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.Seppuku (切腹?, "stomach-cutting") is a form of Japanese ritual suicide by disembowelment.^ (Japanese Suicide 101) The most famous form of seppuku is also known as harakiri (腹切り, "cutting the belly") and is written with the same kanji as seppuku but in reverse order with an okurigana.
  • FARK.com: (4916762) Howard Stern sidekick Artie Lange apparently inspired by another broadcaster, Harry Caray 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC www.fark.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Seppuku was originally reserved only for samurai. .Part of the samurai honor code, seppuku was used voluntarily by samurai to die with honor rather than fall into the hands of their enemies, as a form of capital punishment for samurai who have committed serious offenses, and for reasons that shamed them.^ If you have a choice, use a shotgun rather than a rifle of a pistol, since it is so much more effective.

^ You think that's somehow "nicer than" capital punishment?
  • Woman shot by handgun carry permit holder during argument | KnoxViews 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC www.knoxviews.com [Source type: General]

^ Grassley's right, someone should 'fall on a sword',...that is what the honorable Samurai would do.
  • Grassley dismisses suicide talk as rhetoric - First Read - msnbc.com 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC firstread.msnbc.msn.com [Source type: General]

.Seppuku is performed by plunging a sword into the abdomen and moving the sword left to right in a slicing motion.^ Arrow keys move your current animal, Shift performs seppuku, up arrow key to jump.
  • Play SeppuKuties, a free online game on Kongregate 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC www.kongregate.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The practice of committing seppuku at the death of one's master, known as oibara (追腹 or 追い腹, the kun'yomi or Japanese reading) or tsuifuku (追腹, the on'yomi or Chinese reading), follows a similar ritual.^ Seppuku Master Practice makes Perfect .
  • December 5th is the Day of the Ninja - Page 6 - The aethereal Forum 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC aetherealforge.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In Japanese, the more formal seppuku, a Chinese on'yomi reading, is typically used in writing, while harakiri, a native kun'yomi reading, is used in speech.
  • FARK.com: (4916762) Howard Stern sidekick Artie Lange apparently inspired by another broadcaster, Harry Caray 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC www.fark.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ To Jason Calacanis, never one to hold back, Yahoo committed seppuku [...
  • Yahoo committed seppuku today « The Jason Calacanis Weblog 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC calacanis.com [Source type: General]

Contents

Vocabulary and etymology

Warrior about to perform seppuku
.The most famous form of seppuku is also known as 'harakiri (腹切り, "cutting the belly") and is written with the same kanji as seppuku, but in reverse order with an okurigana.^ (Japanese Suicide 101) The most famous form of seppuku is also known as harakiri (腹切り, "cutting the belly") and is written with the same kanji as seppuku but in reverse order with an okurigana.
  • FARK.com: (4916762) Howard Stern sidekick Artie Lange apparently inspired by another broadcaster, Harry Caray 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC www.fark.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In Japanese, the more formal seppuku, a Chinese on'yomi reading, is typically used in writing, while harakiri, a native kun'yomi reading, is used in speech.^ I simply used RequiresNew on a read-write entity bean method which does update.

[1] .Harakiri is the more common term in English.^ Harakiri is the more common term in English.
  • FARK.com: (4916762) Howard Stern sidekick Artie Lange apparently inspired by another broadcaster, Harry Caray 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC www.fark.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Overview

Seppuku was a key part of bushido, the code of the samurai warriors; it was used by warriors to avoid falling into enemy hands, and to attenuate shame and avoid possible torture. Samurai could also be ordered by their daimyo (feudal lords) to commit seppuku. Later, disgraced warriors were sometimes allowed to commit seppuku rather than be executed in the normal manner. .The most common form of seppuku for men was composed of the cutting of the abdomen, and when the samurai was finished, he stretched out his neck for an assistant to decapitate him.^ Most common effective form of suicide in UK. See "Asphyxiation".

.Since the main point of the act was to restore or protect one's honor as a warrior, those who did not belong to the samurai caste were never ordered or expected to commit seppuku.^ When a samurai was dishonored, he would commit Seppuku in order to regain his honor.
  • On Seppuku, Katanas, and Samurai 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC haacked.com [Source type: General]

^ When CEOs commit seppuku, who wins?
  • When CEOs commit seppuku, who wins? | The Economist 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC www.economist.com [Source type: General]

^ The husband was later ordered to commit seppuku.
  • Hagakure: Book of the Samurai - Full Text 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC exhibita.com [Source type: Original source]

Samurai generally could commit the act only with permission.
Seppuku with ritual attire and second (staged)
Sometimes a daimyo was called upon to perform seppuku as the basis of a peace agreement. This would weaken the defeated clan so that resistance would effectively cease. .Toyotomi Hideyoshi used an enemy's suicide in this way on several occasions, the most dramatic of which effectively ended a dynasty of daimyo forever, when the Hōjō were defeated at Odawara in 1590. Hideyoshi insisted on the suicide of the retired daimyo Hōjō Ujimasa, and the exile of his son Ujinao.^ One of the most effective and most used methods of suicide.

