From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Seneca (in Seneca, Onödowága
or Onötowáka) is the language of the Seneca people, one of the Six Nations of
the Iroquois League. About
10,000 Seneca live in the United States and Canada, primarily on reservations in western New York state, with others living in Oklahoma and near Brantford, Ontario.
There are several methods to write the Seneca Language and
variations of dialect between territories and regions. The
orthography described here is the one used by the Seneca Bilingual
Seneca has three stops, /t/, /k/, and /ʔ/. /t/ and /k/ become voiced ([d] and [ɡ]) before vowels or approximants.
The nasal vowels,
except <ä> which represents a near-open front unrounded
vowel, are represented with diaereses on top: <ë ö>. Depending on
the phonetic environment, the nasal vowel <ë> may vary
between [ɛ̃] and [œ̃], whereas <ö> may vary from [ɔ̃] to [ɑ̃].
Long vowels are indicated with a following <:>, while stress is indicated with an acute accent
- Chafe, Wallace L. 1963. Handbook of the Seneca
Language. New York State Museum and Science Service. (Bulletin
No. 388). Albany, N.Y. Reprinted 2007, Toronto: Global Language
Press, ISBN 978-1-8973-6713-1.
- Chafe, Wallace L. 1997, "The Seneca Language", in Handbook
of North American Indians, Volume 17: Languages, Ives Goddard
(Editor), William C. Sturtevant (Editor), Smithsonian Institution,