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Segovia
—  Municipality  —

Flag

Coat of arms
Location of Segovia in Spain
Segovia is located in Spain
Segovia
Location in Spain
Coordinates: 40°57′N 4°10′W / 40.95°N 4.167°W / 40.95; -4.167Coordinates: 40°57′N 4°10′W / 40.95°N 4.167°W / 40.95; -4.167
Country  Spain
Autonomous community  Castile and León
Province Segovia
Comarca Capital y Área Metropolitana
Judicial district Partido de Segovia
Government
 - Alcalde Pedro Arahuetes García (PSOE)
Area
 - Total 163.59 km2 (63.2 sq mi)
Elevation 1,000 m (3,281 ft)
Population (2009)
 - Total 56,660
 Density 346.4/km2 (897.1/sq mi)
 - Demonym Segoviano, na
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 40001-40006
Official language(s) Spanish
Website Official website
Old Town of Segovia and its Aqueduct*
UNESCO World Heritage Site
State Party  Spain
Type Cultural
Criteria i, iii, iv
Reference 311
Region** Europe and North America
Inscription history
Inscription 1985  (9th Session)
* Name as inscribed on World Heritage List.
** Region as classified by UNESCO.

Segovia is a city in Spain, the capital of the province of the same name in the autonomous community of Castile and Leon. It is situated north of Madrid, 35 minutes by train from the latter. The municipality counts some 55,500 inhabitants.

Contents

Etymology

Segovia is a Celtic name. Under Roman and Moorish rule, the city was called Segovia (Σεγουβία, Ptolemy ii. 6. § 56) and Šiqūbiyyah (Arabic شقوبية) respectively.[citation needed] This Celtic name probably means "fortress" or "castle".[citation needed]

Geography

Location

Segovia is located within the Iberian Peninsula, near Valladolid, the autonomous capital, and Madrid, the capital of Spain.

The province of Segovia is one of nine that make up the Autonomous Community of Castile and León. It is neighbored by Burgos and Valladolid to the north, Ávila to the west, Madrid and Guadalajara to the south and Soria to the east. The altitude of the province varies from 750 meters in the extreme northwest to a maximum of 2,430 meters at Peñalara peak.

The town is part of the main route of the Camino de Santiago de Madrid.

Climate

The climate is continental Mediterranean, cold and dry, resulting from the high altitude and the distance from the coast. The average annual temperature is 11.5 ° C, with an absolute minimum in December of -14 ° C and maximum in July of 37 ° C. The annual precipitation is 520 millimeters per year, making the province a damp corner in the context of the region. The predominant forms of vegetation in the mountainous areas include pine, evergreen, oak, beech and juniper.

History

Segovia was first recorded as a Celtic possession, with control eventually transferring into the hands of the Romans. During the Roman period the settlement belonged to one of numerous contemporary Latin convents. It is believed that the city was abandoned after the Islamic invasion of Spain centuries later. After the conquest of Toledo by Alfonso VI of León and Castile, the son of King Alfonso VI, Segovia began restocking with Christians from the north of the peninsula and beyond the Pyrenees, providing it with a significant sphere of influence whose boundaries crossed the Sierra de Guadarrama and the Tagus.

During the twelfth century, Segovia suffered from intense rioting against its governor Alvarfanez, and subsequently as part of the struggles against the reign of Urraca the Asturian. Despite these disorders, Segovia's position on nomadic trading routes made it an important center of trade in wool and textiles. The end of the Middle Ages saw something of a golden age for Segovia, with a growing Jewish population and the creation of a foundation for a powerful cloth industry. Several splendid works of Gothic architecture were also completed during this period. Notably, Isabella I was proclaimed queen of Castile in the church of San Miguel de Segovia on December 13, 1474.