^ Certainty: Without medical help, and using fresh pill, very good Notes: This is a common way of committing suicide in Indian villages.

^ Most common effective form of suicide in UK. See "Asphyxiation".

With this act of suicide, the most powerful daimyo family in eastern Japan was put to an end.

Ritual

A wakizashi prepared for seppuku
Women have their own ritual suicide, jigai. Here, the wife of Onodera Junai, one of the Forty-seven Ronin, prepares for her suicide; note the legs tied together, a female feature of seppuku to ensure a "decent" posture in death
.In time, committing seppuku came to involve a detailed ritual.^ Many committed ritual suicide (seppuku).
  • ANCIENT SPIRAL SAMURAI shogun japan japanese bushido katana sword shinto ninja last samurai anime manga tom cruise 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC www.ancientspiral.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Given enough time, comitting seppuku involved a detailed ritual.
  • Seppuku - Japanese for ritual suicide 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC www.japan-101.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Asano was ordered to commit seppuku - more popularly known in the West as 'harakiri' - a form of ritual suicide , limited to the samurai class involving honorable self-disembowelment.
  • The 47 Ronin - Ako Festival :: Japan Visitor 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC www.japanvisitor.com [Source type: General]

This was usually performed in front of spectators if it was a planned seppuku, not one performed on a battlefield. A samurai was bathed, dressed in white robes, and fed his favorite meal. When he was finished, his instrument was placed on his plate. Dressed ceremonially, with his sword placed in front of him and sometimes seated on special cloths, the warrior would prepare for death by writing a death poem.
.With his selected attendant (kaishakunin, his second) standing by, he would open his kimono (robe), take up his tantō (knife) or wakizashi (short sword)—which the samurai held by the blade with a portion of cloth wrapped around so that it would not cut his hand and cause him to lose his grip—and plunge it into his abdomen, making a left-to-right cut.^ I have the Persistence In Mourning LPs; the inserts take a bit of time to make up though.

^ "In an ideal world I would have all 10 fingers on my left hand so my right hand could just be a fist for punching."
  • Minnesota Wild @ Chicago Blackhawks GameThread, Jan 5, 2010 7:00 PM CST - Second City Hockey 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC www.secondcityhockey.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If the play is to run up the middle, and there are 4 guys barreling into your gaps, you are pretty much screwed and end up dancing around and losing yardage.
  • Breakdown: Broncos need a running game - Article Comments - View topic - Sports News - Denver Broncos Football : Denver Colorado Neighbors 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC neighbors.denverpost.com [Source type: General]
  • Breakdown: Broncos need a running game - Article Comments - View topic - Sports News - Denver Broncos Football : Denver Colorado Neighbors 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC neighbors.denverpost.com [Source type: General]

The kaishaku would then perform dakikubi, a cut in which the warrior was all but decapitated. The maneuver is done such that a slight band of flesh is left attaching the head to the body. Because of the precision necessary for such a maneuver, the second was a skilled swordsman. The principal agreed in advance when the kaishakunin was to make his cut. Usually dakikubi would occur as soon as the dagger was plunged into the abdomen. The process became so highly ritualised that as soon as the samurai reached for his blade the kaishakunin would strike. .Eventually even the blade became unnecessary and the samurai could reach for something symbolic like a fan and this would trigger the killing stroke from his second.^ Now who would ever do something like that?
  • Tea Partiers, "New" Politics, and trust. | KnoxViews 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC www.knoxviews.com [Source type: General]

^ Against commodities: rising commodity prices would kill off any global economic expansion, triggering massive deleveraging.
  • DPJ set to win Japan election; may demand Seppuku bonds | zero hedge 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC www.zerohedge.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A trivial example would be something like a change in beak size which is not anything new but just a temporary change in the frequency of some alleles and something that could revert in a few generations or more.
  • Is Richard Dawkins a stage magician? | Uncommon Descent 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC www.uncommondescent.com [Source type: Original source]

.The fan was likely used when the samurai was too old to use the blade, or in situations where it was too dangerous to give him a weapon in such circumstances [2].^ It's just like when mailorder used to be a fella sending you a big list on a bit of paper in the mail: old school!

This elaborate ritual evolved after seppuku had ceased being mainly a battlefield or wartime practice and become a para-judicial institution (see next section).
.The second was usually, but not always, a friend.^ The prisoner was usually seated on two tatami mats, and behind him stood a second ( kaishakunin ), usually a relative or friend, with sword drawn.
  • seppuku (suicide) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.If a defeated warrior had fought honorably and well, an opponent who wanted to salute his bravery would volunteer to act as his second.^ This gruesome practice, reserved for samurai who wish an honorable death, involves a samurais cutting open his belly, after which a second (called a kaishakunin ) beheads the samurai, ending his agony.
  • The Asian Reporter - Special A.C.E Section 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC www.asianreporter.com [Source type: General]

^ In the world of the warrior, seppuku was a deed of bravery that was admirable in a samurai who knew he was defeated, disgraced, or mortally wounded.

