The Full Wiki

More info on Semnani language

Semnani language: Wikis

Advertisements

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

(Redirected to Semnani languages article)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Semnani
Geographic
distribution:
Iran
Genetic
classification
:
Indo-European
 Indo-Iranian
  Iranian
   Western Iranian
    Northwestern Iranian
     Semnani
Subdivisions:
Aftari
Biyabunaki
Lasgerdi
Sorkhei


The Semnani languages are a group of Northwestern Iranian languages[1], spoken in Semnan province of Iran that share many linguistic features and structures with Caspian languages. These languages are also called "dialects" in some sources.[2]

There are six Semnani languages named in the literature. Some may be dialects, but there is little published work on their relationships.[3]

  • Semnani
  • Biyabunaki
  • Sangsari
  • Sorkhei
  • Aftari
  • Lasgerdi

Cognate Sets[4]

English Sorkhei Lasgerdi Sangsari Aftari Biyabunaki
dog esbā esbe esbe espa esba
girl dukkey dot döt dut dut
blood xün xün
large masīn masīn masīn
nose ven vinī xunī vinī vēnī
snow vār var varf var
serpent mohur mahar
moon mūng māye
woman žiki žaki žekeyn džek džinakā

Notes

  1. ^ Ethnologue lising for Semnani languages
  2. ^ Lecoq, pg. 297
  3. ^ C.F. & F.M. Voegelin, Classification and Index of the World's Languages (1977) lists them as dialects of Persian (pg. 185).
    Lecoq, pg. 297 lists them as "dialects" as well.
    Ethnologue lists Semnani, Sorkhei, Lasgerdi, and Sangsari as languages with Biyabunaki as a possible dialect of Semnani and Aftari as a dialect of Sorkhei.
    Linguasphere lists them together in an outer language called Semnani+Sangisari [58-AAC-f] with Semnani and Sangisari listed as inner languages.
    Merritt Ruhlen, A Guide to the World's Languages, Volume 1: Classification (1991) lists Semnani and Sangisari as languages in the Semnani subgroup.
  4. ^ Lecoq, pg. 310.

Bibliography

Pierre Lecoq. 1989. "Les dialectes caspiens et les dialectes du nord-ouest de l'Iran," Compendium Linguarum Iranicarum. Ed. Rüdiger Schmitt. Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag. Pages 296-314.

Advertisements

Semnani
Səmeni
Spoken in Semnan province of Iran
Total speakers 21000
Language family Indo-European
Language codes
ISO 639-1 None
ISO 639-2
ISO 639-3 variously:
lsa – Lasgerdi
sgr – Sangesari
smy – Semnani
sqo – Sorkhei


Semnani is a Northwestern Iranian language [2], spoken in Semnan province of Iran and shares many linguistic features and structures with Caspian languages, particularly Mazandarani language.

There are four closely related dialects of Semnani language:

  • Semnani
  • Sangesari
  • Sorkhei
  • Lasgerdi

Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message