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Selangor
سلاڠور
—  State  —
Selangor Darul Ehsan

Flag

Coat of arms
Motto: Dipelihara Allah
Anthem: Duli Yang Maha Mulia
Location of Selangor
Coordinates: 3°20′N 101°30′E / 3.333°N 101.5°E / 3.333; 101.5Coordinates: 3°20′N 101°30′E / 3.333°N 101.5°E / 3.333; 101.5
Capital Shah Alam
Royal capital Klang
Government
 - Ruling party Pakatan Rakyat
 - Sultan Sultan Sharafuddin Idris
 - Menteri Besar Tan Sri Abdul Khalid Ibrahim
Area
 - Total 7,956 km2 (3,071.8 sq mi)
Population (2009 est.)
 - Total 5,180,000
 Density 651.1/km2 (1,686.3/sq mi)
Human Development Index
 - HDI (2008) 0.907 (very high)
Postal code 40xxx to 48xxx
62xxx to 64xxx
Calling code 03
Vehicle registration B
Federated into FMS 1895
Japanese occupation 1942
Accession into Federation of Malaya 1948
Website http://www.selangor.gov.my

Selangor (Jawi script: سلاڠور; also known by its Arabic honorific, Darul Ehsan, or "Abode of Sincerity") is one of the 13 states of Malaysia. It is on the west coast of Peninsular Malaysia and is bordered by Perak to the north, Pahang to the east, Negeri Sembilan to the south and the Strait of Malacca to the west. It completely surrounds the federal territories of Kuala Lumpur and Putrajaya, both of which were once under Selangor's sovereignty.

The state is a hereditary constitutional monarchy, of which the reigning Sultan (since 2001) is Sultan Sharafuddin Idris Shah. Since March 10, 2008, the Menteri Besar (chief executive of the state government) has been Tan Sri Abdul Khalid Ibrahim, of the People's Justice Party (PKR) portion of Pakatan Rakyat. The current leader of the opposition in the Selangor State Assembly is Dato' Seri Dr. Mohamed Khir Toyo, who is part of the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) party within the Barisan Nasional coalition. He was also the 13th Menteri Besar of Selangor.

The state capital is Shah Alam, the first city in Selangor, and the royal capital is Klang. Another major urban centre is Petaling Jaya which was awarded city status on June 20, 2006. Selangor is one of only two Malaysian states with more than one city; the other is Sarawak.

Contents

Etymology

The origin of the name Selangor is lost in history, although some sources claim the name to have come from the Malay word selangau, 'a large fly', most probably due to the abundance of flies in the marshes along the Selangor River in the state's northwest. A more plausible theory claims the state's name is derived from the term Selang Ur meaning "land of the straits" (selang means "straits" in the Malay language and ur means "town" in Tamil.) Aur (which sounds similar to ur) also means river in Malay. Hence, Selangor may mean 'river straits'. Another possible origin of the name is from combination of the words Sela and Ngor (sela means 'a gap' and ngor means 'bamboo'). It may be possible that the banks of the Selangor River was full of bamboo groves in the distant past. However bamboo do not grow well in the marshy soil of the lower reaches of the river. It is also possible that the word Selangor is an Orang Asli term as some rivers have Orang Asli names, eg Damansara river.

History

The Kota Darul Ehsan arch over the Federal Highway. As a commemoration of the cession of Kuala Lumpur to the federal government to form a Federal Territory by Selangor.

In the 15th century, Selangor was ruled by the Sultanate of Malacca. After the fall of Malacca to the Portuguese in 1511, the area became hotly disputed between the Portuguese, Johor, Aceh and Siam. When the the Dutch displaced the Portuguese from Malacca in 1641, they brought in Muslim Bugis mercenaries from Sulawesi. They established the present hereditary sultanate in 1740. In many districts, Bugis settlers displaced the Minangkabau settlers from Sumatra, who had established themselves in Selangor some 100 years previously.