^ "But when you read or hear about an act like Mishima's--well, there is always the chance that you might want to go out and do the same."
  • Japan: An Act of Hara-kiri Stirs Fear Of Rightist Revival 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: News]

From ages past it has been considered an ill-omen by samurai to be requested as kaishaku. .The reason for this is that one gains no fame even if the job is well done.^ Abiding by the tenets of bushido when there is no gain in doing so and one could gain an obvious advantage by breaking them: +1 point of Honor.
  • Heroes of Rokugan II - Champions of the Sapphire Throne 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC www.heroes-of-rokugan.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Well, number one, godless evolution is in precisely no danger of winning the culture war, if opinion polls are anything to go by.
  • Is Richard Dawkins a stage magician? | Uncommon Descent 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC www.uncommondescent.com [Source type: Original source]

^ 'Except for your father who spoke in such a way, there was no one who said even a word .''
  • Hagakure: Book of the Samurai - Full Text 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC exhibita.com [Source type: Original source]

Further, if one should blunder, it becomes a lifetime disgrace.
.In the practice of past times, there were instances when the head flew off.^ He whacked Mishima's jawbone (one of the hardest bones in the body) and chopped at his neck bone a couple of times before he lopped the head off, and it flew through the air ignominiously.
  • The Aikido FAQ: The ritual of seppuku 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC www.aikidofaq.com [Source type: Original source]

It was said that it was best to cut leaving a little skin remaining so that it did not fly off in the direction of the verifying officials.
.A specialized form of seppuku in feudal times was known as kanshi (諫死, "death of understanding"), in which a retainer would commit suicide in protest of a lord's decision.^ Rat poison (Warfarin) Dosage: not known Time: Hours to terminal damage, days to actual death Available: Available Certainty: Certain given suffient dosage.

.The retainer would make one deep, horizontal cut into his stomach, then quickly bandage the wound.^ A lot of will power required to cut deeply into groin or carotid arteries, which are the only ones likely to kill you.

^ MAKE YOURSELF INTO AN H-BOMB (another silly one) 23.

^ I wouldn't have gone past the 4th hesitation wound and maybe 2 deep ones.
  • Comedian, Artie Lange stabs himself 9 times. - Honda-Tech 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC honda-tech.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

After this, the person would then appear before his lord, give a speech in which he announced the protest of the lord's action, then reveal his mortal wound. This is not to be confused with funshi (憤死, indignation death), which is any suicide made to state dissatisfaction or protest. A fictional variation of kanshi was the act of kagebara (陰腹, "shadow stomach") in Japanese theater, in which the protagonist, at the end of the play, would announce to the audience that he had committed an act similar to kanshi, a predetermined slash to the stomach followed by a tight field dressing, and then perish, bringing about a dramatic end.
General Akashi Gidayu preparing to commit Seppuku after losing a battle for his master in 1582. He had just written his death poem, which is also visible in the upper right corner.
Some samurai chose to perform a considerably more taxing form of seppuku known as jūmonji giri (十文字切り, ."cross-shaped cut"), in which there is no kaishakunin to put a quick end to the samurai's suffering.^ The second is there to end the ritual by beheading the samurai at the first sign of distress or hesitation, thereby ensuring that no cowardice or lost face stains the purity of the ceremony.
  • Heroes of Rokugan II - Champions of the Sapphire Throne 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC www.heroes-of-rokugan.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But people become imbued with the idea that the world has come to an end and no longer put forth any effort.
  • Hagakure: Book of the Samurai - Full Text 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC exhibita.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In old Japan, a samurai's seppuku insurance was his kaishakunin --i.e., a buddy who would stop the suffering of a stomach cut by chopping off his head.
  • The Grassley Center for Seppuku Studies - Hit & Run : Reason Magazine 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC reason.com [Source type: Original source]

It involves a second and more painful vertical cut on the belly. A samurai performing jumonji giri was expected to bear his suffering quietly until perishing from loss of blood, passing away with his hands over his face.

Seppuku as capital punishment

.While the voluntary seppuku described above is the best known form, in practice the most common form of seppuku was obligatory seppuku, used as a form of capital punishment for disgraced samurai, especially for those who committed a serious offense such as unprovoked murder, robbery, corruption, or treason.^ Most common effective form of suicide in UK. See "Asphyxiation".

^ Ricin is described as "..one of the most potent toxins known".

^ The most basic difference in opinion between me and those who have mailed me telling me I'm a monster, seems to be that they think that death is an inherently Bad Thing, while I don't.

.The samurai were generally told of their offense in full and given a set time to commit seppuku, usually before sunset on a given day.^ Rat poison (Warfarin) Dosage: not known Time: Hours to terminal damage, days to actual death Available: Available Certainty: Certain given suffient dosage.

