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Seine-et-Marne
Coat of Arms of Seine-et-Marne
Location
Location of Seine-et-Marne in France
Administration
Department number: 77
Region: Île-de-France
Prefecture: Melun
Subprefectures: Fontainebleau
Meaux
Provins
Torcy
Arrondissements: 5
Cantons: 43
Communes: 514
President of the General Council: Vincent Eblé
Statistics
Population Ranked 11th
 -2006 1,273,488
Population density: 214/km2
Land area¹: 5,915 km2
¹ French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2.


Seine-et-Marne is a French department, named after the Seine and Marne rivers, and located in the Île-de-France region.

Contents

History

Seine-et-Marne is one of the original 83 departments, created on March 4, 1790 during the French Revolution in application of the law of December 22, 1789. It had previously belonged to the former province of Île-de-France.

Geography

Seine-et-Marne forms a part of the Île-de-France region; the department forms the eastern half of the region and because of this accounts for 49% of Île-de-France. The department is bordered by Val-d'Oise, Seine-Saint-Denis, Val-de-Marne, Essonne to the West; Loiret and Yonne to the South; Aube and Marne to the East; and Aisne and Oise to the North.

The department has many natural reserves, notably Brie and Gâtinais.

Principal Towns include: Chelles, Torcy, Pontault-Combault, Lagny-sur-Marne, Coulommiers, Champs-sur-Marne, Nemours, Meaux, Melun, Montereau-Fault-Yonne, Brie-Comte-Robert, Provins, Fontainebleau as well as the new towns of Marne-la-Vallée and Sénart.

The highest point of the département is Saint-George’s Hill (215 m).

Climate

Seine-et-Marne has a temperate Atlantic climate. The average rainfall is based upon that of Fontainebleau, giving an average rainfall of 650 mm, which is higher than the average of Île-de-France (600 mm). Average temperature in Melun during the period 1953–2002 for January is 3.2°C and 18.6°C for July.

The storm of 26 December 1999 led to five deaths in Seine-et-Marne and caused several trees to fall.

Economy

Wheat field near Saint-Fargeau-Ponthierry

With 60% of the region used as farmland, Seine-et-Marne is where most agricultural activity occurs within the Île-de-France. Cereals and sugar beet are the principle exports from Seine-et-Marne.

The other key industrial structures are the refinery at Grandpuits and the Snecma research plant. The two new towns are the centre of tourism for the department, mainly due to the theme parks such as Disneyland Resort Paris.

Demographics

People from Seine-et-Marne are know as the Seine-et-Marnais.

Originally Seine-et-Marne was very rural and lightly populated. Over the past 50 years, however, its population has tripled, due to the development of the Paris conurbation and the building of new towns. The population was estimated to be 1,267,496 inhabitants in 2006. The region has changed from consisting only of small villages to forming a large part of the Paris conurbation.

Seine-et-Marne as a whole shares a sister city relationship with Orlando, Florida, United States, as both host Disney theme parks.

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Place of birth of residents

Place of birth of residents of Seine-et-Marne in 1999
Born in Metropolitan France Born outside Metropolitan France
86.6% 13.4%
Born in
Overseas France
Born in foreign countries with French citizenship at birth¹ EU-15 immigrants² Non-EU-15 immigrants
1.4% 2.3% 3.8% 5.9%
¹This group is made up largely of pieds-noirs from Northwest Africa, followed by former colonial citizens who had French citizenship at birth (such as was often the case for the native elite in French colonies), and to a lesser extent foreign-born children of French expatriates. Note that a foreign country is understood as a country not part of France as of 1999, so a person born for example in 1950 in Algeria, when Algeria was an integral part of France, is nonetheless listed as a person born in a foreign country in French statistics.
² An immigrant is a person born in a foreign country not having French citizenship at birth. Note that an immigrant may have acquired French citizenship since moving to France, but is still considered an immigrant in French statistics. On the other hand, persons born in France with foreign citizenship (the children of immigrants) are not listed as immigrants.

Tourism

See also

External links

Coordinates: 48°36′N 03°00′E / 48.6°N 3°E / 48.6; 3


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