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Sequim, Washington
—  City  —
Nickname(s): Sunny Sequim
Sequim, Washington
Coordinates: 48°4′41″N 123°6′5″W / 48.07806°N 123.10139°W / 48.07806; -123.10139
Country United States
State Washington
County Clallam
Area
 - Total 5.3 sq mi (13.7 km2)
 - Land 5.3 sq mi (13.7 km2)
 - Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 184 ft (56 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 4,334
 - Density 820.6/sq mi (316.8/km2)
Time zone Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)
 - Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 98382
Area code(s) 360
FIPS code 53-63385[1]
GNIS feature ID 1531505[2]
Website www.ci.sequim.wa.us
The Sequim School District is home of Sequim High School, Sequim Middle School, Sequim Community School, Helen Haller Elementary and Greywolf Elementary.

Sequim (pronounced /ˈskwɪm/ ( listen)) is a city in Clallam County, Washington, United States. The population is estimated to be 5,951 as of 2007, not including the approximately 20,000 residents in the Dungeness Valley immediately surrounding the city limits. Sequim is located along the Dungeness River near the base of the Olympic Mountains. The city has been increasing in population dramatically in recent years due to the influx of retirees from the Puget Sound region and California. Recent approximations show a population growth of about 34% since the year 2000[1].

Sequim lies within the rainshadow of the Olympic Mountains and receives an average of less than 15 inches of rain per year, nearly qualifying it as a desert. Fogs and cool breezes from the Juan de Fuca Strait make Sequim's environment more humid than would be expected from the low average annual precipitation. Some places have surprisingly luxuriant forests dominated by Douglas-fir and western red cedar. Black cottonwood, red alder, bigleaf maple, Pacific madrone, lodgepole pine and Garry oak can also be large. Historically, much of the area was an open oak-studded prairie supported by somewhat excessively drained gravelly sandy loam soil, though agriculture and development of the Dungeness valley have changed this ecosystem. Most soils under Sequim have been placed in a series which is named after the city.[2] This "Sequim series" is one of the few Mollisols in western Washington and its high base saturation, a characteristic of the Mollisol order, is attributed to the minimal leaching of bases caused by low annual rainfall.[3]

The city and the surrounding area are particularly known for the commercial growth of lavender, supported by the unique climate: it makes Sequim the "Lavender Capital of North America", rivaled only in France. The area is also known for its Dungeness crab.

Sequim is pronounced as one syllable, with the e elided: "skwim".

Contents

Media

The local news publications consist of the community news paper Sequim Gazette,[3] the Peninsula Daily News[4] and the weekly Sequim This Week by the Peninsula Daily News.[5]

Sister city

Sequim's sister city is Shiso, Hyogo, Japan. Sequim and Shiso have an exchange student program set up through Sequim High School and Sequim Middle School.

History

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Aboriginal inhabitants

The S'Klallam tribe had inhabited the region prior to the arrival of the first Europeans. The tribal name of the village at Washington Harbor, located just to the east of the present day city, later evolved into the name Sequim.[6] Both Manuel Quimper and George Vancouver explored the region's coast in the 1790s.

First European settlers

The first European settlers arrived in the Dungeness Valley in the 1850s, settling nearby Dungeness, Washington. While the lands along the river became fertile farmlands, the remainder of the area remained arid prairie. Irrigation canals first brought water to the prairie in the 1890s, allowing the expansion of farmlands.

Incorporation

Sequim was officially incorporated on October 31, 1913. For many decades small farms, mostly dairy farms, dotted the area around the small town. Near the end of World War I, Sequim became a stop for a railway which passed through from Port Angeles to Port Townsend, built primarily to carry wood products from the forests of the western Olympic Peninsula.

Modern

In recent decades, the family farms that once dotted the valley have been parceled off into home sites as the area's excellent climate has drawn many retired people. Recent years have seen a resurgence of organic farming in the area, with Nash Huber of Nash's Organic Produce leading the way, and a weekly farmer's market is held downtown from May to October.