^ On the same note, Ed Driscoll says that yesterday is the day the MSM committed seppuku.
  • Ed Driscoll » Legacy Media’s Seppuku Now Complete 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC pajamasmedia.com [Source type: General]

.If the sentenced was uncooperative, it was not unheard of for them to be restrained, or for the actual execution to be carried out by decapitation while retaining only the trappings of seppuku; even the short sword laid out in front of the victim could be replaced with a fan.^ In fact, I learned recently (and this was widely reported on TV) that even in the days of the samurai, hardly anyone actually cut his belly upon the seppuku ritual.
  • Seppuku & Harakiri? - japan-guide.com forum 22 September 2009 20:44 UTC www.japan-guide.com [Source type: General]

^ The only real difference is that Pirates don't commit Seppuku, they blow their brains out with cannons.
  • Seppuku - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC uncyclopedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Seppuku - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC mirror.uncyc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The ritual was usually carried out in the presence of a witness ( kenshi ) sent by the authority issuing the death sentence.
  • seppuku (suicide) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Unlike voluntary seppuku, seppuku carried out as capital punishment did not necessarily absolve the victim's family of the crime.^ Seppuku refers to the ritualized, formal suicide as carried out for purposes of maintaining or redeeming honor and as practiced by samurai and the like.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Harakiri: Criterion Collection 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: General]

^ Involuntary seppuku was also the means of capital punishment for the Samurai class.
  • Euthanasia and Buddhism - ReligionFacts 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC www.religionfacts.com [Source type: Original source]
  • What are Buddhist perspectives on euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide? - Euthanasia - ProCon.org 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC euthanasia.procon.org [Source type: Original source]

.Depending on the severity of the crime, half or all of the deceased's property could be confiscated, and the family stripped of rank.^ You can create a customized memorial page in honor of your deceased account, and the website will even break the news to all your virtual friends and family.
  • Seppuku — Switched 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC www.switched.com [Source type: General]

^ Betraying or disobeying your duty, Clan, or family: lose 1-10 points of Honor and Glory, and possibly Status, depending on the severity of the failure.
  • Heroes of Rokugan II - Champions of the Sapphire Throne 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC www.heroes-of-rokugan.com [Source type: Original source]

^ (Note: As explained in Kiso Iai Koza The partially severed head of the deceased could be resewn onto the body.
  • TosaNanhonme 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC www.hyoho.com [Source type: Original source]

European experience

.The first recorded time a European saw formal seppuku was the "Sakai Incident" of 1868. On February 15, eleven French sailors of the Dupleix entered a Japanese town called Sakai without official permission.^ After those, it'll be Haters LP (brutal hardcore from ex-Voorhees members), Seppuku/Culver split CD and Maurizio Bianchi - "Technology 1 & 2" double CD, the first in a series of old MB recordings on CD for the first time.

^ They call when someone tries to pull my report without my permission.
  • Tea Partiers, "New" Politics, and trust. | KnoxViews 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC www.knoxviews.com [Source type: General]

Their presence caused panic among the residents. Security forces were dispatched to turn the sailors back to their ship, but a fight broke out and the sailors were shot dead. Upon the protest of the French representative, financial compensation was paid and those responsible were sentenced to death. The French captain was present to observe the execution. .As each samurai committed ritual disembowelment, the gruesome nature of the act shocked the captain, and he requested a pardon, due to which nine of the samurai were spared.^ Asano was ordered to commit seppuku - more popularly known in the West as 'harakiri' - a form of ritual suicide , limited to the samurai class involving honorable self-disembowelment.
  • The 47 Ronin - Ako Festival :: Japan Visitor 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC www.japanvisitor.com [Source type: General]

^ The less injured warrior persuades the one sitting to commit ritual suicide so she may die an honorable death, thus following the code of the samurai.
  • Severed Cinema - Ah-03: Onna Harakiri Sakuhinshu III - Fujikikaku 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC severed-cinema.com [Source type: General]

^ The concept of commiting suicide as a noble act gave many Americans a culture shock during and after World War II .
  • seppuku@Everything2.com 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC everything2.org [Source type: Original source]

This incident was dramatised in a famous short story, Sakai Jiken, by Mori Ōgai.
illustration from "Sketches of Japanese Manners and Customs", by J. M. W. Silver, Illustrated by Native Drawings, Reproduced in Facsimile by Means of Chromo-lithography, published in London in 1867
In the 1860s, The British Ambassador to Japan, Algernon Freeman-Mitford (Lord Redesdale) lived within sight of Sengaku-ji where the Forty-seven Ronin are buried. In his book Tales of Old Japan, he describes a man who had come to the graves to kill himself:
I will add one anecdote to show the sanctity which is attached to the graves of the Forty-seven. In the month of September 1868, a certain man came to pray before the grave of Oishi Chikara. .Having finished his prayers, he deliberately performed hara-kiri, and, the belly wound not being mortal, dispatched himself by cutting his throat.^ Seppuku is better known in the West as hara kiri (belly-cutting), and is a concept so alien to the European tradition that it is one of the few words from the world of the samurai to have entered foreign languages without a need for translation.
  • Bushido 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC triaxonline.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Seppuku, or disembowelment or hara-kiri (belly slicing), is when a samurai stabs a knife into his abdomen and literally disembowels himself by cutting out his guts.
  • The Samurai presented in Martial Arts section 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC www.newsfinder.org [Source type: Original source]

