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Senja
Senjahusoy.jpg
Husøy, Northern Senja
Geography
Senja is located in Norway
Senja (Norway)
Location North Norway, northern Europe
Coordinates 69°20′N 17°30′E / 69.333°N 17.5°E / 69.333; 17.5Coordinates: 69°20′N 17°30′E / 69.333°N 17.5°E / 69.333; 17.5
Area 1,586.3 km2 (612.5 sq mi)[1]
Highest point Breidtinden (1,017 m (3,340 ft))
Country
Norway
County Troms
Bergsfjorden, Senja

Senja is the second largest island in Norway (not counting Spitsbergen). It is located along the Troms county coastline with Finnsnes as the closest town. Senja is connected to the mainland by the Gisund Bridge.

Among the sights of the island are Ånderdalen National Park with coastal pine forest and mountains[2], traditional fishing communities and the world's largest troll; Senja Trollet (The Troll of Senja). The southernmost municipality Tranøy also has several small museums documenting local history, among these the Halibut Museum ("Kveitmuseet") in Skrolsvik.

The north and western coasts of Senja are facing the open sea. Here, steep and rugged mountains rises straight from the sea, with some fishing villages (like Gryllefjord, Husøy) wherever there is some lowland. The eastern and southern parts of the island are milder, with rounder mountains, forests, rivers and agriculture land.


Senja is often referred to as "Norway in miniature" because the island's diverse scenery almost reflects the whole span of Norwegian nature. Senja is well known domestically for its beautiful scenery, and marketed as a tourist attraction.

The municipalities located on Senja are Lenvik (part of which is on the mainland), Berg, Torsken, and Tranøy

Senja had 7782 inhabitants as of January 1, 2008


Senja is mentioned in David Howarth's WWII novel We Die Alone. It has a namesake island in the MMORPG Tibia.

Location of Senja

References

The inside (eastern part) of Senja is less dramatic and also has farmland. View from Gibostad village towards Kistefjellet mountain on the mainland

Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Senja is the second largest island in Norway. The island is situated in Northern Norway, between the City of Tromsø and the town of Harstad.

A fjord in the rugged Western coast of Senja
A fjord in the rugged Western coast of Senja

Regions

The island is divided into four municipalities. The eastern, central and northern parts belong to Lenvik, which also encompasses large tracts of the mainland. On the western side, facing the Atlantic, you find the municipalities of Berg and Torsken, and Tranøy municipality is situated along the southern coast of the island.

Towns and villages

The town of Finnsnes is on the mainland. From here the Gisund bridge leads over to Senja. The hamlet on the Senja side is called Silsand. Gibostad is a picturesque village further north along the straights of Gisundet, and Vangsvik is south along the same waterway.

The more picturesque villages, though, are found on the western side. Husøy (House island) is flat island surrounded by dramatic mountains. Mefjordvær has a pictureque lighthouse and some old buildings, again with fabulous landscapes around. Gryllefjord is the biggest village on the west side, with a more modern feel. Torsken is an ancient centre with an 18th c. church.

Other destinations

Ånderdalen National Park is a relatively small national park on the southern side of Senja. However, the variations are huge.

Talk

Senja has its own particular accent of Northern Norwegian, that is particularly pronounced on the west coast. Texas-style rounded r's and high intensity are characteristic traits. Until recently, Sami dialects reminiscent of the one in Northern Sweden were spoken in inland hamlets, but Sami is today a dying language on the island.

Get in

Finnsnes is easy to reach by plane (Bardufoss airport) from Oslo. Several catamarans depart for Harstad and Tromsø daily. There is also a catamaran connection nine times a week to Lysnes (Northern Senja) with onward bus connections from Tromsø. From Skrolsvik on the southern tip of Senja, there is a catamaran connection to Harstad.

In summer, convenient car ferries [1] go from Brensholmen near Tromsø to Botnhamn in northern Senja. From Gryllefjord there is a car ferry to Andenes at the northern tip of Vesterålen.

Get around

Basically, there are good bus connections from Finnsnes out to most of the western villages. However, getting between the villages on the western side are difficult by public transportation. Good planning is essential.

If you have your own car, there are reasonably good roads all over the island. Be aware of the tunnels between Senjahopen and Skaland on the west coast. Curiously enough, they don't seem to appear on maps, but provide a fantastically scenic and convenient road on the west side.

See

Basically, the reason to go to Senja is to see the rugged coastline on the Western side. Largely overseen by most tourists, tourist brochures and tour operators, this is one of the most dramatic parts of Norway, and easily competes with the neighbouring Lofoten. Be warned that the road on the Western coast is both very narrow and windy, and can be challenging for larger vehicles. Make sure to stop at some of the villages and beauty spots, like Husøy, Mefjordvær, Bøvær and Torsken. The inside of Senja is comparatively less dramatic, with forests, lakes and rounded mountains. The Ånderdalen National Park is a relatively small national park, but with varied coastal and inland scenery, including a pine forest.

Sights in the traditional sense play second fiddle on Senja, but the following attractions add spice to a Senja visit:

  • Senjatrollet in Berg is a theme park with Norwegian fairy tales and a solid dose of northern humour. A must for families, and you can scare your kids to bed with trolls for a long time afterwards.
  • Torsken Church in Torsken (near Gryllefjord) is an 18th c. wooden church.
  • Kaperdalen Sami Museum in Kaperdalen (midway between Finnsnes and Sifjord on the west coast) is a restored Sami farm built of turf huts.
  • Tranøy Church on the small island of Tranøy off the south coast of Senja is another 18th c. wooden church.

Itineraries

Whatever you do, drive along the rugged west side. Drive to Botnhamn, either from Finnsnes or by ferry from Brensholmen near Tromsø. Then continue along the west coast, making detours to Husøy, Mefjordvær and Bøvær, down to Gryllefjord and Torsken. Then either cross back to Finnsnes or take the ferry across to Andenes.

Eat

Fresh fish is all the rage, cod in the winter, coalfish in the summer. Try out skreimølja in the wintertime, fish, roe and liver cooked together. In summer, there is seimølja, same thing, but with coalfish (saithe). Feskekake, fish burgers, are slightly less rustic.

  • Skarvesteinen Kafé at Husøy offers a bit of everything, with a fantastic view towards Øyfjord. Try their Kvæfjordkake, a dream of a rum cream and merengue cake.

Drink

Moonshine? A few local pubs are found in the villages.

Stay safe

Senja is the kind of place where one forgets to lock the door. The major threat to the visitor is the visitor himself. Raging storms, rocky terrain and low population density call for caution when venturing into the elements. That said, there are plenty of beauty spots that can be reached even by inexperienced nature lovers. It's all about informing oneself before heading out.

A number of low key deep sea fishing resorts is found along the west coast. If you're out fishing, make sure to take weather forecasts and safety instructions seriously.

Get out

In the summer, taking the ferry to Andenes is the first step to the magnificient drive to Å, at the Westernmost point of the Lofoten.

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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

Finnish

Etymology

Karelian form of the Russian saint's name Ксения, Latinized as Xenia, ultimately from Ancient Greek ξενία (hospitable).

Proper noun

Senja

  1. A female given name.

Declension








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