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Serie B
Lega Calcio.png
Countries Italy Italy
Confederation UEFA
Founded 1929
Number of teams 22
Promotion to Serie A
Relegation to Lega Pro Prima Divisione
Levels on pyramid 2
Domestic cup(s) Coppa Italia
Current champions Bari (2008–09)
Most championships Genoa (Six times)
Website http://www.lega-calcio.it
Soccerball current event.svg Serie B 2009–10

Serie B is the name of the second highest football league in Italy. It consists of 22 teams. The championship is often called the cadetti, which means 'juniors' or 'cadets', or campionato cadetto. It is organized by Lega Calcio, as the major tournament.

Serie B was composed of 20 teams until the 2002–03 season. It was enlarged to 24 teams for the 2003–04 season due to legal problems relating to Calcio Catania relegation. The league reverted to 22 teams for the 2004–05 season, while Serie A expanded from 18 to 20 teams.

During the regular season, each team plays 42 games – two games against every opponent. In Italian football, a true round-robin format is used. In the first half of the season, called andata, each team plays once against all its opponents, a total of 21 games. In the second half of the season, called ritorno, each team will play the same teams in the exact same order, the only difference being that a home game played in the first half will be an away game with that same team in the second half, and vice versa.

Since the 2006–07 season, the Serie B champion is awarded the cup Ali della Vittoria (Wings of Victory). The trophy is 63 cm high and weighs 5 kg. Its structure represents the wings of the goddess Nike, the goddess of victory, holding a cup similar to an olympic flame.

Serie B matches are usually played on Saturday. After one year where all games were played on Saturday, the league is again scheduling one game that is played on Friday called anticipo (the advanced game) and one game that is played on Monday called posticipo (the post-dated game). The league also plays on several Tuesdays to fit in all 42 games. The league also plays on Sunday if Serie A is off.

Contents

Promotion and relegation

At the end of the season, three teams are promoted to Serie A and four teams are relegated to Lega Pro Prima Divisione. The top two teams are automatically promoted. If the 3rd-placed team is 10 or more points ahead of the 4th-placed team, it too is automatically promoted, otherwise the 3rd through 6th-placed teams enter a playoff tournament to determine the other team that will be promoted.

If the playoff conditions exist, the first round pairs the 3rd-placed team vs the 6th-placed team and the 4th-placed team vs the 5th-placed team in a double-leg series with the higher classified team having home-field advantage in the 2nd leg. The team with the higher aggregate score moves on to the second round. If at the end of regular play in the second leg an aggregate tie exists, the higher classified team moves on. The away goals rule is not used.

The two winners then play in a two-legged 'final' under a similar format with the higher-classified team at home in the second leg. The only difference being that if an aggregate tie exists at the end of regular play in the second leg, extra time is played. If the two teams are still tied after thirty minutes, the higher classified team is the one promoted.

In the relegation zone, the three last-placed teams (20th,21st and 22nd) are automatically demoted to Lega Pro Prima Divisione. If the 18th-placed team is 5 or more points ahead of the 19th-placed team, then the 19th-placed team becomes the 4th and final team to be demoted, otherwise the conditions for a playoff more commonly called playout exist.

If the playout is necessary, the 18th and 19th-placed teams are paired in a two-legged series with home-field advantage in the 2nd leg going to the 18th-placed team. The team with the higher aggregate score remains in Serie B while the loser becomes the fourth team relegated to Lega Pro Prima Divisione. If an aggregate tie exists at the end of regulation play of the 2nd leg, the 18th-placed team is saved, and the 19th-placed team is demoted.

Brief history

A junior football championship was created at first in Italy in 1904 , after seven editions of the major tournament of FIGC: it was called Second Category, and was composed both by senior squads of town clubs and by youth teams of city clubs. If the first ones won the championship, they would be promoted to First Category, which consequentely improved in size: the first team to reach the honour, was Pro Vercelli in 1907, which even won the scudetto in 1908. FIGC attempted many times to introduce relegations on the contrary, but the reform was really adopted only in 1921 by the secessionist CCI in its Northern League, which consisted of a First Division and a Second Division: the first teams to be relegated were AC Vicenza and FC Inter even if, after the reunion with FIGC, the regulations were changed, and SSC Venezia was demoted instead of the Milanese club. Even if part of the same league, differently from First Division, Second Division was based on local group with proximity criteria. Only in 1928, the big reform was conceived by FIGC's President Leandro Arpinati: after a year, a new second division based on the same national format of the major tournament would be born. Serie B began in 1929 with 18 clubs and continued until WWII after whom it was divided again between the northern and the southern part of the country, due to the destructions of the war. The championship became national again in 1948, and for many years in the second half of the 20th century, it was played by 20 clubs. In 2003-04 a single group of 24 teams was formed, the biggest in all history of all levels of the Italian championship. After 2004, a 22-teams format was introduced together with playoffs.

