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Sergey Kiriyenko
Серге́й Кирие́нко


In office
23 March 1998 – 23 August 1998
President Boris Yeltsin
Preceded by Viktor Chernomyrdin
Succeeded by Viktor Chernomyrdin (Acting)

Born 26 July 1962 (1962-07-26) (age 47)
Sukhumi

Sergey Vladilenovich Kiriyenko (Russian: Серге́й Владиле́нович Кирие́нко) (born July 26, 1962) is a Russian politician. He served as the Prime Minister of Russia from March 23 to August 23, 1998 under President Boris Yeltsin. Currently, he is the head of Rosatom, the state nuclear energy corporation.

Contents

Early life

Sergei Kiriyenko's grandfather, Yakov Israitel, made his name as a devoted Communist and Lenin awarded him with an inscribed pistol for his good service to the party.

Sergei Kiriyenko was born in 1962 in Sukhumi, the capital of the Abkhazian ASSR of the Georgian SSR, and grew up in Sochi , in southern Russia. After graduation from high school, Kiriyenko enrolled in the shipbuilding faculty at the Nizhny Novgorod (Gorky) Water Transport Engineers Institute, where his divorced father taught. At this time, he dropped the Jewish family name of his father and adopted Kiriyenko, the Ukrainian name of his mother.[1]

Prime minister

Kirienko was appointed Prime Minister after the dismissal of Viktor Chernomyrdin's second cabinet. The State Duma, dominated by the communists, initially refused to confirm his appointment but president Boris Yeltsin nominated him a second time and Kiriyenko was confirmed.

Along with Deputy Prime minister Boris Nemtsov and Anatoly Chubays, Kirienko became known as one of "young reformists". They tried to improve the Russia's economy using International Monetary Fund credits, and it elevated the national debt to the level of $22.6 billion.

Kirienko's cabinet defaulted the GKO-OFZ government bond coupons which led to devaluation of the Russian ruble and 1998 Russian financial crisis. Responsible for the crisis, the prime minister resigned on August 23

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Libel lawsuit

In 2004 Novaya Gazeta printed seven articles by columnist Georgy Rozhnov, which accused Kiriyenko of embezzling US$4.8 billion of IMF funds in 1998 when he was Prime Minister of Russia.[2] The newspaper based the accusations on a letter allegedly written to Colin Powell and signed by US Congressmen Philip Crane, Mike Pence, Charlie Norwood, Dan Burton and Henry Bonilla and posted on the website of the American Defense Council.[3] The newspaper went on to claim that Kiriyenko had used some of the embezzled funds to purchase real estate in the United States. It was later revealed that the letter was a prank concocted by The eXile.[4][3] In response, Kiriyenko sued Novaya Gazeta and Rozhnov for libel,[4] and in passing judgement in favour of Kiriyenko the court ordered Novaya Gazeta to retract all publications relating to the accusations, and noted "Novaya gazeta’s content on the missing IMF funds include a great deal of unproven information" and also went on to say that the newspaper "is obliged to publish only officially proven information linking Mr Kiriyenko with embezzlement."[2]

Formation of SPS

Together with Nemtsov, Chubais, Irina Hakamada and Egor Gaydar, Kirienko formed the Soyuz Pravih Sil (SPS, Union of the Right forces), one of the largest Russia's liberal democrat parties. The party finished fourth on 1999 elections.

He participated in the elections for Moscow mayor chair and finished second after incumbent Yuri Luzhkov.

Rosatom

Kirienko was appointed to head Rosatom, the Federal Atomic Energy Agency, on November 30, 2005.[5] He is also chairman of the board of directors of the vertically integrated Atomenergoprom nuclear company.[6]

He said on September 18, 2006 while in Vienna, that the reactor in the Bushehr nuclear plant in Iran should be operational by September 2007 and the plant itself will be active in November 2007. He advocated President Vladimir Putin's idea of creating an international system of uranium enrichment centers. A uranium enrichment center could be operational in Russia in 2007.[7] Responding to a reporter's question, Kiriyenko said that the Bushehr power plant would not affect nuclear non-proliferation and that there was nothing preventing Iran-Russia energy cooperation. The Government of Russia plans to deliver nuclear fuel to the plant in March 2007.[8]

References

See also

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
Viktor Chernomyrdin
Prime Minister of Russia
1998
Succeeded by
Viktor Chernomyrdin
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
N/A
Presidential Envoy to the Volga Federal District
May 18, 2000 – November 14, 2005
Succeeded by
Alexandr Konovalov

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