In the 19th century, the economy boomed due to the exploitation of huge tin reserves and the growing importance of rubber. This attracted a large influx of Chinese migrant laborers. Chinese secret clan societies, allied with Selangor chiefs, fought for control of the tin mines. The increasing violence created social and economic havoc. It also opened a window of opportunity for the British government, which forced the Sultan of Selangor to accept a British Resident in 1874. Under the stability imposed by the British, Selangor again prospered. In 1896, largely through the coordination of the Resident, Frank Swettenham, Selangor united with Negri Sembilan, Perak and Pahang to form the Federated Malay States, with its capital in Kuala Lumpur.

The Federated Malay States evolved into the Federation of Malaya in 1948, which became independent in 1957, and Malaysia in 1963. The city of Kuala Lumpur functioned as both the national capital of Malaysia and the state capital of Selangor. In 1974, Selangor relinquished Kuala Lumpur to the federal government. The state capital was moved to Shah Alam after the cession.

Putrajaya, a new city designed to be the new administrative capital of Malaysia, was built by the federal government in Selangor. The Sultan of Selangor, Sultan Salahuddin, was asked again to cede land to the federal government. Putrajaya became a federal territory in 2001.

Selangor is currently the richest, most industrialized and most urbanized of all Malaysian states[citation needed]. As Menteri Besar, Mohamed Khir Toyo declared Selangor a developed state on 27 August 2005.

Population and demographics

Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Mosque or Blue Mosque in Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia.

Selangor is Malaysia's most populous state with the nation's biggest conurbation, the Klang Valley. Selangor's geographical position in the centre of Peninsular Malaysia contributed to the state's rapid development as Malaysia's transportation and industrial hub. This created jobs and attracted migrants from other states as well as overseas, especially from Indonesia, the Philippines, Vietnam, Myanmar, Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, and China. In recent decades, the influx of illegal immigrants, particularly from Indonesia, has further contributed to Selangor's population.

Rank Districts Population 2009
1 Petaling 1,547,100
2 Hulu Langat 1,170,900
3 Klang 840,700
4 Gombak 688,700
5 Kuala Langat 244,100
6 Kuala Selangor 201,600
7 Hulu Selangor 198,000
8 Sepang 150,500
9 Sabak Bernam 138,00

Selangor has a population of around 5 million (2008 estimate; the state's ethnic composition consisted of Malays 52.9%, Chinese Malaysians 27.8%, Indian Malaysians 13.3%, and other ethnic groups 6%.[1] The ten most populated cities in Selangor as of 2009 are:

Subang Jaya night view
Rank City Population 2009
1 Subang Jaya 1,321,672
2 Klang 1,055,207
3 Ampang Jaya 756,309
4 Shah Alam 617,149
5 Petaling Jaya 543,410
6 Cheras 515,961
7 Kajang 428,131
8 Selayang Baru 253,921
9 Rawang 178,500
10 Taman Greenwood 146,057

The traditional culture of Selangor's Malay majority is influenced by those of Bugis, Johor, Minangkabau, Mandailing and Javanese ancestry, most of whom are Muslim. Javanese ancestry were dominant in west coast district such as Sabak Bernam, Kuala Selangor, Klang, Kuala Langat and Sepang. Selangor's population also has ethnic Chinese and Indian influences; those two groups have the larger minority populations. With its state of development, Selangor is more closely tied to the Western world through trade, business and education than other, more rural states.[citation needed].

Politics

Constitution

The Constitution of the State of Selangor came into force on the 26 of February 1959. The constitution is separated into two parts. Under the 1959 constitution, Selangor is a constitutional monarchy.

Selangor Sultanate

The palace of the Sultan of Selangor in Klang.

The Sultan of Selangor is the constitutional Ruler of Selangor. The role, powers and duties of the Sultan are set forth in the constitution of 1959. The constitution proclaims that the office of Sultan is vested with the executive power of the state, is the head of the religion of Islam in the state and the "fountain of honours and dignities" in the state.

This position is hereditary and can only be held by a member of Selangor's royal family. The current ruler is His Royal Highness Sultan Sharafuddin Idris Shah, who has held this position since 2001.