Serie B is the lowest division where five clubs have ever played: Torino, Juventus, Milan, Roma and Lazio.

Club performances

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Promotions by season

  • Italics denotes teams promoted after playoff or qualification match.
  • Parentheses denote teams not promoted.
Season Winners Runners-up Third Place Other promotions
1929-30 Casale Legnano (La Dominante) -
1930-31 Fiorentina Bari (Palermo) -
1931-32 Palermo Padova (Verona) -
1932-33 Livorno Brescia (Modena) -
1933-34 Sampierdarenese (Bari) (Modena) -
1934-35 Genova 1893 Bari (Novara) -
1935-36 Lucchese Novara (Livorno) -
1936-37 Livorno Atalanta (Modena) -
1937-38 Modena Novara (Alessandria) -
1938-39 Fiorentina Venezia (Atalanta) -
1939-40 Atalanta Livorno (Lucchese) -
1940-41 Liguria Modena (Brescia) -
1941-42 Bari Vicenza (Pescara -
1942-43 Modena Brescia (Napoli) -
1945-46 Alessandria (Pro Patria) (Vigevano) -
1946-47 Gir. A: Pro Patria
Gir. B: Lucchese
Gir. C: Salernitana
Gir. A: (Legnano)
Gir. B: (Padova)
Gir. C: (Ternana)
Gir. A: (Novara)
Gir. B: (Empoli)
Gir. C: (Pescara)
-
1947-48 Gir. A: Novara
Gir. B: Padova
Gir. C: Palermo
Gir. A: (Brescia)
Gir. B: (Verona)
Gir. C: (Pisa)
Gir. A: (Como)
Gir. B: (Spal)
Gir. C: (Lecce)
-
1948-49 Como Venezia (Vicenza) -
1949-50 Napoli Udinese (Legnano) -
1950-51 S.P.A.L. Legnano (Modena) -
1951-52 Roma (Brescia) (Messina) -
1952-53 Genoa Legnano (Catania) -
1953-54 Catania Pro Patria (Cagliari) -
1954-55 Lanerossi Vicenza Padova (Modena) -
1955-56 Udinese Palermo (Como) -
1956-57 Verona Alessandria (Brescia) -
1957-58 Triestina Bari (Venezia) -
1958-59 Atalanta Palermo (Lecco) -
1959-60 Torino Lecco Catania -
1960-61 Venezia Ozo Mantova Palermo -
1961-62 Genoa Napoli Modena -
1962-63 Messina Bari Lazio -
1963-64 Varese Cagliari Foggia -
1964-65 Brescia Napoli S.P.A.L. -
1965-66 Venezia Lecco Mantova -
1966-67 Sampdoria Varese (Catanzaro) -
1967-68 Palermo Verona Pisa -
1968-69 Lazio Brescia Bari -
1969-70 Varese Foggia Catania -
1970-71 Mantova Atalanta Catanzaro -
1971-72 Ternana Lazio Palermo -
1972-73 Genoa Cesena Foggia -
1973-74 Varese Ascoli Ternana -
1974-75 Perugia Como Verona -
1975-76 Genoa Catanzaro Foggia -
1976-77 Lanerossi Vicenza Atalanta Pescara -
1977-78 Ascoli Catanzaro Avellino -
1978-79 Udinese Cagliari Pescara -
1979-80 Como Pistoiese Brescia -
1980-81 Milan Genoa Cesena -
1981-82 Verona Pisa Sampdoria -
1982-83 Milan Lazio Catania -
1983-84 Atalanta Como Cremonese -
1984-85 Pisa Lecce Bari -
1985-86 Ascoli Brescia Empoli -
1986-87 Pescara Pisa Cesena -
1987-88 Bologna Lecce Lazio Atalanta
1988-89 Genoa Bari Udinese Cremonese
1989-90 Torino Pisa Cagliari Parma
1990-91 Foggia Verona Cremonese Ascoli
1991-92 Brescia Pescara Ancona Udinese
1992-93 Reggiana Cremonese Piacenza Lecce
1993-94 Fiorentina Bari Brescia Padova
1994-95 Piacenza Udinese Vicenza Atalanta
1995-96 Bologna Verona Perugia Reggiana
1996-97 Brescia Empoli Lecce Bari
1997-98 Salernitana Venezia Cagliari Perugia
1998-99 Verona Torino Reggina Lecce
1999-00 Vicenza Atalanta Brescia Napoli
2000-01 Torino Piacenza Chievo Venezia
2001-02 Como Modena Reggina Empoli
2002-03 Siena Sampdoria Lecce Ancona
2003-04 Palermo Cagliari Livorno Messina, Atalanta, Fiorentina [1]
2004-05 Empoli Treviso Ascoli -
2005-06 Atalanta Catania Torino -
2006-07 Juventus Napoli Genoa -
2007-08 Chievo Bologna Lecce -
2008-09 Bari Parma Livorno -