^ ARTICLE from the Encyclopædia Britannica suicide (Japanese: “self-disembowelment”) also called hara-kiri (“belly-cutting”), the honourable method of taking one’s own life practiced by men of the samurai (military) class in feudal Japan.
  • seppuku (suicide) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Upon his person were found papers setting forth that, being a Ronin and without means of earning a living, he had petitioned to be allowed to enter the clan of the Prince of Choshiu, which he looked upon as the noblest clan in the realm; his petition having been refused, nothing remained for him but to die, for to be a Ronin was hateful to him, and he would serve no other master than the Prince of Choshiu: what more fitting place could he find in which to put an end to his life than the graveyard of these Braves?^ I have nothing against him personally.
  • Minnesota Wild @ Chicago Blackhawks GameThread, Jan 5, 2010 7:00 PM CST - Second City Hockey 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC www.secondcityhockey.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A law-enforcement source told the paper that his mother found him in his New York apartment on Saturday morning and frantically called 911.
  • Comedian, Artie Lange stabs himself 9 times. - Honda-Tech 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC honda-tech.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ That means that modern nerve gasses well might leave you paralyzed for life, but still living.

.This happened at about two hundred yards' distance from my house, and when I saw the spot an hour or two later, the ground was all bespattered with blood, and disturbed by the death-struggles of the man.^ Nothing is set in stone though and we all know that just about anything can happen.
  • Minnesota Wild @ Chicago Blackhawks GameThread, Jan 5, 2010 7:00 PM CST - Second City Hockey 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC www.secondcityhockey.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Apart from the hysteria and lies about "death panels" and the like, 2/3 of health care costs are accrued in the last two years of life.
  • Tea Partiers, "New" Politics, and trust. | KnoxViews 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC www.knoxviews.com [Source type: General]

Mitford also describes his friend's eyewitness account of a Seppuku:
There are many stories on record of extraordinary heroism being displayed in the harakiri. .The case of a young fellow, only twenty years old, of the Choshiu clan, which was told me the other day by an eye-witness, deserves mention as a marvellous instance of determination.^ This is one of the most awesome things possible, other than eating oneself alive and raping a 16-year old girl.
  • Seppuku - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC mirror.uncyc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The film Twenty-four Eyes is also discussed in part I with an emphasis on the teacher's and her young students' stories and experiences 1928 through the end of the war in 1945.
  • AEMS: Publications 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC www.aems.uiuc.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A wonderful young 16-year-old boy hung himself.
  • Grassley dismisses suicide talk as rhetoric - First Read - msnbc.com 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC firstread.msnbc.msn.com [Source type: General]

Not content with giving himself the one necessary cut, he slashed himself thrice horizontally and twice vertically. .Then he stabbed himself in the throat until the dirk protruded on the other side, with its sharp edge to the front; setting his teeth in one supreme effort, he drove the knife forward with both hands through his throat, and fell dead.^ That's just an example and there are many others (on both sides).
  • Tea Partiers, "New" Politics, and trust. | KnoxViews 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC www.knoxviews.com [Source type: General]

^ This lack of dialogue exists on both sides, each is equally guilty, but this lack of dialogue does not exist because the sides are opposed to each other on the Right/Left axis.
  • Tea Partiers, "New" Politics, and trust. | KnoxViews 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC www.knoxviews.com [Source type: General]

^ I'm holding off releasing this until the Beip CD is ready so folks who want both don't have the hassle of placing orders withing a week of each other.

During the Meiji Restoration, the Tokugawa Shogun's aide committed Seppuku:
One more story and I have done. During the revolution, when the Taikun (Supreme Commander), beaten on every side, fled ignominiously to Yedo, he is said to have determined to fight no more, but to yield everything. .A member of his second council went to him and said, "Sir, the only way for you now to retrieve the honour of the family of Tokugawa is to disembowel yourself; and to prove to you that I am sincere and disinterested in what I say, I am here ready to disembowel myself with you."^ Well thank you for making the ID position and along the way you said Dawkins has no examples of consequence or else why not cite them.
  • Is Richard Dawkins a stage magician? | Uncommon Descent 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC www.uncommondescent.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Probably, the only way to kill yourself with this stuff is to drop two tonnes of it on yourself.

^ Either way, you just know Ballmer is thinking “you are so mine” now that Yahoo has put ink to paper.
  • Yahoo committed seppuku today « The Jason Calacanis Weblog 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC calacanis.com [Source type: General]

The Taikun flew into a great rage, saying that he would listen to no such nonsense, and left the room. His faithful retainer, to prove his honesty, retired to another part of the castle, and solemnly performed the harakiri.
In his book Tales of Old Japan, Mitford describes witnessing a hara-kiri [1]:
"As a corollary to the above elaborate statement of the ceremonies proper to be observed at the harakiri, I may here describe an instance of such an execution which I was sent officially to witness. .The condemned man was Taki Zenzaburo, an officer of the Prince of Bizen, who gave the order to fire upon the foreign settlement at Hyōgo in the month of February 1868,—an attack to which I have alluded in the preamble to the story of the Eta Maiden and the Hatamoto.^ Time and cash constraints are becoming a major factor too and I don't want to be the type who sends every order out a month late.

