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Српска Војводина
Serbian Vojvodina
Autonomous Region (selfproclaimed) of Austrian Empire

1848 – 1849

Flag of Vojvodina


Location of Vojvodina
Capital Sremski Karlovci
Veliki Bečkerek
 - Established 1848
 - Formation of Serbian Voivodship and Tamiš Banat 1849

The Serbian Vojvodina (Serbian Voivodship, Serbian Duchy, Srpska Vojvodina, Српска Војводина) was a Serbian autonomous region within the Austrian Empire. It was proclaimed during the 1848 Revolution, and existed until 1849, when it was transformed into the new province named Serbian Voivodship and Tamiš Banat.



During the 1848 Revolution, the Hungarians demanded national rights and autonomy within the Austrian Empire. However, they did not recognized the national rights of other nationalities which lived in the Habsburg Kingdom of Hungary in that time.

Wishing to express their national individuality and confronted with new Hungarian authorities, Serbs declared the constitution of the Serbian Vojvodina (Serbian Duchy) at the May Assembly in Sremski Karlovci (May 13-15 1848). The Serbian Vojvodina consisted of Srem, Bačka, Banat, and Baranja regions.

The Serbs also formed a political alliance with the Kingdom of Croatia "based on freedom and perfect equality". They also recognized the Romanian nationality. The metropolitan of Sremski Karlovci, Josif Rajačić, was elected for patriarch, while Stevan Šupljikac for the first duke (voivod). A National committee was formed as the new government of Serbian Vojvodina. Instead of the old feudal regime a new reign was founded based on the national boards with the Head Serbian national board presiding.

The Hungarian government replied by the use of force: on June 12 1848, a war between Serbs and Hungarians started. Austria took the side of Hungary at first, demanding from the Serbs to "go back to being obedient". Serbs were aided by volunteers from Serbia. A consequence of this war, was the expansion of the conservative factions. Since the Austrian court turned against the Hungarians in the later stage of revolution, the feudal and clerical circles of Vojvodina formed an alliance with Austria and became a tool of the Viennese government. Serbian troops from Vojvodina then joined the Habsburg army and helped in crushing the revolution in Hungary. With the help of Imperial Russia, the forces of reaction smothered the revolution in the summer of 1849, defeating all the national and social movements in the Habsburg monarchy.

History of Vojvodina
Coat of Arms of Vojvodina
This article is part of a series
Ancient times
Lower Pannonia
Pannonia Secunda
Diocese of Pannonia
Prefecture of Illyricum
Medieval times
Gepid Kingdom
Byzantine Pannonia
Realm of Kuber
Lands of Buta-ul
Voivodeship of Salan
Voivodeship of Glad
Voivodeship of Ahtum
Voivodeship of Sermon
Theme Sirmium
Kingdom of Syrmia of Stefan Dragutin
Upper Syrmia of Ugrin Csák
Empire of Jovan Nenad
Voivodeship of Syrmia of Radoslav Čelnik
Modern times
Eyalet of Temeşvar
Sanjak of Syrmia
Sanjak of Segedin
Banate of Lugos and Karansebes
Banat of Temeswar
District of Potisje
District of Velika Kikinda
Serbian Vojvodina
Voivodeship of Serbia and Banat of Temeschwar
Bács-Bodrog County
Syrmia County
Torontál County
Temes County
Banat Republic
Banat, Bačka and Baranja
Danube Banovina
Banat (1941–1944)
Autonomous Province of Vojvodina (1945-1963)
Socialist Autonomous Province of Vojvodina (1963-1990)
Autonomous Province of Vojvodina

Vojvodina Portal
 v • d •  e 

After the defeat of the revolution, by a decision of the Austrian emperor, in November 1849, an Austrian crownland known as Serbian Voivodship and Tamiš Banat was formed as the successor of Serbian Vojvodina.


The first capital of Serbian Vojvodina was in Sremski Karlovci. It was later moved to Zemun, Veliki Bečkerek (Zrenjanin), and Temišvar (Timişoara).

Flag and Coat-of-arms

The coat-of-arms of the Serbian Vojvodina was essentially the Austrian Habsburg imperial arms, with the coat-of-arms of the Serbs (Serbian cross, with four Cyrillic letters "S", reflecting the Serbian national motto "Only Unity Saves the Serbs" - Samo sloga Srbina spasava) on the chests of the black eagle. The bearer of the Serbian arms was the Austrian black eagle, instead of the Serbian white one, in order to show the fidelity of the newly established Voivodship to the Imperial Court in Vienna. The coat-of-arms was simply added to the Serbian national tricolour. Thus the flag differed from the flag of the Principality of Serbia, which had a different arms in the middle of its state flag.¹

¹"Leksiklopedija" (column), TV Novosti magazine, Belgrade, 1991.



  1. Dr Dušan J. Popović, Srbi u Vojvodini, knjiga 3, Novi Sad, 1990.
  2. Sima M. Ćirković, Srbi među evropskim narodima, Beograd, 2004.
  3. Lazo M. Kostić, Srpska Vojvodina i njene manjine, Novi Sad, 1999.
  4. Drago Njegovan, Prisajedinjenje Vojvodine Srbiji, Novi Sad, 2004.
  5. Dejan Mikavica, Srpska Vojvodina u Habsburškoj Monarhiji 1690-1920, Novi Sad, 2005.
  6. Vasilije Krestić, Iz prošlosti Srema, Bačke i Banata, Beograd, 2003.
  7. Milan Tutorov, Banatska rapsodija, Novi Sad, 2001.

See also

External links




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