State Executive Council

The State Executive Council, which along with the Sultan is Selangor's executive branch of government, was established by the constitution of 1959. It is composed of the Menteri Besar, who is its chairman and Selangor's head of government, and ten other members. The Menteri Besar and other members of the council are appointed by the Sultan of Selangor from members of the State Assembly. The current Menteri Besar is Tan Sri Abdul Khalid Ibrahim, of the Parti Keadilan Rakyat (PKR, or People's Justice Party) who succeeded UMNO's Menteri Besar, Datuk Seri Dr. Khir Toyo.

State Assembly

The state also has a legislative branch, called the Selangor State Assembly. It is similar to the Parliament but is limited to making laws relating to the state. Its members are elected in elections which are usually held simultaneously with federal elections. The term of each state assembly member is limited to five years. The state assembly must be dissolved before or once it expires its term for a fresh election to elect its members.

State Government Agencies

Administration

Administrative districts of Selangor.

List of districts

Selangor is divided into 9 administrative districts.

  1. Gombak
  2. Hulu Langat
  3. Hulu Selangor
  4. Klang, along with Port Klang (formerly known as Port Swettenham)
  5. Kuala Langat
  6. Kuala Selangor
  7. Petaling, contains the Sultan Abdul Aziz Shah Airport (formerly Subang International Airport)
  8. Sabak Bernam
  9. Sepang, contains the Kuala Lumpur International Airport

List of local authorities

There are 12 local authorities in Selangor, namely:

  1. Majlis Bandaraya Petaling Jaya (MBPJ)
  2. Majlis Bandaraya Shah Alam (MBSA)
  3. Majlis Daerah Hulu Selangor (MDHS)
  4. Majlis Daerah Kuala Langat (MDKL)
  5. Majlis Daerah Kuala Selangor (MDKS)
  6. Majlis Daerah Sabak Bernam (MDSB)
  7. Majlis Perbandaran Ampang Jaya (MPAJ)
  8. Majlis Perbandaran Kajang (MPKj)
  9. Majlis Perbandaran Klang (MPK)
  10. Majlis Perbandaran Selayang (MPS)
  11. Majlis Perbandaran Sepang (MPSepang)
  12. Majlis Perbandaran Subang Jaya (MPSJ)

Economy

Northport Malaysia Wharf in Port Klang.

The economy of Selangor is constituted by a progressive market economy. The core sectors of Selangor's economy are commerce and agriculture.

Selangor is the richest state in the country in terms of gross domestic product (GDP) per capita, which stood at USD 33,147 in 2008, comparable to the nominal per capita values of Western Europe and Hong Kong.[2]. On 27 August 2005, Selangor was officially declared the first developed state in Malaysia by the then state government[3]. In 2008, the state recorded a Human Development Index of 0.907 - a figure comparable to modern advanced economies such as Germany, the United Kingdom and South Korea.

Commerce, industry and services

Commerce, industry and services are a major contributor to the economy of Selangor, as it accounted for over 58% of the state's GDP in 2008. It has several industrial sites that produce electronic goods, chemicals and automotive vehicles, such as Proton and Perodua cars. Imported vehicles are also assembled in the state.

Many international factories that are represented in the country have set up their bases here. Among the industrial cities in Selangor are Subang Jaya, Shah Alam, Klang, Kajang, Rawang, Selayang, Ampang Jaya and Petaling Jaya. Port Klang plays a key factor in the industrial development of Selangor as it is the busiest port in Malaysia. Selangor attracts foreign investors as well.

The services sector is the second largest contributor to GDP of 38% of the state.

Agriculture

Alongside industries, agriculture is a thriving sector of Selangor's economy. In 2008, agriculture contributed to 3.1% of the state's GDP at that time. Selangor is a significant state involved in the cultivation and growth of star fruits, papayas and bananas. While the state is not a major producer of rice, the paddy fields in Kuala Selangor contribute to the development of the district. Other agricultural activities that are conducted in Selangor include the establishment of palm oil and rubber plantation sites.

Tourism

Interior of 1 Utama

Tourism is still not an important aspect of Selangor's economy, but the state is gaining recognition as a number of tourist attractions within Selangor are increasing in popularity, like the Sepang International Circuit, Sunway Lagoon in Bandar Sunway and the Firefly Park in Kuala Selangor.