.Up to that time no foreigner had witnessed such an execution, which was rather looked upon as a traveller's fable.^ No such program as Time Creeper.
  • Advance to the beginning | articles 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC www.computeruser.com [Source type: General]

^ These were a people who lived with death all the time, from when they were children, and looked upon it as not something to fear, but a part of life.
  • Seppuku/Harakiri? [Archive] - Kendo World Forums 22 September 2009 20:44 UTC www.kendo-world.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I can find no follow up on this story after a Treasury official, after looking at pictures online, said they are "clearly fake" in mid-June.
  • DPJ set to win Japan election; may demand Seppuku bonds | zero hedge 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC www.zerohedge.com [Source type: Original source]

.The ceremony, which was ordered by the Mikado himself, took place at 10:30 at night in the temple of Seifukuji, the headquarters of the Satsuma troops at Hiogo.^ Of the 40 orders I took for it, I've sent out 30 so far, in order of when I received money....so if you paid me before the beginning of January you should get it very soon!!

A witness was sent from each of the foreign legations. We were seven foreigners in all. After another profound obeisance, Taki Zenzaburo, in a voice which betrayed just so much emotion and hesitation as might be expected from a man who is making a painful confession, but with no sign of either in his face or manner, spoke as follows:
I, and I alone, unwarrantably gave the order to fire on the foreigners at Kobe, and again as they tried to escape. For this crime I disembowel myself, and I beg you who are present to do me the honour of witnessing the act.
.Bowing once more, the speaker allowed his upper garments to slip down to his girdle, and remained naked to the waist.^ "Bowing once more, the speaker allowed his upper garments to slip down to his girdle, and remained naked to the waist.
  • Samurai Institutions of Suicide and Redress 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC www.worldspirituality.org [Source type: Original source]

.Carefully, according to custom, he tucked his sleeves under his knees to prevent himself from falling backwards; for a noble Japanese gentleman should die falling forwards.^ Carefully, according to custom, he tucked his sleeves under his knees to prevent himself from falling backward; for a noble Japanese gentleman should die falling forwards.
  • Samurai Institutions of Suicide and Redress 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC www.worldspirituality.org [Source type: Original source]

.Deliberately, with a steady hand, he took the dirk that lay before him; he looked at it wistfully, almost affectionately; for a moment he seemed to collect his thoughts for the last time, and then stabbing himself deeply below the waist on the left-hand side, he drew the dirk slowly across to the right side, and, turning it in the wound, gave a slight cut upwards.^ Deliberately, with a steady hand he took the dirk that lay before him; he looked at it wistfully, almost affectionately; for a moment he seemed to collect his thoughts for the last time, and then stabbing himself deeply below the waist in the left-hand side, he drew the dirk slowly across to his right side, and turning it in the wound, gave a slight cut upwards.
  • Samurai Institutions of Suicide and Redress 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC www.worldspirituality.org [Source type: Original source]

^ When he drew out the dirk, he leaned forward and stretched out his neck; an expression of pain for the first time crossed his face, but he uttered no sound.
  • Samurai Institutions of Suicide and Redress 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC www.worldspirituality.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I’m pretty sick of talking about left field candidates — hence compiled a list of free-agent, right-hand hitting outfielders .
  • Late night link dump: K-Long, Joba, Pitch F/X, LF | River Avenue Blues 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC riveraveblues.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.During this sickeningly painful operation he never moved a muscle of his face.^ During this sickeningly painful operation he never moved a muscle of his face.
  • Samurai Institutions of Suicide and Redress 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC www.worldspirituality.org [Source type: Original source]

^ If the samurai showed weakness and pain on his face during his death, then he forsake bushido and his honor.
  • Seppuku/Harakiri? [Archive] - Kendo World Forums 22 September 2009 20:44 UTC www.kendo-world.com [Source type: Original source]

.When he drew out the dirk, he leaned forward and stretched out his neck; an expression of pain for the first time crossed his face, but he uttered no sound.^ When he drew out the dirk, he leaned forward and stretched out his neck; an expression of pain for the first time crossed his face, but he uttered no sound.
  • Samurai Institutions of Suicide and Redress 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC www.worldspirituality.org [Source type: Original source]

^ If Obama campaigns for them, for example, that will get out the first-time voters to be second-time voters.
  • "Blue Dogs" Planning To Commit Political Seppuku? - TalkLeft: The Politics Of Crime 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC www.talkleft.com [Source type: General]