Like most Castilian textile centers, Segovia joined the Revolt of the Comuneros under the command of Juan Bravo. Despite the defeat of the Communities, the city's resultant economic boom continued into the sixteenth century, its population rising to 27,000 in 1594. Then, as well as almost all the cities of Castile, Segovia entered a period of decline. Only a century later, in 1694, the population had been decimated to only 8,000 inhabitants. In the early eighteenth century, Segovia attempted to revitalize its textile industry, with little success. In the second half of the century, Charles III made another attempt to revive the region's commerce; it took the form of the Royal Segovian Wool Manufacturing Company (1763). However, the lack of competitiveness of production caused the crown withdraw its sponsorship in 1779. In 1764, the Royal School of Artillery, the first military academy in Spain, was opened. This academy remains present in the city today. In 1808, Segovia was sacked by French troops during the War of Independence. During the First Carlist War, troops under the command of Don Carlos unsuccessfully attacked the city. During the nineteenth and first half of the twentieth century, Segovia experienced a demographic recovery that was the result of relative economic stability.

Demographics

The population growth experienced during the nineteenth century accelerated steadily beginning around 1920: 16,013 inhabitants that year, 33,360 in 1960, 53,237 in 1981. Since the 1980s growth has slowed markedly: 55,586 in 2004 and 56,047 in 2007.

Economy

The economy of Segovia revolves around metallurgy, agriculture, furniture, construction and, particularly, tourism. The town itself plays host to thousands of day-visitors from Madrid each year.

Education

The city of Segovia is home to a large number of primary schools and secondary schools, the oldest of which (IES Mariano Quintanilla, founded in 1845) having been officially declared "of cultural interest." Primary and secondary education in Segovia is mostly religious in nature.

Regarding higher education, Segovia's premier institution is IE University, devoted primarily to business school and boasting a successful MBA program. Also present is the the Segovia campus of the University of Valladolid, offering entrance into careers in computer engineering, law, journalism, advertising and teaching.

Famous people

Twin Cities

Gallery

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Europe : Iberia : Spain : Segovia

Segovia is a town in Spain, known for its Aqueduct. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Segovia Aqueduct
Segovia Aqueduct

Get in

The city of Segovia is located 50 miles from Madrid and is only one hour away by bus, two hours by train (Cercanias) or thirty minutes by AVE (high speed train). Note that it shares its name with the province of which it is the capital.

Buses between Segovia and Madrid run once or twice an hour depending on time of day. In Madrid, they arrive/depart from Principe Pio bus station. The Segovia bus station is on Paseo de Ezequiel Gonzalez, near the Aqueduct. In December 2007, a new high-speed train line was opened connecting Segovia to many Spanish cities, in particular Madrid (30 minutes) and Valladolid (40 minutes). The new AVE (high-speed train) station is called Segovia-Guiomar and is 5km from the city, with a bus link every 15 minutes from the aqueduct.

Trains to Segovia from Madrid are typically an extension of the C-8b suburban rail line (beyond Cercedilla), and cost around 6 EUR for a one-way ticket. You can board a train heading for Segovia from several stations in Madrid (e.g. Atocha and Chamartin). Bus number 8 takes you from the train station to town centre.

Segovia is one of the Spanish cities competing to be chosen as European capital of culture in 2016, and is one of the favorites due to its culture and great heritage

Get around

The walled Old Town is easily accessible on foot.