The larger towns and cities in Selangor consist of various shopping malls that are frequented by tourists and locals, such as 1 Utama in Bandar Utama; The Curve, e@Curve (formerly known as Cineleisure Damansara), Ikano Power Centre and IKEA in Mutiara Damansara; Tropicana City Mall in Damansara Utama; Sunway Pyramid in Bandar Sunway; Mines Wonderland in Seri Kembangan; Subang Parade and Summit USJ in Subang Jaya; IOI Mall in Puchong; ÆON Bukit Tinggi Shopping Centre and Bukit Raja Shopping Centre in Klang; Plaza Alam Sentral and SACC Mall in Shah Alam.


Transportation

Panoramic view of Main Terminal Building and Contact Pier
The cable-stayed bridge of Damansara-Puchong Expressway

Selangor is linked to the rest of Malaysia by comprehensive air, road and rail connections. Public transportation is represented in Selangor, although it is underutilised, as is the case in Kuala Lumpur. Most of the major highways that run through the West Coast of the peninsula, including the North-South Expressway, serve Selangor as well. The high speed roadways, or expressways are tolled roadways, and motorists using these expressways have an option of paying by cash, or by stored value cards such as Touch 'n Go and SmartTAG.

Kuala Lumpur International Airport, the country's primary airport, is located in the peripheral district of Sepang in Selangor near the state's border with Negeri Sembilan. The Kuala Lumpur International Airport consists of the main terminal and the Low Cost Carrier Terminal (LCCT). Selangor also has a domestic airport, that is the Sultan Abdul Aziz Shah Airport.

Port Klang, which is the busiest gateway into Malaysia by sea, is located at the western tip of Selangor.

The KTM Komuter railway network services many outlying districts and nearby towns such as Kajang, Port Klang, Shah Alam, Subang Jaya, Rawang and many more. It is also linked to other rail transit services at the KL Sentral Station, a modern transportation hub in the city centre. Selangor is accessible by the Rapid KL Ampang Line and Kelana Jaya Line Light Rail Transit (LRT) services.

Extensions LRT Project

On 29 August 2006, Malaysian Deputy Prime Minister Mohd Najib Abdul Razak announced that the western end of the Kelana Jaya Line would be extended to the suburbs of Bandar Sunway, Subang Jaya and UEP Subang Jaya (USJ), which are located to the south-west of Kuala Lumpur. The extension will be part of a RM10 billion plan to expand Kuala Lumpur's public transport network.

The expansion plan will also see the Ampang Line extended to the suburb of Puchong and the south-west of Kuala Lumpur The plan also involved the construction of an entirely new line, tentatively called the Kota Damansara-Cheras Line, running from Kota Damansara in the western portion of the city, to Cheras which lies to the south-east of Kuala Lumpur.

In September 2009, Syarikat Prasarana Negara began a public viewing for the details of the alignment for the Ampang Line and Kelana Jaya Line at various locations. The public are able to provide feedback based on the route during the 3 months display period. The extension will see the Kelana Jaya Line and Ampang Line adding 13 new stations and 17.7 km of new track to its network. The new terminus will be at Putra Heights where the line will meet the Kelana Jaya Line and Ampang Line to provide a suburban interchange. Construction is expected to begin in early-2010 once the public feedback period is closed and completion due for 2012.


Education

Selangor has plenty of tertiary level education choices. The majority of these academic centres are conveniently located in the heart of major towns and cities.

An aerial view of Multimedia University's Cyberjaya campus. Multimedia University is Malaysia's first private university.

Public universities

Name Acronym Foundation Location
International Islamic University of Malaysia IIUM 1983 Gombak
Universiti Teknologi MARA UiTM 1999 Shah Alam
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia UKM 1970 Bangi
Universiti Putra Malaysia UPM 1971 Serdang