Commemmoration

Each May since 1895, Sequim holds the Irrigation Festival. As of 2008, it is the longest continuously running festival in the state.

The Sequim Lavender Festival has been held every July since 1996. It includes three days of lavender farm tours and a street fair.

Tourist attractions

Drawing of a mastodon skeleton by Rembrandt Peale

Sequim is home of a herd of Roosevelt elk, one attraction to the area. Sequim holds a Lavender Festival during the summer of every year, usually around July, which attracts tens of thousands of people.

The Museum and Arts Center features both natural and cultural exhibits including a mastodon mural mounted with the remaining mastodons bones, artifacts, and a video on the excavation. The Olympic Game Farm allows visitors to get a close look at many large game animals.

The Dungeness National Wildlife Refuge is located just north of the city, near the mouth of the Dungeness River. It includes Dungeness Spit and a five mile hike to the New Dungeness Lighthouse[7] at the end of the spit.

To the east along Highway 101 is Sequim Bay, a 4 mile long inlet from the Straits of Juan de Fuca. Along the western stretch is the Sequim Bay State Park and the John Wayne Marina. The land for the latter was bequeathed by the movie actor John Wayne. The inlet is a popular bird watching area.[8]

Geography

Sequim is located at 48°4′41″N 123°6′5″W / 48.07806°N 123.10139°W / 48.07806; -123.10139 (48.078002, -123.101427).[9]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.3 square miles (13.7 km²), all of it land.

Climate

Sequim experiences an oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification Cfb).

Weather data for Sequim
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 45
(7)
48
(9)
52
(11)
56
(13)
61
(16)
65
(18)
69
(21)
69
(21)
65
(18)
58
(14)
50
(10)
46
(8)
57
(14)
Average low °F (°C) 29
(-2)
31
(-1)
33
(1)
36
(2)
42
(6)
46
(8)
49
(9)
49
(9)
44
(7)
37
(3)
33
(1)
30
(-1)
38
(3)
Precipitation inches (mm) 1.89
(48)
1.47
(37.3)
1.24
(31.5)
.97
(24.6)
1.18
(30)
1.04
(26.4)
.67
(17)
.73
(18.5)
.84
(21.3)
1.27
(32.3)
2.55
(64.8)
2.25
(57.2)
16.10
(408.9)
Source: [10] 2009-05-13

Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 4,334 people, 2,163 households, and 1,111 families residing in the city. The population density was 820.6 people per square mile (316.9/km²). There were 2,424 housing units at an average density of 459.0/sq mi (177.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 93.91% White, 0.30% African American, 1.15% Native American, 1.75% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 0.92% from other races, and 1.87% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.86% of the population.

There were 2,163 households out of which 15.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.1% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 48.6% were non-families. 44.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 30.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.90 and the average family size was 2.55.

In the city the population was spread out with 15.3% under the age of 18, 5.4% from 18 to 24, 15.2% from 25 to 44, 19.5% from 45 to 64, and 44.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 59 years. For every 100 females there were 73.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 68.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $27,880, and the median income for a family was $35,652. Males had a median income of $35,160 versus $20,347 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,253. About 9.8% of families and 13.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.9% of those under age 18 and 10.7% of those age 65 or over.