^ Maybe Marty steps up his game now that his groin is healed and he has to face his replacement for the first time.
  • Minnesota Wild @ Chicago Blackhawks GameThread, Jan 5, 2010 7:00 PM CST - Second City Hockey 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC www.secondcityhockey.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.At that moment the kaishaku, who, still crouching by his side, had been keenly watching his every movement, sprang to his feet, poised his sword for a second in the air; there was a flash, a heavy, ugly thud, a crashing fall; with one blow the head had been severed from the body.^ At that moment the kaishaku , who, still crouching by his side, had been keenly watching his every movement, sprang to his feet, poised his sword for a second in the air; there was a flash, a heavy, ugly thud, a crashing fall; with one blow the head had been severed from the body.
  • Samurai Institutions of Suicide and Redress 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC www.worldspirituality.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It was also common practice for the second to decapitate him at the moment that he reached out to grasp the short sword, his gesture symbolizing that the death was by seppuku.
  • seppuku (suicide) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Says the guy who can't help but post under hydra-headed pseuds to the KNS despite he and his virtual body of work being removed from the site .
  • Tea Partiers, "New" Politics, and trust. | KnoxViews 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC www.knoxviews.com [Source type: General]

.A dead silence followed, broken only by the hideous noise of the blood throbbing out of the inert heap before us, which but a moment before had been a brave and chivalrous man.^ "A dead silence followed, broken only by the hideous noise of the blood throbbing out of the inert head before us, which but a moment before had been a brave and chivalrous man.
  • Samurai Institutions of Suicide and Redress 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC www.worldspirituality.org [Source type: Original source]

It was horrible. .The kaishaku made a low bow, wiped his sword with a piece of rice paper which he had ready for the purpose, and retired from the raised floor; and the stained dirk was solemnly borne away, a bloody proof of the execution.^ "The kaishaku made a low bow, wiped his sword with a piece of paper which he had ready for the purpose, and retired from the raised floor; and the stained dirk was solemnly borne away, a bloody proof of the execution.
  • Samurai Institutions of Suicide and Redress 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC www.worldspirituality.org [Source type: Original source]

.The two representatives of the Mikado then left their places, and, crossing over to where the foreign witnesses sat, called us to witness that the sentence of death upon Taki Zenzaburo had been faithfully carried out.^ "The two representatives of the Mikado then left their places, and crossing over to where the foreign witnesses sat, called to us to witness that the sentence of death upon Taki Zenzaburo had been faithfully carried out.
  • Samurai Institutions of Suicide and Redress 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC www.worldspirituality.org [Source type: Original source]

^ "With the kaishaku on his left hand, Taki Zenzaburo advanced slowly towards the Japanese witnesses, and the two bowed before them, then drawing near to the foreigners they saluted us in the same way, perhaps even with more deference; in each case the salutation was ceremoniously returned.
  • Samurai Institutions of Suicide and Redress 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC www.worldspirituality.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The ritual was usually carried out in the presence of a witness ( kenshi ) sent by the authority issuing the death sentence.
  • seppuku (suicide) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The ceremony being at an end, we left the temple.^ The ceremony being at an end, we left the temple."
  • Samurai Institutions of Suicide and Redress 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC www.worldspirituality.org [Source type: Original source]

.The ceremony, to which the place and the hour gave an additional solemnity, was characterized throughout by that extreme dignity and punctiliousness which are the distinctive marks of the proceedings of Japanese gentlemen of rank; and it is important to note this fact, because it carries with it the conviction that the dead man was indeed the officer who had committed the crime, and no substitute.^ What I am observing here is people who are anti ID trying to get religion into the discussion of ID anyway they can because they have no science to stand on.
  • Is Richard Dawkins a stage magician? | Uncommon Descent 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC www.uncommondescent.com [Source type: Original source]

^ No innovators will work for an old man who does nothing but looks at the stars (Yahoo)… .
  • Yahoo committed seppuku today « The Jason Calacanis Weblog 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC calacanis.com [Source type: General]

^ The only reason why these people are yelling and shouting is because they realize that they have nothing reasonable to say that no one who is rational wants to listen to.
  • Tea Partiers, "New" Politics, and trust. | KnoxViews 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC www.knoxviews.com [Source type: General]

While profoundly impressed by the terrible scene it was impossible at the same time not to be filled with admiration of the firm and manly bearing of the sufferer, and of the nerve with which the kaishaku performed his last duty to his master.

Seppuku in modern Japan

.Seppuku as judicial punishment was officially abolished in 1873, shortly after the Meiji Restoration, but voluntary seppuku did not completely die out.^ For a complete and up to date listing, check out the World Federation of Right to Die Societies or Right To Die Organisations Worldwide .

^ And while he quickly jumped out to write his blog post “Yahoo committed seppuku today“, he and others like him completely missed why it is Yahoo that wins in this [...
  • Yahoo committed seppuku today « The Jason Calacanis Weblog 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC calacanis.com [Source type: General]

.Dozens of people are known to have committed seppuku since then, including some military men who committed suicide in 1895 as a protest against the return of a conquered territory to China[citation needed]; by General Nogi and his wife on the death of Emperor Meiji in 1912; and by numerous soldiers and civilians who chose to die rather than surrender at the end of World War II.^ Chlorine gas Dosage: not known Time: not known Available: tricky Certainty: Good Notes: This was used in the first world war in the trenches.

^ If you have a choice, use a shotgun rather than a rifle of a pistol, since it is so much more effective.