Private universities and university colleges

Name Acronym Foundation Location
Al-Madinah International University MEDIU 2006 Shah Alam
Binary University College of Management and Entrepreneurship BUCME 1984 Puchong
Cyberjaya University College of Medical Sciences CUCMS 2005 Cyberjaya
Industrial University of Selangor UNISEL 1999 Bestari Jaya
International Universiti College Of Nursing - - Petaling Jaya
International Universiti College Of Technology Twintech TWINTECH - Bangi
Kuala Lumpur Infrastructure University College KLIUC 1973 Kajang
Limkokwing University of Creative Technology LUCT 1992 Cyberjaya
Malaysia University of Science and Technology MUST 2000 Petaling Jaya
Management and Science University MSU 2002 Shah Alam
Masterskill University College of Health Sciences MASTERSKILL 1997 Cheras
Multimedia University MMU 1994 Cyberjaya
SEGi university college SEGi 1977 Kota Damansara
Selangor International Islamic University College KUIS 1995 Bangi
Sunway University College SYUC 1987 Subang Jaya
Taylor's University College TAYLOR 1969 Subang Jaya
Tenaga Nasional University UNITEN 1976 Kajang
Tun Abdul Razak University UNITAR 1998 Petaling Jaya

International universities campus in Selangor

Name Acronym Foundation Location From
Monash University Monash 1998 Subang Jaya Australia
University of Nottingham UNiM 2000 Semenyih United Kingdom

Healthcare

Hospitals in Selangor are listed below:

Public Hospitals

Private Hospitals

  • Ampang Puteri Specialist Hospital
  • Assunta Hospital
  • Arunamari Specialist Medical Centre
  • Az-Zahrah Islamic Medical Centre
  • Damansara Specialist Hospital
  • Damansara Fertility Centre
  • Darul Ehsan Medical Centre
  • Kajang Specialist Hospital
  • Kelana Jaya Medical Centre
  • Pantai Klang Specialist Centre
  • QHS Medical Centre
  • Salam Medical Centre
  • Selangor Specialist Hospital
  • Subang Jaya Medical Centre
  • Sunway Medical Centre
  • Sri Kota Medical Centre
  • Tee Martenity & Gynae Specialist Centre
  • Tun Hussein Onn National Eye Hospital
  • Wijaya International Medical Centre

Cuisine

The traditional Malay cuisine in Selangor has received influences from Johor, Bugis, Jawa and Minangkabau.

Rojak Klang, Lontong Klang and Mee Bandung are famous cuisines in Klang and Shah Alam (Note: Mee Bandung is also touted to have originated from Johor). Other famous dishes include Mee Jawa (which is similar to Mee Rebus in Johor), Satay Kajang, Laksa Selangor, Soto (Soto Nasi Himpit and Mee Soto), Sambal Tahun, Bakso, Ketam Darul Ehsan, Ikan Masak Asam Pedas, Ayam Masak Kicap and Sayur Masak Rebung.

Klang bak kut teh is famous among the Chinese population. It is a herbal pork soup which is eaten with white rice. Coastal towns such as Klang and Kuala Selangor are also famed for seafood.

Media

Television

Media Prima

Selangor have seven broadcast television stations:

  • Radio Televisyen Malaysia (RTM). Federal government owned media company with 3 channels (free-to-air).
  • TV3 (Sistem Televisyen Malaysia Berhad) of Media Prima Berhad. (free-to-air)
  • ntv7 (Natseven TV Sdn.Bhd) of Media Prima Berhad. (free-to-air)
  • 8TV (Metropolitan TV Sdn.Bhd) of Media Prima Berhad. (free-to-air)
  • TV9 (Ch-9 Media Sdn.Bhd) of Media Prima Berhad. (free-to-air)
  • Astro (All Astro Plc). Digital sattelite tv with more than 100 channels. (pay tv)
  • TVSelangor (Selangor state government owned station). This channel only available on internet via www.tvselangor.com
  • TV Al-Hijrah (Al-Hijrah Media Corporation Berhad) owned by Malaysian Government. This new free-to-air television channel in Malaysia is expected to be launch by mid year of 2010 and focusing in Islamic contents.

Internet TV

Radio

Radio station in Selangor are available in FM frequency.