References

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  3. ^ "Sequim Online Gazette". Olympic View Publishing. http://www.sequimgazette.com. Retrieved 2009-03-20.  
  4. ^ "Peninsula Daily News". Horvitz Newspapers. http://www.peninsuladailynews.com. Retrieved 2009-03-20.  
  5. ^ "Sequim This Week". http://www.sequimthisweek.com. Retrieved 2009-03-20.  
  6. ^ Olympic Peninsula Intertribal Cultural Advisory Committee (2003). Jacilee Wray. ed. Native Peoples of the Olympic Peninsula: Who We Are. University of Oklahoma Press. p. 35. ISBN 0806135522.  
  7. ^ Petrich, Christopher (2005). A Complete Guide To The Lighthouses on Puget Sound Including Admiralty Inlet. Lulu.com. p. 72. ISBN 1411641868.  
  8. ^ McNair-Huff, Natalie (2004). Birding Washington. Globe Pequot. pp. 48–51. ISBN 076272577X.  
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  10. ^ "Average Weather for Sequim". Weather.com. http://www.weather.com/outlook/health/achesandpains/wxclimatology/monthly/graph/USWA0401?from=36hr_bottomnav_aches. Retrieved 13 May 2008.  

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Sequim is a small city on the Olympic Peninsula in Washington (state).

Sequim Area
Sequim Area

With a population of 5,000, Sequim offers small-town charm with big city amenities. You will find unsurpassed natural beauty and a unique Northwest identity. Sequim is located in one of the most beautiful spots in the world. The soaring Olympic Mountains decorate the city’s southern border and the waters of the Strait of Juan de Fuca create a northern boundary. Sequim’s ideal weather and rich soil are the envy of other coastal towns and all of Western Washington. You may want to bring a bucket to pick lavender, strawberries, raspberries and blackberries. Sequim is also famous for the flavorful native Dungeness crab.

Get in

By car

From Seattle's main airport, SeaTac (IATA: SEA), one can drive directly to Sequim in just over 2 hours (via I-5 S, WA-16 W, WA-3 N & WA-101). Washington State Ferries [1] cut across the Puget Sound from Edmonds, or from downtown Seattle to Bainbridge Island. There are also ferry routes from Victoria (British Columbia) to nearby Port Angeles.

By air

Sequim Valley Airport [2]] is located 3 miles west of town. Fairchild International Airport (IATA: CLM) is located in nearby Port Angeles.

By sea

John Wayne Marina [3] is nestled on the west side of Sequim Bay.

  • Highway 101
  • Old Olympic Highway
  • John Wayne Marina [4]
  • Sequim Valley Airport [5]
  • Clallam Transit [6] connects Sequim to Port Angeles and Jefferson Transit [7] connects Sequim to Port Townsend.
Beautiful snow-capped Olympic Mountains
Beautiful snow-capped Olympic Mountains
  • Golfing
  • Hiking
  • Biking
  • Beachcombing
  • Ocean kayaking
  • Windsurfing
  • Berry picking
    • Graysmarsh Farm [16]
  • Powered paragliding
  • 7 Cedars Casino
  • Annual Irrigation Festival [17]
  • Sequim Lavender Festival [18]
  • Small quaint shops in downtown Sequim
  • Sequim Open Aire Market [19]
  • Lavender products at various lavender farm outlets [20].
  • Art & souvenirs at the Jamestown S'Klallam Indian Art Gallery at Sequim Bay [21].

Eat

Numerous places to dine or to just grab a bite to eat.

George Washington Inn
George Washington Inn
  • George Washington Inn, 939 Finn Hall Rd, +1-360-452-5207, [22]. George Washington Inn is a new bed & breakfast located along the Strait of Juan de Fuca between Sequim and Port Angeles. $175-$235.  edit
  • Purple Haze Lavender Farm, 180 Bellbottom Road (take the exit to John Wayne Marina (White Feather Way) and turn left on West Sequim Bay Road), +1-888-852-6560, [23]. Enjoy Agri-tourism, where you not only stay in a beautiful rural setting, you can also watch firsthand the operations of a working Lavender Farm. The Farm House can comfortably accommodate 8 guests, however there is an additional $50.00 charge per person for more than 6 guests. $275.  edit
  • Port Townsend
  • Port Angeles - Gateway to Canada via ferry. Location of Fairchild International Airport.
  • Olympic Loop - Take the Olympic Loop for a scenic drive back around the Olympics.
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