  • Alcázar [1] was built sometime around the 11th Century. The current facade was built by Phillip II. The Alcázar's interior is decorated in a variety of styles including Romansque, Gothic, Mudejar, and Renaissance. The Alcázar has played a very interesting and important role in Spanish history. It has had a variety of uses throughout history including: the home of the royal court of the Trastamara Dynasty, residence of Isabella the Catholic, the site of the wedding of Phillip II, home of the Spanish Artillery Academy, and currently as a museum and home of the Spanish General Military Archive. The Alcázar is also widely known to be Walt Disney's inspiration for Cinderella's Castle, and scenes from the Orson Welles film Chimes at Midnight were filmed on its premises. Entry 6 EUR.
  • Aqueduct was built by the Romans around the late 1st Century AD to supply water to the roman military fort on the hill. The Aqueduct's highest point is 28 meters in Azoguejo Square.
  • Casa de los Picos "The House of the Points" is a house located in the old city decorated with pyramid shaped points on the facade. The facade dates from the renaissance.
  • Cathedral Segovia's cathedral was built in the Gothic style. Construction on the Cathedral was started in 1525 and completed in 1768. Visiting hours Nov-Mar 9AM-5:30PM, Apr-Oct 9AM-6:30PM. Entry 3 EUR (includes cloister and museum).
  • Azoguejo Square is where you can see the aqueduct of Segovia in all of its glory. The aqueduct reaches its highest point of 28 meters in the middle of the square. The square is a great starting point for your exploration in Segovia.
  • Museo de Segovia, C/ Socorro 11, Tel 921 460 613/15, museo.segovia@jcyl.es. The "Museum of Segovia" contains artefacts, models, and art related to the history, culture, lifestyle, etc of the city and the surrounding region. Visiting hours Su 10AM-2PM; Tu-Sa 10AM-2PM and either 4PM-7PM (Oct-Jun) or 5PM-8PM (Jul-Sep). Entry 1.20 EUR.

Buy

You can buy nice pottery, typical not only of Segovia but of Castilla as a whole. Take a look at the botijos, for storing fresh water.

Eat

Segovia has many of the same famous dishes as the rest of Castilla. There are several dishes that are worth trying:

  • Roasted suckling pig
  • Roasted Lamb
  • Veal/Beef
  • Salads made from local vegetables and cheeses
  • Judiones: a big bean stew
  • Sausages: cured and cooked, with seasoned pork
  • Tapas: Yes! there are tapas away from Madrid.
  • Fish: good restaurants of Segovia have very good fish dishes. If you can, try the seasoned verdel. This is usually served as a little hors d'oeuvres while you take a look to the menu.

The typical restaurants in Segovia (and in Castilla as a whole) are called mesones. There are some examples:

  • Meson Candido, Azoguejo, 5, +34 921 425 911, [2]. One of the most famous mesones  edit
  • Restaurante Jose Maria, Cronista Lecea, 11 (Near Plaza Mayor), +34 921 461 111, [3]. An excellent meson. It is almost impossible to get a table if you do not call in advance  edit
  • Meson Duque, Calle Cervantes (near Acueducto), [4]. One of the most prestigious one  edit

You will find also another kind of restaurants:

  • Cafeteria Orly, Bajada del Carmen, 2, T. 921 46 13 18.  edit

Also, try the local desserts. The ponche segoviano and the natillas are something you will not forget. You will find the original ponche at: Pasteleria El Alcazar. Look for it in the Plaza Mayor  edit

You will find also excellent restaurants in all the Segovia province. For example:

  • La venta vieja, Ctra.Nac-603 Km.80. Ortigosa Del Monte. An excellent (but a bit pricey) meson in the middle of the Castillian plains  edit
  • Restaurante Bar Marcial, Ctra. Nac. 110, Km. 227. Villacastin. Very good meals  edit

Drink

Try the red wine and the "Ribera del Duero" in particular. There are also good white wines which are perfect with a good fish dish. Let me offer some advice: please do not ruin roast lamb with a coke. If you have to drive, the bottled water is also excellent. Moreover, for people who like them, strong liquors are offered at the end of a good meal, after the almost mandatory coffee. Segovia city also has the DYC whiskey distillery. The 10 year old version has a good reputation among the local population even it is something which a whisky expert (which I am not) must confirm.

  • Hostal-Bar Plaza [5], C/Cronista Lecea 11, tel 921 46 03 03. Just off the main square, they have clean, comfortable rooms, nearly hotel quality, at reasonable prices.

Get out

Near the Plaza del Azoguejo you will find a number of nice bars.

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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

There is more than one meaning of Segovia discussed in the 1911 Encyclopedia. We are planning to let all links go to the correct meaning directly, but for now you will have to search it out from the list below by yourself. If you want to change the link that led you here yourself, it would be appreciated.








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