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Serra de Collserola: Wikis


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The Serra de Collserola is a mountain range between the rivers Besòs and Llobregat. It separates Barcelona from the Vallés plain. Its tallest peak is the Tibidabo, at 512 m. The valleys of the Llobregat and Besós Rivers, the plain of Barcelona, and the Vallés basin, mark the geographical boundaries of the Collserola massif.

To preserve the area, in 1987 the Parc de Collserola (Collserola Park), which has an area of 84.65 km², was established. It is the largest metropolitan park in the world - 8 times larger than the Bois de Boulogne in Paris, and 22 times larger than Central park in New York.

In the park, over a thousand major plants and around thirty plant communities have been catalogued; including forests of Aleppo pines and nut pines, evergreen oaklands, riverside copses, maquis and scrublands, brush and Savannah grasslands. This diversity allows for the existence of a rich, varied wildlife; including wild boar, genets, stone marten, badger, rabbit, and squirrel; blue tits, whitethroats, treecreepers, woodpeckers, bee eaters, doves, goshawks, sparrow hawks, and rat-catching eagles; salamanders, newts, green tree frogs, the small southern frog, toads, the small spotted toad, the Mediterranean turtle, the giant turtle, the ocellated lizard, snakes and so on.

On the Vilana hill, of 445 m, stands the Torre de Collserola (Collserola Tower), a telecommunications tower built in 1992 for the use of Olympic games. It is 268 m and was built by the British architect Norman Foster.

The Collserola Park is used extensively by the inhabitants of Barcelona and the other towns that border it. It is popular for walking, cycling and birdwatching. There are numerous restaurants where families go at the weekend. A path that follows the ridge of the Serra, known as the "Carretera de les Aigües" (Water Road) has been extensively improved for cyclists. The Barcelona city plan intends to include it in a cycle track that completely circles the city.

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Coordinates: 41°24′44″N 2°04′26″E / 41.41222°N 2.07389°E / 41.41222; 2.07389



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