^ Since another animal immediately takes over upon death, you can sacrifice some creatures to get to places you don't expect to come back from.
  • SeppuKuties Walkthrough Guide, Review, Discussion, Hints and Tips at Jay is Games 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC jayisgames.com [Source type: General]

In 1970, famed author Yukio Mishima and one of his followers committed public seppuku at the Japan Self-Defense Forces headquarters after an unsuccessful attempt to incite the armed forces to stage a coup d'état. .Mishima committed seppuku in the office of General Kanetoshi Mashita.^ In general, this would require something on the order of disobeying a direct order from a daimyo, publicly insulting the Emperor, refusing to commit seppuku when it is required, or something of similar spectacular nature.
  • Heroes of Rokugan II - Champions of the Sapphire Throne 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC www.heroes-of-rokugan.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The latest known case is from 1970, when Yukio Mishima, a well-known but rather nationalist writer in Japan, committed suicide in seppuku manner.
  • Seppuku - artelino 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC www.artelino.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I would venture to say that committing Seppuku is generally a bad idea, unless you have dishonored your family on the battlefield or something.
  • Hacker News | Ask HN: I am delivering mediocre work and feel awful about it. Should I commit seppuku? 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC news.ycombinator.com [Source type: Original source]

.His second, a 25-year-old named Masakatsu Morita, tried three times to ritually behead Mishima but failed; his head was finally severed by Hiroyasu Koga.^ MICROMACHINES/NANOCOMPUTERS (science fiction) Time: years or a fraction of a second - depends how you look at it Available: in 50 -> 1000 years time?

^ Since this one doesn't make you unconscious for a long time, try combining with one that does, so you can use the good old bag method.

.Morita then attempted to commit seppuku himself.^ The retainer, greatly upset, stripped himself to the waist and was about to commit seppuku.
  • Hagakure: Book of the Samurai - Full Text 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC exhibita.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He told us that when he's unable to care for himself, he'd prefer to commit seppuku than waste away in a rest home.
  • On Seppuku, Katanas, and Samurai 10 January 2010 17:56 UTC haacked.com [Source type: General]

Although his own cuts were too shallow to be fatal, he gave the signal and he too was beheaded by Koga.[3]

Notable people who committed seppuku

See also

References

  1. ^ Ross, Christopher. Mishima's Sword, p.68. It is commonly pointed out that hara-kiri is a vulgarism, but this is a misunderstanding. Hara-kiri is a Japanese reading or Kun-yomi of the characters, as it became customary to prefer Chinese readings in official announcements only the term seppuku was ever used in writing. So hara-kiri is a spoken term and seppuku a written term for the same act.
  2. ^ Fusé, Toyomasa (1979). "Suicide and culture in Japan: A study of seppuku as an institutionalized form of suicide". Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 15 (2): 57-63. doi:10.1007/BF00578069. http://www.springerlink.com/content/n228553h733l5775/. 
  3. ^ Sheppard, Gordon (2003). Ha!: a self-murder mystery. McGill-Queen's University Press. p. 269. ISBN 0-7735-2345-6. http://books.google.com/books?id=uSTuGYNB-S8C&pg=PT287#v=onepage&q=&f=false. 
    excerpt from Stokes, Henry Scott (2000). The Life and Death of Yukio Mishima. Cooper Square Press. ISBN 0-8154-1074-3. 

Further reading

"That the custom of following a master in death is wrong and unprofitable is a caution which has been at times given of old; but, owing to the fact that it has not actually been prohibited, the number of those who cut their belly to follow their lord on his decease has become very great. For the future, to those retainers who may be animated by such an idea, their respective lords should intimate, constantly and in very strong terms, their disapproval of the custom. If, notwithstanding this warning, any instance of the practice should occur, it will be deemed that the deceased lord was to blame for unreadiness. Henceforward, moreover, his son and successor will be held to be blameworthy for incompetence, as not having prevented the suicides."

Simple English

Seppuku is a Japanese ritual when a Samurai cuts his belly. It was considered that seppuku was an honorable way to die. Seppuku is also referred to as hara-kiri, which is translated from Japanese as belly-cutting. The Japanese considered, though, that this name was offensive for such an honorable cause.

Overview

Seppuku was a key part of bushido, the code of the samurai warriors; it was used by warriors so that they would not fall into enemy hands and be ashamed. It was possible also that a samurai received an order from his master to commit seppuku. Since seppuku was an honorable act, a warrior was allowed, in some cases, to commit it, rather than to be executed, so that he could protect his honor. It was not expected that warriors, who were not considered samurai, to commit seppuku. Samurai women had to ask for permission to commit seppuku. This act could be performed either with a ritual, or quietly on the battlefield, while other warriors fight the enemy. The main weapon used to commit seppuku was the samurai's knife called tantō or the short sword, called wakizashi. A samurai who wants to commit seppuku would take the weapon he chose, he would open his kimono, stab the blade into his belly and then he would make a deep cut from left to right. An assistant of the warrior committing seppuku (called kaishakunin) would finally decapitate the warrior.


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 19, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Seppuku, which are similar to those in the above article.








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