424 and the castle's defences were constantly improved over the ages. It is the only remaining part of the once enormous fortifications in and around the town.

Other points of interest

Economy

A centre of cloth production, begun under the patronage of Cardinal Mazarin, supported the town until the late 19th century.

Miscellaneous

Births

Sedan was the birthplace of:

Twin town

See also

External links


Simple English

Coordinates: 49°42′09″N 4°56′28″E / 49.70250°N 4.94111°E / 49.70250; 4.94111

Commune of Sedan

Location

Sedan, France
Administration
CountryFrance
Region Champagne-Ardenne
Department Ardennes
Arrondissement Sedan
Canton 3 cantons
Mayor Dominique Billaudelle
(2001–2008)
Statistics
Elevation 157 m (515 ft) avg.
Land area1 16.28 km2 (6.29 sq mi)
Population1 20,548  
 - Density 1,262 /km2 (3,270 /sq mi)
Miscellaneous
INSEE/Postal code 08409/ 08200
2 Population sans doubles comptes: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Sedan is a town and commune in France, a part of the Ardennes department in northern France.

Contents

Geography

The old centre is on land within a curve of the Meuse River. It is about 10 km (6 miles) from Belgium, and about 200 km (120 miles) from Paris.

History

Sedan was built in 1424. In the sixteenth century Sedan was a safe place for Protestants escaping from the Wars of Religion.

Until 1651, the Principality of Sedan belonged to the La Tour d'Auvergne family. It was independent. The most famous member of the family, Marshal Turenne, was born at Sedan on 11 September 1611. With help from the Holy Roman Empire, Sedan defeated France at the Battle of La Marfée. Immediately after that it was surrounded, and its prince, Frederic, surrendered to France. Only a year after that, it became part of France in return for sparing Frederic's life after he was in a plot against France.

During the Franco-Prussian War, on 2 September 1870 the French emperor Napoleon III was taken prisoner with 100,000 of his soldiers at the Battle of Sedan.

Because of this major victory, which also made the "Second Reich" of Germany possible, 2 September was declared "Sedan Day" (Sedantag) and a national German holiday in 1871. It remained a holiday until 1919.

In World War II the German army invaded neutral Belgium and crossed the Meuse River in Sedan. This allowed them to get past the French fortification system, called the Maginot Line.

Sedan Castle

Sedan Castle may be the biggest of its kind in Europe with a total area of 30,000 square metres on seven levels. Building started in 1424 and the castle's defences were improved over the years. It is the only part left of the huge fortifications that there were in Sedan and around Sedan.

Economy

Sedan was a centre of cloth production, which was started under Cardinal Mazarin. It supported the town until the late nineteenth century.

Born here

These people were born in Sedan:

  • Henri de la Tour d'Auvergne, Vicomte de Turenne (1611-1675), Marshal of France
  • Étienne-Jacques-Joseph-Alexandre MacDonald (1765–1840), Marshal of France
  • Charles Baudin (1792-1854), admiral
  • René Guyon (1876-1963), jurist
  • Yves Marie Joseph Cardinal Congar (1904-1995) was a French Dominican priest and theologian
  • Pierre Cartier (born 1932), mathematician
  • Yannick Noah (born 1960), was a professional tennis player
  • Benjamin Lemaire (born 1985), actor and film director
  • Anais Dechamps (born 1988), distance runner

Twin town

See also

  • CS Sedan Ardennes, football club based in Sedan
  • Stade Louis Dugauguez, a multi-use stadium in Seda

External links

Error creating thumbnail: sh: convert: command not found
Wikimedia Commons has images, video, and/or sound related to:

Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message