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Seine-Saint-Denis
Coat of Arms of Seine-Saint-Denis
Location
Location of Seine-Saint-Denis in France
Administration
Department number: 93
Region: Île-de-France
Prefecture: Bobigny
Subprefectures: Le Raincy
Saint-Denis
Arrondissements: 3
Cantons: 40
Communes: 40
President of the General Council: Claude Bartolone
PS
Statistics
Population Ranked 6th
 -2007 1,502,340
Population density: 6,366/km2
Land area¹: 236 km2
¹ French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2.

Seine-Saint-Denis is a French department located in the Île-de-France region. In local slang, it is known as "quatre-vingt treize" (i.e. "ninety-three") or "neuf trois" (i.e. "nine three"), after the official administrative number of the department, 93. The inhabitants are called Séquano-Dionysiens.

Contents

Geography

Seine-Saint-Denis is located to the north-east of Paris. It has a surface area of only 236 km², making it one of the smallest departments in France. Seine-Saint-Denis and two other small departments, Hauts-de-Seine and Val-de-Marne, form a ring around Paris, known as the petite couronne ("little crown"). They form, together with four other departments, the region of Île-de-France.
Petite couronne.png

Administration

Seine-Saint-Denis is made up of 3 departmental arrondissements and 40 communes:

Administrative map 93.png

Arrondissement of
Saint-Denis
Arrondissement of
Bobigny
Arrondissement of
Le Raincy
  1. Saint-Ouen
  2. Aubervilliers
  3. Saint-Denis
  4. L'Île-Saint-Denis
  5. Épinay-sur-Seine
  6. Villetaneuse
  7. Pierrefitte-sur-Seine
  8. Stains
  9. La Courneuve
  1. Dugny
  2. Le Bourget
  3. Drancy
  4. Bobigny
  5. Bondy
  6. Les Pavillons-sous-Bois
  7. Noisy-le-Sec
  8. Romainville
  9. Pantin
  10. Le Pré-Saint-Gervais
  11. Les Lilas
  12. Bagnolet
  13. Montreuil
  14. Rosny-sous-Bois
  15. Villemomble
  1. Neuilly-Plaisance
  2. Neuilly-sur-Marne
  3. Noisy-le-Grand
  4. Gournay-sur-Marne
  5. Gagny
  6. Le Raincy
  7. Clichy-sous-Bois
  8. Montfermeil
  9. Coubron
  10. Vaujours
  11. Livry-Gargan
  12. Sevran
  13. Aulnay-sous-Bois
  14. Le Blanc-Mesnil
  15. Villepinte
  16. Tremblay-en-France

History

Seine-Saint-Denis was largely part of the Seine department until 1964. It has a history as a veritable left-wing stronghold, belonging to the ceinture rouge of Paris. The French Communist Party especially has maintained a continued strong presence in the department, and still controls the city councils in cities such as Saint-Denis, Aubervilliers, Bobigny, and La Courneuve. Until 2008, Seine-Saint-Denis and Val-de-Marne were the only departments where the Communist Party had a majority in the general councils but the 2008 cantonal elections saw the socialists become the strongest group at the Seine-Saint-Denis general council.

A commune of Seine-Saint-Denis, Clichy-sous-Bois, was the scene of the death of two youths which sparked the nationwide riots of autumn 2005. In October - November, 9,000 cars were burned and 3,000 rioters were arrested.

Demographics

Seine-Saint-Denis is the French department with the highest proportion of immigrants: 21.7% at the 1999 census (see table below). This figure does not include the children of immigrants born on French soil as well as some native elites from former French colonies and people who came from overseas France. The ratio of ethnic minorities is difficult to estimate accurately as French law prohibits the collection of ethnic data for census taking purposes. However estimates suggest there are 500,000 Muslims out of a total population of 1.4 million. Saint-Denis is home to the Union of French Islamic Organizations (UOIF) in the Bourget district, which annually hosts one of Europe's major Muslim conferences, Paris-le-Bourget.

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Place of birth of residents

Place of birth of residents of Seine-Saint-Denis in 1999
Born in Metropolitan France Born outside Metropolitan France
72.5% 27.5%
Born in
Overseas France
Born in foreign countries with French citizenship at birth¹ EU-15 immigrants² Non-EU-15 immigrants
3.1% 2.7% 4.4% 17.3%
¹This group is made up largely of pieds-noirs from Northwest Africa, followed by former colonial citizens who had French citizenship at birth (such as was often the case for the native elite in French colonies), and to a lesser extent foreign-born children of French expatriates. Note that a foreign country is understood as a country not part of France as of 1999, so a person born for example in 1950 in Algeria, when Algeria was an integral part of France, is nonetheless listed as a person born in a foreign country in French statistics.
² An immigrant is a person born in a foreign country not having French citizenship at birth. Note that an immigrant may have acquired French citizenship since moving to France, but is still considered an immigrant in French statistics. On the other hand, persons born in France with foreign citizenship (the children of immigrants) are not listed as immigrants.

Culture

A number of hip hop artists come from the Seine-Saint-Denis, including one of the first major hip-hop groups in France, NTM, as well as more recent acts such as Tandem.

Miscellaneous topics

Seine-Saint-Denis was scheduled to be the site of a 2004 International Exhibition. However this event was cancelled.

External links

Coordinates: 48°54′N 02°29′E / 48.9°N 2.483°E / 48.9; 2.483


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