Performance by club

Club Winners Runners-up Winning Years

Asim

Genoa 6 1 1935, 1953, 1962, 1973, 1976, 1989
Atalanta 4 3 1940, 1959, 1984, 2006
Bari 3 6 1935, 1942, 2009
Brescia 3 6 1965, 1992, 1997
Verona 3 4 1957, 1982, 1999
Como 3 2 1949, 1980, 2002
Palermo 3 2 1932, 1968, 2004
Torino 3 1 1960, 1990, 2001
Varese 3 1 1964, 1970, 1974
Vicenza 3 1 1955, 1977, 2000
Fiorentina 3 - 1931, 1939, 1994
Venezia 2 3 1961, 1966
Novara 2 2 1938, 1948
Udinese 2 2 1956, 1979
Ascoli 2 1 1978, 1986
Livorno 2 1 1933, 1937
Bologna 2 1 1988, 1996
Lucchese 2 - 1936, 1947
Milan 2 - 1981, 1983
Salernitana 2 - 1947, 1998
Modena 1 4 1943
Pisa 1 4 1985
Padova 1 3 1948
Lazio 1 2 1969
Napoli 1 3 1950
Perugia 1 2 1975
Pescara 1 2 1987
Pro Patria 1 2 1947
Alessandria 1 1 1946
Catania 1 1 1954
Empoli 1 1 2005
Foggia 1 1 1991
Mantova 1 1 1971
Piacenza 1 1 1995
Sampdoria (with Liguria) 3 1 1934, 1941, 1967
Ternana 1 1 1972
Casale 1 - 1930
Chievo 1 - 2008
Juventus 1 - 2007
Messina 1 - 1963
Reggiana 1 - 1993
Roma 1 - 1952
Siena 1 - 2003
Spal 1 - 1951
Triestina 1 - 1958
Legnano - 4 -
Cagliari - 3 -
Catanzaro - 2 -
Lecce - 2 -
Lecco - 2 -
Cesena - 1 -
Cremonese - 1 -
Parma - 1 -
Pistoiese - 1 -
Treviso - 1 -

Titles by region

Region Titles Winning Clubs
 Lombardia
16
Atalanta (4), Brescia (3), Como (3), Varese (3), Milan (2), Mantova (1), Pro Patria (1)
 Toscana
10
Fiorentina (3), Livorno (2), Lucchese (2), Empoli (1), Pisa (1), Siena (1)
 Veneto
10
Verona (3), Vicenza (3), Venezia (2), Chievo (1), Padova (1)
 Liguria
9
Genoa (6), Sampdoria (3)
 Piemonte
8
Torino (3), Novara (2), Alessandria (1), Casale (1), Juventus (1)
 Emilia-Romagna
6
Bologna (2), Modena (1), Piacenza (1), Reggiana (1), SPAL (1)
 Sicilia
5
Palermo (3), Catania (1), Messina (1)
 Puglia
4
Bari (3), Foggia (1)
 Campania
3
Salernitana (2), Napoli (1)
 Friuli-Venezia Giulia
3
Udinese (2), Triestina (1)
 Lazio
2
Lazio (1), Roma (1)
 Marche
2
Ascoli (2)
 Umbria
2
Perugia (1), Ternana (1)
 Abruzzo
1
Pescara (1)

Titles by city

City Titles Winning Clubs
Armoiries Gênes.svg Genova
9
Genoa (6), Sampdoria (3)
Bergamo
4
Atalanta (4)
Torino-Stemma.png Torino
4
Torino (3), Juventus (1)
Verona
4
Verona (3), Chievo (1)
Bari-Stemma.png Bari
3
Bari (3)
Brescia
3
Brescia (3)
Como
3
Como (3)
FlorenceCoA.svg Firenze
3
Fiorentina (3)
Palermo
3
Palermo (3)
Varese
3
Varese (3)
Vicenza
3
Vicenza (3)
Ascoli Piceno
2
Ascoli (2)
Bologna
2
Bologna (2)
Livorno
2
Livorno (2)
Lucca-Stemma.png Lucca
2
Lucchese (2)
Milano
2
Milan (2)
Novara
2
Novara (2)
Coat of arms of Rome.svg Roma
2
Lazio (1), Roma (1)
Salerno
2
Salernitana (2)
Udine-Stemma.png Udine
2
Udinese (2)
Venezia
2
Venezia (2)
Alessandria
1
Alessandria (1)
Busto Arsizio
1
Pro Patria (1)
Casale Monferrato
1
Casale (1)
Catania
1
Catania (1)
Empoli
1
Empoli (1)
CoA Città di Ferrara 2.svg Ferrara
1
SPAL (1)
Foggia-Stemma.png Foggia
1
Foggia (1)
Mantova-Stemma.png Mantova
1
Mantova (1)
Messina
1
Messina (1)
Modena
1
Modena (1)
Napoli
1
Napoli (1)
Padova
1
Padova (1)
Logocomuneperugia.png Perugia
1
Perugia (1)
Pescara-Stemma.png Pescara
1
Pescara (1)
Piacenza stemma.png Piacenza
1
Piacenza (1)
Pisa-Stemma.png Pisa
1
Pisa (1)
Reggio Emilia
1
Reggiana (1)
Siena-Stemma.png Siena
1
Siena (1)
Terni-Stemma.png Terni
1
Ternana (1)
Trieste
1
Triestina (1)

