|— City —|
|- Total||0.6 sq mi (1.5 km2)|
|- Land||0.4 sq mi (1.0 km2)|
|- Water||0.2 sq mi (0.5 km2)|
|Elevation||52 ft (16 m)|
|- Density||749.9/sq mi (289.5/km2)|
|Time zone||Alaska (AKST) (UTC-9)|
|- Summer (DST)||AKDT (UTC-8)|
|GNIS feature ID||1413937|
Seldovia is a city in Kenai Peninsula Borough, Alaska, United States. The population was 286 at the 2000 census. There is no road system connecting the town to other communities, so planes and boats are used for transportation.
The school, Seldovia Village Tribe, and tourism-related businesses are the dominant employers in town.
Seldovia is located at . Seldovia is on Kenai Peninsula across from Homer on the south shore of Kachemak Bay, a 15 minute flight. Flight time to Anchorage is 45 minutes. The community is located in the Seldovia Recording District.(59.438827, -151.712377)
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city of Seldovia has a total area of 0.6 square miles (1.5 km²), of which, 0.4 square miles (1.0 km²) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.5 km²) of it (33.33%) is water.
The native residents are mixed Dena'ina Indian and Suspiaq Eskimo(Alitiiq). Seldovia was founded in modern times as a small village by Russians working the fur trade in the early 1800s. Although there has been little definitive archeological evidence of human habitation at Seldovia prior to the 1800s, it is said the early Russian St. Nicholas Orthodox Church, started in 1820, was built on top of an older aboriginal Inuit village site. The town's original Russian name, Seldevoy, translates to "Herring Bay", as there was a significant herring population prior to rampant overfishing early in the 20th century.
Until the development of a more complete road system in Alaska, Seldovia was an important "first stop" for ships sailing from Seward, Kodiak and other points outside Cook Inlet. At one time Seldovia was home to over 2000 residents, but today fewer than 300 persons reside year round.
The town was one of many communities along the shores of Cook Inlet, already noted for having one of the most severe tidal movements in North America. Similar to the dramatic tides of Bay of Fundy, the Cook Inlet's waters prior to 1964 would rise or fall 26 feet every six hours during the peak tides. After the Good Friday Earthquake on March 27, 1964, which registered 9.2 on the Richter scale the surrounding land mass dropped six feet.
Seldovia's "boardwalk" was a thick wooden plank and piling, and the town's main street, was built almost entirely along the waterfront. Most of the community's businesses, and many homes were similarly constructed upon pilings on either side of this "street". The sudden sinking of the land caused higher tides, peaking at 32 feet, to completely submerge the boardwalk and flood the businesses along the waterfront. The waterfront was rebuilt using fill from surrounding areas and much of the town, including a new boardwalk, was reconstructed on higher ground.
Seldovia has been home to many industries, including fox farming, berry picking and commercial fishing, including King Crab fishing. Logging and mining have also featured in local history. Today charter boats keep busy bringing the visiting sport fishermen to the fishing grounds of Kachemak Bay and other nearby waters.
The Susan B. English Grade 1-12 School, opened on August 30, 1972.
As of the census of 2000, there were 286 people, 134 households, and 71 families residing in the city. The population density was 749.9 people per square mile (290.6/km²). There were 232 housing units at an average density of 608.3/sq mi (235.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 73.43% White, 1.05% Black or African American, 17.48% Native American, 0.70% Asian, 0.35% Pacific Islander, 0.35% from other races, and 6.64% from two or more races. 2.10% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 134 households out of which 22.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.8% were married couples living together, 7.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 47.0% were non-families. 40.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.13 and the average family size was 2.93.
In the city the population was spread out with 24.1% under the age of 18, 4.5% from 18 to 24, 21.0% from 25 to 44, 37.4% from 45 to 64, and 12.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females there were 102.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 110.7 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $45,313, and the median income for a family was $58,000. Males had a median income of $41,250 versus $33,750 for females. The per capita income for the city was $23,669. About 3.0% of families and 7.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.3% of those under the age of eighteen and 3.4% of those sixty five or over.