Selwyn Lloyd: Wikis

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The Right Honourable
 The Lord Selwyn-Lloyd 
CH PC


In office
20 December 1955 – 27 July 1960
Monarch Elizabeth II
Prime Minister Anthony Eden
Harold MacMillan
Preceded by Harold MacMillan
Succeeded by Sir Alec Douglas-Home

In office
27 July 1960 – 13 July 1962
Prime Minister Harold Macmillan
Preceded by Derick Heathcoat Amory
Succeeded by Reginald Maudling

In office
1971 – 1976
Monarch Elizabeth II
Prime Minister Sir Edward Heath
Sir Harold Wilson
Preceded by Horace King
Succeeded by George Thomas

Born 28 July 1904(1904-07-28)
Died 18 May 1978 (aged 73)
Oxfordshire
Nationality British
Political party Conservative
Alma mater Fettes College
Magdalene College, Cambridge
Religion Methodist

John Selwyn Brooke Lloyd, Baron Selwyn-Lloyd CH, PC (28 July 1904 - 18 May 1978), known for most of his career as Selwyn Lloyd, was a British Conservative politician.

Contents

Background and early careers

Lloyd was educated at Fettes College and Magdalene College, Cambridge, where he was President of the Cambridge Union, and was a Liberal Parliamentary candidate at Macclesfield in the 1929 General Election, coming third.

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Local government service

He served as a councillor on Hoylake Urban District Council 1932-40.

World War Two service

During the Second World War he reached the rank of brigadier and was Deputy Chief of Staff of the British Second Army.

Election to Parliament

He was elected to the House of Commons to represent Wirral in the 1945 UK general election. Originally a Liberal, he became a member of the "Young Turks" faction of the Conservative Party.

Ministerial offices

Minister of State for Foreign Affairs

When the Conservatives returned to power under Churchill in 1951, Lloyd served under Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden as Minister of State for Foreign Affairs from 1951 to 1954.

Minister of Supply and Minister of Defence

He then served as Minister of Supply (1954-1955). He was subsequently Minister of Defence (1955).

Foreign Sectretary

He himself became Foreign Secretary in 1955. His tenure saw the Suez Crisis, which led to the fall of the Eden government. While Foreign Secretary he was noted for not being on particularly good terms with his American counterpart, Secretary of State John Foster Dulles. He continued to serve as Foreign Secretary under Harold Macmillan until 1960.

Chancellor of the Exchequer

In 1962 he became Chancellor of the Exchequer (1960-1962).

Unable to cope with Britain's economic problems in the early 1960s, he was sacked from the government during the "Night of the Long Knives" reshuffle, and returned to the backbenches.

Lord Privy Seal and Leader of the House of Commons

He was called back to the government in 1963 by Alec Douglas-Home, who made him Lord Privy Seal and Leader of the House of Commons until the Conservative defeat in the General Election of 1964.

Speaker of the House of Commons

In 1971, after the Conservatives had returned to power, Lloyd became Speaker. In a break with convention, both the Labour and Liberal Parties contested his seat in the 1974 general elections, but he retained it and continued to hold the position of speaker until 1976.

Peerage

In 1976 he was raised to the peerage as Baron Selwyn-Lloyd, of Wirral in the County of Merseyside.

Death and legacy

He died two years later.

A biography of Selwyn-Lloyd by D. R. Thorpe was published in 1989.

References

External links

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Alan Crosland Graham
Member of Parliament for The Wirral
19451976
Succeeded by
David Hunt
Preceded by
Dr Horace King
Speaker of the House of Commons
1971–1976
Succeeded by
George Thomas
Political offices
Preceded by
Harold Macmillan
Minister of Defence
1955
Succeeded by
Walter Monckton
Preceded by
Harold Macmillan
Foreign Secretary
1955–1960
Succeeded by
The Earl of Home
Preceded by
Derick Heathcoat Amory
Chancellor of the Exchequer
1960–1962
Succeeded by
Reginald Maudling
Preceded by
Iain Macleod
Leader of the House of Commons
1963–1964
Succeeded by
Herbert Bowden
Preceded by
Edward Heath
Lord Privy Seal
1963–1964
Succeeded by
The Earl of Longford

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