Promotions by region

Region Promotions Promoted Clubs
 Lombardia
44
Atalanta (11), Brescia (10), Como (5), Cremonese (4), Varese (4), Legnano (3), Mantova (3), Lecco (2), Milan (2), Pro Patria (2)
 Veneto
25
Verona (7), Venezia (6), Vicenza (5), Padova (4), Chievo (2), Treviso (1)
 Toscana
21
Pisa (5), Empoli (4), Fiorentina (4), Livorno (4), Lucchese (2), Pistoiese (1), Siena (1)
 Puglia
21
Bari (9), Lecce (7), Foggia (5)
 Emilia-Romagna
20
Modena (5), Bologna (3), Cesena (3), Piacenza (3), Reggiana (2), Spal (2), Parma (2)
 Sicilia
15
Palermo (8), Catania (5), Messina (2)
 Liguria
13
Genoa (8), Sampdoria (5)
 Piemonte
12
Torino (5), Novara (3), Alessandria (2), Casale (1), Juventus (1)
 Campania
8
Napoli (5), Salernitana (2), Avellino (1)
 Friuli-Venezia Giulia
7
Udinese (6), Triestina (1)
 Marche
7
Ascoli (5), Ancona (2)
 Lazio
6
Lazio (5), Roma (1)
 Calabria
5
Catanzaro (3), Reggina (2)
 Sardegna
5
Cagliari (5)
 Umbria
5
Perugia (3), Ternana (2)
 Abruzzo
4
Pescara (4)

Complete team list

Seasons in Serie B

These are the 132 clubs which took part to the 78 Serie B editions played from 1929-30 to 2009-10.[2] The bolded teams competes in Serie B in the current season.

The Serie B-C Alta Italia post-war championship

This championship was organized by geographical criteria with only Northern Italy Serie B and the best Northern Italy Serie C teams taking part. Southern Italy Serie B teams took part to Serie A 1945-46. For this reason, this championship is not included in the statistics.

Serie B members for 2009–10

The following twenty-two clubs will be competing in Serie B during the 2008–09 season.

Club
Finishing position
in 2008–09
First season in
Serie B
First season of
current spell in
Serie B
Last season in
Serie A
AlbinoLeffe 9th 2003–04 2003–04 Never
Ancona 19th 1937–38 2008–09 2003–04
Ascoli 16th 1972–73 2007–08 2006–07
Brescia 4th 1932–33 2005–06 2004–05
Cesena Prima Divisione – A champions 1946–47 2009–10 1990–91
Cittadella 17th 2000–01 2008–09 Never
Crotone Prima Divisione – B play-off winners 2000–01 2009–10 Never
Empoli 5th 1946–47 2008–09 2007–08
Frosinone 11th 2006–07 2006–07 Never
Gallipoli Prima Divisione – B champions 2009–10 2009–10 Never
Grosseto 6th 2007–08 2007–08 Never
Lecce 20th in Serie A 1929–30 2009–10 2008–09
Mantova 13th 1959–60 2005–06 1971–72
Modena 15th 1932–33 2004–05 2003–04
Padova Prima Divisione – A play-off winners 1930–31 2009–10 1995–96
Piacenza 10th 1987–88 2003–04 2002–03
Reggina 19th in Serie A 1965–66 2009–10 2008–09
Salernitana 14th 1938–39 2008–09 1998–99
Sassuolo 7th 2008–09 2008–09 Never
Torino 18th in Serie A 1959–60 2009–10 2008–09
Triestina 8th 1957–58 2002–03 1958–59
Vicenza 12th 1933–34 2001–02 2000–01

See also

External links

References

  1. ^ Due to expand from 18 teams to 20 teams of Serie A.
  2. ^ The championship was suspended from 1943 to 1945 due to WWII, and the 1945-46 northern edition is not statistically considered by FIGC, even its promotion result was official.

Simple English

Serie B
Country Italy
Confederation UEFA
Founded 1929
Level 2
Number of teams 22
Promotion to Serie A
Relegation to Lega Pro Prima Divisione
Current champions Bari (2008/09)

Serie B is a football league which is second division in Italy.

Club 2009/10

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