Commercial radio stations available in Selangor include Era (103.3), Sinar FM (96.7), XFM (103.0), Hot FM (97.6), Suria FM (105.3), Best104 (104.1), Hitz.fm (92.9), Mix FM (94.5), Lite FM (105.7), Red FM (104.9), Fly FM (95.8), BFM (89.9), Capital FM (88.9), 988 (98.8), My FM (101.8), One FM (88.1) and THR (99.3). Commercial radio stations is operates by a few media companies such as AMP Radio Networks Sdn.Bhd, Star RFM Sdn.Bhd, Media Prima Berhad, Suara Johor Sdn.Bhd and BFM Media. Local community radio stations include UFM (93.6) operates by Universiti Teknologi MARA (only available in Shah Alam-Klang-Petaling Jaya area), and Putra FM (90.7) operates by Universiti Putra Malaysia (only available in Serdang-Seri Kembangan area) which targets the university students. The nine Radio Televisyen Malaysia (RTM) radio networks available are Klasik Nasional (98.3), Muzik FM (95.3), Ai FM (106.7), Traxx FM (100.1), Minnal FM (96.3), Asyik FM (91.1), Selangor FM (100.9), KLFM (97.2) and Pahang FM (107.5). Another three speciality radio stations are IKIM.fm (91.5) operate by IKIM, Salam FM (91.1) operate by JAKIM, and Radio24 (93.9) operate by BERNAMA. Selangor border areas can also receive another two Radio Televisyen Malaysia (RTM) radio station; Perak FM (Selangor-Perak border) and Negeri FM (Selangor-Negeri Sembilan border).

Newspaper

The Star Newspaper

Mainstream newspapers in Selangor are:

Image gallery

References

  1. ^ SSIC - from YB Dato' Tang See Hang - Selangor State Executive Councillor.
  2. ^ {{cite web|title=Selangor Maju Criteria|url=http://www.bernama.com/selangor_maju/sm_criteria.php?lang=en|work=|publisher=Bernama|date=|accessdate=2009-06-10}
  3. ^ "Najib: Selangor's Development Due To Leadership And Cooperation". Bernama. August 26, 2005. http://www.bernama.com/bernama/v3/printable.php?id=152346. Retrieved 2009-06-09. 

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Selangor [1] is a state in the west coast of Malaysia.

Map of Selangor in Malaysia
Map of Selangor in Malaysia
The placid Klang River, flowing through Klang
The placid Klang River, flowing through Klang
  • Klang - once the capital and still the royal seat, now best known for bak kut teh or pork rib soup and other delicacies.
  • Kajang - a town famous for satay
  • Kuala Kubu Bahru - the usual connection point for Fraser's Hill, a quiet hill resort on the border of Selangor and Pahang
  • Kuala Selangor a small town that is famous for its FireFlies sightings at their natural habitat and seafood restaurants as well.
  • Petaling Jaya - Malaysia's first planned city as well as the main industrial and commercial hub of the state
  • Port Klang - port with ferry connections to and from Sumatra and to the small surrounding islands at Klang (eg: Pulau Ketam, Pulau Besar)
  • Puchong
  • Semenyih
  • Sepang - home of Kuala Lumpur's airport and Formula 1 race circuit
  • Shah Alam - state capital known for its giant blue mosque
  • Subang Jaya - a major suburban town between Petaling Jaya and Klang
  • Bandar Baru Bangi

Understand

Selangor is the wealthiest, most urbanized and, with 4.1 million people, the most populous of Malaysia's states. It is centred around the urban sprawl of the Klang Valley, surrounding but not including the capital Kuala Lumpur and the capital-to-be Putrajaya.

Talk

Malay is the national language of Malaysia, but the usage of English is widespread. Most locals are bilingual and understand smatterings of other languages thanks to racial diversity synonymous of Malaysia.

Get around

Most locals are generally friendly and would be more than happy to point out good hang-out places.

Stay safe

Several cases of snatch thefts have been reported, some including deaths so be careful with your belongings. Make sure to put handbags away from open car windows and try to have at least one companion, even for males as criminal cases have been on increase of late.

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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

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Wikipedia

English

Proper noun

Singular
Selangor

Plural
-

Selangor

  1. State in western Malaysia which has Shah Alam as its capital.

Translations


Simple English

Selangor (also known as Selangor Darul Ehsan or Selangor the Abode of Sincerity) is one of the 13 states that form Malaysia. It is located in peninsular Malaysia. The state surrounds Kuala Lumpur and Putrajaya.bjn:Selangor








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