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Seneca, Kansas
—  City  —
Location of Seneca, Kansas
Coordinates: 39°50′8″N 96°3′58″W / 39.83556°N 96.06611°W / 39.83556; -96.06611
Country United States
State Kansas
County Nemaha
 - Total 1.5 sq mi (4.0 km2)
 - Land 1.5 sq mi (4.0 km2)
 - Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 1,138 ft (347 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 2,122
 - Density 1,375.0/sq mi (530.9/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 66538
Area code(s) 785
FIPS code 20-63950[1]
GNIS feature ID 0472949[2]

Seneca is a city in Nemaha County, Kansas, United States. The population was 2,122 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Nemaha County[3].



Seneca grew up along the wagon route from St. Joseph, Missouri to Oregon and California. British explorer Richard Francis Burton en route to California in 1860 passed through town and noted: "... Seneca, a city consisting of a few shanties ..."[4]


Seneca is located at 39°50′8″N 96°3′58″W / 39.83556°N 96.06611°W / 39.83556; -96.06611 (39.835693, -96.066054)[5].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.5 square miles (4.0 km²), all of it land.


As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 2,122 people, 897 households, and 539 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,375.0 people per square mile (532.0/km²). There were 978 housing units at an average density of 633.7/sq mi (245.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.82% White, 0.42% African American, 0.05% Native American, 0.05% Asian, 0.05% from other races, and 0.61% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.66% of the population.

There were 897 households out of which 27.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.7% were married couples living together, 5.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.8% were non-families. 36.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 23.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.5% under the age of 18, 6.1% from 18 to 24, 22.0% from 25 to 44, 19.4% from 45 to 64, and 27.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 86.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,288, and the median income for a family was $40,819. Males had a median income of $27,875 versus $16,944 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,076. About 4.4% of families and 7.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.8% of those under age 18 and 8.0% of those age 65 or over.

Notable natives


  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  4. ^ Richard Burton, (1862) The Look of the West 1860, Lincoln: Univ. Nebraska Press, reprint, n.d., p.27.
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  

External links

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